Sadharana, aka: Sādhāraṇa; 15 Definition(s)


Sadharana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Sādhāraṇa (साधारण, “overlapping”).—One of the four classes of mūrchāna (melody).—The sādhāraṇa-mūrchānas include the “overlapping notes” or is combined with the kākalī notes or the intermediate notes (antarasvara), and this belongs to both the grāmas (Ṣaḍja and Madhyama). It is also known as sādhāraṇakṛta.

The overlapping (sādhāraṇa) means the quality of a noce rising between two consecutive notes in a grāma. Why? The thing which exists between the two similar things, partly merging into each other is overlapping (sādhāraṇa), e.g., the transition of a season.

There are two kinds of overlapping:

  1. svara-sādhāraṇa (overlapping in notes),
  2. jāti-sādhāraṇa (overlapping in jātis).
Source: Natya Shastra

Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) is an alternative name for Sāmānya, which refers to a “heroine of good character” and represents one of the three kinds of “heroines” (nāyikā) in a dramatic representation, according to the Abhinaya-sara-samputa, as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—In the depiction of any mood or sentiment, a dance performance or a dramatic representation takes the medium of the hero (nāyaka) and the heroine (nāyikā). The nāyikās (heroines) are generally classified into three types [viz., Sādhāraṇa or Sāmānya].

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

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Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) refers to the forty-fourth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who is born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘sadharana’ has love for wandering here and there, is talented in writing, has discrimination or prudence, is given to anger, is pure and is detached or free from worldly pleasures.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year sadharana (2030-2031 AD) will be versed in various branches of learning and will possess a sound understanding.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

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Sādhāraṇa (साधारण).—Common, conveying a common notion; cf. साधारणान्युत्तराणि षट् दिवश्चादित्यस्य च (sādhāraṇānyuttarāṇi ṣaṭ divaścādityasya ca) Nir II. 13.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

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Sādhāraṇa (साधारण, “mixed”) or Sādhāraṇadeśa refers to “mixed land” and represents one of the three classifications of “land” (deśa), as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “where the characteristics of both, i.e. wet [anūpa] and dry [jāṅgala] lands are noticed, that land is called common or mixed land [sādhāraṇa-deśa]. Wheat, barley and Maiza (Phaseolus mungo Linn.) are usual crops and grow in abundance. This land is pleasant for all types of living beings. The vitiation of pitta-doṣas here, is of a mild nature. Their aggravation always takes a soothing turn”.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) refers to a classification of the terrestial type of water (jala) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Different types of water (jala) and their properties are mentioned here [viz., in jala-prakaraṇa]. The water is classified into two as celestial and terrestrial ones. Terrestrial waters are classified into three [viz., other varieties (sādhāraṇa)].

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

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sadharana means treating or dealing with

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Sādhāraṇa (साधारण) or Sādhāraṇaśarīra refers to the “common body” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by common body (sādhāraṇa) body-making karmas? The rise of these karmas causes many living beings to have one common body to share is called common body-making karma.

The opposite-pair of the sādhāraṇa-śarīra (common body) is the pratyeka-śarīra (individual body).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Sādhāraṇa.—(IA 20), used in the sense of laukika. Note: sādhāraṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

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sādhāraṇa : (adj.) common; general.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sādhāraṇa, (adj.) general, common, joint Vin. II, 258; III, 35; Th. 2, 505; J. I, 202, 302; IV, 7 (pañca°-bhāva 5 fold connection); Nett 49 sq.; PvA. 122, 194, 265. a° J. I, 78; DA. I, 71. (Page 703)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

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sādhāraṇa (साधारण).—a (S) Common, general, generic, belonging to all or many, not particular, peculiar, or specific. 2 Middling, indifferent, ordinary, of the common sort. 3 as s n A common rule or precept; a rule &c. applicable to many persons or matters. 4 Specific or generic character; character common to all the individuals of a species, to all the species of a genus, to all the genera of an order &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sādhāraṇa (साधारण).—a Common. Ordinary. n Specific or generic character.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

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Sādhāraṇa (साधारण).—a. (-ṇā or -ṇī f.)

1) Common (to two or more), joint; साधारणोऽयं प्रणयः (sādhāraṇo'yaṃ praṇayaḥ) Ś.3; साधारणो भूषणभूष्यभावः (sādhāraṇo bhūṣaṇabhūṣyabhāvaḥ) Ku.1.42; R.16.5; V.2.16.

2) Ordinary, common; साधारणी न खलु बाधा भवस्य (sādhāraṇī na khalu bādhā bhavasya) Aśvad.1.

3) General, universal; यत्सप्तान्नानि मेधया तपसाजनयत् पिता । एकमस्य साधारणम् (yatsaptānnāni medhayā tapasājanayat pitā | ekamasya sādhāraṇam) Bri. Up.1.5.1.

4) Mingled, mixed with, in common with; उत्कण्ठासाधारणं परितोषमनुभवामि (utkaṇṭhāsādhāraṇaṃ paritoṣamanubhavāmi) Ś.4; वीज्यते स हि संसुप्तः श्वाससाधारणानिलैः (vījyate sa hi saṃsuptaḥ śvāsasādhāraṇānilaiḥ) Ku.2.42.

5) Equal, similar, like.

6) (In logic) Belonging to more than one instance alleged, one of the three divisions of the fallacy called अनैकान्तिक (anaikāntika) q. v.

7) Occupying a middle position, mean.

-ṇam 1 A common or general rule, a rule or precept generally applicable.

2) A generic property.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sādhāraṇa (साधारण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā or ṇī-ṇaṃ) 1. Like, similar. 2. Common, belonging to all or many. 3. Generic. n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. A common rule or precept, one applicable to many persons or things. 2. A specific or generic character, one common to all the individuals of a species, or all the species of a genus, &c. f. (-ṇī) A small bolt or bar. E. sa for saha with, dhāraṇa having, aff. aṇ or ṣyañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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