Manda, Maṇḍa, Mandā, Mamda: 41 definitions
Manda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Manda (मन्द, “dull”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Manda is the characteristic of a drug referring to its ‘dullness’, while its opposing quality, Tīkṣṇa, refers to its ‘sharpness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.
The quality of Manda, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’), while it aggrevates the Vāta (bodily humour in control of motion and the nervous system) and the Pitta (bodily humour in control of digestion and metabolism). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Earth (pṛthivī) and Water (ap).Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Manda [ಮಂಡ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alston from the Simaroubaceae (Quassia) family having the following synonyms: Ailanthus malabarica, Pongelion malabaricum. For the possible medicinal usage of manda, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
1) Maṇḍa (मण्ड) refers to “scum” (i.e., head of any liquid, e.g., curds).—Amarasiṃha’s Nāmaliṅgānuśāsana II.9.53-54 which defines mastu as “maṇḍaṃ dadhibhavaṃ”—“the scum produced upon curds” [i.e. sour cream], having previously (v. 49) explained maṇḍa by sarvarasāgra—“the head of any liquid” [i.e. scum]. Other lexicographers follow suit. Thus Halāyudha’s Abhidhānaratnamālā. II.166 describes it as dadhimaṇḍa (“the scum of curds”), while Hemacandra (Abhidhanac. 390) states: “sarvarasāgryaṃ maṇḍam atra tu dadhije mastu”—“(that which is) found on top of any fluid (is called) maṇḍa; if it is, however, produced upon curds, (it is called) mastu”.
Kṣīrasvāmin (on Amarasiṃha’s Nāmaliṅgānuśāsana II 9.54) understands maṇḍa as “dravo bhāgaḥ”, so that mastu would then be “the liquid part produced in curds” [i.e. whey];
2) Manda (मन्द) refers to “unfinished”, as mentioned in verse 5.29-31 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Of sour digestion and taste, constipating, heavy, (and) warming (are) curds [viz., dadhi]; Never shall one take them at night, never warm, (and) not in spring, summer, and autumn (in any other season) not without mung-bean soup nor without honey nor without ghee and sugar nor without emblic myrobalans [viz., na-anāmalaka], also not continuously and not slightly unfinished (na-ā-manda)”.
Note: Manda, explained by Candranandana as mandajāta (“slowly developed”) and by Indu as ajāta (“undeveloped”), has been rendered by ma laṅs (“not having reached the final stage, unfinished”). Similarly, Aruṇadatta describes mandaka as “that which, after having passed the state of milk, has not yet reached the state of curds but is in between”—(dugdhāvasthāṃ vyatītya dadhyavasthām saṃprāptam antarāvarti).—The prefix ā [viz., āmanda] must be interpreted to mean “slightly” (āṅ īṣadarthe Patañjali’s Mahābhāṣya on Pāṇini’s Aṣṭādhyāyī II.2.18 vartt. 4). For nāmandam Candranandana and Indu read “no mandam” (a contraction of “na u mandam”), which does not only come closer to the Tibetan version but is also preferable from the stylistic point of view, since no winds up a tripartite series of composite negations (na ca: nāpi: no).Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
1) Maṇḍa (मण्ड) refers to one of the various types of “gruels” (usually refers to a food preparation with cereal boiled in water or milk), as mentioned in the Kṛtānnavarga, which is a subsection of the Annapānavidhi of the Sūtrasthāna of the Suśrutasaṃhitā, an important Ayurvedic treatise. The discourses of the teacher Divodasa are believed to be summarised by his disciple Suśruta, who wrote the work Suśrutasaṃhitā in 4th century CE. [...] Kṛtānna-varga, the subsection of Annapānavidhi describes the preparations and properties of different types of gruels like peya, vilepi, maṇḍa, pāyasa, mudgayūṣa and kṛsara, meat dishes like ullupta, vesavāra, etc.
2) Maṇḍa (मण्ड) refers to one of the five types of “curds” (dadhi) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—In dadhi-prakaraṇa, author classifies the curds into five types [viz., Manda] depending on their stages of fermentaion as well as taste. [...] Siddhānna-prakaraṇa describes the recipes and properties of different dishes. We can categorize the dishes into eight types based on their main ingredients. They are [viz., sweet dishes, etc.] and miscellaneous dishes. Sweets [preparations] are [viz., maṇḍa].
3) Maṇḍa (मण्ड) refers to a type of Modaka sweet dish.—(Ingredients of Maṇḍa): samita, ghee, sugar, cardamom, cloves, camphor, black pepper and water. (Cooking instructions): Knead samita with ghee and water. Make the mixture in the shape of vaṭas. Fry these vaṭas in ghee till the water content of it is fully evaporated. Immerse these vaṭas in sugar syrup dressed with cardamom, cloves, camphor and black pepper. This dish is called maṇḍa. It is just like bāduṣā, a famous sweet.
