Sanaka; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sanaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sanaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1a) Sanaka (सनक).—A mind-born son of Brahmā; went on a visit to Vaikuṇṭha with his brothers; obstructed by Jaya and Vijaya, cursed them; and this was approved by Kṛṣṇa. His joy to see Hari; the avatār of Śiva; a son of Kanka; a celibate who waits on Hari; went with the latter to Pṛthu's sacrifice;1 was taught the knowledge of yoga by Hari in the form of a Haṃsa and in the presence of Brahmā;2 entered Umāvanam and seeing Śiva sporting with Umā, returned.3 He and others formed the Sadasyas for Soma's Rājasūya;4 got mokṣa through jñānam.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 4; 15. 12-13, 30 and 34; 16. 1-4, 25-28; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 72; 23. 131; 101. 337; 105. 2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 4. 5.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 8. 1: 19. 6. 29 42; X. 39. 53; XI. 13. (whole).
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 36. 5 and 52; 60. 23; IV. 15. 8 and 40; 39. 56; 47. 66.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 23. 21; 102. 17; 245. 77.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 24. 79.

1b) Ārṣeya Pravara, (Bhārgavas).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 44.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Sanaka (सनक) is found as a sculpture on the third pillar of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Kāśīviśveśvara.—Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanat and Sanatkumāra, the four sages, sons of Brahmā, to whom Śiva explains the secrets of Veda through his yogic power. All four sages are sitting with folded hands signifying that they are listening to him. They are also with a yogapaṭṭa.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Sanaka in Yoga glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sanaka is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (eg., Sanaka) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Sanaka (सनक) or Sanakasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a sāttvika type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika (eg., Sanaka-saṃhitā). b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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India history and geogprahy

Śānaka.—see śāna. Note: śānaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Śānaka.—same as śāna (q. v.). Note: śānaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

saṇaka (सणक).—f (saṇa!) A shooting or darting pain. v nigha, uṭha, cāla. See śinīka.

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saṇakā (सणका).—m (saṇa!) A sudden, sharp, glancing, or shooting pain (as from the bite of an ant, from a rheumatic affection &c.) v nigha, uṭha, cāla. See under dhamaka. 2 The whizzing, singing, ring, twang (of a bullet, arrow &c.)

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sānaka (सानक).—f ē ( H from A) A plate or small dining dish. Ex. sā0 ghētalī nijakarīṃ || mhaṇē hī bharōni dyāvī satvarīṃ ||. 2 fig. A grant of lands or tenements viewed as one's dish or means of subsistence; an estate not reclaimable. (From the conceit that a dish of food of which one person has been eating cannot be taken to be eaten by another--such food being jhuṭā or ).

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṇaka (सणक).—f-m A sudden, sharp, or shooting pain.

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sānaka (सानक).—f A small plate.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sanaka (सनक).—Name of one of the four sons of Brahman.

Derivable forms: sanakaḥ (सनकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śāṇaka (शाणक).—nt., also m. or f., sg. or pl. (= AMg. sāṇaa, Sanskrit śāṇa, Pali sāṇa, a coarse hempen cloth, PTSD), (wrap- ping-)cloth of hemp: sā (a dead slave-woman) °kaiḥ pari- veṣṭya śmaśānam apakṛṣya parityaktābhūt LV 265.20; °kam (n. sg. nt.) Mvy 9160; MSV ii.91.14; °kā (n. sg. f. or n. pl. m. or f. ?) vā Bhīk 22b.4, in list of kinds of cloth. Cf. next, and śaṇa-śāṭi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sanaka (सनक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. One of the companions of Vishnu, or four sons of Brahma, inhabiting the Janaloka. 2. Name of an inspired legislator. E. ṣan to serve, vun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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