Jaladhi, Jāladhi, Jala-dhi: 19 definitions


Jaladhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jaladhi (जलधि) refers to the “ocean”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.20 (“The story of the submarine fire”).—Accordingly, after Brahmā spoke to the Ocean: “Thus requested by me, the ocean agreed. None else could have grasped Śiva’s fire of fury thus. That fire in the form of a mare entered the ocean [i.e., jaladhi] and began to consume the currents of water. It blazed with all its shooting flames. O sage, then, delighted in mind I returned to my abode. The ocean of divine form bowed to me and vanished. O great sage, the entire universe, freed from the fear of that fire became normal. The gods and the sages became happy”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Jaladhi (जलधि).—The crocodile which is the conveyance of Varuṇa. It is mentioned in Vāmana Purāṇa, Chapter 9, about conveyances of Gods as follows:—

"The conveyance of Indra is the white elephant, which came into being from the palm of Danu, and is of extraordinary strength and valour. The black buffalo called Pauṇḍraka, which was born from the thigh of Rudra, and is as quick as the mind and very fierce, is the conveyance of Yama (the god of death). The conveyance of Varuṇa is the black crocodile called 'Jaladhi', born from the ear-wax of Rudra, and having divine power of movement. The conveyance of Vaiśravaṇa (the god of wealth) is a ferocious man with eyes like two cart-wheels and body as big as mountain, who was born from the leg of Ambikā. The eleven Rudras have speedy horses, terrible serpents and white oxen of high speed. Candra has a chariot as his vehicle yoked with five hundred swans. The vehicles of the Ādityas are chariots yoked with horses and camels. The conveyances of the Vasus are elephants, men for Yakṣas, serpents for Kinnaras, and horses for the Aśvinīdevas. The Maruts of fearful appearance have deer as conveyance. The Vidyādharas have parrots for conveyances. An asura called Andhaka has a chariot with thousand posts as his vehicle. Prahlāda had, as conveyance a divine chariot of gold and silver yoked with eight white horses and elephant for Virocana, horse for Kujaṃbha, divine chariot yoked with yellow horses, for Śaṅkukarṇa, elephant for Hayagrīva, chariot for Maya, Great serpent for Dundubhi, Aeroplane for Śaṃbara and lion for Ayaśśaṅku.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Jaladhi (जलधि).—See Varuṇa, who gave garland to Devī on the eve of her war campaign.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 84.

2) Jāladhi (जालधि).—A Bhārgavagotrakara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 22.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (vaishnavism)

Jaladhi (जलधि) refers to the “ocean (of the Vedas)”, according to the Vedānta Deśika’s Yatirājasaptati.—When we come to the poem’s understanding of the divinity of Rāmānuja we find a wide spectrum of meanings. [...] Verse 28 is particularly eloquent in describing and encapsulating all his nurturing and protecting qualities, which are compared to those present everywhere in nature itself—as the mountain from which originate all the streams of knowledge, the tree under which the weary traveler wandering in saṃsāra takes rest, the rising sun that keeps the illusionary darkness of those with distorted views at bay and the full moon that brings to high tide the ocean of the Vedas (nigama-jaladhi).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

1) Jaladhi (जलधि) represents the number 4 (four) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 4—jaladhi] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

2) Jaladhi (जलधि) is a synonym for Saritāpati or “hundred trillion” (100,000,000,000,000), according to Bhāskara II in the Līlāvatī, as defined according to the principles of gaṇita (“science of calculation”) and Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—We can definitely say that from the very earliest known times, ten has formed the basis of numeration in India. While the Greeks had no terminology for denominations above the myriad (104), and the Romans above the milk (103), the ancient Hindus dealt freely with no less than eighteen denominations [e.g., jaladhi]. Cf. Yajurveda-saṃhitā (Vājasanyī) XVII.2;  Taittirīya-saṃhitā IV.40.11, VII.2.20.1; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā II.8.14; Kāṭhaka-saṃhitā XVII.10, XXXIX.6; Anuyogadvāra-sūtra 142; Āryabhaṭīya II.2; Triśatikā R.2-3; Gaṇitasārasaṃgraha I.63-68.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jaladhi.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’; see sāgara. Note: jaladhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jaladhi in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jaladhi : (m.) the ocean.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jaladhi refers to: =prec. Dāvs. V, 38. (Page 279)

Note: jaladhi is a Pali compound consisting of the words jala and dhi.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jaladhi (जलधि).—m S (Common in poetry.) The reservoir of water, the ocean or a sea.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jaladhi (जलधि).—m The reservoir of water, a sea.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jaladhi (जलधि).—

1) the ocean.

2) a hundred billions.

3) the number 'four'. °गा () a river. °जः (jaḥ) the moon. °जा () Lakṣmī, the goddess of wealth. °रशना (raśanā) the earth.

Derivable forms: jaladhiḥ (जलधिः).

Jaladhi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jala and dhi (धि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaladhi (जलधि).—m.

(-dhiḥ) 1. The ocean. 2. A large number, (a hundred lacs of crores.) 3. The number “four”. E. jala water, dhā to have. and ādhāre ki aff. jalaṃ dhīyate atra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaladhi (जलधि).—i. e. jala-dhā (cf. nidhi), m. The ocean, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 31.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaladhi (जलधि).—[masculine] ocean, sea.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jaladhi (जलधि):—[=jala-dhi] [from jala] m. ([Pāṇini 3-3, 93; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) ‘water-receptacle’, a lake, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] the ocean, [Pañcatantra; Śakuntalā; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.; 100 billions

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaladhi (जलधि):—[jala-dhi] (dhiḥ) 2. m. The ocean.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jaladhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jaladhi (ಜಲಧಿ):—

1) [noun] the whole body of salt water that covers nearly three fourths of the surface of the globe; the ocean.

2) [noun] the symbol for the number four.

--- OR ---

Jaḷadhi (ಜಳಧಿ):—

1) [noun] the whole body of salt water that covers nearly three fourths of the surface of the globe; the ocean.

2) [noun] the symbol for the number four.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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