Sadhana, Sādhanā, Sādhana: 31 definitions



Sadhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sadhna.

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In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Sādhana (साधन).—The beginning phase of devotional service, consisting of regulated practice.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Sādhana (साधन) refers to “method, or practice adopted to accomplish a specific goal. Without sādhana one cannot obtain the goal. Sādhana corresponds to various goals: those who desire material enjoyment adopt the path of karma as their sādhana, those who desire liberation adopt the path of jñāna, and those who aspire for the eternal loving service of Śrī Kṛṣṇa adopt the path of bhakti, which involves the spiritual practices of hearing, chanting and so on”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Sādhana (साधन) refers to:—The method one adopts in order to obtain one’s specific goal (sādhya). (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Sādhana (साधन) refers to:—The method one adopts in order to obtain one’s specific goal, or sādhya. (cf. Glossary page from Arcana-dīpikā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Sādhana (साधन) refers to:—Practice or discipline; the method one adopts in order to obtain a specific goal, or sādhya. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

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context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Sādhana (साधन).—The same as साधक (sādhaka) or कारक (kāraka) which see above; cf. साधनं च क्रियायाः। क्रियाभावात्साधनाभावः (sādhanaṃ ca kriyāyāḥ| kriyābhāvātsādhanābhāvaḥ) M. Bh. on P. I. 3. I. Vart. 1; cf also पूर्वं धातुः साधनेन युज्यते पश्चादुपसर्गेण (pūrvaṃ dhātuḥ sādhanena yujyate paścādupasargeṇa) and its opposite maxim also, पूर्वं धातुरुपसर्गेण युज्यते पश्चात्साधनेन (pūrvaṃ dhāturupasargeṇa yujyate paścātsādhanena) M. Bh. on P VI. 1.135. Vart. 9. cf. also Siradeva pari. 128, 129.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra

Sādhana (साधन, “magical procedure”).—The Kakṣapuṭa-tantra is exclusively dedicated to sādhanas or magical procedures which are intended to generate worldly benefits. These types of magical procedures are sometimes formulated as the so-called ṣaṭkarman in the Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain traditions. The Kakṣapuṭa-tantra covers a variety of sādhanas.

The tantra lists the following divisions:

  1. Vaśya (controlling others);
  2. Ākarṣaṇa (attracting others);
  3. Stambha (immobilizing others);
  4. Moha (bewildering enemies);
  5. Uccāṭa (extirpating enemies);
  6. Māraṇa (killing others);
  7. Vidveṣa (provoking enmity);
  8. Vyādhikaraṇa (causing illness);
  9. Paśuśasyārthanāśana (causing loss of cattle, grain, and other properties);
  10. Kautuka (conjuring tricks);
  11. Indrajāla (creating illusions);
  12. Yakṣiṇīmantra-sādhana (invoking yakṣiṇī);
  13. Ceṭaka (using as a slave);
  14. Añjana (eye ointment);
  15. Adṛśya (becoming invisible);
  16. Pādukāgati (magic shoes);
  17. Guṭikā (magic pill);
  18. Khecaratva (going to the sky);
  19. Mṛtasaṃjīvana (raising the dead).
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Sādhana (साधन) refers to a “cure”, mentioned in verse 4.23 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] all possible diseases are caused by provocation and suppression of the natural urges. A cure [viz. sādhana] (has been) given (only) for those which (occur) most frequently among them”.

Note: Sādhana (“cure”) has been translated by gso-dpyad (“method of treatment”)—(gsod in C being a mistake) and specified by adding maṅ-po (“many, frequent, common”).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study

Sādhanā (साधना) refers to “effective means of attainment”, religious or spiritual disciplines, such as pūja, yoga, meditation, japa, fasting and austerity.

context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Hindu Ritual at the Margins

Sādhana (साधन) is an intentional act designed to achieve a transformation of one’s inner state, often understood as the imitation of the anubhāvas of some perfected being.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sādhanā, literally "a means of accomplishing something", is an ego-transcending spiritual practice. It includes a variety of disciplines in Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist and Muslim traditions that are followed in order to achieve various spiritual or ritual objectives.

