Mriga, Mṛga, Mṛgā: 42 definitions


Mriga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mṛga and Mṛgā can be transliterated into English as Mrga or Mriga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Mrag.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction

Mṛga (मृग, “Deer”).—The deer symbolises gentleness as well as attentiveness — whatever its doing the deer is always mindful of predators. This is indicative of the way we should live in the world — practicing ahimsa and being mindful of the impermanence and transitory nature of all created phenomena.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Mṛga (मृग, “deer”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The representations of certain animals and birds are generally found in the hands of images. They are, for example, Mṛga.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Mṛga (मृग):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the 2nd century Matsyapurāṇa and the Viśvakarmaprakāśa, both featuring a list of 20 temple types. In the Viśvakarmaprakāśa, the name for this temple category is Mṛgarāja. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Mṛga (मृग) refers to one of the deities to be installed in the ground plan for the construction of houses, according to the Bṛhatkālottara, chapter 112 (the vāstuyāga-paṭala).—The plan for the construction is always in the form of a square. That square is divided into a grid of cells (padas). [...] Once these padas have been laid out, deities [e.g., Mṛga] are installed in them. In the most common pattern 45 deities are installed.

Mṛga as a doorway deity is associated with the Nakṣatra called Citrā and the consequence is aśrī. [...] The Mayasaṃgraha (verse 5.156-187) describes a design for a 9-by-9-part pura, a residential complex for a community and its lead figure. [...] This record lists a place for bathing at Mṛga.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa

Mṛga (मृग) refers to “beasts” and represents a type of Ādhibhautika pain, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhibhautika and its subdivisions (e.g., mṛga) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhyātmika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mṛga (मृग) refers to a “deer” and represents the mount of the wind-god (Sadāgati or Vāyu), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.36. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“Indra mocked at Viṣṇu who was engrossed in his own arguments. He, the bearer of the thunderbolt, was desirous of fighting Vīrabhadra along with the other Devas. [...] Varuṇa rode on a crocodile; the wind-god [i.e., Sadāgati] rode on a deer (mṛga); Kubera sat in his chariot Puṣpaka and he was ready and alert”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Mṛga (मृग).—One of the ten horses of the moon's chariot;1 a riding vehicle of a śakti.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 57; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 53.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 41.

1b) A daughter of Abhramu the elephant, the vehicle of Agni; mother of 8 sons.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 330-32. Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 214, 216.

1c) A Bhārgava gotrakāra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 20.

1d) To be worshipped before house and palace building.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 253. 25; 268. 14.

1e) (mṛgarāja)—a palace with candraśālā and six bhūmikas; the toraṇa is of 12 hastas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 269. 40, 50.

1f) The son of Mṛgā and Uśīnara: also the capital of the Yaudheyas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 20-1.

2) Mṛgā (मृगा).—One of the wives of Uśīnara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 19.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Mṛga (मृग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mṛga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Mṛga (मृग) refers to “antelopes” (living in the forest), according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.29. Accordingly:—“[...] Sītā was distressed to hear these words of Rāma and spoke these words slowly, with her face with tears: ‘[...] Oh Rāma! Antelopes (mṛga), lions, elephants, tigers, Śarabhas (legendary animal with eight legs), birds, yaks and all others which roam in the forest, run away after seeing your form, since they have never seen your figure before. When there is cause for fear, who would not have fear?’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Natya Shastra

Mṛga (मृग).—Description of a women of deer (mṛga) type;—A woman who has a small abdomen, flat nose, thin shanks is fond of forest, has large red eyes, is fickle, has the habit of quickly going, susceptible to fright in day time, is timid, fond of songs and instrumental music, and intercourse, irascible in temper, unsteady in her efforts, is said to have the nature of a deer (mṛga).

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Mṛga (मृग) or Mṛgagati refers to the “gait of the deer” and represents one of the various Gatis (“way of walking”) (in Indian Dramas), according to the Abhinayadarpaṇa.—Accordingly, gaits (gatis) are explained along with some particular hand gestures. It shows that footsteps are to be followed by some hand postures. The gait of mṛga itself identifies the footsteps of mṛga i.e., deer. To adopt this gait the actor or the dancer should run forward or sideways with tripatāka hands.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Sāṃkhya philosophy

Mṛga (मृग) refers to “wild animals” such as the lion, tiger or deer, and represents a division of the animal world (tairyaksarga) according to the Sāṃkhyakārikā. The tairyaksarga is one of the three types of elemental creation, also known as bhautikasarga.

The Sāṃkhyakārikā by Iśvarakṛṣṇa is the earliest extant text of the Sāṃkhya school of philosophy and dates from the 4th century CE. It contains 72 Sanskrit verses and contents include epistemology and the theory of causation.

