Sadhana, aka: Sādhanā, Sādhana; 16 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sadhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Sādhana (साधन, “magical procedure”).—The Kakṣapuṭa-tantra is exclusively dedicated to sādhanas or magical procedures which are intended to generate worldly benefits. These types of magical procedures are sometimes formulated as the so-called ṣaṭkarman in the Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain traditions. The Kakṣapuṭa-tantra covers a variety of sādhanas.

The tantra lists the following divisions:

  1. Vaśya (controlling others);
  2. Ākarṣaṇa (attracting others);
  3. Stambha (immobilizing others);
  4. Moha (bewildering enemies);
  5. Uccāṭa (extirpating enemies);
  6. Māraṇa (killing others);
  7. Vidveṣa (provoking enmity);
  8. Vyādhikaraṇa (causing illness);
  9. Paśuśasyārthanāśana (causing loss of cattle, grain, and other properties);
  10. Kautuka (conjuring tricks);
  11. Indrajāla (creating illusions);
  12. Yakṣiṇīmantra-sādhana (invoking yakṣiṇī);
  13. Ceṭaka (using as a slave);
  14. Añjana (eye ointment);
  15. Adṛśya (becoming invisible);
  16. Pādukāgati (magic shoes);
  17. Guṭikā (magic pill);
  18. Khecaratva (going to the sky);
  19. Mṛtasaṃjīvana (raising the dead).
Source: academia.edu: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Sādhana (साधन).—The same as साधक (sādhaka) or कारक (kāraka) which see above; cf. साधनं च क्रियायाः। क्रियाभावात्साधनाभावः (sādhanaṃ ca kriyāyāḥ| kriyābhāvātsādhanābhāvaḥ) M. Bh. on P. I. 3. I. Vart. 1; cf also पूर्वं धातुः साधनेन युज्यते पश्चादुपसर्गेण (pūrvaṃ dhātuḥ sādhanena yujyate paścādupasargeṇa) and its opposite maxim also, पूर्वं धातुरुपसर्गेण युज्यते पश्चात्साधनेन (pūrvaṃ dhāturupasargeṇa yujyate paścātsādhanena) M. Bh. on P VI. 1.135. Vart. 9. cf. also Siradeva pari. 128, 129.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Sādhana (साधन) is an intentional act designed to achieve a transformation of one’s inner state, often understood as the imitation of the anubhāvas of some perfected being.

Source: Google Books: Hindu Ritual at the Margins

Sādhanā, literally "a means of accomplishing something", is an ego-transcending spiritual practice. It includes a variety of disciplines in Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist and Muslim traditions that are followed in order to achieve various spiritual or ritual objectives.

"Sādhanā is a discipline undertaken in the pursuit of a goal. Abhyāsa is repeated practice performed with observation and reflection. Kriyā, or action, also implies perfect execution with study and investigation. Therefore, sādhanā, abhyāsa, and kriyā all mean one and the same thing. A sādhaka, or practitioner, is one who skillfully applies...mind and intelligence in practice towards a spiritual goal." (lyengar, 1993, p. 22)

etymology: Sādhanā (Sanskrit: साधना; Standard Tibetan: སྒྲུབ་ཐབས་, druptap, Wyl. sgrub thabs)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In sādhana one makes the sound oneself (by doing mantra japa), in a rhythm, resonant with the vibrations of his nādis and his breath. Through this one will be able to discover the deeper vibration. This way of merging individual with cosmic is called mantra yoga.

Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

Sādhana (साधन).—The beginning phase of devotional service, consisting of regulated practice.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Sādhana Skt.; derived from sādh, “to arrive at the goal” and meaning roughly “means to completion or perfection.” In Vajrayāna Buddhism, a term for a particular type of liturgi­cal text and the meditation practices presented in it. Sādhana texts describe in a detailed fash­ion deities to be experienced as spiritual reali­ties and the entire process from graphic visual­ization of them to dissolving them into formless meditation. Performing this type of religious practice, which is central to Tibetan Buddhism, requires empowerment and consecration by the master for practice connected with the particular deity involved. Part of this is trans­mission of the mantra associated with the deity.

Source: Shambala Publications: Tibetan Buddhism

Sādhana (साधन) is a genre of Tantric literature describing the stages of the yogic practices of various Tantric deities to be visualized and invoked to perform the divine actions.

Source: academia.edu: A Collection of Tantric Ritual Texts
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

A sādhana literally translates as a “means of attainment” and is the way that tantric practitioners can become their chosen deities (irtadevata). Sādhanas provide step-by-step guidelines to imagine oneself as a buddha, inside and out, at both a visual and aesthetic level. Instructions are given in both prose and poetic form, and the poems are often attributed to highly realized authors and establish the ritual and aesthetic mood through reiterating the goals of practice.

