Sha, aka: Śa, Śā; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śa and Śā can be transliterated into English as Sa or Sha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyākaraṇa (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Śā (शा).—Conjugational sign(विकरण (vikaraṇa)) applied to the roots of the sixth conjugation (तुदादिगण (tudādigaṇa)) in all conjugational tenses and moods (i. e. the present, the imperfect,the imperative and the potential) before the personal-endings; cf. तुदादिभ्यः शः (tudādibhyaḥ śaḥ), P. III.1.77; this sign श (śa) (अ) has got the initial consonant श् (ś) as an indicatory one, and hence this अ (a) is a Sarvadhatuka affix, but, it is weak and does not cause गुण (guṇa) for the preceding vowel;

2) Śā.—tad. affix श (śa) in the sense of possession applied to the words लोमन् (loman) and others; e. g. लोमशः, रोमशः (lomaśaḥ, romaśaḥ) cf. P.V.2. 100;

3) Śā.—Krt affix (अ) applied to the roots पा, घ्रा, ध्मा, धे (, ghrā, dhmā, dhe) and दृश् (dṛś) when preceded by a prefix, to the roots लिम्प्, विन्द् (limp, vind) etc.not preceded by a prefix, and optionaily to दा () and धा (dhā) of the third conjugation in the sense of 'an agent'; e.g. उत्पिबः, उत्पश्यः, लिम्पः, विन्दः ददः, दायः (utpibaḥ, utpaśyaḥ, limpaḥ, vindaḥ dadaḥ, dāyaḥ); cf. P.III.1.137-139.

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1) Ṣa (ष).—Consonant ष् (), the vowel अ (a) being added for facility of pronunciation;

2) Ṣa.—Compound-ending अ (a), substituted for the final of the word मूर्धन् (mūrdhan) at the end of a Bahuvrihi compound when the word मूर्धन् (mūrdhan) is preceded by द्वि (dvi) or त्रि (tri) e. g. द्विमूर्धः, त्रिमूर्धः (dvimūrdhaḥ, trimūrdhaḥ) cf. द्वित्रिभ्यां ष मूर्ध्नः (dvitribhyāṃ ṣa mūrdhnaḥ) P. V. 4.115

3) Ṣa.—A technical term for तत्पुरुषसमास (tatpuruṣasamāsa) in the Jainendra Vyakarana.

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1) Sa (स).—Short term for समास (samāsa) used by ancient grammarians ; the term is found used in the Jainendra Vyakarana also ; cf. ति्त्रक्का-रकाणां प्राक् सुवुप्तत्तेः कृद्भिः सविधिः (ti्trakkā-rakāṇāṃ prāk suvuptatteḥ kṛdbhiḥ savidhiḥ) Jain.. Pari. 100; cf. also राजा (rājā)sसे (se) ;

2) Sa.—Unadi affix स (sa) placed after the roots वॄ, तॄ, वद्, हन् (vṝ, tṝ, vad, han) and others; cf.Unadi-Sutras 342-349;

3) Sa.—tad. affix स (sa) in the quadruple senses (चातुरर्थिक (cāturarthika)) applied to the words तृण (tṛṇa) and others. e.g. तृणसः (tṛṇasaḥ); cf. P. IV.2.80;

4) Sa.—tad. affix स (sa) applied to the word मृद् (mṛd) when praise is intended e. g. मृत्सा, मृत्स्नाः (mṛtsā, mṛtsnāḥ); also cf. P. V. 4.41;

5) Sa.—Substitute for the preposition सम् (sam) before the words हित (hita) and तत (tata); cf. समो हितततयोर्वा लोपः (samo hitatatayorvā lopaḥ) M. Bh. on P. VI.1.144 Vart. I.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyākaraṇa (व्याकरण, vyakarana) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedāṅga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyākaraṇa concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

śa (श).—The thirtieth consonant and the first of the three sibilants. It is termed the palatal sibilant. It corresponds nearly with Sh in Shun.

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ṣa (ष).—The thirty-first consonant, and the second of the three sibilants. The sound is that of Sh but fuller or more prolonged. It must be acquired by the ear.

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sa (स).—The thirty-second consonant. It corresponds with S.

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sa (स).—m (The initial letter of sōdā) A covert term for a Scamp, scrub, or scurvy fellow.

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sa (स).—A preposition or inseparable prefix, signifying With, together with, along with; as sakāma, saguṇa, sadōṣa, saṭīka, saputra, sakuṭumba, sajala, sakampa, sadaya, sakapaṭa, sākāṅkṣa, sākāra, sādara, sāṅga, and innumerable others of which only the best established or the most useful will be inserted. sa will also be found prefixed to words not Sanskrit; as sakasa, sakaṇa, sakuḍī.

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sā (सा).—a (Or sahā. From ṣaṣ S) Six.

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sā (सा).—Abridged from asā Such, similar, like, and much used as affixed to adjectives and verbs, and, occasionally, to other of the parts of speech; as barāsā, mōṭhāsā, gōḍasā, and jāīsā, dēīsā, yēīsā. When attached to nouns some particularity arises; as āja malā nidrāśī vāṭalī-jēvaṇasēṃ vāṭalēṃ-upōṣaṇasēṃ vāṭalēṃ I feel I have had some sleep to-day -have made a meal -have fasted. Also pāūsasā vāṭalā, vārāsā vāṭalā, ūnhasēṃ vāṭalēṃ &c.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sa (स).—or- n An end; a snag.

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sa (स).—or - m f nāmōśī f Disrepute, dis- honour, bad name.

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sa (स).—or- ad On the back, pickback -carrying, sitting &c.

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sa (स).—or- m A battle-axe.

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sā (सा).—or- a phōpā a Bloated, puffed, flabby.

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sā (सा).—f - m A raised place of earth behind a stove.

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śa (श).—The thirtieth consonant.

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ṣa (ष).—The thirty-first consonant.

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sa (स).—The 32nd consonant. A prefix signi- fying With, &c.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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