Parimana, Parīmāṇa, Parimāṇa: 23 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Parimana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

Parimāṇa (one of the six types of measurement (māna)) is for instance the girth of the arm or of the thigh.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Parimāna (परिमान) refers to the “circumference of the icon” and represents a type of measurement, as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The measurements described in Sanskrit authorities are altogether of six kinds: māna (the proper height of the icon), pramāna (the breadth), unmāna (thickness), parimāṇa (the circumference), upamāna (the space between the limbs) and lambamāna (surface of the image).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Parimāṇa (परिमाण):—One of the “six iconographic measurements”, according to the Mānasāra (sanskrit literary treatise on vāstu-śāstra, or, ‘architectural science’). The measurement unit is used in the process of procuring/securing the height of the principal image and secondary images. Breadth, circumference, and other dimensions are derived from the height using rules of proportion.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Parimāṇa (परिमाण, “measurement” or “dimension”).—One of the ten Parādiguṇa, or, ‘10 pharmaceutical properties’.—It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. According to Caraka, these ten properties (guṇa) are the means to success in therapeutic treatment. Parimāṇa refers the defining of measurement, length, amount, weight, circumstances etc.

Source: Pitta Ayurveda: Samanya Guna

Parimana means size. It is related to terms or things of measurement, such as entity of length, breadth, height, area, large and small etc.

Source: Shodhganga: Ayurveda siddhanta evam darshana

Parimana-guna is explained as mana by Charaka. In the context of explaining principles of pharmaceutics much importance has been given to mana-paribhasha and has been discussed in detail which emphasises its importance. Chakrapani has explained as adhaka, tula etc tools of measurement. Gangadhara has explained five subtypes four similar to Charaka and fifth type as parimandala for which he quotes few references from Vaisheshika sutra but which can be included under mahat.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Parimāṇa (परिमाण):—[parimāṇam] See MATRA

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vaiśeṣika

Parimāṇa (परिमाण, “quantity”) is one of the seventeen guṇas (‘qualities’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These guṇas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings.

Vaisheshika book cover
context information

Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Parimāṇa (परिमाण).—A word used by Panini in तदस्य परिमाणम् (tadasya parimāṇam) V.1.19 and explained by Patanjali as सर्वतो मानम् (sarvato mānam) .Samkhya (number) is also said to be a parimana. Parimana is of two kinds-नियत (niyata) or definite as in the case of Khaari, drona etc; and अनियत (aniyata), as in the case of Gana, Samgha, PUga, Sartha, Sena etc. The term परिमाण (parimāṇa), in connection with the utterance of letters, is used in the sense of मात्राकाल (mātrākāla) or one mora.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Parimana in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Parimāṇa (परिमाण, “size”) or Parimāṇaguṇa refers to one of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) according to all the modern works on Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika.—Parimāṇa (dimenison) is the sixth quality (guṇa). It is a general quality. This quality can be perceived through two sense-organs, eye and skin.Praśastapāda gives the definition in his Bhāṣya that parimāṇa is the cause of measurement. According to Viśvanātha, the definition of parimāṇa is that which is the cause of the convention of measurement. Śivāditya defines parimāṇa is that which has the generality of dimensionness and which is the special cause of the common usage of measurement.

Parimāṇa is divided into four kinds:—

  1. aṇu (atomic),
  2. mahat (large),
  3. dīrgha (long),
  4. hrasva (short).

These reside in all the nine substances. Again parimāṇa can be nitya (eternal) and anitya (transitory). That parimāṇa is nitya (eternal) which subsist in eternal substances and that is anitya (transitory) which is in the non-eternal substances. The parimāṇa of ether, time, space and soul is all pervasive and is the largest. The parimāṇa of these substances is nitya, because these are eternal substances. The parimāṇa of atom and manas is atomic and eternal. The parimāṇa of the composite products like dyad, triad etc. are anitya. The transitory dimension is produced from number, dimension and accumulation (pracaya).

context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parimana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

parimāṇa : (nt.) measure; extent; limit. (adj.) (in cpds.)measuring; comprising; extending over.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Parimāṇa, (nt.) (of pari+) measure, extent, limit, as adj. (-°) measuring, extending over, comprising J. I, 45; SnA 1 (pariyatti°); PvA. 113 (yojana°), 102 (anekabhāra°).—neg. aparimāṇa without limit, immeasurable, very great Vin. II, 62, 70; S. V, 430; A. II, 182; KhA 248; DA. I, 288 (°vaṇṇa); PvA. 110, 129. (Page 431)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parimāṇa (परिमाण).—n (S) Measure, magnitude, quantity. 2 The rule or standard by which a thing is determined, adjusted, or proportioned. 3 A measure in general, whether of length, weight, or capacity, or of time; as a clock, an hour-glass. 4 S Measurement, ascertainment by measuring. 5 Magnitude or measure is distinguished into three orders; viz. aṇuparimāṇa or paramāṇuparimāṇa, mahatparimāṇa, paramamahatparimāṇa Magnitude of the molecule or corpuscle, i.e. measure in the infinitesimal or minimum; sensible magnitude from the measure of the molecule up to that of the earth or ocean; magnitude infinite or transcending measurement (e.g. that of ākāśa, vāyu, kāla, diśā, ātmā). 6 Used by translators to render Geometrical dimension.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

parimāṇa (परिमाण).—n parimitī f parimīta f Measure. Standard. Measure in general.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parimāṇa (परिमाण) or Parīmāṇa (परीमाण).—

1) Measuring, measure (of strength, power &c.); सद्यः परात्मपरिमाणविवेकमूढः (sadyaḥ parātmaparimāṇavivekamūḍhaḥ) Mu.1.1; Ku. 2.8; Ms.3.133; सदा पान्थः पूषा गगनपरिमाणं कलयति (sadā pānthaḥ pūṣā gaganaparimāṇaṃ kalayati) Bh.