"Sādhanā is a discipline undertaken in the pursuit of a goal. Abhyāsa is repeated practice performed with observation and reflection. Kriyā, or action, also implies perfect execution with study and investigation. Therefore, sādhanā, abhyāsa, and kriyā all mean one and the same thing. A sādhaka, or practitioner, is one who skillfully applies...mind and intelligence in practice towards a spiritual goal." (lyengar, 1993, p. 22)

etymology: Sādhanā (Sanskrit: साधना; Standard Tibetan: སྒྲུབ་ཐབས་, druptap, Wyl. sgrub thabs)

Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

In sādhana one makes the sound oneself (by doing mantra japa), in a rhythm, resonant with the vibrations of his nādis and his breath. Through this one will be able to discover the deeper vibration. This way of merging individual with cosmic is called mantra yoga.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

1) Sādhana (साधन) refers to psychic exercises in the form of visualization and intense meditation.—One of the chief topics dealt with in Vajrayāna is the deity. These deities are a product of psychic exercises of the most subtle character, and are visualized by the worshipper in the course of intense meditation. These psychic exercises are called the Sādhanas. [...] The Tantrics who were the advocates of psychic culture, by persistent efforts through mental exercises, used to obtain super-normal powers which were known as Siddhis. Those who gained such Siddhis were called Siddhas, and the process through which they obtained Siddha is called Sādhana.

The Sādhana or the process prescribed for attaining the different Siddhis forms the bulk of the Tantric literature of both the Buddhists and the Hindus. [...] The Buddhists had a specialliterature called the Sādhanas and they were always written in Sanskri tby many of the well known Tantric authors and the Mahāsiddhas. This literature is now almost lost in original Sanskrit, but fortunately for us some collections of Sādhanas are still extant. These collections were given the names of Sādhanamālā and Sādhanasamuccaya. [...] The Sādhana in all cases is prescribed for the realisation of some God or Goddess according to a fixed procedure laid therein.

2) Sādhana (साधन) refers to the third of the four upāyas (“means”) through which the Sādhaka has to pass before the deity is realised and visualised according to the Guhyasamāja chapter 18.

Source: Shambala Publications: Tibetan Buddhism

Sādhana Skt.; derived from sādh, “to arrive at the goal” and meaning roughly “means to completion or perfection.” In Vajrayāna Buddhism, a term for a particular type of liturgi­cal text and the meditation practices presented in it. Sādhana texts describe in a detailed fash­ion deities to be experienced as spiritual reali­ties and the entire process from graphic visual­ization of them to dissolving them into formless meditation. Performing this type of religious practice, which is central to Tibetan Buddhism, requires empowerment and consecration by the master for practice connected with the particular deity involved. Part of this is trans­mission of the mantra associated with the deity.

Source: A Collection of Tantric Ritual Texts

Sādhana (साधन) is a genre of Tantric literature describing the stages of the yogic practices of various Tantric deities to be visualized and invoked to perform the divine actions.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: McGill University: He dances, she shakes: The possessed mood of nonduality in Buddhist tantric sex