Maṇḍa is also mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., maṇḍa]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., kaṇāmūla] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
1) Manda (मन्द):—A gruel of rice by adding 14 times of water without rice particles
2) Dull / sluggish; One of the 20 gurvadi gunas. caused due activated prithvi & jala mahabhuta; denotes physiological & pharmacological slowing down of processes; instrumental for palliative therapy; pacifies pitta, increases kapha.
3) Maṇḍa (मण्ड):—It’s a method of rice preparation. To prepare this 1 part rice and 14 part water is added and cooked. liquid portion of that preparation is maṇḍa (rice gruel). It facilitates evacuation of faltus, relives thirst, weaknees, improves digestion, softens the metabolic pathways.Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India
Manda (मन्द, “dull”) and Tīkṣṇa (“light”) refers to one of the ten counterpart-couples of the twenty Śārīraguṇa (or Gurvādiguṇa), which refers to the “twenty qualities of the body”—where guṇa (property) represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—Śārīraka-guṇas are twenty in number. There are ten guṇas with their opposite guṇas. [...] Manda (“dull”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of earth, water and the associated actions of “slowing/pacifying/śamana”; while Tīkṣṇa (“sharp”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of fire and is associated with the action “penetrating/purifying/śodhana”.Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kāmasūtra)
Manda (मन्द) refers to “weak” (passion), according to the Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyana and Jaśodhara’s commentary called the Jayamaṅgalā .—Accordingly, “[Commentary on verse 7.2.2]:—‘about to practice sex’: at the beginning of the sexual act. This is at the start [of the sexual act]. Even if the passion is weak (manda—mando rāgo) with regards to sex because the penis is inert, first ‘her genitalia’, i.e. her vulva, should be rubbed with his hand, should be stimulated with the ‘elephant trunk’ [method]...”.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Manda (मन्द) refers to one who is “slow-witted”, and is used by the evil-minded Dakṣa to describe the Brahmins that walked out on his sacrifice, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] when the sage Dadhīci and others staged a walkout, the evil-minded Dakṣa, inimical to Śiva, said mocking at them.:—‘[...] They are slow-witted (manda) and senseless. They are rogues indulging in false deliberations and discussions. They are out of the Vedic circle. These men of evil conduct shall be eschewed from sacrificial rites’”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1) Maṇḍa (मण्ड).—A Bhārgava gotrakāra.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 21.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstraSource: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
Mandā (मन्दा) refers to one of the twenty-two quarters tones (śruti) existing within an octave, according to the Saṅgīta-ratnākara (“ocean of music and dance”). This work is an important Sanskrit treatise dealing with ancient Indian musicology (gāndharva-śāstra), composed by Śārṅgadeva in the 13th century and deals with both Carnatic and Hindustani music. Mandā has a frequency of 496.6798Hz. It is also known as Mandākini.Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Mandā (मन्दा).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the nose (nāsā);—Instructions: lobes are at rest. Uses: in discouragement, impatience and anxiety.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
Mandā (मन्दा, “shining”).—Illustration of Mandā-śruti according to 15th century art:—The colour of her body is yellow. She holds a vīṇā in both hands. The colour of her bodice is blue. Her scarf is rosy with a red design, the lower garment is green with a black design.
The illustrations (of, for example Mandā) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Mandā (मन्दा) refers to “slight”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The years of Jupiter (bṛhaspati) take their names from the several Nakṣatras in which he reappears after his conjunction with the Sun; and these names are identical with the names of the lunar months. [...] In the Caitra year of Jupiter, there will be slight rain [i.e., mandā—mandā vṛṣṭi], good food and happiness; rulers will become mild; leguminous grains will increase and fair men will suffer miseries”.Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Manda (मन्द).—1. The inequality in a planet's orbital motion that depends on its position with respect to the stars, analogous to zodiacal anomaly. (lit., slow). 2. Slow, apex of slow motion. Note: Manda is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama
Maṇḍa (मण्ड) refers to “term used to describe a maṇḍapa whose network of pillars is complete §§ 3.19; 4.14, 18.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Manda (मन्द, “slow”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., manda—slow], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Manda (मन्द, “weak”) refers to Mandājñā or “weak command”, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—The Command [i.e., ājñā] is said to variously be, as are grace and the “descent of power”, intense (tīvra-ājñā) or weak (manda-ājñā), as the case may be. The former is devastatingly powerful and brings about realisation in an instant. The latter is slow and works gradually, elevating the soul (jīva) who receives it stage by stage, merging it into progressively higher principles. Indeed, it may be so weak that its purifying effect may be quickly undone by the formation of more binding impurity. A weak Command gives rise to equally weak and fickle devotion and with it bad morals. Most people in this dark Age of Strife (kali), especially now that we are approaching the end of it, suffer from these defects because in this Age, the Command is extremely weak. [...]