Samkhya book cover
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Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Mṛga (मृग) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped in the southern quarter and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (e.g., Mṛga).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Mṛga (मृग) refers to a “deer”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If at rising and setting the sun should be hid by clouds of the shape of implements of war, he will bring on strife; if these clouds should appear like a deer, a buffalo, a bird, an ass or a young camel [i.e., mṛga-mahiṣa-vihaga-khara-karabha-sadṛśa], mankind will be afflicted with fears. The planets, when subjected to the hot rays of the sun are freed from their impurities just as gold is purified by the action of the fire”.

2) Mṛga (मृग) or Makara refers to the sign of Capricornus, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If when in the sign of Capricornus (Makara) [i.e., mṛga], fishes, the families of ministers, the Cāṇḍālas, skilled magicians, physicians and old soldiers will perish”.

3) Mṛga (मृग) is another name for Mārgaśīrṣa, referring to the lunar month identified with November-December (when the full moon is in the asterism of Mṛgaśīrṣa), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipses should fall in the lunar month of Mārgaśīrṣa [i.e., Mṛga], the people of Kāśmīra, of Audha and of Puṇdra will suffer miseries; quadrupeds will perish, men of the western countries and Somayajīs will suffer calamities; there will be good rain and prosperity and plenty throughout the land”.

4) Mṛga (मृग) or Mṛgavīthi refers to one the nine divisions of the ecliptic, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9).—Accordingly, “The ecliptic is divided into nine divisions known as Vīthis (paths), According to some each division consists of three constellations beginning from Aśvini. [...] According to others the Airāvata Vīthi consists of the constellations of the three from Anurādhā; [...]”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Mṛga (मृग).—Sign Capricorn. Note: Mṛga is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Mṛga (मृग) refers to the “deer”, whose meat (māṃsa) is classified as “terrestrial” (bhūcara) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The text [māṃsa-prakaraṇa] says the three fold division of meat [such as terrestrial (bhūcara)...]. Here different types of meat and their properties are discussed in detail. The terrestrial animals are [viz., mṛga (deer)].

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Mṛgā (मृगा) is another name for Mahābalā, a medicinal plant identified with Sida rhombifolia Linn. (“arrowleaf sida” or “Indian hemp”) from the Malvaceae or mallows family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.98-100 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Mṛgā and Mahābalā, there are a total of seventeen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Mṛga (मृग) refers to the Chital (Cervus axis), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Mṛgā (मृगा):—Animal which grazes around in search of food.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Mṛga (मृग) refers to the animal “Deer–Chital” (Cervus axis).—The Smṛtis mention several domestic as well as wild animals that are enumerated in context of specifying expiation for killing them, the flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the Manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites, the law of transmigration due to various sins committed as well as in the context of specifying gifts to be given on various occasions. These animals [viz., Mṛga] are chiefly mentioned in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [Chap.6], Gautamasmṛti [17.2 and 15.1], Śātātapasmṛti [II.45-54], Uśānasmṛti [IX.7-9; IX.12-13], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.170-171; I.175; I.258- 260], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.3;51.6;51.26;51.33;80.3-14], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.15-17], Prajāpatismṛti [Śrāddhatyājyavastuvarṇanam. 138-143], 9 Kāśyapasmṛti [Section on Prāyaścittavarṇanam], Vṛddha Hārītasmṛti [6.253-255] and Kātyāyanasmṛti [27.11].

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Mṛga (मृग) refers to “wild animals”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[...] [The demons born of] the aggressive magic of [his] enemies, having failed to take hold of him, frightened will possess the performer [of the ritual], like a river[’s fury] blocked by a mountain. Droughts will end and enemies will run away. In his kingdom there will not be dangers in the form of untimely deaths, wild animals (mṛga), beasts of prey, thieves, illnesses etc. and strength shall reside in his lineage”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Mṛga (मृग) refers to a “deer”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.129-133, while describing daily rituals]—“[The Mantrin] performs daily fire rites for the prosperity of the kingdom of kings. The [king] enjoys the kingdom happily, there is no doubt. [His] enemies, etc., disappear, even through one pūjā. Overcome, they escape into to the ten directions like deer (mṛga) etc., from a lion. Poverty disappears from the [king's] family through the continual application of the rites. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Mṛga (मृग)—Sanskrit word meaning “animal”.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Mṛga (मृग, “deer”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. People who, in their former lives, have trussed them up, whipped them or been guilty of crimes of this kind, assume the animal form of an elephant (haja), a horse (aśva), a cow (go), a sheep (eḍaka) or a deer (mṛga).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Mṛga (मृग) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Mṛgī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Mṛga] are yellow in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Source: 84000: Mañjuśrī­mūla­kalpa (The Root Manual of the Rites of Mañjuśrī)

