Sadyas, Sadya, Sādya, Sadyash: 25 definitions


Sadyas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sadya (सद्य) is used as an epithet for Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to you, O lord, who can kill at a distance, in front, to one who has a bow, a trident, a mace and a ploughshare. Obeisance to the wielder of many weapons, to the destroyer of Daityas and Dānavas, to Sadya, Sadyarūpa and Sadyojāta”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sadya (सद्य).—The 9th kalpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 290. 5.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Sadya (सद्य):—[sadyaḥ] Instant, immediate.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Sadyas (सद्यस्) means “immediate”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the solar disc should be crossed by the rainbow the princes of the land will be at war with one another. If in winter the disc be clear there will be immediate [i.e., sadyas] rain. If in Varṣā the colour of the sun be that of the flower Śirīṣa there will be immediate rain; if the colour be that of the peacock’s plume there will be no rain for twelve years to come”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sadya (सद्य) refers to one of the male servants associated with Pūrṇagiri, one of the sacred seats (pīṭha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Nine of the twelve female servants (three in each of the first four seats), are low-caste women who we find, in other contexts, embody the Mothers (mātṛkā). The maids (cellakā) are Yoginīs and the servants their male counterparts [i.e., Sadya]. These replace the spiritual ‘sons’ and ‘daughters’ the goddess generates and the guardians she appoints in the sacred seats listed in the ‘Kubjikāmatatantra’.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Sannyasa Upanishad

Sadyas (सद्यस्) or Sadyomukti refers to “direct (instant) liberation”, according to the commentary on the Kuṇḍika-upaniṣad verse 28.—The worshippers of the pure, resplendent Brahman (śabala-brahma) enter the world of Brahma (brahmaloka), that is, the sphere of Hiraṇyagarbha, along the path of the Sun (sūryamārga, or uttarāyaṇa-mārga) by exiting from the crown of the head (brahma-randhra) through the suṣumṇā canal; and there they are engaged in their quest for the attributeless Brahman till the end of the kalpa (till pralaya, or great dissolution, takes place). Having lived there till such time, they ultimately merge with Brahman on the attenuation of their subtle desires and attractions (vāsanā-kṣaya). Thereafter they never return to the plane of relative existence. This is the gradual liberation (krama-mukti) attained by the knowers of Brahman with attributes (saviśeṣa brahmajñānī). On the other hand, the knowers of the attributeless, absolute Brahman (nirviśeṣa brahmajñānī) will attain direct, instant liberation (sadyas-mukti), here and now (ihaiva).

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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

1) Sadyas (सद्यस्) refers to “instant (proof)”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Even] without [other] yoga texts and the various opinions of gurus, Listen: this is self-realization [which] generates instant proof (sadyaḥ-pratyaya) [of its own effectiveness]. Always avoid the [yoga] with form, mind and effort. Always adopt the [yoga] with no form, no mind and no effort. [...]”.

2) Sadyas (सद्यस्) refers to an “immediate (cause)” (of paranormal powers), according to the Kaulajñānanirṇaya 14.82-84.—Accordingly: [The goddess said]: “[What is] the highest reality which is free from the multitude of mantras, Prāṇāyāma and meditation on Cakras, and is an immediate cause of paranormal powers (sadyas-siddhikara), has no interior and [yet] is in the body, and is the destroyer of doubt?”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Sādya (साद्य) refers to a “riding horse”.—Sādin in the Atharvaveda denotes the ‘rider’ of a horse as opposed to asāda, ‘pedestrian’. An aśvasādin, ‘horse-rider,’ is known to the Vājasaneyi Saṃhitā. The Taittirīya Brāhmaṇa and the Ṛgveda itself contain clear references to horse-riding, while the Aitareya Āraṇyaka refers to mounting a horse sideways. Āśvalāyana knows sādya as a ‘riding horse’ opposed to vahya, a ‘draught animal.’

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Sadya (सद्य) refers to “quickly” (falling asunder), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This world totters to the limit of the world of Brahmā with the fear of the beginning of a frown, and mountains immediately (sadya) fall asunder by force of [the fact that] the earth is overcome by the weight of the heavy feet, of those heroes who are all led to death by the king of time in [the space of] some days. Nevertheless, desire is intense only in a living being who is bereft of sense”.

