Anusaya, aka: Anushaya, Anusāya; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Anusaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Obsesssion; underlying tendency. (The etymology of this term means "lying down with"; in actual usage, the related verb (anuseti) means to be obsessed.) There are seven major obsessions to which the mind returns over and over again: obsession with sensual passion (kama raganusaya), with resistance (patighanusaya), with views (ditthanusaya), with uncertainty (vicikicchanusaya), with conceit (manusaya), with passion for becoming (bhava raganusaya), and with ignorance (avijjanusaya).Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

the 7 'proclivities', inclinations, or tendencies are: sensuous greed (kāma-rāga, s. samyojana), grudge (patigha), speculative opinion (ditthi), sceptical doubt (vicikicchā), conceit (māna), craving for continued existence (bhavarāga), ignorance (avijjā) (D.33; A.VII.11-12).

"These things are called 'proclivities' since, in consequence of their pertinacity, they ever and again tend to become the conditions for the arising of ever new sensuous greed, etc.'' (Vis.M. XXII, 60).

Yam. VII, first determines in which beings such and such proclivities exist, and which proclivities, and with regard to what, and in which sphere of existence. Thereafter it gives an explanation concerning their overcoming, their penetration, etc. Cf. Guide VI (vii).

According to Kath. several ancient Buddhist schools erroneously held the opinion that the anusayas, as such, meant merely latent, hence karmically neutral qualities, which however Contradicts the Theravāda conception. Cf. Guide V, 88, 108, 139.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

anusaya (‘Inclinations’).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

The 'latent tendencies' or 'anusayas' is another group of defilements; In the Dhammasangani the latent tendencies have not been classified as a group.

There are seven anusayas:

  1. the latent tendency of lust for sense pleasure (kamaraganusaya)
  2. the latent tendency of aversion (patighanusaya)
  3. the latent tendency of conceit (mananusaya)
  4. the latent tendency of wrong view (ditthanusaya)
  5. the latent tendency of doubt (vicikicchanusaya)
  6. the latent tendency of lust for becoming (bhava-raganusaya)
  7. the latent tendency of ignorance (avijjanusaya)
Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Anusaya in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

anusaya : (m.) proclivity; a dormant disposition.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Anusaya, (anu + śī, seti Sk. anuśaya has a diff. meaning) (see Kvu trsl. 234 n. 2 and Cpd. 172 n. 2). Bent, bias, proclivity, the persistance of a dormant or latent disposition, predisposition, tendency. Always in bad sense. In the oldest texts the word usually occurs absolutely, without mention of the cause or direction of the bias. So Sn. 14 = 369, 545; M. III, 31; S.III, 130, IV.33, V, 28 236; A. I.44; II, 157; III, 74, 246, 443. Or in the triplet obstinacy, prejudice and bias (adhiṭṭhānâbhinivesânusayā) S. II.17; III, 10, 135, 161; A.V, III, Occasionally a source of the bias is mentioned. Thus pride at S. I.188; II, 252 ff., 275; III, 80, 103, 169, 253; IV, 41, 197; A.I, 132, IV.70 doubt at M. I.486 — ignorance lust and hatred at S.IV, 205, M.III, 285. At D.III, 254, 282; S.V, 60; and A.IV, 9. we have a list of seven anusaya’s, the above five and delusion and craving for rebirth. Hence-forward these lists govern the connotation of the word; but it would be wrong to put that connotation back into the earlier passages. Later references are Ps.I, 26, 70 ff., 123, 130, 195; II, 36, 84, 94, 158; Pug.21; Vbh.340, 383, 356; Kvu 405 ff. Dpvs.I, 42. (Page 44)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Anusaya in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

anuśaya (अनुशय).—m Repentance, remorse Anger. Hatred.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anuśaya (अनुशय).—&c. See under अनुशी (anuśī)

See also (synonyms): anuśayin.

