Sadharana, Sādhāraṇa: 29 definitions
Sadharana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Sadharan.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण, “overlapping”).—One of the four classes of mūrchāna (melody).—The sādhāraṇa-mūrchānas include the “overlapping notes” or is combined with the kākalī notes or the intermediate notes (antarasvara), and this belongs to both the grāmas (Ṣaḍja and Madhyama). It is also known as sādhāraṇakṛta.
The overlapping (sādhāraṇa) means the quality of a noce rising between two consecutive notes in a grāma. Why? The thing which exists between the two similar things, partly merging into each other is overlapping (sādhāraṇa), e.g., the transition of a season.
There are two kinds of overlapping:
- svara-sādhāraṇa (overlapping in notes),
- jāti-sādhāraṇa (overlapping in jātis).
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) is an alternative name for Sāmānya, which refers to a “heroine of good character” and represents one of the three kinds of “heroines” (nāyikā) in a dramatic representation, according to the Abhinaya-sara-samputa, as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—In the depiction of any mood or sentiment, a dance performance or a dramatic representation takes the medium of the hero (nāyaka) and the heroine (nāyikā). The nāyikās (heroines) are generally classified into three types [viz., Sādhāraṇa or Sāmānya].
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) refers to the forty-fourth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who is born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘sadharana’ has love for wandering here and there, is talented in writing, has discrimination or prudence, is given to anger, is pure and is detached or free from worldly pleasures.
According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year sadharana (2030-2031 AD) will be versed in various branches of learning and will possess a sound understanding.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण).—Common, conveying a common notion; cf. साधारणान्युत्तराणि षट् दिवश्चादित्यस्य च (sādhāraṇānyuttarāṇi ṣaṭ divaścādityasya ca) Nir II. 13.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) refers to “universal” (applicable to all humours), mentioned in verse 3.44 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] as the (humours and the gastric fire) irritate one another this way, one shall turn to all (substances) that (are) applicable to all humours [viz., sādhāraṇa] and promotive of the (gastric) fire [...]”.
Note: Sādhāraṇa (“universal, applicable to all humours”) and rendered freely by “dro-źiṅ me-yi stobs (b)skyed-pa”—“being warm and producing strength of the (gastric) fire”—mi (for me) in C is a xylographical error.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण, “mixed”) or Sādhāraṇadeśa refers to “mixed land” and represents one of the three classifications of “land” (deśa), as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “where the characteristics of both, i.e. wet [anūpa] and dry [jāṅgala] lands are noticed, that land is called common or mixed land [sādhāraṇa-deśa]. Wheat, barley and Maiza (Phaseolus mungo Linn.) are usual crops and grow in abundance. This land is pleasant for all types of living beings. The vitiation of pitta-doṣas here, is of a mild nature. Their aggravation always takes a soothing turn”.Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) refers to a classification of the terrestial type of water (jala) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Different types of water (jala) and their properties are mentioned here [viz., in jala-prakaraṇa]. The water is classified into two as celestial and terrestrial ones. Terrestrial waters are classified into three [viz., other varieties (sādhāraṇa)].
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Ancient Science of Life: Critical Review of Rasaratna Samuccaya
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) or Sādhāraṇarasa refers to “eight metals which are considered slightly inferior to uparasa in processing mercury”, and mentioned in the Rasaratnasamuccaya: a 13th century C.E. alchemical treatise, authored by Vāgbhaṭa, is a useful compilation related to preparation and properties of drugs of mineral and metallic origin.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition
1) Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) refers to a “ordinary ācamana”, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—After applying Tilaka (clay markings), one should perform ācamana. Vaiṣṇava ācamana is of two kinds: ordinary (sādhāraṇa) and specific (viśeṣa). before performing any devotional activity, ordinary ācamana will suffice. However, at the time of bathing the deity or at the time of pūjā, viśeṣa-ācamana is to be performed. [...] In a situation where one is unable to perform viśeṣa-ācamana, ordinary ācamana will suffice.
2) Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) is the forty-fourth of sixty years (saṃvatsara) in the Vedic lunar calendar according to the Arcana-dīpikā by Vāmana Mahārāja (cf. Appendix).—Accordingl, There are sixty different names for each year in the Vedic lunar calendar, which begins on the new moon day (Amāvasyā) after the appearance day of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu (Gaura-pūrṇimā), in February or March. The Vedic year [viz., Sādhāraṇa], therefore, does not correspond exactly with the Christian solar calendar year.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama
sadharana means treating or dealing with
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) refers to “plants having many souls in one body” and represents an attribute of certain sthāvara-jīvas (“immovable living things”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] the immovable jīvas [viz., sthāvara] having one sense are: earth, water, fire, air, and plants. The first four of these may be either fine (sūkṣma) or gross, (bādara). Plants are of two kinds: those that have one soul in one body (pratyeka) and those that have many souls in one body (sādhāraṇa); and those that have many souls in one body are also of two kinds, fine and gross”.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) or Sādhāraṇaśarīra refers to the “common body” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by common body (sādhāraṇa) body-making karmas? The rise of these karmas causes many living beings to have one common body to share is called common body-making karma.