A sādhana literally translates as a “means of attainment” and is the way that tantric practitioners can become their chosen deities (irtadevata). Sādhanas provide step-by-step guidelines to imagine oneself as a buddha, inside and out, at both a visual and aesthetic level. Instructions are given in both prose and poetic form, and the poems are often attributed to highly realized authors and establish the ritual and aesthetic mood through reiterating the goals of practice.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Sādhana (साधन, “cause”).—What is meant by ‘cause /means’ (sādhana)? It is the cause of origin of the entity. according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.7, “(Knowledge of the seven categories is attained) by definition, ownership, cause, location /resting place (substratum), duration and varieties/division”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sādhana.—(IE 8-3; EI 24; LP), an army, cf. sādhana-sahasra- aikam, an army consisting of one thousand men. (EI 15), an army, or money. (SII 12), cf. mūla-sādhana, the original deed; also called mūla-olai in Tamil. Note: sādhana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sadhana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sadhana : (adj.) rich; wealthy. || sādhana (nt.), 1. proving; 2. settling; 3. effecting; 4. clearing of a debt.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sadhana, (adj). (sa3+dhana) wealthy, rich D. I, 73; J. I, 334. (Page 675)

— or —

Sādhana, (adj. -nt.) (fr. sādh) 1. enforcing, proving J. I, 307; DA. I, 105.—2. settling, clearing (a debt) J. II, 341 (uddhāra°). In this meaning mixed with sodheti; it is impossible to decide which of the two is to be preferred. See iṇa & uddhāra.—3. yielding, effecting, producing, resulting in (-°) A. III, 156 (laṇḍa° dung-producing); DA. I, 273; VvA. 194; PvA. 278 (hita°).—4. materials, instrument VvA. 349; PvA. 199. (Page 703)

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context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sadhana (सधन).—a (S) Having wealth or property.

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sādhana (साधन).—n (S) Accomplishing, achieving, effecting: also executing, performing, making or doing. 2 Materials or matter; an instrument, implement, organ, tool; an agent, a deputy, a factor; a measure, expedient, scheme, contrivance; the materials or matter of which a thing is to be composed, or the means or medium of making or accomplishing. 3 Good works, or the observance of the moral and ceremonial parts of the Hindu religion, as secondary means of obtaining purity and emancipation. 4 In logic. The grounds or warrant of a conclusion, premisses. 5 In law. Proving, establishing, substantiating. 6 Preparation (of metals, esp. mercury) by oxydation &c., for medicinal or alchemical purposes.

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sādhana (साधन).—f A workman's plummet or level.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sadhana (सधन).—a Having wealth or property.

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sādhana (साधन).—n Accomplishing. Materials. Premises. Proving.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sādhana (साधन).—a. (- f.) [साध् णिच् ल्यु ल्युट् वा (sādh ṇic lyu lyuṭ vā)]

1) Accomplishing, effecting &c.

2) Procuring.

3) Conjuring up (a spirit).

4) Denoting, expresssive of.

-nam 1 Accomplishing, effecting, performing, as in स्वार्थसाधनम् (svārthasādhanam).

2) Fulfilment, accomplishment, complete attiainment of an object; प्रजार्थसाधने तौ हि पर्यायोद्यतकार्मुकौ (prajārthasādhane tau hi paryāyodyatakārmukau) R.4.16.

3) A means, an expedient, a means of accomplishing anything; असाधना अपि प्राज्ञा बुद्धिमन्तो बहुश्रुताः । साधयन्त्याशु कार्याणि (asādhanā api prājñā buddhimanto bahuśrutāḥ | sādhayantyāśu kāryāṇi) Pt.2.1; शरीरमाद्यं खलु धर्मसाधनम् (śarīramādyaṃ khalu dharmasādhanam) Ku.5.33,52; R.1.19; 4.36,62.

4) An instrument, agent; कुठारः छिदिक्रिया- साधनम् (kuṭhāraḥ chidikriyā- sādhanam)

5) The efficient cause, source, cause in general.

6) The instrumental case.

7) Implement, apparatus.

8) Appliance, materials.

9) Matter, ingredients, substance.

1) An army or a part thereof; व्यावृत्तं च विपक्षतो भवति यत्तत्साधनं सिद्धये (vyāvṛttaṃ ca vipakṣato bhavati yattatsādhanaṃ siddhaye) Mu.5.1.

11) Aid, help, assistance (in general).

12) Proof, substantiation, demonstration.