Source: McGill University: He dances, she shakes: The possessed mood of nonduality in Buddhist tantric sex

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Sadhana in Jainism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sādhana (साधन, “cause”).—What is meant by ‘cause /means’ (sādhana)? It is the cause of origin of the entity. according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.7, “(Knowledge of the seven categories is attained) by definition, ownership, cause, location /resting place (substratum), duration and varieties/division”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Sadhana in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sadhana : (adj.) rich; wealthy. || sādhana (nt.), 1. proving; 2. settling; 3. effecting; 4. clearing of a debt.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sadhana, (adj). (sa3+dhana) wealthy, rich D. I, 73; J. I, 334. (Page 675)

— or —

Sādhana, (adj. -nt.) (fr. sādh) 1. enforcing, proving J. I, 307; DA. I, 105.—2. settling, clearing (a debt) J. II, 341 (uddhāra°). In this meaning mixed with sodheti; it is impossible to decide which of the two is to be preferred. See iṇa & uddhāra.—3. yielding, effecting, producing, resulting in (-°) A. III, 156 (laṇḍa° dung-producing); DA. I, 273; VvA. 194; PvA. 278 (hita°).—4. materials, instrument VvA. 349; PvA. 199. (Page 703)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Sadhana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sadhana (सधन).—a (S) Having wealth or property.

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sādhana (साधन).—n (S) Accomplishing, achieving, effecting: also executing, performing, making or doing. 2 Materials or matter; an instrument, implement, organ, tool; an agent, a deputy, a factor; a measure, expedient, scheme, contrivance; the materials or matter of which a thing is to be composed, or the means or medium of making or accomplishing. 3 Good works, or the observance of the moral and ceremonial parts of the Hindu religion, as secondary means of obtaining purity and emancipation. 4 In logic. The grounds or warrant of a conclusion, premisses. 5 In law. Proving, establishing, substantiating. 6 Preparation (of metals, esp. mercury) by oxydation &c., for medicinal or alchemical purposes.

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sādhana (साधन).—f A workman's plummet or level.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sadhana (सधन).—a Having wealth or property.

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sādhana (साधन).—n Accomplishing. Materials. Premises. Proving.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sādhana (साधन).—a. (- f.) [साध् णिच् ल्यु ल्युट् वा (sādh ṇic lyu lyuṭ vā)]

1) Accomplishing, effecting &c.

2) Procuring.

3) Conjuring up (a spirit).

4) Denoting, expresssive of.

-nam 1 Accomplishing, effecting, performing, as in स्वार्थसाधनम् (svārthasādhanam).

2) Fulfilment, accomplishment, complete attiainment of an object; प्रजार्थसाधने तौ हि पर्यायोद्यतकार्मुकौ (prajārthasādhane tau hi paryāyodyatakārmukau) R.4.16.

3) A means, an expedient, a means of accomplishing anything; असाधना अपि प्राज्ञा बुद्धिमन्तो बहुश्रुताः । साधयन्त्याशु कार्याणि (asādhanā api prājñā buddhimanto bahuśrutāḥ | sādhayantyāśu kāryāṇi) Pt.2.1; शरीरमाद्यं खलु धर्मसाधनम् (śarīramādyaṃ khalu dharmasādhanam) Ku.5.33,52; R.1.19; 4.36,62.

4) An instrument, agent; कुठारः छिदिक्रिया- साधनम् (kuṭhāraḥ chidikriyā- sādhanam)

5) The efficient cause, source, cause in general.

6) The instrumental case.

7) Implement, apparatus.

8) Appliance, materials.

9) Matter, ingredients, substance.

1) An army or a part thereof; व्यावृत्तं च विपक्षतो भवति यत्तत्साधनं सिद्धये (vyāvṛttaṃ ca vipakṣato bhavati yattatsādhanaṃ siddhaye) Mu.5.1.

11) Aid, help, assistance (in general).

12) Proof, substantiation, demonstration.

13) The hetu or middle term in a syllogism, reason, that which leads to a conclusion; साध्ये निश्चितमन्वयेन घटितं बिभ्रत् सपक्षे स्थितिं । व्यावृत्तं च विपक्षतो भवति यत्तत् साधनं सिद्धये (sādhye niścitamanvayena ghaṭitaṃ bibhrat sapakṣe sthitiṃ | vyāvṛttaṃ ca vipakṣato bhavati yattat sādhanaṃ siddhaye) || Mu.5.1.

14) Subduing, overcoming.

15) Subduing by charms.

16) Accomplishing anything by charms or magic.

17) Healing, curing.

18) Killing, destroying; फलं च तस्य प्रतिसाधनम् (phalaṃ ca tasya pratisādhanam) Ki.14.17.

19) Conciliating, propitiating, winning over.

2) Going out, setting forward, departure.

21) Going after, following.

22) Penance, self-mortification.

23) Attainment of final beatitude.

24) A medicinal preparation, drug, medicine.

25) (In law) Enforcement of the delivery of anything, or of the payment of debt, infliction of fine.

26) A bodily organ.

27) The penis.

28) An udder.

29) Wealth.

3) Friendship.

31) Profit, advantage.

32) Burning a dead body.

33) Obsequies.

34) Killing or oxydation of metals.

35) Proof, argument.

36) Conflict, battle.

37) (In gram.) Instrument, agent.

38) Making ready, preparation.

39) Gain, acquisition.

4) Calculation.

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Sādhanā (साधना).—

1) Accomplishment, fulfilment, completion.

2) Worship, adoration.

3) Conciliation, propitiation.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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