Manda, Maṇḍa, Mandā: 21 definitions

Introduction

Manda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Manda (मन्द, “dull”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Manda is the characteristic of a drug referring to its ‘dullness’, while its opposing quality, Tīkṣṇa, refers to its ‘sharpness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Manda, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’), while it aggrevates the Vāta (bodily humour in control of motion and the nervous system) and the Pitta (bodily humour in control of digestion and metabolism). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Earth (pṛthivī) and Water (ap).

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Maṇḍa (मण्ड) refers to one of the various types of “gruels” (usually refers to a food preparation with cereal boiled in water or milk), as mentioned in the Kṛtānnavarga, which is a subsection of the Annapānavidhi of the Sūtrasthāna of the Suśrutasaṃhitā, an important Ayurvedic treatise. The discourses of the teacher Divodasa are believed to be summarised by his disciple Suśruta, who wrote the work Suśrutasaṃhitā in 4th century CE. [...] Kṛtānna-varga, the subsection of Annapānavidhi describes the preparations and properties of different types of gruels like peya, vilepi, maṇḍa, pāyasa, mudgayūṣa and kṛsara, meat dishes like ullupta, vesavāra, etc.

2) Maṇḍa (मण्ड) refers to one of the five types of “curds” (dadhi) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—In dadhi-prakaraṇa, author classifies the curds into five types [viz., Manda] depending on their stages of fermentaion as well as taste. [...] Siddhānna-prakaraṇa describes the recipes and properties of different dishes. We can categorize the dishes into eight types based on their main ingredients. They are [viz., sweet dishes, etc.] and miscellaneous dishes. Sweets [preparations] are [viz., maṇḍa].

3) Maṇḍa (मण्ड) refers to a type of Modaka sweet dish.—(Ingredients of Maṇḍa): samita, ghee, sugar, cardamom, cloves, camphor, black pepper and water. (Cooking instructions): Knead samita with ghee and water. Make the mixture in the shape of vaṭas. Fry these vaṭas in ghee till the water content of it is fully evaporated. Immerse these vaṭas in sugar syrup dressed with cardamom, cloves, camphor and black pepper. This dish is called maṇḍa. It is just like bāduṣā, a famous sweet.

Maṇḍa is also mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., maṇḍa]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., kaṇāmūla] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of manda in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Manda (मन्द) refers to one who is “slow-witted”, and is used by the evil-minded Dakṣa to describe the Brahmins that walked out on his sacrifice, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] when the sage Dadhīci and others staged a walkout, the evil-minded Dakṣa, inimical to Śiva, said mocking at them.:—‘[...] They are slow-witted (manda) and senseless. They are rogues indulging in false deliberations and discussions. They are out of the Vedic circle. These men of evil conduct shall be eschewed from sacrificial rites’”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Maṇḍa (मण्ड).—A Bhārgava gotrakāra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 21.

2) Manda (मन्द).—A son of Abhramu elephant;1 also Padma; the vehicle of Kubera.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 330.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 214, 216.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of manda in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Mandā (मन्दा, “idle”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the nose (nāsā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Mandā (मन्दा) refers to one of the twenty-two quarters tones (śruti) existing within an octave, according to the Saṅgīta-ratnākara (“ocean of music and dance”). This work is an important Sanskrit treatise dealing with ancient Indian musicology (gāndharva-śāstra), composed by Śārṅgadeva in the 13th century and deals with both Carnatic and Hindustani music. Mandā has a frequency of 496.6798Hz. It is also known as Mandākini.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Mandā (मन्दा).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the nose (nāsā);—Instructions: lobes are at rest. Uses: in discouragement, impatience and anxiety.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of manda in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Mandā (मन्दा, “shining”).—Illustration of Mandā-śruti according to 15th century art:—The colour of her body is yellow. She holds a vīṇā in both hands. The colour of her bodice is blue. Her scarf is rosy with a red design, the lower garment is green with a black design.

