Manda, aka: Maṇḍa, Mandā; 16 Definition(s)


Manda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Manda (मन्द, “dull”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Manda is the characteristic of a drug referring to its ‘dullness’, while its opposing quality, Tīkṣṇa, refers to its ‘sharpness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Manda, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’), while it aggrevates the Vāta (bodily humour in control of motion and the nervous system) and the Pitta (bodily humour in control of digestion and metabolism). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Earth (pṛthivī) and Water (ap).

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Maṇḍa (मण्ड).—A Bhārgava gotrakāra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 21.

2) Manda (मन्द).—A son of Abhramu elephant;1 also Padma; the vehicle of Kubera.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 330.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 214, 216.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Mandā (मन्दा, “idle”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the nose (nāsā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Mandā (मन्दा) refers to one of the twenty-two quarters tones (śruti) existing within an octave, according to the Saṅgīta-ratnākara (“ocean of music and dance”). This work is an important Sanskrit treatise dealing with ancient Indian musicology (gāndharva-śāstra), composed by Śārṅgadeva in the 13th century and deals with both Carnatic and Hindustani music. Mandā has a frequency of 496.6798Hz. It is also known as Mandākini.

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Mandā (मन्दा).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the nose (nāsā);—Instructions: lobes are at rest. Uses: in discouragement, impatience and anxiety.

Source: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Mandā (मन्दा, “shining”).—Illustration of Mandā-śruti according to 15th century art:—The colour of her body is yellow. She holds a vīṇā in both hands. The colour of her bodice is blue. Her scarf is rosy with a red design, the lower garment is green with a black design.

The illustrations (of, for example Mandā) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Source: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Manda (मन्द).—1. The inequality in a planet's orbital motion that depends on its position with respect to the stars, analogous to zodiacal anomaly. (lit., slow). 2. Slow, apex of slow motion. Note: Manda is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Manda (मन्द) is a Sanskrit word roughly translating to “slow”, “weak”, “sick”, “bad”, “stupid”, etc.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

India history and geogprahy

Maṇḍa.—weight equal to 5 māṣas (JNSI, Vol. XVI, p. 46); cf. māḍa. Note: maṇḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Maṇḍa.—equal to 5 māṣas (50 ratis); cf. māḍa. Note: maṇḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Manda in Pali glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

maṇḍa : (m.) the best part (of milk, etc.). (adj.), very clear.

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manda : (adj.) slow; dull; lazy; foolish; yielding a little. (nt.) a little.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Maṇḍa, (later Sk. maṇḍa, perhaps dial. from *mranda, cp. Sk. vi-mradati to soften. Attempts at etym. see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. mollis. Cp. also mattikā) the top part, best part of milk or butter, etc. i.e. cream, scum; fig. essence of, the pick of, finest part of anything. parisā° the cream of a gathering, the pick of the congregation, excellent congregation A. I, 72 (or for °maṇḍala?); bodhi° essence of enlightenment, highest state of enlightenment; in later literature objectively “the best place of enlightenment, the Throne of Enlightenment or of the Buddha” (does it stand for °maṇḍala in this meaning?) J. IV, 233 (cp. puthavi-maṇḍa ibid. & puthavi-maṇḍala Sn. 990); DhA. I, 86; II, 69; IV, 72. sappi° “cream of butter, ” the finest ghee (cp. AvŚ I. 1513 sarpimaṇḍa) D. I, 201; A. II, 95; Pug. 70; Miln. 322.—maṇḍaṃ karoti to put into the best condition, to make pleasant SnA 81.—manda at DhsA. 100 is to be read baddha (v. l. BB). Cp. Expos. 132n.