Mṛga (मृग) refers to an ancient king of Vaiśālī, according to chapter 53 of the Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa, a large scripture devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) classified as a kriyā-tantra (containing practices of ritual purification).—Accordingly, “All the kings foretold for this eon Will have a short lifespan. On the banks of the Gaṅgā, In the valleys of the Himalayas, And also in the country of Kāmarūpa. [...] In Vaiśālī, at the time of V and Th, The last crown princes were Subhū and Mṛga. In the fine city of Kapilavastu, Where the Sage was born. The Śākya-born kings that ended with Śuddhodana Are said to descend from the solar Ikṣvāku dynasty. Śuddhodana is generally regarded as the last Śākya king Under whom the Śākyas prospered. [...]”.

Note: the names Subhū and Mṛga could be a single name, but Jayaswal takes them to be two names. It is also uncertain whether this verse is about the future or the past—the remainder of the verse seems to indicate that the narrative has now reverted to the time prior to the birth of the Buddha Śākyamuni.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Mṛga (मृग) refers to a “deer”, according to Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi.—Accordingly, “[...] And even among the five-sensed beings, many belong to the animal world such as the cow, the deer (mṛga), the bird, the serpent, etc. Hence human birth is as difficult of attainment as a heap of jewels at the crossing of the roads. And if one loses the condition of a human being by negligence, it is as difficult to attain it once again, as it is difficult for a burnt tree to regain its old freshness. Even if human birth is attained, a good country, a good family, keen senses, health, etc. are more and more difficult of attainment. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Mṛgā (मृगा) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa that remains unidentified.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Mṛga.—(CII 1), a deer; an animal in general. Note: mṛga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mṛga (मृग).—m (S) A deer, an antelope. 2 The fifth nakṣatra or lunar mansion: also the rain that falls under it. Pr. mṛgācē adhīṃ pērāvēṃ āṇi bōmbēcē adhīṃ paḷāvēṃ. 3 S A beast or quadruped in general.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mṛga (मृग).—m A deer. The fifth nakṣatra. A beast.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛga (मृग).—[mṛg-ka]

1) (a) A quadruped, an animal in general; नाभिषेको न संस्कारः सिंहस्य क्रियते मृगैः । विक्रमार्जित- राज्यस्य स्वयमेव मृगेन्द्रता (nābhiṣeko na saṃskāraḥ siṃhasya kriyate mṛgaiḥ | vikramārjita- rājyasya svayameva mṛgendratā); see मृगाधिप (mṛgādhipa) below. (b) A wild beast.

2) A deer, an antelope; विश्वासोपगमादभिन्नगतयः शब्दं सहन्ते मृगाः (viśvāsopagamādabhinnagatayaḥ śabdaṃ sahante mṛgāḥ) Ś.1.14; R.1.4,5; आश्रममृगोऽयं न हन्तव्यः (āśramamṛgo'yaṃ na hantavyaḥ) Ś.1.

3) Game in general.

4) The spots on the moon represented as an antelope.

5) Musk.

6) Seeking, search.

7) Pursuit, chase, hunting.

8) Inquiry, investigation.

9) Asking, soliciting.

1) A kind of elephant; Name of the third caste of elephants; Mātaṅga L.1.26.29; 'भद्रा मन्द्रा मृगाश्चेति विज्ञेयास्त्रिविधा गजाः । क्रमेण हिमवद्विन्ध्यसह्यजाः (bhadrā mandrā mṛgāśceti vijñeyāstrividhā gajāḥ | krameṇa himavadvindhyasahyajāḥ) |' com. on Rām.1.6.25.

11) Name of a particular class of men; मृगे तुष्टा च चित्रिणी (mṛge tuṣṭā ca citriṇī); वदति मधुरवाणीं दीर्घनेत्राऽतिभीरुश्चपलमतिसुदेहः शीघ्रवेगो मृगोऽयम् (vadati madhuravāṇīṃ dīrghanetrā'tibhīruścapalamatisudehaḥ śīghravego mṛgo'yam) Śabdak.

12) The lunar mansion called मृगशिरस् (mṛgaśiras).

13) The lunar month called मार्गशीर्ष (mārgaśīrṣa).

14) The sign Capricornus of the zodiac.

15) Name of a district in Śākadvīpa.

