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Sanaka, 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sanaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Sanaka (सनक).—A mind-born son of Brahmā; went on a visit to Vaikuṇṭha with his brothers; obstructed by Jaya and Vijaya, cursed them; and this was approved by Kṛṣṇa. His joy to see Hari; the avatār of Śiva; a son of Kanka; a celibate who waits on Hari; went with the latter to Pṛthu's sacrifice;1 was taught the knowledge of yoga by Hari in the form of a Haṃsa and in the presence of Brahmā;2 entered Umāvanam and seeing Śiva sporting with Umā, returned.3 He and others formed the Sadasyas for Soma's Rājasūya;4 got mokṣa through jñānam.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 4; 15. 12-13, 30 and 34; 16. 1-4, 25-28; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 72; 23. 131; 101. 337; 105. 2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 4. 5.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 8. 1: 19. 6. 29 42; X. 39. 53; XI. 13. (whole).
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 36. 5 and 52; 60. 23; IV. 15. 8 and 40; 39. 56; 47. 66.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 23. 21; 102. 17; 245. 77.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 24. 79.

1b) Ārṣeya Pravara, (Bhārgavas).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 44.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Sanaka (सनक) is found as a sculpture on the third pillar of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Kāśīviśveśvara.—Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanat and Sanatkumāra, the four sages, sons of Brahmā, to whom Śiva explains the secrets of Veda through his yogic power. All four sages are sitting with folded hands signifying that they are listening to him. They are also with a yogapaṭṭa.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)Śilpaśāstra book cover
context information

Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Sanaka is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (eg., Sanaka) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Source: Wisdom Library: YogaYoga book cover
context information

Originally, Yoga is considered a branch of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Relevant definitions

Search found 16 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Brahma
Brahma (ब्रह्म) refers to one of the sixteen heavens (kalpa) hosting the sixteen classes of emp...
Vijaya
Vijaya (विजय) is one of the five anuttaras: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), it...
Jaya
jaya (जय).—m Conquest, victory, triumph; success.--- OR --- jāyā (जाया).—f A wife, the wife of.
Hamsa
Haṃsa (हंस).—According to the ancient tradition, ascetics who strive to gain liberation are cla...
Dakshinamurti
Dakṣiṇāmūrti (दक्षिणामूर्ति) is a form of Śiva, which is found invariability in almost all t...
Narasimha
Nārasiṃha (नारसिंह) refers to one of the many varieties of the Śālagrāma (ammonite fossil stone...
Sanatkumara
Sanatkumāra is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsana...
Sadasya
sadasya (सदस्य).—m A member.
Sanandana
Sanandana is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas)...
Rajasuya
rājasūya (राजसूय).—m n S A sacrifice performed by a universal monarch attended by his tributary...
Sahanaka
sahānaka (सहानक).—& sahānakī See sānaka & sānakī.--- OR --- sāhanaka (साहनक).—f ē See sānaka.
Adhanur
In a village named Adhanur, there was a wealthy Brahmin who had a faithful and honest pariah se...
Saṇhaka
Saṇhaka, at J. III, 394 (of hair growing white “saṇhakasadisā”) according to Kern, Toev. II. 69...
Jagatsrishti
Jagatsṛṣṭi (जगत्सृष्टि).—Evolution of Tattvas, etc. When the Śaktis did not attend to the...
Khurdasanaka
khurdasānaka (खुर्दसानक) [or खुर्दासानक, khurdāsānaka].—f ( H) An eaten of (defiled by having b...

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