Synonyms: Śīghra.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Saḍyā (सड्या).—a (saḍaṇēṃ) That is consuming and wasting away under some disorder. 2 Sloughing--a sore.

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sadyā (सद्या).—a (Properly sadyaska) Present, recent, modern, fresh, new.

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sadyā (सद्या) [or द्यां, dyāṃ].—ad (Properly sadyaḥ) At the present moment or time.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sadyas (सद्यस्).—ind.

1) To-day, the same day; गवादीनां पयोऽन्येद्युः सद्यो वा जायते दधि (gavādīnāṃ payo'nyedyuḥ sadyo vā jāyate dadhi); पापस्य हि फलं सद्यः (pāpasya hi phalaṃ sadyaḥ) Subhāṣ.

2) Instantly, forthwith, immediately, on a sudden; चकित- नतनताङ्गी सद्म सद्यो विवेश (cakita- natanatāṅgī sadma sadyo viveśa) Bv.2.32; Kumārasambhava 3.29; Meghadūta 16.

3) Quickly, promptly.

4) Recently, a short time back; as in सद्योहुताग्नीन् (sadyohutāgnīn) Ś.4.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sādya (साद्य).—a. New; मौलसाद्यसुभेदाभ्यां सारासारं पुनर्द्विधा (maulasādyasubhedābhyāṃ sārāsāraṃ punardvidhā) Śukra. 4.87.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sādya (साद्य).—adj. (?nt.; to Sanskrit sādayati, presses down, depresses, overcomes, etc.), probably heavy, weighed down, de- pressed (follows sārdram, wet): °yam Mahāvyutpatti 7484 = Tibetan ljid (lcid) gnon, oppressed (? oppressive) with weight; Chin. subdue or be subdued.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sadyas (सद्यस्).—Ind. 1. Instantly, momentarily, at the moment, in an instant. 2. To day. E. sa for sam the same, and dyas for ahan a day.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sadyas (सद्यस्).—i. e. sa-div + as (abl.gen. of div), adv. 1. To-day, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 90, 7. 2. Instantly, [Pañcatantra] 175, 1; in an instant, on a sudden, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 154.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sadyas (सद्यस्).—[adverb] on the same day, in one day, daily; immediately, recently, directly, at once, suddenly, quickly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sādya (साद्य).—[adjective] fit for riding; [masculine] riding-horse.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sadya (सद्य):—[from sad] 1. sadya n. in upari-, talpa-, sattra-s, qq.vv. (for 2. 3. See p. 1140, col. 1).

2) Sādya (साद्य):—[from sad] a mfn. ([from] sādin) fit for riding

3) [v.s. ...] m. a riding-horse, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) Sadya (सद्य):—[from sa-dyas] 2. sadya m. (for 1. See p. 1139, col. 1) a form of Śiva (= sadyo-jāta), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] 3. sadya in [compound] for sadyas.

6) Sādya (साद्य):—b See p. 1139, col. 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sadyas (सद्यस्):—[=sa-dyas] [from sa > sa-daṃśa] a etc. See sub voce

2) [=sa-dyas] b ind. ([from] 7. sa+dyu; cf. sadivas) on the same day, in the very moment (either ‘at once’, ‘immediately’ or ‘just’, ‘recently’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] daily, every day, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata]

4) Sadyaś (सद्यश्):—[from sa-dyas] in [compound] for sadyas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sadyas (सद्यस्):—adv. Instantly.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sadyas (सद्यस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sajja, Sajjaṃ.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sadyas in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sadya (सद्य) [Also spelled sady]:—[=सद्य:] (adv) at once, immediately; just, recently; ~[kṛta] just performed/done; ~[prasūta] just born; newly born; ~[snāta] just-bathed; ~[snātā] (a lady who has) just-bathed.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saḍya (ಸಡ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] the quality of wicked fellow; wickedness.

2) [noun] the quality of a cunning fellow; cunningness.

3) [noun] lechery; lewdness.

4) [noun] the unrestrained tendency for gambling.

5) [noun] the quality of being mischeavous; mischievousness.

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Sadya (ಸದ್ಯ):—[noun] the present time.

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Sadya (ಸದ್ಯ):—

1) [independent] an indiclinable used in the adverbial sense of 'at the momenṭ, 'currently', 'at presenṭ.clause2) [independent] another indiclinable meaning 'at least now', 'at lasṭ, etc.clause

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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