Sanaka; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sanaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Sanaka (सनक).—A mind-born son of Brahmā; went on a visit to Vaikuṇṭha with his brothers; obstructed by Jaya and Vijaya, cursed them; and this was approved by Kṛṣṇa. His joy to see Hari; the avatār of Śiva; a son of Kanka; a celibate who waits on Hari; went with the latter to Pṛthu's sacrifice;1 was taught the knowledge of yoga by Hari in the form of a Haṃsa and in the presence of Brahmā;2 entered Umāvanam and seeing Śiva sporting with Umā, returned.3 He and others formed the Sadasyas for Soma's Rājasūya;4 got mokṣa through jñānam.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 4; 15. 12-13, 30 and 34; 16. 1-4, 25-28; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 72; 23. 131; 101. 337; 105. 2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 4. 5.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 8. 1: 19. 6. 29 42; X. 39. 53; XI. 13. (whole).
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 36. 5 and 52; 60. 23; IV. 15. 8 and 40; 39. 56; 47. 66.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 23. 21; 102. 17; 245. 77.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 24. 79.

1b) Ārṣeya Pravara, (Bhārgavas).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 44.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Sanaka (सनक) is found as a sculpture on the third pillar of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Kāśīviśveśvara.—Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanat and Sanatkumāra, the four sages, sons of Brahmā, to whom Śiva explains the secrets of Veda through his yogic power. All four sages are sitting with folded hands signifying that they are listening to him. They are also with a yogapaṭṭa.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
Śilpaśāstra book cover
context information

Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Sanaka is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (eg., Sanaka) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
context information

Originally, Yoga is considered a branch of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

saṇaka (सणक).—f (saṇa!) A shooting or darting pain. v nigha, uṭha, cāla. See śinīka.

--- OR ---

saṇakā (सणका).—m (saṇa!) A sudden, sharp, glancing, or shooting pain (as from the bite of an ant, from a rheumatic affection &c.) v nigha, uṭha, cāla. See under dhamaka. 2 The whizzing, singing, ring, twang (of a bullet, arrow &c.)

--- OR ---

sānaka (सानक).—f ē ( H from A) A plate or small dining dish. Ex. sā0 ghētalī nijakarīṃ || mhaṇē hī bharōni dyāvī satvarīṃ ||. 2 fig. A grant of lands or tenements viewed as one's dish or means of subsistence; an estate not reclaimable. (From the conceit that a dish of food of which one person has been eating cannot be taken to be eaten by another--such food being jhuṭā or ).

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṇaka (सणक).—f-m A sudden, sharp, or shooting pain.

--- OR ---

sānaka (सानक).—f A small plate.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

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