The opposite-pair of the sādhāraṇa-śarīra (common body) is the pratyeka-śarīra (individual body).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Sādhāraṇa.—(IA 20), used in the sense of laukika. Note: sādhāraṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
sādhāraṇa : (adj.) common; general.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Sādhāraṇa, (adj.) general, common, joint Vin. II, 258; III, 35; Th. 2, 505; J. I, 202, 302; IV, 7 (pañca°-bhāva 5 fold connection); Nett 49 sq.; PvA. 122, 194, 265. a° J. I, 78; DA. I, 71. (Page 703)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
sādhāraṇa (साधारण).—a (S) Common, general, generic, belonging to all or many, not particular, peculiar, or specific. 2 Middling, indifferent, ordinary, of the common sort. 3 as s n A common rule or precept; a rule &c. applicable to many persons or matters. 4 Specific or generic character; character common to all the individuals of a species, to all the species of a genus, to all the genera of an order &c.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
sādhāraṇa (साधारण).—a Common. Ordinary. n Specific or generic character.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण).—a. (-ṇā or -ṇī f.)
1) Common (to two or more), joint; साधारणोऽयं प्रणयः (sādhāraṇo'yaṃ praṇayaḥ) Ś.3; साधारणो भूषणभूष्यभावः (sādhāraṇo bhūṣaṇabhūṣyabhāvaḥ) Ku.1.42; R.16.5; V.2.16.
2) Ordinary, common; साधारणी न खलु बाधा भवस्य (sādhāraṇī na khalu bādhā bhavasya) Aśvad.1.
3) General, universal; यत्सप्तान्नानि मेधया तपसाजनयत् पिता । एकमस्य साधारणम् (yatsaptānnāni medhayā tapasājanayat pitā | ekamasya sādhāraṇam) Bri. Up.1.5.1.
4) Mingled, mixed with, in common with; उत्कण्ठासाधारणं परितोषमनुभवामि (utkaṇṭhāsādhāraṇaṃ paritoṣamanubhavāmi) Ś.4; वीज्यते स हि संसुप्तः श्वाससाधारणानिलैः (vījyate sa hi saṃsuptaḥ śvāsasādhāraṇānilaiḥ) Ku.2.42.
5) Equal, similar, like.
6) (In logic) Belonging to more than one instance alleged, one of the three divisions of the fallacy called अनैकान्तिक (anaikāntika) q. v.
7) Occupying a middle position, mean.
-ṇam 1 A common or general rule, a rule or precept generally applicable.
2) A generic property.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇaḥ-ṇā or ṇī-ṇaṃ) 1. Like, similar. 2. Common, belonging to all or many. 3. Generic. n.
(-ṇaṃ) 1. A common rule or precept, one applicable to many persons or things. 2. A specific or generic character, one common to all the individuals of a species, or all the species of a genus, &c. f. (-ṇī) A small bolt or bar. E. sa for saha with, dhāraṇa having, aff. aṇ or ṣyañ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण).—i. e. sa-dhāra- ṇa + a, adj. 1. Belonging to many, common, Bhāṣāp. 71; equal, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 34. 2. Like, similar, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 85, 10.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण).—[feminine] ī & ā common to or with ([genetive], [dative], [instrumental] ±saha, or —°); general, universal; equal, like, similar ([instrumental] or —°). [neuter] community, common cause. — Abstr. tā† [feminine], tva† [neuter]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[nyāya] by Gadādhara q. v.
2) Sādhāraṇa (साधारण):—[nyāya] by Gadādhara. Cs 3, 474 (Sādhāraṇādibādhānta). 510 (inc.). Hz. 1248.
—by Jagadīśa. Cs 3, 475 ([fragmentary]).
1) Sādhāraṇa (साधारण):—[from sādhāra] mf(ī or ā)n. ‘having or resting on the same support or basis’, belonging or applicable to many or all, general, common to all, universal, common to ([genitive case] [dative case] [instrumental case] with and without saha, or [compound]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
2) [v.s. ...] like, equal or similar to ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Harivaṃśa; Kālidāsa]
3) [v.s. ...] behaving alike, [Dhūrtasamāgama]
4) [v.s. ...] having something of two opposite properties, occupying a middle position, mean (between two extremes e.g. ‘neither too dry nor too wet’, ‘neither too cool nor too hot’), [Suśruta; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
5) [v.s. ...] (in logic) belonging to more than the one instance alleged (one of the three divisions of the fallacy called anaikāntika q.v.)
