Anusaya, Anushaya, Anusāya: 24 definitions


Anusaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: The Great Chronicle of Buddhas

Anusaya (अनुसय) refers to the “latent tendencies (in individuals)”.—The anusayas are defilements that have not been eradicated by magga-ñāṇa and are liable to arise perceptibly whenever circumstances prevail. These anusayas are of seven kinds. They are called the elements of latent tendencies.

They are:

  1. Kāmarāga-anusaya, the seed element of greed,
  2. Bhavarāga-anusaya, the seed element of attachment to existence,
  3. Paṭigha-anusaya, the seed element of hatred,
  4. Māna-anusaya, the seed element of conceit,
  5. Diṭṭhi-anusaya, the seed element of wrong view,
  6. Vicikiccha-anusaya, the seed element of uncertainty,
  7. Avijjā-anusaya, the seed element of bewilderment.
Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

Anusaya (“obsesssion”; “underlying tendency”). (The etymology of anusaya means “lying down with”; in actual usage, the related verb (anuseti) means to be obsessed). There are seven major obsessions to which the mind returns over and over again:

  1. obsession with sensual passion (kamaraganusaya),
  2. obsession with resistance (patighanusaya),
  3. obsession with views (ditthanusaya),
  4. obsession with uncertainty (vicikicchanusaya),
  5. obsession with conceit (manusaya),
  6. obsession with passion for becoming (bhavaraganusaya), and
  7. obsession with ignorance (avijjanusaya).
Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Anusaya refers to the 7 “proclivities”, inclinations, or tendencies are: sensuous greed (kāma-rāga, s. samyojana), grudge (patigha), speculative opinion (ditthi), sceptical doubt (vicikicchā), conceit (māna), craving for continued existence (bhavarāga), ignorance (avijjā) (D.33; A.VII.11-12).

"These things are called 'proclivities' since, in consequence of their pertinacity, they ever and again tend to become the conditions for the arising of ever new sensuous greed, etc.'' (Vis.M. XXII, 60).

Yam. VII, first determines in which beings such and such proclivities exist, and which proclivities, and with regard to what, and in which sphere of existence. Thereafter it gives an explanation concerning their overcoming, their penetration, etc. Cf. Guide VI (vii).

According to Kath. several ancient Buddhist schools erroneously held the opinion that the anusayas, as such, meant merely latent, hence karmically neutral qualities, which however Contradicts the Theravāda conception. Cf. Guide V, 88, 108, 139.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

anusaya (‘Inclinations’).

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

Anusaya (the “latent tendencies”) refers to another group of defilements; In the Dhammasangani the latent tendencies have not been classified as a group.

There are seven anusayas:

  1. the latent tendency of lust for sense pleasure (kamaraganusaya)
  2. the latent tendency of aversion (patighanusaya)
  3. the latent tendency of conceit (mananusaya)
  4. the latent tendency of wrong view (ditthanusaya)
  5. the latent tendency of doubt (vicikicchanusaya)
  6. the latent tendency of lust for becoming (bhavaraganusaya)
  7. the latent tendency of ignorance (avijjanusaya)
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Anuśaya (अनुशय) refers to the “seven tendencies of defilement”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 3).—There are seven tendencies of defilement (anuśaya):

  1. anuśaya of attachment to pleasure (kāmarāga),
  2. anuśaya of hostility (pratigha),
  3. anuśaya of attachment to existence (bhāvarāga),
  4. anuśaya of pride (māna),
  5. anuśaya of ignorance (avidyā),
  6. anuśaya of wrong view (dṛṣṭi),
  7. anuśaya of doubt (vicikitsā or vimati).

These are the seven anuśayas. Some are the anuśayas of the desire realm (kāmadhātu), some are the anuśayas of the form realm (rūpadhātu), others are the anuśayas of the formless realm (ārūpyadhātu). Some are abandoned by seeing the truths (satyadarśana-heya), others are abandoned by meditation (bhāvanā-heya); some are abandoned by the seeing of suffering (duḥkhadarśana-heya), others are abandoned by seeing the origin [of suffering] (samudayadarśana-heya), others are abandoned by seeing the cessation [of suffering] (nirodhadarśana-heya); the rest are abandoned by seeing the Path (pratipaddarśana-heya). Some are complete anuśayas, the others are incomplete anuśayas.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Anuśaya (अनुशय) refers to “bad disposition”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Son of good family, there are eight purities of patience of the Bodhisattvas, which are like open space. What are these eight? (5) the purity of patience giving up any bad disposition (anuśaya-prahīṇa) just as open space is without all bad dispositions; 6) the purity of patience beyond mind and objective support just as open space is beyond mind and objective support; 7) the purity of patience which is not produced and does not occur just as open space is not produced and does not occur; 8) the purity of patience filled with friendliness just as open space is spread on all form and formless realms”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Buddhist philosophy