13) The hetu or middle term in a syllogism, reason, that which leads to a conclusion; साध्ये निश्चितमन्वयेन घटितं बिभ्रत् सपक्षे स्थितिं । व्यावृत्तं च विपक्षतो भवति यत्तत् साधनं सिद्धये (sādhye niścitamanvayena ghaṭitaṃ bibhrat sapakṣe sthitiṃ | vyāvṛttaṃ ca vipakṣato bhavati yattat sādhanaṃ siddhaye) || Mu.5.1.

14) Subduing, overcoming.

15) Subduing by charms.

16) Accomplishing anything by charms or magic.

17) Healing, curing.

18) Killing, destroying; फलं च तस्य प्रतिसाधनम् (phalaṃ ca tasya pratisādhanam) Ki.14.17.

19) Conciliating, propitiating, winning over.

2) Going out, setting forward, departure.

21) Going after, following.

22) Penance, self-mortification.

23) Attainment of final beatitude.

24) A medicinal preparation, drug, medicine.

25) (In law) Enforcement of the delivery of anything, or of the payment of debt, infliction of fine.

26) A bodily organ.

27) The penis.

28) An udder.

29) Wealth.

3) Friendship.

31) Profit, advantage.

32) Burning a dead body.

33) Obsequies.

34) Killing or oxydation of metals.

35) Proof, argument.

36) Conflict, battle.

37) (In gram.) Instrument, agent.

38) Making ready, preparation.

39) Gain, acquisition.

4) Calculation.

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Sādhanā (साधना).—

1) Accomplishment, fulfilment, completion.

2) Worship, adoration.

3) Conciliation, propitiation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sadhana (सधन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Wealthy, rich. E. sa with, dhana wealth.

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Sādhana (साधन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Accomplishing, effecting. 2. Matter, materials, that of which any thing is composed or consists. 3. Thing, substance. 4. Means, expedient. 5. Instrument, agent. 6. Authority. 7. The premises leading to a conclusion. 8. Cause. 9. Going, motion. 10. Following. 11. Killing, destroying. 12. Obsequies, ceremonies observed after the death of a relative. 13. Drug, medicament. 14. Wealth. 15. An army. 16. The penis. 17. Friendship. 18. Enforcement of the delivery of any thing, especially juridically, as the infliction and levy of a fine, &c. 19. Killing metals, depriving them (especially mercury,) by oxidation, &c., of their metallic properties, for medicinal or alchemical purposes. 20. Good works, or the observance of the moral and ceremonial parts of the Hindu religion, as secondary means of obtaining purity and emancipation. 21. Proof, substantiation. 22. Penance, self-mortification. 23. Profit, advantage. 24. Subduing. 25. Subduing by charms. 26. Conciliating, worshipping. 27. Killing. 28. Setting out. 29. Aid, assistance. 30. A bodily organ. 31. An udder. 32. Implement, utensil, apparatus. 33. The instrumental case, (in gram.) f. (-nī) Effecting. f.

(-nā) 1. Accomplishment, completion. 2. Propitiation, worship. E. ṣādh to accomplish, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sādhana (साधन).—[sādh + ana], n. 1. Accomplishing, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 98 (sādhya-, What must be accomplished, i. e. one’s aim). 2. Advancement, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 196. 3. A means of accomplishing, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 8. 4. Wealth. 5. A part of an army, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 39, 12. 6. Instrument. 7. Cause, efficient cause, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 237; source of prosperity, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 100. 8. Subduing by charms, [Pañcatantra] 241, 2. 9. Killing, destroying, [Kirātārjunīya] 14, 17. 10. Obsequies. 11. Authority. 12. Proof, substantiation. 13. The hetu or middle term in an inference. 14. Enforcement of the delivery of anything, of payment, especially juridically, Da- śak. in Chr. 180, 20; 185, 21. 15. Medicament, drug. 16. Matter, materials, that of which anything is composed. 17. Substance, thing. 18. The penis, Sāh. D. 212, 19. 19. Going. 20. Following, profit, [Pañcatantra] 86, 24. 21. Good works, Windischmann, Sankara, 97. 22. Friendship.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sadhana (सधन).—1. [neuter] common wealth.

