Nirmana, aka: Nir-mana, Nirmāṇa, Nirmāna; 3 Definition(s)


Nirmana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Nirmāṇa (निर्माण, “metamorphosis”) refers to one of the ten comparisons (upamāna) according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 11 (also see chapter 28 part 4.9). These upamānas represent a quality of the Bodhisattvas, accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata. The accepted that dharmas are like a metamorphosis (nirmāṇa).

The fourteen minds of metamorphosis (nirmāṇacitta) accomplish eight kinds of nirmāṇa:

  1. reducing to the size of an atom (paramāṇu),
  2. enlarging to the point of filling up space (ākāśa).
  3. becoming as light as the feather of a crane (sārasaloman),
  4. exercising sovereignty (vaśitvakaraṇa) by growing bigger, shrinking, lengthening, narrowing, etc.,
  5. possessing the Indrabala, the power that surpasses that of humans,
  6. being far distant and coming close,
  7. making the earth shake (kampana),
  8. obtaining whatever one desires.

There are four other kinds of nirmāṇa: (1) In the realm of desire (kāmadhātu), substances (dravya) can be transformed by means of herbs (oṣadhi), precious objects (ratnadravya) and magical means; (2) beings endowed with the superknowledges (abhijñā) can transform substances by their magical power (ṛddhibala); (3) the devas, nāgas, asuras, etc., can transform substances by means of the power of retribution (vipākabala) of their previous lifetimes; (4) beings rewarded in a lifetime in the form realm (rūpadhātu) can transform substances by the power of concentration (samādhibala).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

nirmāṇa (निर्माण).—p S Created: also made, produced, effected gen.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirmāṇa (निर्माण).—p Created; made, produced.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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