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Manda, (adj.) (cp. late-Vedic & Epic manda) 1. slow, lazy, indolent; mostly with ref. to the intellectual faculties, therefore: dull, stupid, slow of grasp, ignorant, foolish M. I, 520 (+momuha); Sn. 666, 820 (=momūha Nd1 153), 1051 (=mohā avidvā etc. Nd2 498); Dh. 325 (=amanasikārā manda-pañña DhA. IV, 17); J. IV, 221; Pug. 65, 69; KhA 53, 54.—2. slow, yielding little result, unprofitable (of udaka, water, with respect to fish; and gocara, feeding on fishes) J. I, 221.—3. (in this meaning probably=Vedic mandra “pleasant, pleasing, ” although Halāyudha gives mandākṣa as “bashful”) soft, tender (with ref. to eyes), lovely, in cpds. °akkhin having lovely (soft) eyes J. III, 190; and °locana id. Th. 2, 375 (kinnari-manda°=manda-puthu-vilocana ThA. 253); Pv. I, 115 (miga-manda°=migī viya mand’akkhī PvA. 57); Vv 6411 (miga-m°=miga-cchāpikānaṃ viya mudu siniddha-diṭṭhi-nipāta).—4. In cpd. picu (or puci°) manda the Nimb tree, it means “tree” (?) see picu-manda & puci-manda.—5. In composition with bhū it assumes the form mandī°, e.g. mandībhūta slowed down, enfeebled, diminished J. I, 228; VbhA. 157.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

maṇḍa (मंड).—m (S) Water in which parched rice &c. has been boiled. Used as gruel or starch. 2 The skimmings or scum of any infusion in the state of ebullition or fermentation; yeast, barm.

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manda (मंद).—a (S) Slow, tardy, of dull or languid motion. 2 fig. Stupid, heavy, doltish. 3 Cold, phlegmatic, apathetic. 4 Dim--the sight: faint--light &c.: mild or gentle--a smile. Ex. vadana miravē manda hasitē. 5 Low--a tone: gentle--a breeze &c. 6 Applied in the sense of dull, dim &c. to particular mansions of the moon; under which a thing lost is not easily found. Used as s n The planet Saturn. manda paḍaṇēṃ g. of s. To proceed heavily, sluggishly, lifelessly--a business or work. 2 To be abated--an epidemic or a malady.

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mandā (मंदा).—m (manda S through H) Cheapness &c. See mandī & mandāī.

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mandā (मंदा).—a (manda S) Cheap: also abated, slackened, relaxed.

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māṇḍa (मांड).—f (māṇḍī Thigh.) A disease incidental to the thigh. The whole member swells, and the thighbone becomes carious. 2 The proper posture or seat (on horseback, or of a writer). v jama, basa, sādha g. of s. 3 A charge by a body of horse. v kara.

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māṇḍa (मांड).—m (māṇḍaṇēṃ) Laying out or disposing in order (implements, materials, apparatus for a work or business): also the array or disposition made. v māṇḍa 2 C esp. R & W The assembling of the inhabitants of a village on the day preceding the closing day of the hōḷī-festival, to obtain the idol's permission to burn the hōḷī. 3 Disposedness or setness; settledness or fixedness at, in, on, about. Used with māṇḍaṇēṃ, as basa is with basaṇēṃ. See basa m.

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māṇḍa (मांड).—n A wooden bowl usually with handles (to hold vegetables &c.)

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māṇḍa (मांड).—f The name of a pot-herb.

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māṇḍā (मांडा).—m (maṇḍaka S) A certain preparation with wheaten flour. Pr. sugraṇa jhālī mhaṇūna kāṃhīṃ hātācē māṇḍē karīta nāhīṃ. tōṇḍācē māṇḍē m pl Talk-manḍe; manḍe described or discoursed about rightly and glibly, but not made. A simile for the vauntings of a prater. māṇḍē karaṇārīcā śēmbūḍa kāḍhalā pāhijē We must conciliate or please them who are to serve us. Or do mean and servile things for them who do pleasant things for you.

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mānda (मांद).—m S Intoxication, esp. fig. of pride, joy &c.

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mānda (मांद).—f C The cornheap which forms in the thrashing pit. 2 A broad-mouthed vessel, to hold water &c. See māndaṇa.

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māndā (मांदा).—a ( P) Languid, listless, oppressed with lassitude. 2 Sick, ill, ailing.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

manda (मंद).—a Slow; doltish. Cold. Dim; faint Low. Mild. manda paḍaṇēṃ Proceed heavily- a work. Be abated.

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māṇḍa (मांड).—f A thigh-disease. The proper posture. m Laying out in order.

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māṇḍā (मांडा).—m A certain preparation with wheaten flour. tōṇḍācē māṇḍē m pl Lit. māṇḍē described or discoursed about rightly or glibly but not made. Hence, Pro- fessions not followed by correspond- ing action. manacē māṇḍē khāṇēṃ To hold out to oneself extravagant and unwarrant- ed expectations; to build on hopes, not on facts. To build castles in the air.