--- OR ---

Anuśaya (अनुशय).—[śī-ac]

1) Repentance, remorse; regret, sorrow; नन्वनुशयस्थानमेतत् (nanvanuśayasthānametat) Māl.8; कुतस्तेऽनुशयः (kutaste'nuśayaḥ) M.3 why should you be sorry; बाष्पं प्रमृज्य विगतानुशयो भवेयम् (bāṣpaṃ pramṛjya vigatānuśayo bhaveyam) Ś.7.25; इतो गतस्यानुशयो मा भूदिति (ito gatasyānuśayo mā bhūditi) V.4; ततः सपत्नापनयस्मरणानुशयस्फुरा (tataḥ sapatnāpanayasmaraṇānuśayasphurā) Śi.2.14.

2) Intense enmity or anger; शिशुपालोऽनुशयं परं गतः (śiśupālo'nuśayaṃ paraṃ gataḥ) Śi.16.2; यस्मिन्नमुक्तानुशया सदैव जागर्ति भुजङ्गी (yasminnamuktānuśayā sadaiva jāgarti bhujaṅgī) Māl. 6.1.

3) Hatred.

4) Close connection, as with a consequence; close attachment (to any object). अयं त्वन्यो गुणः श्रेष्ठश्च्युतानां स्वर्गतो मुने । शुभानुशययोगेन मनुष्येषूपजायते (ayaṃ tvanyo guṇaḥ śreṣṭhaścyutānāṃ svargato mune | śubhānuśayayogena manuṣyeṣūpajāyate) || Mh.3.261.33.

5) (In Vedānta Phil.) The result or consequence of bad deeds which very closely clings to them and makes the soul enter other bodies after enjoying temporary freedom from recurring births; (svargārthakarmaṇo bhuktaphalasya avaśeṣaḥ kaścidanuśayo nāma bhāṇḍānusāri- snehavat, yathā hi snehabhāṇḍa viricyamānaṃ sarvātmanā na viricyate bhāṇḍā- nusāryeva kaścit snehaśeṣo'vatiṣṭhate tathānuśayo'pi Tv.).

6) Regret in the case of purchases, technically called rescission; क्रीत्वा विक्रीय वा किञ्चिद्यस्येहानुशयो भवेत् (krītvā vikrīya vā kiñcidyasyehānuśayo bhavet) Ms. 8.222; see क्रीतानुशय (krītānuśaya). cf. ......अनुशयो द्वेषे पश्चात्तापानुबन्धयोः (anuśayo dveṣe paścāttāpānubandhayoḥ) and...... अनुशयो दीर्घद्वेषानुतापयोः (anuśayo dīrghadveṣānutāpayoḥ) Nm.

-yī A disease of the feet, a sort of boil or abscess on the upper part.

