Sarpis, Sarpī, Sārpi, Sarpi, Sarpish: 16 definitions



Sarpis means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: The Garuda puranam

A small medicinal shrub.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sārpi (सार्पि).—A Bhārgava gotrakāra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 23.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands of the Seven Oceans.—Sarpi: the Catura hands moved upwards and downwards (vyāvṛttacāpaveṣṭitau). Note: Representing the up and down motion of waves.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sarpis (सर्पिस्) refers to “ghee” (ghṛta). It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. It is obtained by churning the milk of a cow.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Sarpi (सर्पि) refers to “ghee” and is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., sarpis (ghee)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., nimbūphala (lemon) or yavoṣaṇa takra (buttermilk)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Sarpis (ghee) is also mentioned as a remedy for indigestion caused by mocāphala (banana).

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Sarpi (सर्पि):—Ghee; Synonym of Ghrita;

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Sarpis (सर्पिस्) refers to “melted butter”, according to the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“If it is said, juhoti, ‘he sacrifices’, it should be known that sarpir ājya, melted butter, is meant”. Commentary: “Sarpis is here taken as an adjective, running; yad asarpat tat sarpir abhavat”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

1) Sarpi (सर्पि)—One of the eleven wives of Rudra, called a Rudrāṇī (Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 3.12.13).

2) Sarpi, name of an ocean surrouding the regions (dvipa) of the earth. (Brahma Purana, Vishnu Purana)

3) Sarpi can also mean clarified butter. (Vishnu Purana, Book II, Chapter II)

4) Sarpi: Sanskrit word for a (highly venomous female) snake. (Śrī Vidagdha-mādhava, Rāmāyaṇa)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Sarpis (सर्पिस्) denotes ‘melted butter,’ whether in a liquid or solidified condition, and not differing from Ghṛta according to the St. Petersburg Dictionary. Roth there rejects the definition cited by Sāyaṇa in his commentary on the Aitareya-brāhmaṇa, which discriminates Sarpis as the liquid and Ghṛta as the solid condition of the butter. The word is repeatedly mentioned in the Rigveda and later.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarpis (सर्पिस्).—n. [sṛp-isi Uṇ.2.17] Clarified butter; (for the difference between ghṛta and sarpis see ājya); यद्यप्यस्मिन् सर्पिर्वोदकं वा सिञ्चति वर्त्मनी एव यच्छति (yadyapyasmin sarpirvodakaṃ vā siñcati vartmanī eva yacchati) Ch. Up.4. 15.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarpis (सर्पिस्).—n.

(-rpiḥ) Ghee, clarified butter. E. sṛp to flow, is Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarpis (सर्पिस्).—i. e. sṛp + is, n. Clarified butter, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 27.

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Sārpī (सार्पी).—see the next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarpi (सर्पि).—[masculine] [Name] of a man.

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Sarpis (सर्पिस्).—[neuter] clarified butter, ghee ( = ghṛta).

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Sarpī (सर्पी).—[with] bhū become a serpent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sarpī (सर्पी):—[from sarpa] a f. a female snake, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of a Rudra, [ib.]

3) Sarpi (सर्पि):—[from sarpa] m. Name of a man, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] n. (m.[case] for sarpis) clarified butter, [Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]

5) Sarpiṣ (सर्पिष्):—[from sarpa] in [compound] for sarpis.

6) Sarpis (सर्पिस्):—[from sarpa] n. clarified butter (id est. melted butter with the scum cleared off, commonly called ‘ghee’, either fluid or solidified; also [plural]), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

7) Sarpī (सर्पी):—[from sarpa] 1. sarpī f. See under sarpa.

8) [from sarpa] 2. sarpī in [compound] for sarpa. √

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarpis (सर्पिस्):—(rpiḥ) 5. n. Ghi.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sarpi (सर्पि):—(von sarp) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes mit dem patron. Vātsi [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 6, 24.]

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Sarpis (सर्पिस्):—(von sarp) n. [Uṇādisūtra 2, 109.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 68.]

1) zerlassene Butter, Schmalz in flüssigem oder festem Zustande (nicht verschieden von ghṛta, obgleich man die Bestimmung findet, sarpis sei das flüssige, ghṛta das gestandene Schmalz, Cit. bei [Sāyaṇa] zu [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 1, 3]) [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 52.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 407.] [Halāyudha 2, 120. 167.] [Ṛgveda 1, 127, 1.] sa.piṣo.darvī [5, 6, 9.] āñjanena sa.piṣā.saṃ viśantu [10, 18, 7.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 1, 15, 4. 9, 6, 41.] kṣī.aṃ sa.piratho.madhu [10, 9, 12.] ā siñca sa.pirghṛ.ava.samaṅdhi [12, 3, 45.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 3, 10, 1.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 9, 3, 2, 4.] [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 24, 18, 3. 5.] [Ṣaḍviṃśabrāhmaṇa 5, 2.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 2, 1, 10. 8, 8. 4, 8, 5.] juhotītyukte sarpiḥ pratīyate [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 2, 21.] [LĀṬY. 3, 6, 8. 9, 8, 9.] dhānāḥ sarpirmiśrāḥ [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 10.] [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 1, 24, 6. 4, 1, 18.] [ŚR. 2, 6, 10.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 119. 212.] [Suśruta 1, 136, 15.] gavya [180, 15. 181, 11.] [Spr. (II) 7010.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 46, 24. 48, 50.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 19, 21.] [WEBER, KṚṢṆAJ. 302.] sarpīṣi vividhāni [Spr. (II) 2602.] madhusarpiṣī gaṇa rājadantādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 2, 31] und dadhipayaādi zu [4, 14.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 274.] madhusarpiṣā [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 55, 24.] dadhisarpiṣoḥ [Spr. (II) 3106.] hiraṇyamadhusarpiṣām [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 29. 4, 233. 7, 131.] [Suśruta.1, 128, 17.] [Spr. (II) 5843.] dadhidugdhasarpiraśana [7417.] sarpirmadhunī gaṇa rājadantādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 2, 31] und dadhipayaādi zu [4, 14.] —

2) angeblich so v. a. udaka [das 1, 12.] — Vgl. sārpiṣa, sārpiṣka .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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