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Upaya, aka: Upāya, Ūpāya, Upāyā; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Upaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Śaivism (Śaiva philosophy)

Upāyas: Means. The soul needs the means to get rid of the Malas, obtain Anugraha or Grace of Siva and gain an entry into the Universal Siva Consciousness from the state of limited individual consciousness. Spiritual discipline is the centerpiece of this effort. It is also called Avesa (absorption in Siva). Abhi is of the opinion that an individual to should try and use Sambhavopaya the highest means first for realizing God Consciousness. Barring its success, one should proceed to the next best and so on. This list I have given goes from the lowest to the highest with Anupaya being in the epicenter of God realization. This entry is Samvesa.

There are four upayas or means: There are actually four entities that one can meditate on: the individual Body, the evolutes of Sakti, Siva Himself and Null means. They are respectively

  1. Anavopaya,
  2. Saktopaya,
  3. Sambhovopaya,
  4. Anupaya.

Progression from the first to the third is pAramparika.

Source: bhagavadgitausa.com: Kashmir Saivism

about this context:

Śaiva (शैव, shaiva) or Śaivism (shaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Śiva as the supreme being. Closeley related to Śāktism, Śaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Purāṇa

1) Upaya (उपय).—Śveta Parāśara group.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 201. 36.

2) Upāyā (उपाया).—Seven in number: sāma, bheda, daṇḍa, dāna, upekṣā, māyā and indrajāla Acts done with upāyās become fruitful.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 222. 1-3; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 158.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Upaya (उपय) has been defined by Charaka as vidhi or methodology of chikitsa is Upaya. In the context of dashavidha-parikshya-bhavas Charaka has defined upaya in context of supremacy of bhishak. Dictionary meanings of Upaya are excellence, goodness, suppleness or extreme skilfulness.

Upaya is excellence of physician and pharmacist etc. and their proper arrangement, it is characterized by (physicians etc.). endowed with their respective qualities and proper application of the therapy along with (the consideration) of place, time, dose, suitability, processing etc. which are the factors leading to success.

Source: Shodhganga: Ayurveda siddhanta evam darshana

Upāyas are stratagems for worldly success and achieving one’s goals or self-initiated methods for attaining Liberation recommended by the Scriptures such as Bhakti, Jñana and Karma Yoga, pilgrimages, austerities, and other spiritual practices.

Source: Red Zambala: On the Salvific Activities of God

In Buddhism

Pali

Upāya, (fr. upa + i, cp. upaya) approach; fig. way, means, expedient, stratagem S. III, 53 sq. , 58; D. III, 220 (°kosalla); Sn. 321 (°ññū); J. I, 256; Nd2 570 (for upaya); PvA. 20, 31, 39, 45, 104, 161; Sdhp. 10, 12. 350, 385.—Cases adverbially; Instr. upāyena by artifice or means of a trick PvA. 93; yena kenaci u. PvA. 113.—Abl. upāyaso by some means, somehow J. III, 443; V, 401 (= upāyena C.). ‹-› anupāya wrong means J. I, 256; Sdhp. 405; without going near, without having a propensity for S. I, 181; M. III, 25.

—kusala clever in resource J. I, 98; Nett 20; SnA 274. (Page 149)

— or —

Upaya, (fr. upa + i, cp. upāya) approach, undertaking, taking up; clinging to, attachment, only as adj. (-°) in an° (anûpaya metri causā) not going near, aloof, unattached S. I, 141, 181; II, 284; Sn. 786, 787, 897 (cp. SnA 558); and in rūpûpaya (vv. ll. rūpupaya & rūpupāya) “clinging to form” (etc.) S. III, 53 = Nd1 25 = Nd2 570 (+ rup’ārammaṇa). (Page 145)

— or —

Ūpāya, at DhA. II, 93 stands for upāya. (Page 158)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

upaya : (m.) attachment. || upāya (m.), way; means; resource.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

Search found 21 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Upaya Sutta
Upāya, (fr. upa + i, cp. upaya) approach; fig. way, means, expedient, stratagem S. III, 53 sq....
Shambhava Upaya
Sambhavopaya = Śāmbhava Upāya. (the means or path of Sambhava or SamAvesa = Immersion of ind...
Vajrayana
According to Vajrayāna Prajñā and Upāya reside within the body of sentient being. Upāya resi...
Paramita
Pāramitā, (f.) (pāramī+tā)=pāramī Nett 87. (Page 454)
Anupaya
Anupāya (अनुपाय) refers to a category of dhāraṇās according to the Śaivāgamas. The term dhāraṇā...
Dharma
Dharma (धर्म).—What is meant by the true religion (dharma)? Non violence, non-pride (mārdava) e...
Sankhara
Saṅkhāra, (fr. saṃ+kṛ, not Vedic, but as saṃskāra Epic & Class. Sk. meaning “preparation” and “...
Dharana
Dhāraṇā (धारणा, “yoga practices”).—In Patañjali, the word dhāraṇā is used in a somewhat limited...
Kalacakra
Kālacakra (कालचक्र) refers to a weapon (“wheel of time”, “cycle”). I...
Bheda
Bheda (भेद).—One of the twelve elements of the ‘introduction segment’ (mukhasandhi);—(Descripti...
Naya
Naya (नय).—The son of Gaya, who was the son of Ananta, according to the Varāhapurāṇa c...
Kosalla
Kosalla, (nt.) (der. fr. kusala) proficiency. There are 3 kinds mentioned at D. III, 220, Vbh. ...
Shravaka
In the śrāvaka system, the Buddha, by the power of his skillful means (upāya), pretends to a...
Aushadhi
Aushadhi, literally, “plants,” also rendered oshadhi, from osha, “light-be...
Bhara
Bhāra (भार).—A measure of weight.** Matsya-purāṇa 82. 5; 85. 2.

Relevant text

Search found 105 books containing Upaya, Upāya, Ūpāya or Upāyā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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