2) Weight, number, value; प्रतिग्रहपरीमाणं (pratigrahaparīmāṇaṃ)...... शासनं कारयेत् स्थिरम् (śāsanaṃ kārayet sthiram) Y.1.32.

3) Size, dimension.

Derivable forms: parimāṇam (परिमाणम्), parīmāṇam (परीमाणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parimāṇa (परिमाण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Measure. 2. Measuring. 3. Weight, number, value. E. pari completely, and māṇa measuring. pari + mā-lyuṭ .

Parimāṇa can also be spelled as Parīmāṇa (परीमाण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parimāṇa (परिमाण).—parīmāṇa, i. e. pari-mā + ana, n. 1. Circumference, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 461. 2. Measure, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 1033. 3. Weight, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 84. 4. Length of time, Mahābhārata 3, 1407. 5. Number, Mahābhārata 11, 763.

Parimāṇa can also be spelled as Parīmāṇa (परीमाण).

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Parīmāṇa (परीमाण).—parīvarta parīvarta, parīvāda parīvāda, parīvāha parīvāha, parīhāra parīhāra, parīhāsa parīhāsa, see parimāº parimāº, etc., with i.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parimāṇa (परिमाण).—[neuter] measuring, measure, compass, size, number, value; [adjective] amounting to (—°).*

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Parīmāṇa (परीमाण).—[neuter] = parimāṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parimāṇa (परिमाण):—[=pari-māṇa] [from pari-mā] n. measuring, meting out, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Varāha-mihira]

2) [v.s. ...] (also -ka n., [Bhāṣāpariccheda]) measure of any kind e.g. circumference, length, size, weight, number, value, duration (ifc. ‘amounting to’ [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. cf. parīm)

3) Parīmāṇa (परीमाण):—[=parī-māṇa] [from parī] n. measure, circumference, size, weight, number, amount, [Mahābhārata; Yājñavalkya; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi] (cf. pari-m).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parimāṇa (परिमाण):—[pari-māṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Measure.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Parimāṇa (परिमाण):—(von mit pari) n.

1) das Messen [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 2, 23.] ambhasaḥ [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 23, 1. 3.] [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 27.] —

2) Umfang, Maass, Gewicht, Dauer, Anzahl, Betrag Kār. zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 19.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 89. 3, 4, 25, 180.] [Halāyudha 5, 15.] amimīta pari.āṇaṃ pṛthi.yāḥ [Ṛgveda 8, 42, 1.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 3, 13. 4, 3, 8. 22, 1, 16.] [Mahābhārata 1, 7868. 2, 431.] [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 2, 28.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 3, 46. 4, 1, 22. 5, 2, 39. 7, 3, 17. 26. 5, 2, 37, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 7.] adhva [6, 1, 79, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 3.] gagana [Spr. 461.] [Suśruta 1, 91, 17. 126, 2.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 52, 26. 58, 3. 67, 106. 69, 25.] [] zu [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad] [?S. 138. fg. Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 111. Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 54, 2.] prakṛti [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 9.] trasareṇavo ṣṭau vijñeyā likṣaikā parimāṇataḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 133.] pala [Pañcatantra II, 84.] [Prātiśākhya zur Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 11.] [Kapila 1, 131.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 15.] [KAṆĀDA 1, 6.] [TARKAS. 5.] akṣara [LĀṬY. 7, 9, 6.] asmābhiruṣitāḥ samyagvane māsāstrayodaśa . parimāṇena tānpaśya tāvataḥ parivatsarān .. [Mahābhārata 3, 1407.] kālasya parimāṇena labdhāhāraḥ [Harivaṃśa 1033.] svakāla [Kumārasaṃbhava 2, 8.] kāla [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 3, 15,] [Scholiast] vyādhimṛcchanti kalpāntaparimāṇam [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 14, 93.] jīvatāṃ parimāṇajña sainyānāmapi pāṇḍava . hatānāṃ yadi jānīṣe parimāṇaṃ vadasva me .. [Mahābhārata 11, 763. 13, 5229.] nānāpraharaṇānāṃ ca parimāṇaṃ na vidyate [Harivaṃśa 13745.] ślokānām [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 4, 11. 5, 72, 3.] saṃkhyā [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 41.] parimāṇaṃ (das Maass des Vergehens) viditvā ca daṇḍaṃ daṇḍyeṣu bhārata . praṇayeyuḥ [Mahābhārata 15, 197.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [] zu [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad] [S. 293.] parīmāṇa [Mahābhārata 1, 287. 294. 2, 1211. 6, 161. 12, 13019. 14, 525.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 262.] pratigrahaparīmāṇa der Betrag eines empfangenen Geschenks [1, 319.]

--- OR ---

Parīmāṇa (परीमाण):—s. u. parimāṇa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Parimāṇa (परिमाण):—n.

1) das Messen.

2) Maass , Umfang , Grösse , Gewicht , Dauer , Anzahl , Betrag. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā.

--- OR ---

Parīmāṇa (परीमाण):—n. = parimāṇa Maass , Umfang , Grösse ([Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 1,578,4]). Gewicht , Dauer , Anzahl , Betrag.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parimana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Parimāṇa (परिमाण) [Also spelled pariman]:—(nm) quantity; volume; ~[vācaka] quantitative; —[kī dṛṣṭi se] quantitatively.

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