Ca; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ca means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Cha.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Ca (च).—(l) the letter च् (c), the vowel अ (a) being added for facility of utterance, cf T. Pr. I. 21; (2) a Bratyahara or short term standing for the palatal class of consonants च्, छ्, ज्,झ् (c, ch, j, jh) and ञ् (ñ); cf इचशेयास्तालौ (icaśeyāstālau) V. Pr. I. 66; (3) indeclinable च (ca) called Nipata by Panini; cf. चादयो (cādayo)Sसत्त्वे (sattve) P. I. 4.57, च (ca) possesses four senses समुच्चय, अन्वाचय, इतरेतरयोग (samuccaya, anvācaya, itaretarayoga) and समाहार (samāhāra) cf. Kas. on II. 2.29. See also M. Bh. on II. 2.29 Vart. 15 for a detailed explanation of the four senses. The indeclinable च (ca) is sometimes used in the sense of 'a determined mention' or avadharana; cf. Kas. on II. 1.48 and 72. It is also used for the purpose of अनुवृत्ति (anuvṛtti) or अनुकर्षण (anukarṣaṇa) i. e. drawing a word from the previous rule to the next rule; (cf. M. Bh. on P. VI. 1.90) with a convention that a word drawn thus, does not proceed to the next rule; cf. चानुकृष्टं नोत्तरत्र (cānukṛṣṭaṃ nottaratra) Par. Sek Pari. 78; (4) a conventional term for अभ्यास (abhyāsa) (reduplicative syllable) used in the Jainendra Vyakarana; cf. चविकारेषु अपवादा उत्सर्गान्न बाधन्ते (cavikāreṣu apavādā utsargānna bādhante) Kat. Pari. 75.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Cā.—d8ā (LP), a camp; an attacking party. Note: is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ca (च).—&c. are pronounced as ts. Such cases will, for the most part, be noted.

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ca (च).—ind An affix of emphasis or of enhancing power; expressing positiveness, peremptoriness, particularity, exactness, certainty &c. It corresponds with our Very, self, indeed, surely &c. Ex. tō cōraca āhē He is verily a thief. tōca cōra āhē He is a thief. tumhīca yā Come yourself; tumhī yāca Come at all risks, you must come. mī jēvatāñca uṭhalōṃ I rose instantly after my meal. mī yēīnaca or mī yēīnaca yēīna I will come, assuredly, positively. It seems further to have a qualifying significancy. Ex. tō paṇḍita barāca āhē That Panḍit is passable, he will serve. Ex. paḍhalēlā grantha bahuta divasa na pāhilā asatāṃ pārakā pārakāca disūṃ lāgatō.

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cā (चा).—The declinable postposition marking the sixth or genitive case. It notes I. Property or possession; as hēṃ tyācēṃ ghara. II. Appropriation, adaptation, particular application; as hā basāvayācā dhōṇḍā; tī snānācī dhōṇḍa. III. Time, or the coexistence of a time with an event,--at, on &c.; as mī dupāracā yēīna; tō sāñjacā gēlā; tō kēvhāñcā yē- ūna basalā. IV. Connection, relation, appertainment, throughout the variations of sense of these words; as gāṃvacā pāṭīla; mulācā bāpa; jhāḍācēṃ pāna; nityadānācā brāhmaṇa; gharacā paikā. V. Completeness, allness or wholeness, utterness; thus corresponding with Hindustani; as paikyācā paikā; gharacēṃ ghara; mahinyācā mahinā All the money or the money utterly; the whole house; the whole month from beginning to end. N.B. Here the governing noun is always reduplicated. Pr. bāpācā bāpa gēlā bōmbalatāṃ hāta gēlā. VI. Change from and unto. Ex. daridryācā śrīmanta hōtō śrīmantā- cā daridrī hōtō. sometimes inflects, sometimes does not inflect, the noun assuming it. The difference of signification in these cases it will be advantageous to note. Inflecting the noun, it expresses any accidental connection or relation; as gharacā dhanī Owner of the house; gharacā paikā Money resulting from (the sale, rent &c. of) the house: not inflecting the noun, it expresses a closer and more intimate connection--an inherence, appertainment, dependence &c.; as gharacā dhanī Master of the family; gharacā paikā Family-stock or capital; gharacīṃ māṇasēṃ Inmates of the house, the household; aṅgacēṃ baḷa Bodily strength. Inflecting the noun, is in government, and is the postposition marking the genitive case: not inflecting the noun, simply serves to form the assuming noun into an adjective.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ca (च).—The sixth consonant.