Derivable forms: mṛgaḥ (मृगः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛga (मृग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. A deer, an antelope. 2. An animal in general. 3. Research, inquiry, investigation. 4. Asking, soliciting, begging. 5. A kind of elephant, one with white marks on his forehead. 6. The fifth lunar constellation, more usually Mrigasiras: see mṛgaśiras. 7. The month in which the moon is full in the constellation Mrigasiras. 8. A particular sacrifice. 9. Musk. 10. Hunting, chase. 11. One of the four classes into which men are divided, (in erotic works.) 12. The spots of the moon represented as an antelope. f. (-gī) 1. A description of woman, perhaps the same as the one termed citriṇī, the corresponding female to the male called mṛga. 2. A female deer, a doe. 3. A species of the Mad'hya metre. 4. Epilepsy. E. mṛg to search, to chase, aff. ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛga (मृग).—i. e. mṛj + a (cf. mārga), I. m. 1. Hunting, [Draupadīpramātha] 6, 4. 2. Investigation. 3. Asking. 4. A deer, [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 36, M.M.; an antelope. 5. Game, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 51. 6. An animal in general, Chr. 290, 7 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 7. 7. A kind of elephant. 8. The fifth lunar constellation. 9. Musk. Ii. f. , A female deer of antelope, a doe, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 121.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛga (मृग).—[masculine] wild animal, beast of the forest, [especially] deer, gazelle (seen also as spot in the moon), musk deer; a cert. high-flying bird; [feminine] mṛgī hind, doe.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mṛga (मृग):—[from mṛg] m. ([probably] ‘ranger’, ‘rover’) a forest animal or wild beast, game of any kind, ([especially]) a deer, fawn, gazelle, antelope, stag, musk-deer, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the deer or antelope in the moon (id est. the spots on the disk supposed to resemble those of an antelope as well as a hare)

3) [v.s. ...] the d° or ant° in the sky (either the Nakṣatra Mṛga-śiras or the sign of the zodiac Capricorn; also in general the 10th arc of 30 degrees in a circle), [Sūryasiddhānta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] an elephant with [particular] marks ([according to] to [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ‘one the secondary marks of whose body are small’), [Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira]

5) [v.s. ...] a large soaring bird, [Ṛg-veda i, 182, 7 etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a demon or Vṛtra in the form of a deer slain by Indra, [ib. i, 80, 7 etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] of a celestial being (occupying a [particular] place in an [astrology] house divided into 81 compartments), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

8) [v.s. ...] of a [particular] class of men whose conduct in coitus resembles that of the roebuck, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] of the district in Śāka-dvīpa inhabited principally by Brāhmans, [Mahābhārata] (B. maṅga); of the Brāhmans themselves, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] maga)

10) [v.s. ...] of a horse of the Moon, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] musk (= mṛga-nābhi or -mada), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

12) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Aja-pāla sacrifice, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] search, seeking, asking, requesting, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Mṛgā (मृगा):—[from mṛga > mṛg] f. = mṛga-vīthī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛga (मृग):—(gaḥ) 1. m. A deer; an animal; research; asking; elephant with white marks; 6th lunar constellation. f. () A deer; a woman.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mṛga (मृग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Maya, Mia, Miā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mriga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mṛga (मृग) [Also spelled mrag]:—(nm) a deer; ~[carma/chālā] deer-skin; ~[chaunā/śāvaka] a fawn, young one of a deer; ~[jala/tṛṣṇā/-marīcikā] mirage; delusion; Jack o'lantern; ~[dhara] the moon; ~[nayanī/locanī] deer-eyed; having beautiful eyes like those of a deer; ~[nābha/nābhi] musk; ~[rāja] a lion; ~[śirā] one of the twenty-seven [nakṣatra]s—orion.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mṛga (ಮೃಗ):—

1) [noun] any of the four-legged animals; a beast.

2) [noun] any of several wild animals.

3) [noun] any of a group of swift, bovid ruminants usu. living in wild herds in Indian forests; an antelope.

4) [noun] the small, hornless deer Moschus moschiferus, the male of which secretes musk and has tusk-like upper canines; a musk-deer.

5) [noun] a substance with a strong, penetrating odour, obtained from this animal; musk.

6) [noun] a variety of elephants, that has certain spots.

7) [noun] (collectively) the spots on the disc of the moon, supposed to resemble an antelope.

8) [noun] an act of searching; scrutiny, inquiry or examination in an attempt to find something; a search.

9) [noun] any wild animal (including birds) such as are hunted; game.

10) [noun] the act or an instance of begging, beseeching.

11) [noun] Mārgaśira, the ninth month in the HIndu lunar calendar (November-December).

12) [noun] a kind of a plant.

13) [noun] name of a star in the equatorial constellation orion; Lambda Orion.

14) [noun] (astron.) a southern constellation between Aquarius and Sagittarius; Capricornus.

15) [noun] (astrol.) the tenth sign of the zodiac; the Capricorn.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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