The illustrations (of, for example Mandā) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of manda in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Manda (मन्द).—1. The inequality in a planet's orbital motion that depends on its position with respect to the stars, analogous to zodiacal anomaly. (lit., slow). 2. Slow, apex of slow motion. Note: Manda is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of manda in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Manda (मन्द) is a Sanskrit word roughly translating to “slow”, “weak”, “sick”, “bad”, “stupid”, etc.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Maṇḍa.—weight equal to 5 māṣas (JNSI, Vol. XVI, p. 46); cf. māḍa. Note: maṇḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

--- OR ---

Maṇḍa.—equal to 5 māṣas (50 ratis); cf. māḍa. Note: maṇḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of manda in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

maṇḍa : (m.) the best part (of milk, etc.). (adj.), very clear.

-- or --

manda : (adj.) slow; dull; lazy; foolish; yielding a little. (nt.) a little.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Maṇḍa, (later Sk. maṇḍa, perhaps dial. from *mranda, cp. Sk. vi-mradati to soften. Attempts at etym. see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. mollis. Cp. also mattikā) the top part, best part of milk or butter, etc. i.e. cream, scum; fig. essence of, the pick of, finest part of anything. parisā° the cream of a gathering, the pick of the congregation, excellent congregation A. I, 72 (or for °maṇḍala?); bodhi° essence of enlightenment, highest state of enlightenment; in later literature objectively “the best place of enlightenment, the Throne of Enlightenment or of the Buddha” (does it stand for °maṇḍala in this meaning?) J. IV, 233 (cp. puthavi-maṇḍa ibid. & puthavi-maṇḍala Sn. 990); DhA. I, 86; II, 69; IV, 72. sappi° “cream of butter, ” the finest ghee (cp. AvŚ I. 1513 sarpimaṇḍa) D. I, 201; A. II, 95; Pug. 70; Miln. 322.—maṇḍaṃ karoti to put into the best condition, to make pleasant SnA 81.—manda at DhsA. 100 is to be read baddha (v. l. BB). Cp. Expos. 132n.

— or —

Manda, (adj.) (cp. late-Vedic & Epic manda) 1. slow, lazy, indolent; mostly with ref. to the intellectual faculties, therefore: dull, stupid, slow of grasp, ignorant, foolish M. I, 520 (+momuha); Sn. 666, 820 (=momūha Nd1 153), 1051 (=mohā avidvā etc. Nd2 498); Dh. 325 (=amanasikārā manda-pañña DhA. IV, 17); J. IV, 221; Pug. 65, 69; KhA 53, 54.—2. slow, yielding little result, unprofitable (of udaka, water, with respect to fish; and gocara, feeding on fishes) J. I, 221.—3. (in this meaning probably=Vedic mandra “pleasant, pleasing, ” although Halāyudha gives mandākṣa as “bashful”) soft, tender (with ref. to eyes), lovely, in cpds. °akkhin having lovely (soft) eyes J. III, 190; and °locana id. Th. 2, 375 (kinnari-manda°=manda-puthu-vilocana ThA. 253); Pv. I, 115 (miga-manda°=migī viya mand’akkhī PvA. 57); Vv 6411 (miga-m°=miga-cchāpikānaṃ viya mudu siniddha-diṭṭhi-nipāta).—4. In cpd. picu (or puci°) manda the Nimb tree, it means “tree” (?) see picu-manda & puci-manda.—5. In composition with bhū it assumes the form mandī°, e.g. mandībhūta slowed down, enfeebled, diminished J. I, 228; VbhA. 157.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of manda in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

maṇḍa (मंड).—m (S) Water in which parched rice &c. has been boiled. Used as gruel or starch. 2 The skimmings or scum of any infusion in the state of ebullition or fermentation; yeast, barm.

