Anusaya, aka: Anushaya, Anusāya; 7 Definition(s)


Anusaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Obsesssion; underlying tendency. (The etymology of this term means "lying down with"; in actual usage, the related verb (anuseti) means to be obsessed.) There are seven major obsessions to which the mind returns over and over again: obsession with sensual passion (kama raganusaya), with resistance (patighanusaya), with views (ditthanusaya), with uncertainty (vicikicchanusaya), with conceit (manusaya), with passion for becoming (bhava raganusaya), and with ignorance (avijjanusaya).(Source): Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

the 7 'proclivities', inclinations, or tendencies are: sensuous greed (kāma-rāga, s. samyojana), grudge (patigha), speculative opinion (ditthi), sceptical doubt (vicikicchā), conceit (māna), craving for continued existence (bhavarāga), ignorance (avijjā) (D.33; A.VII.11-12).

"These things are called 'proclivities' since, in consequence of their pertinacity, they ever and again tend to become the conditions for the arising of ever new sensuous greed, etc.'' (Vis.M. XXII, 60).

Yam. VII, first determines in which beings such and such proclivities exist, and which proclivities, and with regard to what, and in which sphere of existence. Thereafter it gives an explanation concerning their overcoming, their penetration, etc. Cf. Guide VI (vii).

According to Kath. several ancient Buddhist schools erroneously held the opinion that the anusayas, as such, meant merely latent, hence karmically neutral qualities, which however Contradicts the Theravāda conception. Cf. Guide V, 88, 108, 139.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

anusaya (‘Inclinations’).

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

The 'latent tendencies' or 'anusayas' is another group of defilements; In the Dhammasangani the latent tendencies have not been classified as a group.

There are seven anusayas:

  1. the latent tendency of lust for sense pleasure (kamaraganusaya)
  2. the latent tendency of aversion (patighanusaya)
  3. the latent tendency of conceit (mananusaya)
  4. the latent tendency of wrong view (ditthanusaya)
  5. the latent tendency of doubt (vicikicchanusaya)
  6. the latent tendency of lust for becoming (bhava-raganusaya)
  7. the latent tendency of ignorance (avijjanusaya)
(Source): Dhamma Study: Cetasikas
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

anusaya : (m.) proclivity; a dormant disposition.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Anusaya, (anu + śī, seti Sk. anuśaya has a diff. meaning) (see Kvu trsl. 234 n. 2 and Cpd. 172 n. 2). Bent, bias, proclivity, the persistance of a dormant or latent disposition, predisposition, tendency. Always in bad sense. In the oldest texts the word usually occurs absolutely, without mention of the cause or direction of the bias. So Sn. 14 = 369, 545; M. III, 31; S.III, 130, IV.33, V, 28 236; A. I.44; II, 157; III, 74, 246, 443. Or in the triplet obstinacy, prejudice and bias (adhiṭṭhānâbhinivesânusayā) S. II.17; III, 10, 135, 161; A.V, III, Occasionally a source of the bias is mentioned. Thus pride at S. I.188; II, 252 ff., 275; III, 80, 103, 169, 253; IV, 41, 197; A.I, 132, IV.70 doubt at M. I.486 — ignorance lust and hatred at S.IV, 205, M.III, 285. At D.III, 254, 282; S.V, 60; and A.IV, 9. we have a list of seven anusaya’s, the above five and delusion and craving for rebirth. Hence-forward these lists govern the connotation of the word; but it would be wrong to put that connotation back into the earlier passages. Later references are Ps.I, 26, 70 ff., 123, 130, 195; II, 36, 84, 94, 158; Pug.21; Vbh.340, 383, 356; Kvu 405 ff. Dpvs.I, 42. (Page 44)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

anuśaya (अनुशय).—m Repentance, remorse Anger. Hatred.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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