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Sadhana (सधन).—2. [adjective] wealthy ([abstract] [feminine]) or along with the wealth.

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Sādhana (साधन).—[feminine] ī & ā leading to the aim, effecting, producing, procuring ([genetive] or —°); effective, capable.

— [neuter] subduing, mastering, accomplishing, effecting; getting, acquiring, recovering (debts); proving, evincing, argument, evidence; means, expedient, requisite; military force; result, consequence. Abstr. † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

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Sādhāna (साधान).—[adjective] with the receptacle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sadhana (सधन):—[=sa-dhana] n. (id est. 7. sa + dh) common property, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. possessing riches, wealthy, opulent, [Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] together with riches, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) Sādhana (साधन):—[from sādh] mf(ī or ā)n. leading straight to a goal, guiding well, furthering, [Ṛg-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] effective, efficient, productive of ([compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] procuring, [Kāvya literature]

7) [v.s. ...] conjuring up (a spirit), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

8) [v.s. ...] denoting, designating, expressive of ([compound]), [Pāṇini [Scholiast or Commentator]]

9) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the author of [Ṛg-veda x, 157] (having the [patronymic] bhauvana), [Anukramaṇikā]

10) Sādhanā (साधना):—[from sādhana > sādh] f. accomplishment, performance (See mantra-s)

11) [v.s. ...] propitiation, worship, adoration, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Sādhana (साधन):—[from sādh] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) the act of mastering, overpowering, subduing, [Kirātārjunīya; Pañcatantra]

13) [v.s. ...] n. subduing by charms, conjuring up, summoning (spirits etc.), [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

14) [v.s. ...] subduing a disease, healing, cure, [Suśruta; Mahābhārata] etc.

15) [v.s. ...] enforcing payment or recovery (of a debt), [Daśakumāra-carita]

16) [v.s. ...] bringing about, carrying out, accomplishment, fulfilment, completion, perfection, [Nirukta, by Yāska; Mahābhārata] etc.

17) [v.s. ...] establishment of a truth, proof, argument, demonstration, [Yājñavalkya; Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

18) [v.s. ...] reason or premiss (in a syllogism, leading to a conclusion), [Mudrārākṣasa v, 10]

19) [v.s. ...] any means of effecting or accomplishing, any agent or instrument or implement or utensil or apparatus, an expedient, requisite for ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

20) [v.s. ...] a means of summoning or conjuring up a spirit (or deity), [Kālacakra]

21) [v.s. ...] means or materials of warfare, military forces, army or portion of an army (sg. and [plural]), [Harivaṃśa; Uttararāma-carita; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

22) [v.s. ...] conflict, battle, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

23) [v.s. ...] means of correcting or punishing (as ‘a stick’, ‘rod’ etc.), [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa [Scholiast or Commentator]]

24) [v.s. ...] means of enjoyment, goods, commodities etc., [Rāmāyaṇa]

25) [v.s. ...] efficient cause or source (in general), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

26) [v.s. ...] organ of generation (male or female), Sah.

27) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) the sense of the instrumental or agent (as expressed by the case of a noun, opp. to the action itself), [Patañjali]

28) [v.s. ...] preparing, making ready, preparation (of food, poison etc.), [Kathāsaritsāgara; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

29) [v.s. ...] obtaining, procuring, gain, acquisition, [Kāvya literature; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

30) [v.s. ...] finding out by calculation, computation, [Gaṇitādhyāya]

31) [v.s. ...] fruit, result, [Pañcatantra]

32) [v.s. ...] the conjugational affix or suffix which is placed between the root and terminations (= vīharaṇa q.v.), [Pāṇini 8-4, 30], [vArttika] 1

33) [v.s. ...] (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ‘matter, material, substance, ingredient, drug, medicine; good works, penance, self-mortification, attainment of beatitude; conciliation, propitiation, worship; killing, destroying; killing metals, depriving them by oxydation etc. of their metallic properties [especially] said of mercury; burning on a funeral pile, obsequies; setting out, proceeding, going; going quickly; going after, following’)

34) Sādhāna (साधान):—mfn. together with the receptacle, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sadhana (सधन):—1. (2. sa + dhana) n. gemeinsame Habe [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 9, 3, 34] im Wortspiel.

--- OR ---

Sadhana (सधन):—2. (wie eben) adj. (f. ā)

1) nebst Reichthümern: dadau ca sadhanāṃ tasmai nāmnā ratnāvalīṃ sutām [Kathāsaritsāgara 77, 22. 88, 32.] —

2) reich, wohlhabend [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 39, 25.] [Spr. (II) 2141.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 17, 17. 68, 68.] [BṚH. 18, 5.]

--- OR ---

Sādhana (साधन):—(vom caus. von 1. sādh)

1) adj. (f. ā und ī) a) richtig leitend, zum Ziel führend: ya.ñasya [Ṛgveda 1. 44, 11. 3, 27, 2. 8. 8, 6, 3. 23, 9.] vi.athasya [3, 3, 3.] ma.ī.ām [10, 26, 4.] a.aṃ dakṣāya.sādhanaḥ su.aḥ [9, 105, 3. 62, 9.] — b) zu Wege bringend, hervorbringend, bewirkend: śabdarūpasya [Mahābhārata 3, 14195.] devadānavayakṣāṇāṃ mānavānāṃ ca [7, 2864.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 99, 27.] saṃkalpa [Harivaṃśa 1361] (nach der Lesart der neueren Ausg.). satya so v. a. wahrmachend [12044.] vikrama [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 33, 15.] tatsādhanaṃ karma [MUIR, Stenzler 1, 140.] śatasahasraṃ śiṣyāṇāṃ dhyānasādhanam so v. a. obliegend [Oxforder Handschriften 53,a,9.] ohne Object wirkend: pradīpavatsādhanā vṛttiḥ [GAUḌAP.] zu [SĀṂKHYAK. 13.] vermögend: devāḥ [Yāska’s Nirukta 12, 41.] ein Mann [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 88, 4.] devāśca munayaścaiva liṅginaḥ sādhanāśca ye . bhagavanniti te vācyāḥ [BHARATA] beim Schol. zu [Śākuntala 52, 3.] — c) verschaffend: lokadvayasādhanī [Spr. (II) 5468.] — d) herbeirufend, citirend (einen Geist): vetālasādhanaṃ mantram [Kathāsaritsāgara 75, 16. 121, 10.] — e) bezeichnend, ausdrückend: bhāva, karma [KAIYY.] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 3, 11] bei [GOLD. MĀN. 48.] —

2) m. saṃjñāyām gaṇa nandyādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 134.] Nomen proprium eines Mannes mit dem patron. Bhauvana, Liedverfassers von [Ṛgveda 10, 157.] —