--- OR ---

manda (मंद).—a (S) Slow, tardy, of dull or languid motion. 2 fig. Stupid, heavy, doltish. 3 Cold, phlegmatic, apathetic. 4 Dim--the sight: faint--light &c.: mild or gentle--a smile. Ex. vadana miravē manda hasitē. 5 Low--a tone: gentle--a breeze &c. 6 Applied in the sense of dull, dim &c. to particular mansions of the moon; under which a thing lost is not easily found. Used as s n The planet Saturn. manda paḍaṇēṃ g. of s. To proceed heavily, sluggishly, lifelessly--a business or work. 2 To be abated--an epidemic or a malady.

--- OR ---

mandā (मंदा).—m (manda S through H) Cheapness &c. See mandī & mandāī.

--- OR ---

mandā (मंदा).—a (manda S) Cheap: also abated, slackened, relaxed.

--- OR ---

māṇḍa (मांड).—f (māṇḍī Thigh.) A disease incidental to the thigh. The whole member swells, and the thighbone becomes carious. 2 The proper posture or seat (on horseback, or of a writer). v jama, basa, sādha g. of s. 3 A charge by a body of horse. v kara.

--- OR ---

māṇḍa (मांड).—m (māṇḍaṇēṃ) Laying out or disposing in order (implements, materials, apparatus for a work or business): also the array or disposition made. v māṇḍa 2 C esp. R & W The assembling of the inhabitants of a village on the day preceding the closing day of the hōḷī-festival, to obtain the idol's permission to burn the hōḷī. 3 Disposedness or setness; settledness or fixedness at, in, on, about. Used with māṇḍaṇēṃ, as basa is with basaṇēṃ. See basa m.

--- OR ---

māṇḍa (मांड).—n A wooden bowl usually with handles (to hold vegetables &c.)

--- OR ---

māṇḍa (मांड).—f The name of a pot-herb.

--- OR ---

māṇḍā (मांडा).—m (maṇḍaka S) A certain preparation with wheaten flour. Pr. sugraṇa jhālī mhaṇūna kāṃhīṃ hātācē māṇḍē karīta nāhīṃ. tōṇḍācē māṇḍē m pl Talk-manḍe; manḍe described or discoursed about rightly and glibly, but not made. A simile for the vauntings of a prater. māṇḍē karaṇārīcā śēmbūḍa kāḍhalā pāhijē We must conciliate or please them who are to serve us. Or do mean and servile things for them who do pleasant things for you.

--- OR ---

mānda (मांद).—m S Intoxication, esp. fig. of pride, joy &c.

--- OR ---

mānda (मांद).—f C The cornheap which forms in the thrashing pit. 2 A broad-mouthed vessel, to hold water &c. See māndaṇa.

--- OR ---

māndā (मांदा).—a ( P) Languid, listless, oppressed with lassitude. 2 Sick, ill, ailing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

manda (मंद).—a Slow; doltish. Cold. Dim; faint Low. Mild. manda paḍaṇēṃ Proceed heavily- a work. Be abated.

--- OR ---

māṇḍa (मांड).—f A thigh-disease. The proper posture. m Laying out in order.

--- OR ---

māṇḍā (मांडा).—m A certain preparation with wheaten flour. tōṇḍācē māṇḍē m pl Lit. māṇḍē described or discoursed about rightly or glibly but not made. Hence, Pro- fessions not followed by correspond- ing action. manacē māṇḍē khāṇēṃ To hold out to oneself extravagant and unwarrant- ed expectations; to build on hopes, not on facts. To build castles in the air.

--- OR ---

māndā (मांदा).—a Languid. Sick, ill.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of manda in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maṇḍa (मण्ड).—[man-ḍa tasya netvaṃ, maṇḍ-ac vā]

1) The thick oily matter or scum forming on the surface of any liquid.

2) The scum of boiled rice; नीवारौदनमण्डमुष्णमधुरम् (nīvāraudanamaṇḍamuṣṇamadhuram) U.4.1; तण्डुलानां सुसिद्धानां चतुर्दशगुणे जले । रसः सिक्थैर्विरहितो मण्ड इत्यभिधीयते (taṇḍulānāṃ susiddhānāṃ caturdaśaguṇe jale | rasaḥ sikthairvirahito maṇḍa ityabhidhīyate) Bhāva. P.