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)
Maṇḍa (मण्ड) refers to “(an) ornamental (garland)”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 224-228).—Accordingly, “[Going ahead a little, he then sees that the Goddess Caṇḍikā] was enclosed by a door made from the ivory of wild elephants, as yellowish-white as fragments of ketakī filaments, and an iron architrave bearing an ornamental garland (maṇḍa-mālā) of black iron mirrors surrounded by a row of red yak tail whisks resembling a garland of Śabara heads horrific with tawny hair”.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Manda (मन्द) is a Sanskrit word roughly translating to “slow”, “weak”, “sick”, “bad”, “stupid”, etc.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
1) Maṇḍa (मण्ड) refers to the “place (of awakening)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Through these ten immeasurables (apramāṇa), son of good family, the Bodhisattva completes the accumulations of merit (puṇya-saṃbhāra). What are these ten? [...] (6) completion of the immeasurable behaviour of the Buddha by infinitely reflecting and pondering on the thought of merits; (7) completion of the immeasurable embellishment of the place of awakening (bodhi-maṇḍa-alaṃkāra) through all practices with a ll arrangements of the ornaments; [...]”.
2) Maṇḍa (मण्ड) refers to the “essence (of awakening)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā.—Accordingly, as Bodhisattva Gaganagañja explains to Bodhisattva Ratnaśrī what kind of concentration should be purified: “[...] (30) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Vajra-essence’, they will go to the essence of awakening (bodhi-maṇḍa); [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Māṇḍā (माण्डा) in Gujarati refers to “a large thin cake made of millet and wheat flour” and corresponds to the Sanskrit Maṇḍaka: “flour-cakes”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Maṇḍa.—weight equal to 5 māṣas (JNSI, Vol. XVI, p. 46); cf. māḍa. Note: maṇḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Maṇḍa.—equal to 5 māṣas (50 ratis); cf. māḍa. Note: maṇḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
Manda in India is the name of a plant defined with Ricinus communis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Croton spinosus L. (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Acta Pharm. Toxicol., (1977)
· Catalogus Plantarum Madagascariensium (1906)
· Species Plantarum
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1981)
· Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames (1984)
· Recent Res. Pl. Sci. (1979)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Manda, for example health benefits, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
maṇḍa : (m.) the best part (of milk, etc.). (adj.), very clear.
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manda : (adj.) slow; dull; lazy; foolish; yielding a little. (nt.) a little.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Maṇḍa, (later Sk. maṇḍa, perhaps dial. from *mranda, cp. Sk. vi-mradati to soften. Attempts at etym. see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. mollis. Cp. also mattikā) the top part, best part of milk or butter, etc. i.e. cream, scum; fig. essence of, the pick of, finest part of anything. parisā° the cream of a gathering, the pick of the congregation, excellent congregation A. I, 72 (or for °maṇḍala?); bodhi° essence of enlightenment, highest state of enlightenment; in later literature objectively “the best place of enlightenment, the Throne of Enlightenment or of the Buddha” (does it stand for °maṇḍala in this meaning?) J. IV, 233 (cp. puthavi-maṇḍa ibid. & puthavi-maṇḍala Sn. 990); DhA. I, 86; II, 69; IV, 72. sappi° “cream of butter, ” the finest ghee (cp. AvŚ I. 1513 sarpimaṇḍa) D. I, 201; A. II, 95; Pug. 70; Miln. 322.—maṇḍaṃ karoti to put into the best condition, to make pleasant SnA 81.—manda at DhsA. 100 is to be read baddha (v. l. BB). Cp. Expos. 132n.
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Manda, (adj.) (cp. late-Vedic & Epic manda) 1. slow, lazy, indolent; mostly with ref. to the intellectual faculties, therefore: dull, stupid, slow of grasp, ignorant, foolish M. I, 520 (+momuha); Sn. 666, 820 (=momūha Nd1 153), 1051 (=mohā avidvā etc. Nd2 498); Dh. 325 (=amanasikārā manda-pañña DhA. IV, 17); J. IV, 221; Pug. 65, 69; KhA 53, 54.—2. slow, yielding little result, unprofitable (of udaka, water, with respect to fish; and gocara, feeding on fishes) J. I, 221.—3. (in this meaning probably=Vedic mandra “pleasant, pleasing, ” although Halāyudha gives mandākṣa as “bashful”) soft, tender (with ref. to eyes), lovely, in cpds. °akkhin having lovely (soft) eyes J. III, 190; and °locana id. Th. 2, 375 (kinnari-manda°=manda-puthu-vilocana ThA. 253); Pv. I, 115 (miga-manda°=migī viya mand’akkhī PvA. 57); Vv 6411 (miga-m°=miga-cchāpikānaṃ viya mudu siniddha-diṭṭhi-nipāta).—4. In cpd. picu (or puci°) manda the Nimb tree, it means “tree” (?) see picu-manda & puci-manda.—5. In composition with bhū it assumes the form mandī°, e.g. mandībhūta slowed down, enfeebled, diminished J. I, 228; VbhA. 157.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
maṇḍa (मंड).—m (S) Water in which parched rice &c. has been boiled. Used as gruel or starch. 2 The skimmings or scum of any infusion in the state of ebullition or fermentation; yeast, barm.