3) f. ā nom. act. in mantra = sādhana [Kathāsaritsāgara 49, 167.] —

4) n. a) das in seine - Gewalt - Bringen, Bewältigen, Besiegen: pratikāya (= pratipakṣavadha Comm.) [Kirātārjunīya 14, 17.] ripu [Pañcatantra 59, 10.] das sich zu-Willen-Machen, Citiren (einer Gottheit, eines Geistes, eines Zaubers) [Mahābhārata 3, 14352] (?). vetāla [Kathāsaritsāgara 26, 235. 28, 163. 55, 208. 73, 261.] śākinī [Pañcatantra 241, 2.] vidyākhaḍgamālādi [Kathāsaritsāgara 24, 17.] vimāna [44, 36.] [Oxforder Handschriften 88], a, [16. fgg. 93], a, 5. b, 32. — b) das Ausführen, zu-Wege-Bringen, Vollführen [Yāska’s Nirukta 12, 40.] upāyāścāsya sādhane [Mahābhārata 14, 595.] sādhanopāyāḥ [KĀM. NĪTIS. 11, 56.] karmaṇa; [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 65, 7.] daṇḍasya [KĀM. NĪTIS. 13, 44.] artha [Suśruta 1, 12, 20.] [Spr. (II) 1685.] [Raghuvaṃśa 4, 16.] kārya [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 42, 9.] [Spr. (II) 7603.] karma [Suśruta 1, 123, 8.] sādhya [Spr. (II) 5285.] dharmādi [1518.] dharmādharma [WINDISCHMANN, Sancara 97.] abhiprārthitamanoratha [Suśruta 1, 78, 10.] ājñā [Kathāsaritsāgara 107, 134.] das Bereiten: amṛta [41, 19.] annasādhanaiḥ [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 19, 3. 21, 75.] viṣopaviṣa [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 967.] — c) Heilung: arśasāṃ sādhanopāyaḥ [Suśruta 2, 46, 11.] [Mahābhārata 3, 14508. fg.] — d) das Herbeischaffen: oṣadhi [Kathāsaritsāgara 46, 196. fg.] dravya [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 75, 4.] — e) das Erlangen, Gewinnen: arthasya [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 11, 23, 17.] mantravaryayoḥ [PAÑCAR. 3, 7, 1.] koṭi [Spr. (II) 5700.] paraloka [2270.] — f) das Eintreiben (einer Schuld): arthasya [Daśakumāracarita 61, 13.] artha [69, 18.] — g) Mittel, Werkzeug, Requisit (die Ergänzung im gen. oder im comp. vorangehend) [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 12, 99.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 66, 23. 5, 72, 3.] [Raghuvaṃśa 4, 36. 8, 44.] sarvaṃ hi sādhanamidaṃ kusumāyudhasya [Ṛtusaṃhāra 6, 33.] [Spr. (II) 6887.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 57, 146.] [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 20, 4.] [Vedānta lecture No. 9.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 28] in der Unterschr. [8, 11, 9.] Comm. zu [Taittirīyasaṃhitā Prātiśākhya 22, 3. 9. 10.] [WILSON, Sel. Works 1, 164] (bei den Jaina, duties [WILSON]). tapasteṣāṃ hi sādhanam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 237.] [Mahābhārata 14, 731.] dharmastvasyāḥ susādhanam [Harivaṃśa 2898.] dharmārthamokṣāṇāṃ śarīraṃ sādhanam [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH. 1, 5, 32.] śarīraṃ dharmasādhanam [KĀM. NĪTIS. 6, 4.] [Kapila 1, 7.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 19. 82. 5, 9. 10, 2. 13, 50.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 5, 33. 52. 64.] [Spr. (II) 822. 3735. 4538.] [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 27, 38.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 15, 50.] [Sāhityadarpana 2, 13.] [PAÑCAR. 3, 7, 1.] [Vedānta lecture No. 6. 7.] Comm. zu [Naiṣadhacarita 22, 49. 53.] am Ende eines adj. comp. (f. ā) [Kumārasaṃbhava 5, 22.] hīna [Spr. (II) 500.] a [772.] [Mahābhārata 5, 1766.] sa ebend. trisādhanā śaktiḥ [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 13.] — h) Streitmittel, Streitkräfte [Harivaṃśa 5136.] [UTTARAR. 30, 2 (39, 12).] dṛptārivijaye rājaṃsādhanaṃ sumahattava [Sāhityadarpana 212, 19.] kṛśa adj. [Harivaṃśa 5261.] saṃbhṛta adj. [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 377.] sa adj. [KĀM. NĪTIS. 4, 77.] aśva adj. [Raghuvaṃśa 4, 62. 