Sanaka: 18 definitions


Sanaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sanak.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sanaka (सनक).—A mind-born son of Brahmā; went on a visit to Vaikuṇṭha with his brothers; obstructed by Jaya and Vijaya, cursed them; and this was approved by Kṛṣṇa. His joy to see Hari; the avatār of Śiva; a son of Kanka; a celibate who waits on Hari; went with the latter to Pṛthu's sacrifice;1 was taught the knowledge of yoga by Hari in the form of a Haṃsa and in the presence of Brahmā;2 entered Umāvanam and seeing Śiva sporting with Umā, returned.3 He and others formed the Sadasyas for Soma's Rājasūya;4 got mokṣa through jñānam.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 4; 15. 12-13, 30 and 34; 16. 1-4, 25-28; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 72; 23. 131; 101. 337; 105. 2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 4. 5.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 8. 1: 19. 6. 29 42; X. 39. 53; XI. 13. (whole).
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 36. 5 and 52; 60. 23; IV. 15. 8 and 40; 39. 56; 47. 66.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 23. 21; 102. 17; 245. 77.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 24. 79.

1b) Ārṣeya Pravara, (Bhārgavas).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 44.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Sanaka (सनक) is the name of a Sage described in the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, chapter twenty-one deals with the first creation (ādisarga) of the universe by Śiva while chapter twenty-two describes creation by Brahmā in the Vārāhakalpa. Herein five types of creation are enumerated. Chapter twenty-three describes the birth of the sage Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanatkumāra etc. and the creation by Rudra born from Brahmā’s forehead.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Sanaka (सनक) is found as a sculpture on the third pillar of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Kāśīviśveśvara.—Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanat and Sanatkumāra, the four sages, sons of Brahmā, to whom Śiva explains the secrets of Veda through his yogic power. All four sages are sitting with folded hands signifying that they are listening to him. They are also with a yogapaṭṭa.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Sanaka is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (e.g., Sanaka) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Sanaka (सनक) or Sanakasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a sāttvika type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika (e.g., Sanaka-saṃhitā). b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Sanaka (सनक) refers to:—One of the four Kumāras. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śānaka.—see śāna. Note: śānaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Śānaka.—same as śāna (q. v.). Note: śānaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṇaka (सणक).—f (saṇa!) A shooting or darting pain. v nigha, uṭha, cāla. See śinīka.

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saṇakā (सणका).—m (saṇa!) A sudden, sharp, glancing, or shooting pain (as from the bite of an ant, from a rheumatic affection &c.) v nigha, uṭha, cāla. See under dhamaka. 2 The whizzing, singing, ring, twang (of a bullet, arrow &c.)

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sānaka (सानक).—f ē ( H from A) A plate or small dining dish. Ex. sā0 ghētalī nijakarīṃ || mhaṇē hī bharōni dyāvī satvarīṃ ||. 2 fig. A grant of lands or tenements viewed as one's dish or means of subsistence; an estate not reclaimable. (From the conceit that a dish of food of which one person has been eating cannot be taken to be eaten by another--such food being jhuṭā or ).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṇaka (सणक).—f-m A sudden, sharp, or shooting pain.

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sānaka (सानक).—f A small plate.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sanaka (सनक).—Name of one of the four sons of Brahman.

Derivable forms: sanakaḥ (सनकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śāṇaka (शाणक).—nt., also m. or f., sg. or pl. (= AMg. sāṇaa, Sanskrit śāṇa, Pali sāṇa, a coarse hempen cloth, [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]), (wrap- ping-)cloth of hemp: sā (a dead slave-woman) °kaiḥ pari- veṣṭya śmaśānam apakṛṣya parityaktābhūt Lalitavistara 265.20; °kam (n. sg. nt.) Mahāvyutpatti 9160; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.91.14; °kā (n. sg. f. or n. pl. m. or f. ?) vā Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā 22b.4, in list of kinds of cloth. Cf. next, and śaṇa-śāṭi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sanaka (सनक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. One of the companions of Vishnu, or four sons of Brahma, inhabiting the Janaloka. 2. Name of an inspired legislator. E. ṣan to serve, vun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sanaka (सनक).—[adjective] ancient, old; [ablative] from of old.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaṇaka (शणक):—[from śaṇa] m. Name of a man

2) Śanaka (शनक):—m. (cf. śaṇaka) Name of a son of Śambara, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio] senaka).

3) Śāṇaka (शाणक):—[from śāṇa] m. or n. a hempen cloth or garment, [Lalita-vistara]

4) Sanaka (सनक):—[from sana] mfn. former, old, ancient (kāt ind. ‘from of old’), [Ṛg-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Ṛṣi (one of the four mind-born sons of Brahmā, described as one of the counsellors or companions of Viṣṇu and as inhabiting the Janar-loka; the other three are Sana, Sanatkumāra, and sa-nandana; some reckon seven of these mind-born sons), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India 422]); of an inspired legislator, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] cf. [Latin] Seneca; [Gothic] sineigs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sanaka (सनक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. One of the companions of Vishnu; a son of Brahmā; an inspired legislator.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śāṇaka (शाणक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sāṇaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sanaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sanaka (सनक) [Also spelled sanak]:—(nf) whim, caprice, eccentricity; craze, mania, frenzy; —[ānā, -caḍhanā, -savāra honā] to have something on the brain, to go crazy, to be overwhelmed by a whim/craze, to be in a caprice.

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