Bida, Biḍa: 11 definitions



Bida means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Biḍa (बिड):—Sanskrit name for one of the drugs belonging to the Sādhāraṇarasa group, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra and other similar texts. Biḍa has medicinal and alchemical applications, such as that it removes all the doṣas (‘bad effects’)

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science, 31(4), 1996: Mūṣāvijñāna

Biḍa (बिड) is a preparation of various alkalies, acids, salts etc. According to the Rasaratnasamuccaya 10.12, the Yogamūṣā was made of burnt chaff, powdered and burnt coals, earth from a place where white ants abound, and a biḍa which is a preparation of various alkalies, acids, salts etc.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bida (बिद).—A Pravara of the Bhārgavas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 20.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Biḍa (बिड) or Viḍa refers to “black salt”, according to the Mahābhārata Anuśāsanaparva 91.41, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We cannot see any reference to the salt in Ṛgveda. But most of the non-Ṛgvedic Saṃhitas, Brāhmaṇas and Upaniṣads refer to salt in the name of lavaṇa or saindhava. Mahābhārata refers the non-usage of viḍa (biḍa) and black salt in śrāddha ceremonies. According to Mahābhārata (Anuśāsanaparva 161.99), eating salt in the palms of one’s hands and eating salt at night should be avoided.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bidā (बिदा).—p ( A) Sent away; dismissed; permitted to depart--a visitor. v kara.

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bīḍa (बीड).—n Iron-ore. 2 The mass of this ore upon which sheets of copper &c. are beaten out. 3 A cart-rope. 4 Bitloben or black salt. See baḍalavaṇa.

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bīḍa (बीड).—n (vīḍa from viḍī Ring) Measure, model, pattern. Ex. hyā biḍācā dhōtarajōḍā asalā kiṃvā tyā biḍācēṃ pāgōṭēṃ asalēṃ tara kāḍha.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bīḍa (बीड).—n Iron-ore. A cart-rope. n Model. Ex. hyā bīḍācā dhōtarajōḍā.

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bīda (बीद).—f A street or lane.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Biḍa (बिड).—A kind of salt.

Derivable forms: biḍam (बिडम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bida (बिद):—[from bind] m. (also written vida) Name of a man, [Pāṇini 4-1, 104] [plural] his family, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

[Sanskrit to German]

Bida in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Bidā (बिदा):—(nf) farewell, departure; adieu; -[karanā] to see off, to send off, to bid farewell; -[denā] to give a send-off; to bid farewell; -[lenā] to make one’s adieu; to take leave of.

2) Bīḍā (बीडा):—(nm) seasoned and folded betel-leaf;—[uṭhānā] to make it one’s business to, to undertake an assignment; to accept a challenge.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Biḍa (ಬಿಡ):—[noun] a kind of raw salt.

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Bīḍa (ಬೀಡ):—[noun] = ಬೀಡಾ [bida].

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Bīḍā (ಬೀಡಾ):—[noun] a preparation of betel leaves, lime, arecanut etc. used to chew.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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