Manangula, Mānāṅgula, Mana-angula, Manamgula: 2 definitions



Manangula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

Mānāṅgula is a unit comprising of 8 barley grains or yavas. This measurement corresponds to the breadth (not the length) of the middle phalanx of one’s midle finger. This ‘personal’ unit multiplied by twelve would correspond to the length of the palm of the hand. It is also suggested that this unit will work very well as a mental measurement while reading the texts on proportion. It is believed that the use of a ‘personal’ aṅgula is the most appropriate way to read the texts, and by keeping it in mind one will also be able to measure for oneself the suggested dimensions.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Mānāṅgula (मानाङ्गुल) or simply Aṅgula refers to an “inch measure” and represents a type of absolute measurement, as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—In the Indian value of measurement of length there are two different kinds of units, namely, the absolute and the relative. Of these, the first is based on the length of certain natural objects, while the second is obtained from the length of a particular part or limb of the person whose measurement is under consideration. They have been specified by R. N. Mishra, in his text in volume 1 of Kalātattvakośa.

8 yavas make 1 uttama-mānāṅgula (superior inch measure). 7 yavas make 1 madhyama-mānāṅgula (middling inch measure). 6 yavas make 1 adhama-mānāṅgula (inferior inch measure). 24 aṅgulas or mānāṅgulas (inch measure) make 1 kiṣku (cubit). 25 mānāṅgulas make 1 prajapathya. 26 mānāṅgulas make 1 dhanurgraha (bowlength). 27 mānāṅgulas make 1 dhanurmuṣṭi (bowlength).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of manangula in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Mānāṅgula (मानाङ्गुल) refers to “finger (absolute unit of measurement) § 2.1.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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