Yaska, Yāska: 12 definitions


Yaska means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Yāska (यास्क).—A famous Sanskrit Grammarian of ancient times. Although the people of India always believed in the greatness of the Vedas, the Vedas became unintelligible even to scholars owing to changes in language and differences in grammar. It was Yāska and Sāyaṇa who saved the country from that plight. Yāska became famous by composing "Nirukta" (etymology). There is a reference to this ancient sage in Mahābhārata, Chapter 342, Verse 72.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Yaska (यस्क).—An Ārṣeya pravara (Bhārgava).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 36.

1b) A Bhārgava branch.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 100.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Yāska (यास्क).—A reputed ancient Niruktakara or etymologist, of the 6th century B.C. or even a few centuries before that, whose work, the Nirukta, is looked upon as the oldest authoritative treatise regarding derivation of Vedic words. Yaska was preceded by a number of etymologists whom he has mentioned in his work and whose works he has utilised. Yaska's Nirukta threw into the back-ground the older treatises on etymology, all of which disappeared gradually in the course of time.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Yāska (यास्क) is the name of a pre-Piṅgalan author on the science of Sanskrit metrics (chandaśāstra): Yāska, the author of Nirukta describes the Vedic metres in Nirukta. Piṅgala also mentions him while discussing the metre urobṛhatī.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Yāska (यास्क) was an early Sanskrit grammarian who preceded Pāṇini (fl. 4th BC), assumed to have lived in the 6th or 5th century BC. Nothing is known about him other than that he is traditionally identified as the author of Nirukta, the discipline of "etymology" (explanation of words) within Sanskrit grammatical tradition. Yaska is the author of the Nirukta, a technical treatise on etymology, lexical category and the semantics of Sanskrit words. He is thought to have succeeded Śākaṭāyana, an old grammarian and expositor of the Vedas, who is mentioned in his text.

Yāska defines four main categories of words:

  1. nāma - nouns or substantives
  2. ākhyāta - verbs
  3. upasarga - pre-verbs or prefixes
  4. nipāta - particles, invariant words (perhaps prepositions)

Yāska also defends the view, presented first in the lost text of Sakatayana that etymologically, most nouns have their origins in verbs.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yāska (यास्क).—Name of the author of the Nirukta.

Derivable forms: yāskaḥ (यास्कः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yāska (यास्क).—m.

(-skaḥ) Name of the author of Nirukta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yāska (यास्क).—[masculine] [Name] of a teacher.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Yāska (यास्क) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted in Ṛkprātiśākhya 17, 25, in Bṛhaddevatā, etc.: Nirukta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yaska (यस्क):—[from yas] m. Name of a man ([plural] his descendants and a [particular] school; cf. yāska), [Kāṭhaka; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra] (cf. [Pāṇini 2-4, 63]).

2) Yāska (यास्क):—m. ([from] yasku) [patronymic] of the author of the Nirukta (or commentary on the difficult Vedic words contained in the lists called Nighaṇṭus; he is supposed to have lived before Pāṇini; cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 156 etc.]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Mahābhārata]

3) [plural] the pupils of Yāska, [Pāṇini 2-4, 63 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

[Sanskrit to German]

Yaska in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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