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manda (मंद).—a (S) Slow, tardy, of dull or languid motion. 2 fig. Stupid, heavy, doltish. 3 Cold, phlegmatic, apathetic. 4 Dim--the sight: faint--light &c.: mild or gentle--a smile. Ex. vadana miravē manda hasitē. 5 Low--a tone: gentle--a breeze &c. 6 Applied in the sense of dull, dim &c. to particular mansions of the moon; under which a thing lost is not easily found. Used as s n The planet Saturn. manda paḍaṇēṃ g. of s. To proceed heavily, sluggishly, lifelessly--a business or work. 2 To be abated--an epidemic or a malady.
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mandā (मंदा).—m (manda S through H) Cheapness &c. See mandī & mandāī.
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mandā (मंदा).—a (manda S) Cheap: also abated, slackened, relaxed.
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māṇḍa (मांड).—f (māṇḍī Thigh.) A disease incidental to the thigh. The whole member swells, and the thighbone becomes carious. 2 The proper posture or seat (on horseback, or of a writer). v jama, basa, sādha g. of s. 3 A charge by a body of horse. v kara.
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māṇḍa (मांड).—m (māṇḍaṇēṃ) Laying out or disposing in order (implements, materials, apparatus for a work or business): also the array or disposition made. v māṇḍa 2 C esp. R & W The assembling of the inhabitants of a village on the day preceding the closing day of the hōḷī-festival, to obtain the idol's permission to burn the hōḷī. 3 Disposedness or setness; settledness or fixedness at, in, on, about. Used with māṇḍaṇēṃ, as basa is with basaṇēṃ. See basa m.
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māṇḍa (मांड).—n A wooden bowl usually with handles (to hold vegetables &c.)
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māṇḍa (मांड).—f The name of a pot-herb.
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māṇḍā (मांडा).—m (maṇḍaka S) A certain preparation with wheaten flour. Pr. sugraṇa jhālī mhaṇūna kāṃhīṃ hātācē māṇḍē karīta nāhīṃ. tōṇḍācē māṇḍē m pl Talk-manḍe; manḍe described or discoursed about rightly and glibly, but not made. A simile for the vauntings of a prater. māṇḍē karaṇārīcā śēmbūḍa kāḍhalā pāhijē We must conciliate or please them who are to serve us. Or do mean and servile things for them who do pleasant things for you.
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mānda (मांद).—m S Intoxication, esp. fig. of pride, joy &c.
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mānda (मांद).—f C The cornheap which forms in the thrashing pit. 2 A broad-mouthed vessel, to hold water &c. See māndaṇa.
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māndā (मांदा).—a ( P) Languid, listless, oppressed with lassitude. 2 Sick, ill, ailing.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
manda (मंद).—a Slow; doltish. Cold. Dim; faint Low. Mild. manda paḍaṇēṃ Proceed heavily- a work. Be abated.
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māṇḍa (मांड).—f A thigh-disease. The proper posture. m Laying out in order.
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māṇḍā (मांडा).—m A certain preparation with wheaten flour. tōṇḍācē māṇḍē m pl Lit. māṇḍē described or discoursed about rightly or glibly but not made. Hence, Pro- fessions not followed by correspond- ing action. manacē māṇḍē khāṇēṃ To hold out to oneself extravagant and unwarrant- ed expectations; to build on hopes, not on facts. To build castles in the air.
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māndā (मांदा).—a Languid. Sick, ill.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Maṇḍa (मण्ड).—[man-ḍa tasya netvaṃ, maṇḍ-ac vā]
1) The thick oily matter or scum forming on the surface of any liquid.
2) The scum of boiled rice; नीवारौदनमण्डमुष्णमधुरम् (nīvāraudanamaṇḍamuṣṇamadhuram) Uttararāmacarita 4.1; तण्डुलानां सुसिद्धानां चतुर्दशगुणे जले । रसः सिक्थैर्विरहितो मण्ड इत्यभिधीयते (taṇḍulānāṃ susiddhānāṃ caturdaśaguṇe jale | rasaḥ sikthairvirahito maṇḍa ityabhidhīyate) Bhāva. P.
