Jabali, aka: Jābāli; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Jabali means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Jabali in Purana glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

1) Jābāli (जाबालि).—A famous hermit. In Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 4, Stanza 55, it is stated that Jābāli was one of the sons of Viśvāmitra. They were expounders of the Vedas. Though he was the son of Viśvāmitra his life was mostly connected with Vasiṣṭha. The Purāṇas do not make it clear how this son of Viśvāmitra happened to fall into the circle of Vasiṣṭha who was a foe of Viśvāmitra. He was one of the seven spiritual advisers of King Daśaratha. It is mentioned in Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bālakāṇḍa, Sarga 48 that eight hermits such as Suyajña, Vāmadeva, Jābāli, Kaśyapa Vasiṣṭha and others lived in Ayodhyā in the palace of the King Daśaratha.

When Bharata went to the forest, to bring Śrī Rāma back to Ayodhyā, Jābāli also followed him. Jābāli argued with Śrī Rāma, using several arguments, to make him return to Ayodhyā. These arguments made Śrī Rāma angry. But he was pacified by the consoling words of Vasiṣṭha. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Ayodhyā Kāṇḍa).

Jābāli comes in the line of disciples of Vyāsa. Vyāsa divided the Veda and taught Sumantu Atharvaveda. The hermit Sumantu first taught Atharvaveda to his disciple Kabandha who divided it into two parts and taught two disciples Devadarśa, and Pathya. The disciples of Devadarśa were Magadha, Brahmabali, Sautkāyani and Pippalāda. Pathya had three disciples. They were Jābāli, Kumuda and Śaunaka. Of these Jābāli was a famous expounder of Atharvaveda. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa 3).

2) Jābāli (जाबालि).—Son of Ṛtadhvaja, a hermit. (See under Viśvakarmā, Para 2).

3) Jābāli (जाबालि).—A hermit. The descendants of this hermit also are known by this name. Jābāli who performed penance on the mountain of Mandara had several disciples.

While Jābāli was going along the forest he saw a young man of handsome appearance {??}gaged in penance on the shore of a lake. Jābāli wanted to know about him and his penance. But as the young man was in deep meditation Jābāli had to wait there for several years. At last the young man awoke from his meditation and told Jābāli the secrets of devotional meditation and contemplation of Kṛṣṇa. The remaining life of Jābāli was spent in the worship of Kṛṣṇa, in consequence of which in the next birth he was reborn as a cowherdess, named Citragandhā in the house of the cowherd Pracaṇḍa. (Padma Purāṇa, Pātāla Khaṇḍa, Chapters 30, 72 and 109).

4) Jābāli (जाबालि).—A hermit. The intensive penance of this hermit compelled Indra to depute the celestial maid Rambhā to hinder it. Jābāli became a prey to the enticement of this heavenly beauty and a daughter was born to them. This damsel was carried away by the King Citrāṅgada. The hermit Jābāli cursed Citrāṅgada to become a leper. (Skanda Purāṇa. Chapters 3, 143, and 144).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Jābāli (जाबालि).—Visited Paraśurāma, performing penance.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 23. 4.

1b) An Arṣeya pravara of Angiras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 38.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Jābāli (जाबालि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.4.54, XIII.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jābāli) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jābāli (जाबालि).—

1) Name of the author of a law-book.

2) Name of an infidel Brāhmana, a priest of king Dasaratha who tried to dissuade Rāma from his resolution of going to the forest and to induce him to accept the throne offered by Bharata.

Derivable forms: jābāliḥ (जाबालिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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