Vaishampayana, aka: Vaisampayana, Vaiśampāyana; 6 Definition(s)


Vaishampayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vaiśampāyana can be transliterated into English as Vaisampayana or Vaishampayana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Vaishampayana in Itihasa glossaries]

Vaishampayana was the first narrator (not composer) of the Mahabharata. He told (recited) the chapters (slokas) of the Mahabharata to King Janamejaya during his snake sacrifice. Vaishampayana was an important and intelligent disciple of Vyasa (who composed the Bharata)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Itihasa
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

Discover the meaning of vaishampayana or vaisampayana in the context of Itihasa from relevant books on Exotic India


[Vaishampayana in Purana glossaries]

1a) Vaiśampāyana (वैशम्पायन).—A pupil of Vyāsa in charge of the yajus; was taught Nigada (Yajurveda). His pupils were Carakādhvaryus. Yājñavalkya was one of the pupils; was also a Paurāṇika.1 A Śrutaṛṣi, divided the Yajur Veda into 86 parts and distributed them among his 86 pupils;2 did not attend the Meru conference and ordered his pupils to take to Brahma vidyā.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 4. 21; XII. 6. 52 and 61; XII. 7. 5. Vāyu-purāṇa 60. 13; 61. 5.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 1. 13; 33. 5; 34. 13; 35. 8-9, 20-22.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 14-16.

1b) A sage who was invited for the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhīra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 74. 8.

1c) The sage who cursed king Janamejaya; questioned by Śaunaka for light on rituals conducive to realisation of one's desires.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 58; 93. 1; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 251.

1d) Of Bhārgava gotra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 24.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Vaishampayana in Hinduism glossaries]

Vaiśampāyana (वैशम्पायन, ‘descendant of Viśaṃpa’) is the name of a teacher, famous later, but in the earlier Vedic literature known only to the Taittirīya-āraṇyaka (i. 7, 5) and the Gṛhya-sūtras.

(Source): Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Vaiśampāyana (वैशंपायन): A celebrated sage who was the original teacher of the Black Yajur-Veda. He was a pupil of the great Vyasa, from whom he learned the Mahabharata, which he afterwards recited to King Janamejaya at a festival.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Vaishampayana in Sanskrit glossaries]

Vaiśampāyana (वैशम्पायन).—Name of a celebrated pupil of Vyāsa; जनमेजयेन पृष्टः सन् ब्राह्मणैश्च सहस्रशः । शशास शिष्यमासीनं वैशम्पायन- मन्तिके (janamejayena pṛṣṭaḥ san brāhmaṇaiśca sahasraśaḥ | śaśāsa śiṣyamāsīnaṃ vaiśampāyana- mantike) || Mb. [It was he who made Yājñavalkya 'disgorge the whole of the Yajurveda he had learnt from him which was picked up by his other pupils in the form of Tittiris or partridges; and hence the Veda was called 'Taittirīya'. Vaīśampāyana was celebrated for his great skill in narrating Purāṇas, and is said to have recounted the whole of the Mahābhārata to king Janamejaya].

Derivable forms: vaiśampāyanaḥ (वैशम्पायनः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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