3) Cream (of milk).
4) Foam, froth or scum in general; घृतात्परं मण्डमिवातिसूक्ष्मं ज्ञात्वा शिवं सर्वभूतेषु गूढम् (ghṛtātparaṃ maṇḍamivātisūkṣmaṃ jñātvā śivaṃ sarvabhūteṣu gūḍham) Śvet. Up.4.16; श्रोतुमिच्छामि तज्ज्ञानं घृतं मण्डमयं यथा (śrotumicchāmi tajjñānaṃ ghṛtaṃ maṇḍamayaṃ yathā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.318.68.
7) Pith, essence.
8) The head.
9) The spirituous part of wine; राज्यं गतधनं साधो पीतमण्डां सुरामिव (rājyaṃ gatadhanaṃ sādho pītamaṇḍāṃ surāmiva) Rām.2.36.12.
-ṇḍaḥ 1 An ornament, decoration.
2) A frog.
3) The castor-oil tree.
-ṇḍā 1 Spirituous liquor.
2) The emblic myrobalan tree.
Derivable forms: maṇḍaḥ (मण्डः), maṇḍam (मण्डम्).
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Manda (मन्द).—a. [mand-ac]
1) Slow, tardy, inactive, lazy, dull, loitering; (na) भिन्दन्ति मन्दां गतिमश्वमुख्यः (bhindanti mandāṃ gatimaśvamukhyaḥ) Kumārasambhava 1.11; तच्चरितं गोविन्दे मनसिजमन्दे सखी प्राह (taccaritaṃ govinde manasijamande sakhī prāha) Gītagovinda 6.
2) Cold, indifferent, apathetic.
3) Stupid, dull-witted, foolish, ignorant, weak-brained; प्रयोजनमनुद्दिश्य न मन्दोऽपि प्रवर्तते (prayojanamanuddiśya na mando'pi pravartate) Subhāṣ.; मन्दोऽप्यमन्दतामेति संसर्गेण विपश्चितः (mando'pyamandatāmeti saṃsargeṇa vipaścitaḥ) M.2.8; मन्दः कवियशःप्रार्थी गमिष्याम्युपहास्यताम् (mandaḥ kaviyaśaḥprārthī gamiṣyāmyupahāsyatām) R.1.3; द्विषन्ति मन्दाश्चरितं महात्मनाम् (dviṣanti mandāścaritaṃ mahātmanām) Kumārasambhava 5.75.
4) Low, deep, hollow (as sound).
5) Soft, faint, gentle; as in मन्दस्मितम् (mandasmitam).
6) Small, little, slight; मन्दोदरी (mandodarī); see अ (a) ind. 1 (d) also.
7) Weak, defective, feeble, as मन्दाग्नि (mandāgni).
8) Unlucky, unhappy.
1) Wicked, vile.
11) Addicted to drinking.
12) Weak, slack (as a bow).
13) Sick, afflicted with disease.
14) Independent (svatantra).
-ndaḥ 1 The planet Saturn.
2) An epithet of Yama.
3) The dissolution of the world.
4) A kind of elephant; मन्दोऽपि नाम न महानवगृह्य साध्यः (mando'pi nāma na mahānavagṛhya sādhyaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 5.49 (where manda means 'a fool' also).
5) The apsis of a planet's course.
-ndā A pot, vessel.
1) Slowly, gradually, by degree; यातं यच्च नितम्बयो- र्गुरुतया मन्दं विलासादिव (yātaṃ yacca nitambayo- rgurutayā mandaṃ vilāsādiva) Ś.2.2.
2) Gently, softly, not violently; मन्दं मन्दं नुदति पवनश्चानुकूलो यथा त्वाम् (mandaṃ mandaṃ nudati pavanaścānukūlo yathā tvām) Meghadūta 9.
3) Faintly, feebly, weakly, lightly.