3) Cream (of milk).

4) Foam, froth or scum in general; घृतात्परं मण्डमिवातिसूक्ष्मं ज्ञात्वा शिवं सर्वभूतेषु गूढम् (ghṛtātparaṃ maṇḍamivātisūkṣmaṃ jñātvā śivaṃ sarvabhūteṣu gūḍham) Śvet. Up.4.16; श्रोतुमिच्छामि तज्ज्ञानं घृतं मण्डमयं यथा (śrotumicchāmi tajjñānaṃ ghṛtaṃ maṇḍamayaṃ yathā) Mb.12.318.68.

5) Ferment.

6) Gruel.

7) Pith, essence.

8) The head.

9) The spirituous part of wine; राज्यं गतधनं साधो पीतमण्डां सुरामिव (rājyaṃ gatadhanaṃ sādho pītamaṇḍāṃ surāmiva) Rām.2.36.12.

-ṇḍaḥ 1 An ornament, decoration.

2) A frog.

3) The castor-oil tree.

-ṇḍā 1 Spirituous liquor.

2) The emblic myrobalan tree.

Derivable forms: maṇḍaḥ (मण्डः), maṇḍam (मण्डम्).

--- OR ---

Manda (मन्द).—a. [mand-ac]

1) Slow, tardy, inactive, lazy, dull, loitering; (na) भिन्दन्ति मन्दां गतिमश्वमुख्यः (bhindanti mandāṃ gatimaśvamukhyaḥ) Ku.1.11; तच्चरितं गोविन्दे मनसिजमन्दे सखी प्राह (taccaritaṃ govinde manasijamande sakhī prāha) Gīt.6.

2) Cold, indifferent, apathetic.

3) Stupid, dull-witted, foolish, ignorant, weak-brained; प्रयोजनमनुद्दिश्य न मन्दोऽपि प्रवर्तते (prayojanamanuddiśya na mando'pi pravartate) Subhāṣ.; मन्दोऽप्यमन्दतामेति संसर्गेण विपश्चितः (mando'pyamandatāmeti saṃsargeṇa vipaścitaḥ) M.2.8; मन्दः कवियशःप्रार्थी गमिष्याम्युपहास्यताम् (mandaḥ kaviyaśaḥprārthī gamiṣyāmyupahāsyatām) R.1.3; द्विषन्ति मन्दाश्चरितं महात्मनाम् (dviṣanti mandāścaritaṃ mahātmanām) Ku.5.75.

4) Low, deep, hollow (as sound).

5) Soft, faint, gentle; as in मन्दस्मितम् (mandasmitam).

6) Small, little, slight; मन्दोदरी (mandodarī); see अ (a) ind. 1 (d) also.

7) Weak, defective, feeble, as मन्दाग्नि (mandāgni).

8) Unlucky, unhappy.

9) Faded.

1) Wicked, vile.

11) Addicted to drinking.

12) Weak, slack (as a bow).

13) Sick, afflicted with disease.

14) Independent (svatantra).

-ndaḥ 1 The planet Saturn.

2) An epithet of Yama.

3) The dissolution of the world.

4) A kind of elephant; मन्दोऽपि नाम न महानवगृह्य साध्यः (mando'pi nāma na mahānavagṛhya sādhyaḥ) Śi.5.49 (where manda means 'a fool' also).

5) The apsis of a planet's course.

-ndā A pot, vessel.

-ndam ind.

1) Slowly, gradually, by degree; यातं यच्च नितम्बयो- र्गुरुतया मन्दं विलासादिव (yātaṃ yacca nitambayo- rgurutayā mandaṃ vilāsādiva) Ś.2.2.