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māndā (मांदा).—a Languid. Sick, ill.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maṇḍa (मण्ड).—[man-ḍa tasya netvaṃ, maṇḍ-ac vā]

1) The thick oily matter or scum forming on the surface of any liquid.

2) The scum of boiled rice; नीवारौदनमण्डमुष्णमधुरम् (nīvāraudanamaṇḍamuṣṇamadhuram) U.4.1; तण्डुलानां सुसिद्धानां चतुर्दशगुणे जले । रसः सिक्थैर्विरहितो मण्ड इत्यभिधीयते (taṇḍulānāṃ susiddhānāṃ caturdaśaguṇe jale | rasaḥ sikthairvirahito maṇḍa ityabhidhīyate) Bhāva. P.

3) Cream (of milk).

4) Foam, froth or scum in general; घृतात्परं मण्डमिवातिसूक्ष्मं ज्ञात्वा शिवं सर्वभूतेषु गूढम् (ghṛtātparaṃ maṇḍamivātisūkṣmaṃ jñātvā śivaṃ sarvabhūteṣu gūḍham) Śvet. Up.4.16; श्रोतुमिच्छामि तज्ज्ञानं घृतं मण्डमयं यथा (śrotumicchāmi tajjñānaṃ ghṛtaṃ maṇḍamayaṃ yathā) Mb.12.318.68.

5) Ferment.

6) Gruel.

7) Pith, essence.

8) The head.

9) The spirituous part of wine; राज्यं गतधनं साधो पीतमण्डां सुरामिव (rājyaṃ gatadhanaṃ sādho pītamaṇḍāṃ surāmiva) Rām.2.36.12.

-ṇḍaḥ 1 An ornament, decoration.

2) A frog.

3) The castor-oil tree.

-ṇḍā 1 Spirituous liquor.

2) The emblic myrobalan tree.

Derivable forms: maṇḍaḥ (मण्डः), maṇḍam (मण्डम्).

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Manda (मन्द).—a. [mand-ac]

1) Slow, tardy, inactive, lazy, dull, loitering; (na) भिन्दन्ति मन्दां गतिमश्वमुख्यः (bhindanti mandāṃ gatimaśvamukhyaḥ) Ku.1.11; तच्चरितं गोविन्दे मनसिजमन्दे सखी प्राह (taccaritaṃ govinde manasijamande sakhī prāha) Gīt.6.

2) Cold, indifferent, apathetic.

3) Stupid, dull-witted, foolish, ignorant, weak-brained; प्रयोजनमनुद्दिश्य न मन्दोऽपि प्रवर्तते (prayojanamanuddiśya na mando'pi pravartate) Subhāṣ.; मन्दोऽप्यमन्दतामेति संसर्गेण विपश्चितः (mando'pyamandatāmeti saṃsargeṇa vipaścitaḥ) M.2.8; मन्दः कवियशःप्रार्थी गमिष्याम्युपहास्यताम् (mandaḥ kaviyaśaḥprārthī gamiṣyāmyupahāsyatām) R.1.3; द्विषन्ति मन्दाश्चरितं महात्मनाम् (dviṣanti mandāścaritaṃ mahātmanām) Ku.5.75.

4) Low, deep, hollow (as sound).

5) Soft, faint, gentle; as in मन्दस्मितम् (mandasmitam).

6) Small, little, slight; मन्दोदरी (mandodarī); see अ (a) ind. 1 (d) also.

7) Weak, defective, feeble, as मन्दाग्नि (mandāgni).

8) Unlucky, unhappy.

9) Faded.

1) Wicked, vile.

11) Addicted to drinking.

12) Weak, slack (as a bow).

13) Sick, afflicted with disease.

14) Independent (svatantra).

-ndaḥ 1 The planet Saturn.

2) An epithet of Yama.

3) The dissolution of the world.

4) A kind of elephant; मन्दोऽपि नाम न महानवगृह्य साध्यः (mando'pi nāma na mahānavagṛhya sādhyaḥ) Śi.5.49 (where manda means 'a fool' also).

5) The apsis of a planet's course.

-ndā A pot, vessel.

-ndam ind.

1) Slowly, gradually, by degree; यातं यच्च नितम्बयो- र्गुरुतया मन्दं विलासादिव (yātaṃ yacca nitambayo- rgurutayā mandaṃ vilāsādiva) Ś.2.2.

2) Gently, softly, not violently; मन्दं मन्दं नुदति पवनश्चानुकूलो यथा त्वाम् (mandaṃ mandaṃ nudati pavanaścānukūlo yathā tvām) Me.9.

3) Faintly, feebly, weakly, lightly.

4) In a low tone, deeply.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maṇḍa (मण्ड).—mn.

(-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) 1. Scum, skimmings, froth, foam, barm, &c., the upper part of any infusion in a state of boiling or ferment. 2. Pith, essence. 3. The head. m.

(-ṇḍaḥ) 1. Ornament, decoration. 2. The castor-oil tree. (Palma christi.) 3. A sort of potherb. 4. A frog. f.

(-ṇḍā) 1. Spirituous or vinous liquor. 2. Emblic myrobalan. E. maḍi to adorn, Unadi aff. ḍa; mana-ḍa tasya-nettvam .

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Maṇḍā (मण्डा).—f.

(-ṇḍā) 1. Spirituous liquor. 2. The myrobalan tree. 3. Trigonella foenum graecum. “meti”. E. maḍi-ac-ṭāp .

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Manda (मन्द).—mfn.

(-ndaḥ-ndā-ndaṃ) 1. Slow, tardy. 2. Dull, stupid, heavy. 3. Foolish, a fool. 4. Unlucky. 5. Sick, diseased. 6. Little. 7. Idle, lazy. 8. Drunken, addicted to drunkenness. 9. Vile, wicked. 10. Selfwilled. 11. Cold, phlegmatic, apathetic. 12. Low, (as a tone.) 13. Withered, (as flowers.) m.

(-ndaḥ) 1. A name of Saturn. 2. A sort of elephant. 3. A name of Yama. 4. (In astronomy.) Anomaly. 5. A destruction of the universe. E. madi to be lazy, &c. aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 337 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Mandodarī (मन्दोदरी).—f. (-rī) A proper name, the wife of Ravana. E. manda slow, heavy, udara t...
Mandāgni (मन्दाग्नि).—m. (-gni) Weakness of digestion.
Mandākrāntā (मन्दाक्रान्ता).—f. (-ntā) A species of the Atyashti metre.
Mandaga (मन्दग).—m. (-gaḥ) The planet Saturn.
Dadhimaṇḍa (दधिमण्ड).—m. (-ṇḍaḥ) Whey. E. dadhi, and maṇḍa scum.
Mandaphala (मन्दफल).—n. (-la) (In astronomy.) The anomalistic equation of a planet. E. manda, a...
Mandasmita (मन्दस्मित).—n. (-taṃ) A smile. E. manda slowly, gently, smita smiling.
Mandoṣṇa (मन्दोष्ण).—mfn. (-ṣṇaḥ-ṣṇā-ṣṇaṃ) Temperate, tepid, moderately warm. n. (-ṣṇaṃ) Warmth...
Mandabhāgya (मन्दभाग्य).—mfn. (-gyaḥ-gyā-gyaṃ) Wretched, unhappy, unfortunate. E. manda, and bh...
Mandagati (मन्दगति).—mfn. (-tiḥ-tiḥ-ti) Slow moving. f. (-tiḥ) Going slowly. E. manda, and gati...
Madyamaṇḍa (मद्यमण्ड).—m. (-ṇḍaḥ) Yeast, barm, froth. E. madya wine, maṇḍa froth, scum.
Mandamati (मन्दमति).—mfn. (-tiḥ-tiḥ-ti) Dull, stupid, slow of apprehension. E. manda, and mati ...
Picumanda (पिचुमन्द).—m. (-ndaḥ) The Nimba tree, (Melia azadirakta.) E. pivu a sort of leprosy,...
Mandabuddhi (मन्दबुद्धि).—mfn. (-ddhiḥ-ddhiḥ-ddhi) Stupid, foolish. E. manda, buddhi understand...
Maṇḍodaka (मण्डोदक).—n. (-kaṃ) 1. Painting figures or flowers, on the walls or floors of an apa...

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