6) [v.s. ...] generic, [Horace H. Wilson]
7) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the 44th (or 18th) year of Jupiter’s cycle of 60 years, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
8) [from sādhāra] m. or n. (?) Name of a Nyāya [work] by Gāda-dhara
9) [v.s. ...] n. something in common, a league or alliance with ([compound]), [Subhāṣitāvali]
10) [v.s. ...] a common rule or one generally applicable, [Horace H. Wilson]
11) [v.s. ...] a generic property, a character common to all the individuals of a species or to all the species of a genus etc., [ib.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a.] Like; common; generic. n. Common rule; generic character. f. (ī) Small bolt or bar.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) [Also spelled sadharan]:—(a) ordinary; simple; common, commonplace; usual, moderate; —[kārāvāsa/kada] simple imprisonment; —[dharma] common characteristic; universal duty; hence ~[tā] (nf); —[vākya] a simple sentence.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Sādhāraṇā (साधारणा) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃdhāraṇā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] belonging or relating to the community at large; public; common.
2) [adjective] most common; not special; usual; general.
3) [adjective] of, for or applying to a whole genus, kind, class order or race; general.
4) [adjective] not exclusive; mixed with; mingled.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] the condition or quality of being general or applicable to all; generality.
2) [noun] a rule, regulation, pattern of behaviour, etc. that is applicable to or found in all.
3) [noun] the quality of being common, not special.
4) [noun] a particular characteristic, quality that is common to a class, group, etc.
5) [noun] name of the fortyfourth year in the Hindu cycle of sixty years.
6) [noun] a tract of land that is covered with water or is characterised by wet soil and aquatic, grass-like vegetation; a boggy land.
7) [noun] (Dvaita phil.) one of the ten different divine forms of Viṣṇu, only which can be perceived, imagined by the ordinary people.
8) [noun] (jain.) one of the sixteen types of karma (the deeds of a being that bind it variously).
9) [noun] an ordinary, common man.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+9): Sadharanabhumi, Sadharanadesha, Sadharanadeva, Sadharanadhana, Sadharanadharma, Sadharanadharmma, Sadharanadosha, Sadharanagrantha, Sadharanahetu, Sadharanakarma, Sadharanakroda, Sadharanam, Sadharananyasa, Sadharanapaksha, Sadharanaprayashcittasamgraha, Sadharanapurvapaksharahasya, Sadharanarahasya, Sadharanarasa, Sadharanasadharananirukti, Sadharanasadharananupasamharivirodhagrantha.
Ends with (+3): Ananyasadharana, Anekasadharana, Anitarasadharana, Anyasadharana, Apamarasadharana, Asadharana, Bahusadharana, Jatisadharana, Keshadharana, Lokasadharana, Pushpasadharana, Rasadharana, Rudrakshadharana, Rupasadharana, Sabbacitta Sadharana, Sarvasadharana, Sarvesadharana, Shvasadharana, Shvasaprashvasadharana, Sopadeshadharana.
Full-text (+94): Sadharanadesha, Sadharanastri, Asadharana, Sadharanatva, Sadharanadharma, Anyasadharana, Sadharanata, Sadharanadhana, Sadharanapaksha, Lokasadharana, Sarvasadharana, Seven Universals, Sadharanarahasya, Sadharanavada, Sadharananyasa, Sarvasadharanaprayoga, Sandharana, Sadharanaprayashcittasamgraha, Sadharanapurvapaksharahasya, Sadharanavratapratishthaprayoga.
Search found 31 books and stories containing Sadharana, Sādhāraṇa, Sādhāraṇā; (plurals include: Sadharanas, Sādhāraṇas, Sādhāraṇās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 2: Minerals (uparasa) (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 2 - Purification of sadharana uparasas (i.e. from kampilla to bhunaga) < [Chapter XVI - Uparasa (17): Kampilla]
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.2.63 < [Part 2 - Affection and Service (dāsya-rasa)]
Verse 3.1.22 < [Part 1 - Neutral Love of God (śānta-rasa)]
Verse 3.3.96 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas (by Sujin Boriharnwanaket)
Appendix 2 - To Cetasika < [Appendix]
Chapter 22 - Sobhana And Asobhana < [Part 2 - Citta]
Appendix 1 - To Citta < [Appendix]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 1 - The community of the five (pañcasādhāraṇa) < [Chapter XIX - The Characteristics of Generosity]
Dasarupaka (critical study) (by Anuru Ranjan Mishra)