Source: Google Books: Abhidharmakosa-Bhasya of Vasubandhu

Anuśaya (अनुशय) refers to the “having a body for self-control”, according to the Abhidharmakośabhāṣya of Vasubandhu chapter 5.—Accordingly, “We have said that the world, in its variety, arises from action. But it is because of the proclivities (anuśaya) that actions accumulate: in the absence of proclivities, actions are not capable of producing (abhinirvartana) a new existence (punarbhava)”.

Classification of six proclivities (anuśaya):—

  1. rāga (attachment),
  2. pratigha (hostility),
  3. avidyā (ignorance),
  4. māna (conceit),
  5. vicikitsā (doubt),
  6. dṛṣṭi (afflicted view).

These six make seven proclivities (anuśaya) through the subdivision of attachment:

  1. the proclivity of attachment to pleasure or for sensual desire (kāmarāgānuśaya);
  2. the proclivity of hostility (pratighānuśaya);
  3. the proclivity of attachment to existence (bhavarāgānuśaya);
  4. the proclivity of conceit (mānānuśaya);
  5. the proclivity of ignorance (avidyānuśaya);
  6. the proclivity of afflicted views (dṛṣṭacyanuśaya);
  7. the proclivity of doubt (vicikitsānuśaya or vimati).

Classification of ten proclivities (anuśaya):—

  1. rāga,
  2. pratigha,
  3. avidyā,
  4. māna,
  5. vicikitsā,
  6. satkāyadṛṣṭi (afflicted view of self),
  7. antagrāhadṛṣṭi (afflicted view of holding to an extreme)
  8. mithyādṛṣṭi (false view),
  9. dṛṣṭiparāmarśa (esteeming of such things as bad views),
  10. śīlavrataparāmarśa (overesteeming of morality, etc.).

The Abhidharma (Jñānaprasthāna, 943a27) teaches, furthermore, that these ten proclivities make up: 1. thirty-six proclivities in the realm of desire; 2. thirty-one proclivities in the realm of fine-materiality; 3. thirty-one proclivities in the realm of immateriality: in all ninety-eight (i.e., 36 + 31 + 31) proclivities.

context information


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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Anusaya in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

anusaya : (m.) proclivity; a dormant disposition.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Anusaya, (anu + śī, seti Sk. anuśaya has a diff. meaning) (see Kvu trsl. 234 n. 2 and Cpd. 172 n. 2). Bent, bias, proclivity, the persistance of a dormant or latent disposition, predisposition, tendency. Always in bad sense. In the oldest texts the word usually occurs absolutely, without mention of the cause or direction of the bias. So Sn. 14 = 369, 545; M. III, 31; S.III, 130, IV.33, V, 28 236; A. I.44; II, 157; III, 74, 246, 443. Or in the triplet obstinacy, prejudice and bias (adhiṭṭhānâbhinivesânusayā) S. II.17; III, 10, 135, 161; A.V, III, Occasionally a source of the bias is mentioned. Thus pride at S. I.188; II, 252 ff., 275; III, 80, 103, 169, 253; IV, 41, 197; A.I, 132, IV.70 doubt at M. I.486 — ignorance lust and hatred at S.IV, 205, M.III, 285. At D.III, 254, 282; S.V, 60; and A.IV, 9. we have a list of seven anusaya’s, the above five and delusion and craving for rebirth. Hence-forward these lists govern the connotation of the word; but it would be wrong to put that connotation back into the earlier passages. Later references are Ps.I, 26, 70 ff., 123, 130, 195; II, 36, 84, 94, 158; Pug.21; Vbh.340, 383, 356; Kvu 405 ff. Dpvs.I, 42. (Page 44)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anuśaya (अनुशय).—m Repentance, remorse Anger. Hatred.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anuśaya (अनुशय).—&c. See under अनुशी (anuśī)

See also (synonyms): anuśayin.

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Anuśaya (अनुशय).—[śī-ac]

1) Repentance, remorse; regret, sorrow; नन्वनुशयस्थानमेतत् (nanvanuśayasthānametat) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 8; कुतस्तेऽनुशयः (kutaste'nuśayaḥ) M.3 why should you be sorry; बाष्पं प्रमृज्य विगतानुशयो भवेयम् (bāṣpaṃ pramṛjya vigatānuśayo bhaveyam) Ś.7.25; इतो गतस्यानुशयो मा भूदिति (ito gatasyānuśayo mā bhūditi) V.4; ततः सपत्नापनयस्मरणानुशयस्फुरा (tataḥ sapatnāpanayasmaraṇānuśayasphurā) Śiśupālavadha 2.14.