4) In a low tone, deeply.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Maṇḍa (मण्ड).—m. (used as in Pali; these fig. mgs. seemingly not in Sanskrit), (1) (lit. cream; fig.) best part, highest point (compare Pali commentary on Jātaka (Pali) iv. 233.17, 234.6, maṇḍo sāro): agrayauvana-maṇḍa-prāptā, arrived at the flower of her highest youth, Mahāvastu i.147.13; (°prāptāyāṃ, loc.) i.205.7 = ii.9.3; śāsanaṃ guṇamaṇḍam Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 59.6, the highest of (in ?) good qualities; navamaṇḍaprāpte dharmavinaye Aṣṭasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 225.10, when the dharma and vinaya have just newly arrived at the peak (of development); (2) in bodhimaṇḍa, q.v., the lit. meaning of maṇḍa is clearly the best, supreme point (Tibetan sñiṅ po, heart, essence); it is used alone, or with other qualifiers (especially words for earth, as in Pali, putha- viyā…maṇḍo Jātaka (Pali) iv.233.17) referring to bodhimaṇḍa: gacchitva maṇḍaṃ vara-pādapendraṃ Mahāvastu ii.378.19, having gone to the supreme place, the excellent king of trees (i.e. the bodhi-tree); pṛthivīya (gen.) maṇḍe Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 53.10; mahī- (or mahi-, m.c.)-maṇḍa Lalitavistara 48.9; 315.18, 20; 316.14, etc.; Mahāvastu i.161.12; ii.401.12; dharaṇi-maṇḍa Lalitavistara 12.18; 156.4 (both verses., °ṇi° m.c.); (3) in Lalitavistara 87.17 and 20 fluid (compare Prakrit, [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo], = rasa), with Tibetan (khu): Lefm. in 17 (bodhi- sattvasya…) mātuḥ kukṣigatasyoccāraprasrāva-maṇḍo- parimiśrasya (read with vv.ll. °maṇḍe, or °maṇḍa-pari°); Tib…btsog paḥi (unclean) khu (fluid; = maṇḍa, see maṇḍānupūrvī) śugs (power) daṅ ḥdres pa (mixed with); in line 20, (na) sukṛtakarmaṇāṃ sattvānām uccārapra- srāva-maṇḍe kāyaḥ saṃbhavati; Tibetan lus (body) mi (not) gtsaṅ baḥi (pure) khu baḥi (fluid) naṅ du (within, governing preceding; loc. case) mi ḥbyuṅ ṅo (does not happen, accur).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) 1. Scum, skimmings, froth, foam, barm, &c., the upper part of any infusion in a state of boiling or ferment. 2. Pith, essence. 3. The head. m.
(-ṇḍaḥ) 1. Ornament, decoration. 2. The castor-oil tree. (Palma christi.) 3. A sort of potherb. 4. A frog. f.
(-ṇḍā) 1. Spirituous or vinous liquor. 2. Emblic myrobalan. E. maḍi to adorn, Unadi aff. ḍa; mana-ḍa tasya-nettvam .
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(-ṇḍā) 1. Spirituous liquor. 2. The myrobalan tree. 3. Trigonella foenum graecum. “meti”. E. maḍi-ac-ṭāp .
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(-ndaḥ-ndā-ndaṃ) 1. Slow, tardy. 2. Dull, stupid, heavy. 3. Foolish, a fool. 4. Unlucky. 5. Sick, diseased. 6. Little. 7. Idle, lazy. 8. Drunken, addicted to drunkenness. 9. Vile, wicked. 10. Selfwilled. 11. Cold, phlegmatic, apathetic. 12. Low, (as a tone.) 13. Withered, (as flowers.) m.
(-ndaḥ) 1. A name of Saturn. 2. A sort of elephant. 3. A name of Yama. 4. (In astronomy.) Anomaly. 5. A destruction of the universe. E. madi to be lazy, &c. aff. ac .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Maṇḍa (मण्ड).—[maṇḍ + a], I. m. 1. Ornament. 2. The castor-oil tree, Palma christi. Ii. m. (and n.). 1. Scum, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 90, 7. 2. Pith. 3. The head, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 4, 18. Iii. f. ḍā. 1. Spirituous liquor. 2. Emblic myrobalan.
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Manda (मन्द).—I. adj. 1. Slow, [Śṛṅgāratilaks].. 2. Stupid,
Maṇḍa (मण्ड).—[masculine] [neuter] broth, scum.
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Manda (मन्द).—[adjective] slow, lazy, tardy in ([locative] or —°); dull, inert, weak (lit. & [figuratively]), stupid. °— & [neuter] (also doubled) slowly, tardily, gradually, softly. Abstr. tā [feminine], tva [neuter]
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Mānda (मान्द).—[adjective] gladdening ([Epithet] of the water).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Maṇḍa (मण्ड):—[from maṇḍ] mn. (ifc. f(ā). ) the scum of boiled rice (or any grain), [Nirukta, by Yāska; Uttararāma-carita; Suśruta]
2) [v.s. ...] the thick part of milk, cream, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc. (cf. dadhi-m)
3) [v.s. ...] the spirituous part of wine etc., [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] ([Horace H. Wilson] also ‘foam or froth; pith, essence; the head’)
4) [v.s. ...] m. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) Ricinus Communis
5) [v.s. ...] a species of potherb
6) [v.s. ...] a frog (cf. maṇḍūka)
7) [v.s. ...] ornament, decoration
8) [v.s. ...] a measure of weight (= 5 Māṣas)
9) Maṇḍā (मण्डा):—[from maṇḍa > maṇḍ] f. the emblic myrobalan tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] spirituous or vinous liquor, brandy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) Maṇḍa (मण्ड):—[from maṇḍ] n. See nau-maṇḍa.
12) Manda (मन्द):—[from mad] mf(ā)n. slow, tardy, moving slowly or softly, loitering, idle, lazy, sluggish in ([locative case] or [compound]), apathetic, phlegmatic, indifferent to ([dative case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
13) [v.s. ...] weak, slight, slack (as a bow), dull, faint (as light), low (as a voice), gentle (as rain or wind), feeble (as the digestive faculty), [ib.]
14) [v.s. ...] weak id est. tolerant, indulgent to ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata]
15) [v.s. ...] dull-witted, silly, stupid, foolish, [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.
16) [v.s. ...] unhappy, miserable ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] = kṛpaṇa), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]
17) [v.s. ...] languid, ill, sick, [Mālavikāgnimitra]
18) [v.s. ...] bad, wicked, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]
19) [v.s. ...] drunken, addicted to intoxication, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
20) [v.s. ...] = -mandra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
21) [v.s. ...] m. the planet Saturn, [Varāha-mihira]
22) [v.s. ...] the (upper) apsis of a planet’s course or (according to some) its anomalistic motion, [Sūryasiddhānta]
23) [v.s. ...] Name of Yama, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
24) [v.s. ...] a stupid or slow elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. mandra, bhadra-manda, mṛga-manda)
25) [v.s. ...] the end of the world (= pralaya), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
26) Mandā (मन्दा):—[from manda > mad] f. a pot, vessel, inkstand, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
27) [v.s. ...] Name of Dākṣāyaṇī, [Catalogue(s)]
28) [v.s. ...] ([scilicet] saṃkrānti) a [particular] [astronomy] conjunction, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
29) [v.s. ...] (in music) Name of a Śruti, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]
30) Manda (मन्द):—[from mad] n. the second change which takes place in warm milk when mixed with Takra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
31) Māṇḍa (माण्ड):—m. Name of a man, [Catalogue(s)]
32) Mānda (मान्द):—1. mānda mf(ā)n. (√1. mand) ‘gladdening’, Name of water in [particular] formularies, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka]
33) 2. mānda mfn. ([from] manda) relating to the higher apsis of a planet’s course (daṃ karma, the process of correction for the apsis; dam phalam, the equation of the apsis), [Sūryasiddhānta]
34) n. = māndya [gana] pṛthv-ādi.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Maṇḍa (मण्ड):—[(ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ)] 1. m. n. Scum, foam; barm; pith; head. m. Castor-oil tree (Palma Christi); ornament; potherb. f. (ṇḍā) Spirituous liquor; Emblic myrobalan.
2) Manda (मन्द):—[(ndaḥ-ndā-ndaṃ) a.] Slow, dull; foolish; vile. m. Saturn; Yama; an elephant; anomaly; finale.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Manda in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) slow; tardy, slack; cheap; (nm) depression..—manda (मंदा) is alternatively transliterated as Maṃdā.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Maṃḍa (मंड) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Maṇḍ.
2) Maṃḍa (मंड) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Maṇḍa.
3) Maṃda (मंद) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Manda.
4) Maṃda (मंद) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Māndya.
5) Maṃdā (मंदा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Mandā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid; sediment.
2) [noun] a solid mass of no special shape or made look like a ball; a lump.
3) [noun] any food that is overboiled and has become a lump-like mass.
4) [noun] water mixed with kitchen waste which is used with chaff to feed cattle.
5) [noun] the large-sized, deciduous tree Ailanthus malabarica of Simarubaceae family with pinnate leaves, winged fruits, and the resin exuded as incense.
6) [noun] a kind of fragrant substance.
7) [noun] a tax levied on fragrances, myrrh, incense, etc.
8) [noun] the husks of paddy, wheat or other grain separated in hulling, threshing or winnowing; chaff; hull.
9) [noun] (fig.) overbearing pride; arrogance.
10) [noun] the medium-sized , deciduous tree Boswellia serrata ( = B. thurifera) of Burseraceae family.
11) [noun] the plant Morinda tomentosa ( = M. tinctoria) of Rubiaceae family.
12) [noun] 'the tree Morinda citrifolia of the same family: Indian mulberry.'
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Maṃḍa (ಮಂಡ):—[noun] the counter where the merchant sits in his shop.
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1) [noun] the fatty part of milk, which rises to the surface when it is boiled and then cooled; cream.
2) [noun] a thin layer of impurities which forms on the top of liquids or bodies of water, often as the result of boiling or fermentation; scum.
3) [noun] the thick, whitish liquid obtained by boiling rice in slightly excess water; rice-gruel.
4) [noun] that which causes intoxication (as alcohol).
5) [noun] an agent, substance or organism that causes fermentation as an yeast or enzyme.
6) [noun] the castor seed plant.
7) [noun] the top part of the body in humans, the apes, etc. or the front part in most other animals; the head.
8) [noun] anything used to enhance the beauty; an ornament.
9) [noun] a frog.
10) [noun] the substance; essence; pith.
11) [noun] a feather; a quill.
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1) [noun] an extent of land that is not enclosed.
2) [noun] a group of small villages.
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1) [adjective] not quick in moving; slow.
2) [adjective] not inclined to work or exert oneself; lazy.
3) [adjective] not bright; wanting sufficient light; dull.
4) [adjective] showing or resulting from a lack of normal intelligence; foolish; stupid.
5) [adjective] soft; tender.
6) [adjective] blurred; obscure.
7) [adjective] not loose in internal structure; tight; solid.
8) [adjective] dense; thick.
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1) [noun] that which moves, acts, reacts very slowly.
2) [noun] a man who by habit is very slow in moving, acting, understanding or reacting.
3) [noun] a man characterised by sloth; an indolent, lazy man.
4) [noun] a stupid man; a fool.
5) [noun] lack of sharpness.
6) [noun] the quality or condition of not being lax.
7) [noun] the quality or fact of being dense, thick; density.
8) [noun] a morally bad, depraved man.
9) [noun] an unfortunate, unlucky man.
10) [noun] lack of good health; disease; sickness.
11) [noun] an arrogant, conceited man.
12) [noun] the condition of food not being digested; indigestion.
13) [noun] that which cannot be digested easily.
14) [noun] the discomfort or disorder caused by an abnormality in digesting food; dysepsy.
15) [noun] the planet Saturn.
16) [noun] a class or variety of elephants, that is characterised by slowness in movement.
17) [noun] the range of voice below the note C in the scale of C Major.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+535): Mamdaa, Mamdaa, Mamdabhagyate, Mamdabhagye, Mamdadhupa, Mamdadosha, Mamdagalli, Mamdagaltale, Mamdagamane, Mamdagami, Mamdaganagadde, Mamdage, Mamdagolale, Mamdahasita, Mamdaini, Mamdakaballi, Mamdakali, Mamdakatti, Mamdakkha, Mamdakki.
Ends with (+71): Akalakushmanda, Akhilabrahmanda, Akkalabaja-Vanta-Van-Man-Manda, Alaka-manda, Alakamanda, Allamamda, Amanda, Amgadimamda, Arimanda, Atimanda, Bakkalimanda, Bhadramanda, Bhaktamanda, Bhojanamanda, Bhumikushmanda, Bhumimanda, Bodhimanda, Bommamda, Brahmanda, Buddhimanda.
Full-text (+553): Amanda, Dadhimanda, Mandatman, Mandaka, Bhumimanda, Mandaphala, Mandaksha, Madyamanda, Mandasya, Mandanila, Ghritamanda, Cinca, Mandadara, Mandaharaka, Mandasmita, Mandya, Picumanda, Mandakarni, Mandagamin, Mandajanani.
Search found 63 books and stories containing Manda, Maṇḍa, Mandā, Māṇḍa, Māṇḍā, Mānda, Māndā, Maṇḍā, Mamda, Maṃḍa, Maṃda, Maṃdā; (plurals include: Mandas, Maṇḍas, Mandās, Māṇḍas, Māṇḍās, Māndas, Māndās, Maṇḍās, Mamdas, Maṃḍas, Maṃdas, Maṃdās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 2.23.30 < [Chapter 23 - The Killing of Śaṅkhacūḍa During the Rāsa-dance Pastime]
Verse 4.19.94 < [Chapter 19 - A Thousand Names of Srī Yamunā]
Verse 4.19.9 < [Chapter 19 - A Thousand Names of Srī Yamunā]
Vishnudharmottara Purana (Art and Architecture) (by Bhagyashree Sarma)
1.3. Elements of Drama (c): Bodily Movements < [Chapter 3 - Drama and Dance]
1.3. Elements of Drama (d): Dramatic Postures < [Chapter 3 - Drama and Dance]
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 2.49 - The projectable body (āhāraka) < [Chapter 2 - Category of the Living]
Verse 6.6 - The nature of influx (āsrava) < [Chapter 6 - Influx of Karmas]
Verse 8.23 - The shedding of karmas (nirjarā) < [Chapter 8 - Bondage of Karmas]
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Part 3 - Manda II (A.D. 1125-1130) < [Chapter IV - The Kondapadumatis (A.D. 1100-1282)]
Part 1 - Manda I (A.D. 1114—1118) < [Chapter IV - The Kondapadumatis (A.D. 1100-1282)]
Part 9 - Manda and Buddha (A.D. 1173-1186) < [Chapter IV - The Kondapadumatis (A.D. 1100-1282)]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 16 - On the motion of the planets < [Book 8]