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ca (च).—ind An affix of emphasis or of en- hancing power; expressing positive- ness, peremptoriness, particularity, exactness, certainty &c. It corres- ponds with Very, self, indeed, surely &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ca (च).—a.

1) Seedless.

2) Bad, vile.

-caḥ An epithet of Śiva.

2) Chewing, eating.

3) The moon.

4) A tortoise.

5) A thief. चश्चञ्चुश्चरणोऽर्चिर्मुखो रविः । चा कद्रूरदितिः कन्या (caścañcuścaraṇo'rcirmukho raviḥ | cā kadrūraditiḥ kanyā) ...... and चं चरित्रं सुखं दुःखं कश्मलं भ्रमणं पयः (caṃ caritraṃ sukhaṃ duḥkhaṃ kaśmalaṃ bhramaṇaṃ payaḥ) | Enm. -ind. A particle expressing

1) Copulation (and, also as well as, moreover) used to join words or assertions together; (in this sense it is used with each of the words or assertions which it joins together; or it is used after the last of the words or assertions so joined but it never stands first in a sentence); मनो निष्ठाशून्यं भ्रमति च किमप्यालिखति च (mano niṣṭhāśūnyaṃ bhramati ca kimapyālikhati ca) Māl.1.31; तौ गुरुर्गुरुपत्नी च प्रीत्या प्रतिननन्दतुः (tau gururgurupatnī ca prītyā pratinanandatuḥ) R.1.57; Ms.1.64;3.5; कुलेन कान्त्या वयसा नवेन गुणैश्च तैस्तैर्विनयप्रधानैः (kulena kāntyā vayasā navena guṇaiśca taistairvinayapradhānaiḥ) R.6.79; Ms.1.15;3.116.

2) Disjunction (but, still, yet); शान्तमिदमाश्रमपदं स्फुरति च बाहुः (śāntamidamāśramapadaṃ sphurati ca bāhuḥ) Ś.1.14.

3) Certainly, determination, (indeed certainly, exactly, quite, having the force of eva); अतीतः पन्थानं तव च महिमा वाङ्मनसयोः (atītaḥ panthānaṃ tava ca mahimā vāṅmanasayoḥ) G. M.; ते तु यावन्त एवाजौ तावांश्च ददृशे स तैः (te tu yāvanta evājau tāvāṃśca dadṛśe sa taiḥ) R.12.45.

4) Condition (if = cet); जीवितुं चेच्छसे (jīvituṃ cecchase) (= icchase ced) मूढ हेतुं मे गदतः शृणु (mūḍha hetuṃ me gadataḥ śṛṇu) Mb; लोभ- श्चास्ति (lobha- ścāsti) (asti ced) गुणेन किम् (guṇena kim) Bh.2.45 v. l.

5) It is often used expletively (pādapūraṇārthe); भीमः पार्थस्तथैव च (bhīmaḥ pārthastathaiva ca) G. M. (Lexicographers give, besides the above, the following senses of [ca] which are included in the general idea of copulation; 1 anvācaya joining a subordinate fact with a principal one; bho bhikṣāmaṭa gāṃ cānaya; see anvācaya.

2) samā- hāra collective combination; as pāṇī ca pādau ca pāṇipādam

3) itaretarayoga or mutual connection; as plakṣaśca nyagrodhaśca plakṣa- nyagrodhau.

4) samuccaya aggregation; as pacati ca paṭhati ca). च (ca) is frequently repeated with two assertions (1) in the sense of 'on the one hand-on the other hand', 'though-yet', to denote antithesis; न सुलभा सफलेन्दुमुखी च सा किमपि चेद- मनङ्गविचेष्टितम् (na sulabhā saphalendumukhī ca sā kimapi ceda- manaṅgaviceṣṭitam) V.2.9;4.3; R.16.7; or (2) to express simultaneous or undelayed occurrence of two events (no sooner than, as soon as); ते च प्रापुरुदन्वन्तं बुबुधे चादि- पूरुषः (te ca prāpurudanvantaṃ bubudhe cādi- pūruṣaḥ) R.1.6;3.4;11.5,81; Ku.3.58,66; Ś 6.7; Māl.9.39.

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Ca (च).—1 P. (camati, cānta)

1) To drink, sip, drink off; चचाम मधु माध्वीकं (cacāma madhu mādhvīkaṃ) Bk.14.94.

2) To eat. ... मांसं चेमुर्जगुः पपुः (māṃsaṃ cemurjaguḥ papuḥ) | Bk.14.53.

Derivable forms: cam (चम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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