71.] gaja [40.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 38, 4.] ein Mittel eine Gottheit u. s. w. zu citiren: viśvabhartuḥ, vajriṇaḥ [KĀLACAKRA 4, 1.] — i) Correctionsmittel euphem. für Prügel, Knüttel Comm. zu [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 3, 577, 17.] — k) Genussmittel, Bequemlichkeiten [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 33, 20.] — l) Zeugungsglied [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] (s. welter unten). auf diese Bed. wird angespielt [Sāhityadarpana 213, 1.] — m) in der Gramm. α) Nominalbegriff (im Gegens. zur Thätigkeit), insbes. als Subject oder Instrumental Schol. zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 24.] [Patañjali] in [Siddhāntakaumudī] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 3, 74. Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 2] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 1, 33. Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 5] zu [5, 3, 55.] das Object ist gemeint [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 1, 44, Scholiast] — β) = vikaraṇa ein zwischen Wurzel und Personalendung tretendes stammbildendes Suffix [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 4, 30, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 1.] — n) Berechnung, Ausmittelung durch Berechnung [GAṆIT.] [PĀTĀDH. 1.] das Beweisen, Darthun [Sāhityadarpana 447. 711.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 129, 20.] Beweismittel, Beweis [?5, 6. 8. 7, 11. fg. 8, 12. 17, 16. 74, 7. Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 7. Kapila 1, 139. TARKAS. 45. Kullūka zu Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 56.] — o) Erfolg, Ergebniss: vaira [Pañcatantra 81, 24. 86, 24.] — Die Lexicographen geben für sādhana n. folgende Bedd. an: ārāghana [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 18, 128.] māraṇa, mṛtasaṃskāra, gati, dravya, arthadāpana, nivartana, upakaraṇa, anuvrajyā [122.] śepha [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 6, 23.] vyāpya [3, 2, 1. 11.] siddha, meḍhra [3, 267.] siddhi, sainya, upāya, anugama, meḍhra, nivṛtti, kāraka, vadha, dāpana, mṛtasaṃskāra, pramāṇa, gamana, dhana [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 433. fg.] mṛtasaṃskāra, sainya, siddhauṣadhi, gati, nirvartana, upāya, meḍhra, dāpana, anugama, dhana [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 153. fg.] upakaraṇa, karaṇa, draviṇa, liṅga, yātanā, senāṅga, saṃsiddhi [Halāyudha 5, 80.] maitra, udhas (sic) [DHARAṆI im Śabdakalpadruma] mohana, java [AJAYA] ebend. — Vgl. artha, gaya, jīva, dakṣa, naya, paśu, bhāra, bhūta, mantra (auch [Kathāsaritsāgara 22, 9. 49, 168.] sādhanā [167]), manma, mūla, mokṣa, yajña, śabda, sarva, sarvamaṇḍala, sarvaliṅga, sarvārtha, svārtha .

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sadhana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Sadhanā (सधना) [Also spelled sadhna]:—(v) to be tamed; to be accomplished/completed; to get habituated/accustomed; target to be hit; to be aligned (as [niśānā]).

2) Sadhānā (सधाना):—(v) to break in, to tame, to cause to get used/habituated; to habituate.

3) Sādhana (साधन) [Also spelled sadhan]:—(nm) medium, means; equipment; device, an implement; processing; solution; resources; realization; —, [jana-saṃcāra] mass media; -[saṃpanna] resourceful; hence -[saṃpannatā] (nf).

4) Sādhanā (साधना) [Also spelled sadhna]:—(nf) devotion; practice, mental training; spiritual endeavour or performance (esp. aspiring for an end); (v) to tame; to aim; to train; to practise; ~[paraka] relating to mental training; hence ~[parakatā] (nf).

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