Derivable forms: anuśayaḥ (अनुशयः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anuśaya (अनुशय).—m. (= Pali anusaya; see pw s.v. for rare Sanskrit occurrences with similar meaning; essentially a Buddhist word), propensity (usually to evil), (innate) proclivity (inherited from former births), disposition (to do something, usually evil); the whole of chapter v. of AbhidhK (La Vallée Poussin vol. 4, p. 1—118) deals with them; they are iden- tified or associated with kleśa, paryavasthāna, and āsrava, and they are the ‘root’ of bhava, renewed or continued existence, l. c. p. 1. They number 7 in Pali: (kāma-)rāga, paṭigha, diṭṭhi, vicikicchā, māna, bhavarāga, avijjā (CPD); and in BHS 7 or (the two rāgas being taken together) 6: (kāma-)rāga, pratigha, (bhavarāga), māna, avidyā, dṛṣṭi, vicikitsā or vimati (l. c. 2, 3); or (ibid. 9), dividing dṛṣṭi in five, ten anuśaya; or (ibidem) by further classification, 98 (acc. to Yogācāras, ib. 21 n. 1, 128); on the 98 compare Sūtrāl. xiv. 46, Lévi's note; LV 372.13. Clearly of evil propensities LV 351.8 (udghāṭitā) anuśayā(ḥ); 363.4 purimam (from former births) anuśayaṃ; 371.16, read sānuśaya-mūlajālā with v.l. for text °jātā; 373.9 mūlakle- śāḥ sānuśayāḥ; 373.17 anuśaya-paṭalā(ḥ) masses of anu- śaya, compared to clouds; Gv 387.4 bandhanānuśaya- paryavasthāna-vaśagatāḥ; Mvy 862 nānādṛṣṭy-anuśaya-; 2136 (follows bandhanam); Laṅk 140.7; Divy 210.5; 314.21; Śikṣ 19.18 tṛṣṇānuśayaḥ; 50.9; 232.12; Bbh 202.20; 388.8; Dbh 75.7 so 'nuśayānām āśaya-sahaja-citta-sahaja-tāṃ ca yathābhūtaṃ prajānāti, the fact that the anu° are born with intention and thought, and see ff. (75.7—13); in Pali āsaya and anusaya, disposition (or intention, āśaya) and propensity, are often mentioned together as parallels, and are compounded; so BHS āśayānuśaya, Divy 46.23; 47.9; 48.12; 49.11; 209.12 etc.; Av i.64.12 etc.; in these the cpd. usually refers to the mental condition of persons ripe for conversion; Speyer, Index to Av, renders inclination of the heart, as if a tatpuruṣa, but this seems clearly wrong; it is a dvandva. In Av i.169.14 āśayānuśayam is parallel with, and follows, nidānam (q.v. 2).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Anuśaya (अनुशय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Repentance, regret. 2. Ancient enmity. 3. Hatred, resentment. 4. Attachment to or pursuance of any object. f. (-yī) 1. A disease of the feet, a boil or abscess on the upper part. 2. A pimple on the head. E. anu, śīṅ to sleep, and ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 37 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kritanushaya
Krītānuśaya (क्रीतानुशय).—m. (-yaḥ) Returning a purchase upon the seller, admissible in some ca...
Vikrayanushaya
Vikrayānuśaya (विक्रयानुशय).—m. (-yaḥ) Rescission of sale. E. vikraya, anuśaya doubt.
Krayavikrayanushaya
Krayavikrayānuśaya (क्रयविक्रयानुशय).—m. (-yaḥ) Rescission of sale. title of civil judicature. ...
Baddhanushaya
Baddhānuśaya (बद्धानुशय).—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) 1. Of fixed intent. 2. Taking aim. E. baddha, and ...
Vikritakritanushaya
Vikrītakrītānuśaya (विक्रीतक्रीतानुशय) refers to “cancellation of purchase or sale”, and is com...
Anusaya Sutta
On how the anusaya can be uprooted. S.iv.32.
Mana
Mana (मन).—(°-), apparently m.c. for māna, pride, in Laṅk 358.11 (verse, 2d half of anuṣṭubh) u...
Avidya
Avidyā (अविद्या, “invalid knowledge”) refers to one of two types of Buddhi (cognition) accordin...
Klesha
Kleśa (क्लेश).—(also semi-MIndic kileśa), m. (= Pali kilesa), impurity, depravity; on relation ...
Raga
Rāga (राग).—m. (-gaḥ) 1. Colour, hue, tint. dye. 2. A flection, prepossession, love, desire. 3....
Dhatu
Dhātu (धातु).—m. (-tuḥ) 1. A principle or humour of the body, as phlegm, wind, and bile. 2. Any...
Ashaya
Āśaya (आशय).—&c. See under आशी (āśī).--- OR --- Āśaya (आशय).—[ā-śī-ac]1) A bed-chamber, resting...
Yamaka
Yamaka (यमक).—mfn. (-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Twin, fellow, one of a pair or twins. m. (-kaḥ) 1. A religious...
Ditthi
Diṭṭhi, (f.) (Sk. dṛṣṭi; cp. dassana) view, belief, dogma, theory, speculation, esp. false the...
Nidana
Nidāna (निदान).—nt. (Sanskrit id. in meaning 1, but even here BHS develops the word differently...

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