2) Gently, softly, not violently; मन्दं मन्दं नुदति पवनश्चानुकूलो यथा त्वाम् (mandaṃ mandaṃ nudati pavanaścānukūlo yathā tvām) Me.9.

3) Faintly, feebly, weakly, lightly.

4) In a low tone, deeply.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maṇḍa (मण्ड).—m. (used as in Pali; these fig. mgs. seemingly not in Sanskrit), (1) (lit. cream; fig.) best part, highest point (compare Pali commentary on Jātaka (Pali) iv. 233.17, 234.6, maṇḍo sāro): agrayauvana-maṇḍa-prāptā, arrived at the flower of her highest youth, Mahāvastu i.147.13; (°prāptāyāṃ, loc.) i.205.7 = ii.9.3; śāsanaṃ guṇamaṇḍam Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 59.6, the highest of (in ?) good qualities; navamaṇḍaprāpte dharmavinaye Aṣṭasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 225.10, when the dharma and vinaya have just newly arrived at the peak (of development); (2) in bodhimaṇḍa, q.v., the lit. meaning of maṇḍa is clearly the best, supreme point (Tibetan sñiṅ po, heart, essence); it is used alone, or with other qualifiers (especially words for earth, as in Pali, putha- viyā…maṇḍo Jātaka (Pali) iv.233.17) referring to bodhimaṇḍa: gacchitva maṇḍaṃ vara-pādapendraṃ Mahāvastu ii.378.19, having gone to the supreme place, the excellent king of trees (i.e. the bodhi-tree); pṛthivīya (gen.) maṇḍe Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 53.10; mahī- (or mahi-, m.c.)-maṇḍa Lalitavistara 48.9; 315.18, 20; 316.14, etc.; Mahāvastu i.161.12; ii.401.12; dharaṇi-maṇḍa Lalitavistara 12.18; 156.4 (both verses., °ṇi° m.c.); (3) in Lalitavistara 87.17 and 20 fluid (compare Prakrit, [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo], = rasa), with Tibetan (khu): Lefm. in 17 (bodhi- sattvasya…) mātuḥ kukṣigatasyoccāraprasrāva-maṇḍo- parimiśrasya (read with vv.ll. °maṇḍe, or °maṇḍa-pari°); Tib…btsog paḥi (unclean) khu (fluid; = maṇḍa, see maṇḍānupūrvī) śugs (power) daṅ ḥdres pa (mixed with); in line 20, (na) sukṛtakarmaṇāṃ sattvānām uccārapra- srāva-maṇḍe kāyaḥ saṃbhavati; Tibetan lus (body) mi (not) gtsaṅ baḥi (pure) khu baḥi (fluid) naṅ du (within, governing preceding; loc. case) mi ḥbyuṅ ṅo (does not happen, accur).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇḍa (मण्ड).—mn.

(-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) 1. Scum, skimmings, froth, foam, barm, &c., the upper part of any infusion in a state of boiling or ferment. 2. Pith, essence. 3. The head. m.

(-ṇḍaḥ) 1. Ornament, decoration. 2. The castor-oil tree. (Palma christi.) 3. A sort of potherb. 4. A frog. f.

(-ṇḍā) 1. Spirituous or vinous liquor. 2. Emblic myrobalan. E. maḍi to adorn, Unadi aff. ḍa; mana-ḍa tasya-nettvam .

--- OR ---

Maṇḍā (मण्डा).—f.

(-ṇḍā) 1. Spirituous liquor. 2. The myrobalan tree. 3. Trigonella foenum graecum. “meti”. E. maḍi-ac-ṭāp .

--- OR ---

Manda (मन्द).—mfn.

(-ndaḥ-ndā-ndaṃ) 1. Slow, tardy. 2. Dull, stupid, heavy. 3. Foolish, a fool. 4. Unlucky. 5. Sick, diseased. 6. Little. 7. Idle, lazy. 8. Drunken, addicted to drunkenness. 9. Vile, wicked. 10. Selfwilled. 11. Cold, phlegmatic, apathetic. 12. Low, (as a tone.) 13. Withered, (as flowers.) m.