2) Intense enmity or anger; शिशुपालोऽनुशयं परं गतः (śiśupālo'nuśayaṃ paraṃ gataḥ) Śiśupālavadha 16.2; यस्मिन्नमुक्तानुशया सदैव जागर्ति भुजङ्गी (yasminnamuktānuśayā sadaiva jāgarti bhujaṅgī) Māl. 6.1.

3) Hatred.

4) Close connection, as with a consequence; close attachment (to any object). अयं त्वन्यो गुणः श्रेष्ठश्च्युतानां स्वर्गतो मुने । शुभानुशययोगेन मनुष्येषूपजायते (ayaṃ tvanyo guṇaḥ śreṣṭhaścyutānāṃ svargato mune | śubhānuśayayogena manuṣyeṣūpajāyate) || Mh.3.261.33.

5) (In Vedānta Phil.) The result or consequence of bad deeds which very closely clings to them and makes the soul enter other bodies after enjoying temporary freedom from recurring births; (svargārthakarmaṇo bhuktaphalasya avaśeṣaḥ kaścidanuśayo nāma bhāṇḍānusāri- snehavat, yathā hi snehabhāṇḍa viricyamānaṃ sarvātmanā na viricyate bhāṇḍā- nusāryeva kaścit snehaśeṣo'vatiṣṭhate tathānuśayo'pi Tv.).

6) Regret in the case of purchases, technically called rescission; क्रीत्वा विक्रीय वा किञ्चिद्यस्येहानुशयो भवेत् (krītvā vikrīya vā kiñcidyasyehānuśayo bhavet) Ms. 8.222; see क्रीतानुशय (krītānuśaya). cf. ......अनुशयो द्वेषे पश्चात्तापानुबन्धयोः (anuśayo dveṣe paścāttāpānubandhayoḥ) and...... अनुशयो दीर्घद्वेषानुतापयोः (anuśayo dīrghadveṣānutāpayoḥ) Nm.

-yī A disease of the feet, a sort of boil or abscess on the upper part.

Derivable forms: anuśayaḥ (अनुशयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Anuśaya (अनुशय).—m. (= Pali anusaya; see [Boehtlingk] s.v. for rare Sanskrit occurrences with similar meaning; essentially a Buddhist word), propensity (usually to evil), (innate) proclivity (inherited from former births), disposition (to do something, usually evil); the whole of chapter v. of AbhidhK (La Vallée Poussin vol. 4, p. 1—118) deals with them; they are iden- tified or associated with kleśa, paryavasthāna, and āsrava, and they are the ‘root’ of bhava, renewed or continued existence, l. c. p. 1. They number 7 in Pali: (kāma-)rāga, paṭigha, diṭṭhi, vicikicchā, māna, bhavarāga, avijjā (Critical Pali Dictionary); and in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] 7 or (the two rāgas being taken together) 6: (kāma-)rāga, pratigha, (bhavarāga), māna, avidyā, dṛṣṭi, vicikitsā or vimati (l. c. 2, 3); or (ibid. 9), dividing dṛṣṭi in five, ten anuśaya; or (ibidem) by further classification, 98 (according to Yogācāras, ib. 21 n. 1, 128); on the 98 compare Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) xiv. 46, Lévi's note; Lalitavistara 372.13. Clearly of evil propensities Lalitavistara 351.8 (udghāṭitā) anuśayā(ḥ); 363.4 purimam (from former births) anuśayaṃ; 371.16, read sānuśaya-mūlajālā with v.l. for text °jātā; 373.9 mūlakle- śāḥ sānuśayāḥ; 373.17 anuśaya-paṭalā(ḥ) masses of anu- śaya, compared to clouds; Gaṇḍavyūha 387.4 bandhanānuśaya- paryavasthāna-vaśagatāḥ; Mahāvyutpatti 862 nānādṛṣṭy-anuśaya-; 2136 (follows bandhanam); Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 140.7; Divyāvadāna 210.5; 314.21; Śikṣāsamuccaya 19.18 tṛṣṇānuśayaḥ; 50.9; 232.12; Bodhisattvabhūmi 202.20; 388.8; Daśabhūmikasūtra 75.7 so 'nuśayānām āśaya-sahaja-citta-sahaja-tāṃ ca yathābhūtaṃ prajānāti, the fact that the anu° are born with intention and thought, and see ff. (75.7—13); in Pali āsaya and anusaya, disposition (or intention, āśaya) and propensity, are often mentioned together as parallels, and are compounded; so [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] āśayānuśaya, Divyāvadāna 46.23; 47.9; 48.12; 49.11; 209.12 etc.; Avadāna-śataka i.64.12 etc.; in these the [compound] usually refers to the mental condition of persons ripe for conversion; Speyer, Index to Avadāna-śataka, renders inclination of the heart, as if a tatpuruṣa, but this seems clearly wrong; it is a dvandva. In Avadāna-śataka i.169.14 āśayānuśayam is parallel with, and follows, nidānam (q.v. 2).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anuśaya (अनुशय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Repentance, regret. 2. Ancient enmity. 3. Hatred, resentment. 4. Attachment to or pursuance of any object. f. (-yī) 1. A disease of the feet, a boil or abscess on the upper part. 2. A pimple on the head. E. anu, śīṅ to sleep, and ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anuśaya (अनुशय).—i. e. anu-śī + a, m. 1. Repentance, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 228. 2. Rescission (as of sale), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anuśaya (अनुशय).—[masculine] repentance, regret, rescission of sale or purchase (j).

--- OR ---

Anusayā (अनुसया).—go to and fro, go to, visit.

Anusayā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms anusa and (या).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anuśaya (अनुशय):—[=anu-śaya] a etc. See anu- √1. śī.

2) [=anu-śaya] [from anu-śī] b m. close connection as with a consequence, close attachment to any object

3) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) the consequence or result of an act (which clings to it and causes the soul after enjoying the temporary freedom from transmigration to enter other bodies)

4) [v.s. ...] repentance, regret

5) [v.s. ...] hatred

6) [v.s. ...] ancient or intense enmity

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anuśaya (अनुशय):—[tatpurusha compound] I. m.

(-yaḥ) 1) Connexion, attachment; comp. anuśayin.

2) (In the Vedānta philos.) That consequence of an act which compels the soul to descend again on earth, after she has enjoyed in the other world those consequences of her acts which allowed her to soar; that consequence, as it were, that cleaves to the soul and does not permit her to enjoy freedom from transmigration (‘āmuṣmikaphale karmajāte upabhuktevaśiṣṭamaihikaphalaṃ karmāntarajātamanuśayaḥ’); the anuśaya varies according to its qualities; if it is ‘handsome’ (ramaṇīya) the soul is reborn as a ‘Brāhmaṇa, Kshatriya or Vaiśya’; if it is ‘contemptible’ (kapūya) it animates ‘a dog, a hog or a Chānḍāla’.

3) Repentance, regret.

4) Hatred, resentment.

5) Deep or intense enmity, enmity which goes far in its consequences; e. g. śiśupālonuśayaṃ paraṃ gataḥ (comm.: paramanuśayaṃ kevalaṃ na saptavyaḥ kiṃ tu hantavyaśceti dīrghadveṣaṃ gataḥ).

6) A certain country or place (? the meaning thus rendered in a comm. is deśaviśeṣa). Ii. f.

(-yī) (In Medicine.)

1) A disease of the feet, a small abscess on the upper part, ‘deep, causing little pain, and of the natural colour as the limb’.

2) (According to another) An abscess on the head (mastakopari) of the same symptoms as described before. E. śī with anu, kṛt aff. ac; the femin. in ī would be an anomaly accord. to this etym.

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Anuśāya (अनुशाय):—[This word occurs as a meaning of the particle nu, in the Calc. ed. of Hem. n. 7. 11, but is a bad reading for anuśaya.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anuśaya (अनुशय):—[anu-śaya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Repentance; enmity. () 3. f. A pimple.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anuśaya (अनुशय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇusaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anusaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Aṇusaya (अणुसय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Anuśaya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anuśaya (ಅನುಶಯ):—

1) [noun] a close connection; kinship.

2) [noun] strong or deep-rooted hatred; strong animosity.

3) [noun] a repenting or being penitent; feeling of sorrow, etc., esp. for wrongdoing; compunction; contrition; remorse; repentance.

4) [noun] a disturbed state of mind; emotional disturbance; mental agitation.

5) [noun] a strong feeling of displeasure, usu. of antagonism; anger; rage; fury.

6) [noun] the effect of ill-doing continuing to influence the soul in the subsequent births also.

7) [noun] dependence on another for livelihood.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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