(-ndaḥ) 1. A name of Saturn. 2. A sort of elephant. 3. A name of Yama. 4. (In astronomy.) Anomaly. 5. A destruction of the universe. E. madi to be lazy, &c. aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇḍa (मण्ड).—[masculine] [neuter] broth, scum.

--- OR ---

Manda (मन्द).—[adjective] slow, lazy, tardy in ([locative] or —°); dull, inert, weak (lit. & [figuratively]), stupid. °— & [neuter] (also doubled) slowly, tardily, gradually, softly. Abstr. [feminine], tva [neuter]

--- OR ---

Mānda (मान्द).—[adjective] gladdening ([Epithet] of the water).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maṇḍa (मण्ड):—[from maṇḍ] mn. (ifc. f(ā). ) the scum of boiled rice (or any grain), [Nirukta, by Yāska; Uttararāma-carita; Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] the thick part of milk, cream, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc. (cf. dadhi-m)

3) [v.s. ...] the spirituous part of wine etc., [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] ([Horace H. Wilson] also ‘foam or froth; pith, essence; the head’)

4) [v.s. ...] m. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) Ricinus Communis

5) [v.s. ...] a species of potherb

6) [v.s. ...] a frog (cf. maṇḍūka)

7) [v.s. ...] ornament, decoration

8) [v.s. ...] a measure of weight (= 5 Māṣas)

9) Maṇḍā (मण्डा):—[from maṇḍa > maṇḍ] f. the emblic myrobalan tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] spirituous or vinous liquor, brandy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Maṇḍa (मण्ड):—[from maṇḍ] n. See nau-maṇḍa.

12) Manda (मन्द):—[from mad] mf(ā)n. slow, tardy, moving slowly or softly, loitering, idle, lazy, sluggish in ([locative case] or [compound]), apathetic, phlegmatic, indifferent to ([dative case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

13) [v.s. ...] weak, slight, slack (as a bow), dull, faint (as light), low (as a voice), gentle (as rain or wind), feeble (as the digestive faculty), [ib.]

14) [v.s. ...] weak id est. tolerant, indulgent to ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata]

15) [v.s. ...] dull-witted, silly, stupid, foolish, [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

16) [v.s. ...] unhappy, miserable ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] = kṛpaṇa), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

17) [v.s. ...] languid, ill, sick, [Mālavikāgnimitra]

18) [v.s. ...] bad, wicked, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

19) [v.s. ...] drunken, addicted to intoxication, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] = -mandra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) [v.s. ...] m. the planet Saturn, [Varāha-mihira]

22) [v.s. ...] the (upper) apsis of a planet’s course or (according to some) its anomalistic motion, [Sūryasiddhānta]

23) [v.s. ...] Name of Yama, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) [v.s. ...] a stupid or slow elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. mandra, bhadra-manda, mṛga-manda)

25) [v.s. ...] the end of the world (= pralaya), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

26) Mandā (मन्दा):—[from manda > mad] f. a pot, vessel, inkstand, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

27) [v.s. ...] Name of Dākṣāyaṇī, [Catalogue(s)]

28) [v.s. ...] ([scilicet] saṃkrānti) a [particular] [astronomy] conjunction, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

29) [v.s. ...] (in music) Name of a Śruti, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

30) Manda (मन्द):—[from mad] n. the second change which takes place in warm milk when mixed with Takra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

31) Māṇḍa (माण्ड):—m. Name of a man, [Catalogue(s)]

32) Mānda (मान्द):—1. mānda mf(ā)n. (√1. mand) ‘gladdening’, Name of water in [particular] formularies, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka]

33) 2. mānda mfn. ([from] manda) relating to the higher apsis of a planet’s course (daṃ karma, the process of correction for the apsis; dam phalam, the equation of the apsis), [Sūryasiddhānta]

34) n. = māndya [gana] pṛthv-ādi.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of manda in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: