Manasara, Mānasāra, Mana-sara: 10 definitions
Manasara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Mānasāra (मानसार).—The rituals elaborated in the Mānasāra follow the prescriptions of the Śaiva Āgamic texts. Even though the rituals performed here are exoteric in nature and hence orthodox, there is, nevertheless, also an esoteric and magical component to them that engages and sublimates elements in their occuit substantiality. This common esoteric component especially renders the term Āgamic as more or less synonymous to Tantric and distinguishes them both from Vedic with respect to ritual content.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Mānasāra (मानसार).—The Mānasāra is a treatise on vāstuśastra, “science or theory of architecture”. Vāstu, architecture, according to the text, encompasses the threefold categories of buildings, conveyances and bedsteads (furniture). It is a voluminous text (approximately 10,000 verses in seventy chapters), the contents of which include principles of architectural composition and systems of proportional measurement, technical instructions on the building procedure such as selection and examination of site, orientation, collection of materials and so on, as well as prescriptions for rituals associated with construction. It also contains classifications of buildings, iconographic details of images of various deities, and systems of proportional measurement to be employed in their making.Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Architecture (1): Early and Classical Architecture
Mānasāra (मानसार) is the name of a Sanskrit word partly dealing with the “science of architecture” (vāstuvidyā).—The two principal south Indian texts, Mayamata (1000 CE) of Mayamuni and Mānasāra (1300 CE), share a common understanding of the architectural plan and design of the southern (Drāviḍa) vintage but while the former has a practical outlook, the latter develops the theory of the science.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Mānasāra (मानसार).—The term mānasāra is a compound of the nominal stems māna and sāra (when used independently in a sentence, the nouns are mānam and sāram, both neuter in gender). The nominal stem māna derives from √mā, “to measure” (and in Vedic Sanskrit, “to make, create, build”, as well). The neuter noun mānam means “the act of measuring”, “measurement (an actual dimension)”, as well as “instrument of measurement (a measuring tool or a unit system)”.
The common interpretation of the compound mānasāra is as a ṣaṣṭī tatpuruṣa samāsa, “syntactic compound” of the sixth (genitive) case. In this instance, it is glossed as mānasya sāram, and the translation would read either “the essence of measurement”, or “the essence of the act of measuring”. However, another interpretation of the same compound, against which there is as such no grammatical impediment, is possible—as a karmadhāraya samāsa, specifically of the “appositional” or “equational” kind, in which the two nouns are apposed or equated ta each other. In this case, manasara is glossed as mānam sāram, and translated as “measure-essence”, in other words, “the essence that is measure”. The sense of abstraction is already present in both the translations of the first interpretation of the compound.
Languages of India and abroad
Mānasāra (मानसार).—a high degree of pride.
Derivable forms: mānasāraḥ (मानसारः), mānasāram (मानसारम्).
Mānasāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms māna and sāra (सार).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Mānasāra (मानसार) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—archit. Burnell. 62^a. Taylor. 1, 71. Oppert. Ii, 532. Quoted by Rāmrāj.
2) Mānasāra (मानसार):—archit. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 69. Io. 3014 (inc.).
3) Mānasāra (मानसार):—(sometimes called Mānavasāra) archit. As p. 145. Bc 482. Bd. 975. Hpr. 2, 161. Hz. 1103.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Mānasāra (मानसार):—[=māna-sāra] [from māna] 1. māna-sāra m. or n. a high degree of pride, [Daśakumāra-carita]
2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a king of Mālava, [ib.]
3) [=māna-sāra] [from māna] 2. māna-sāra m. Name of [work] on architecture (or of a sage, its reputed author), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 185.]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Manasāra (ಮನಸಾರ):—[adverb] = ಮನಸಾರೆ [manasare].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Manasarama, Manasaranjini.
Ends with: Pramanasara, Sumanasara, Vajrasamanasara.
Full-text (+291): Mancabandha, Shrikanta, Indrakanta, Kukshibandha, Pushpapushkala, Ayakaskambha, Upakanta, Manasa, Pratikrama, Koshthastambha, Prakara, Citrakantha, Karmuka, Dandaka, Pratibhadra, Pashupatalinga, Vamalinga, Bhairavalinga, Kumbhastambha, Shivakanta.
Search found 21 books and stories containing Manasara, Mānasāra, Mana-sara, Māna-sāra, Manasāra; (plurals include: Manasaras, Mānasāras, saras, sāras, Manasāras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manasara (English translation) (by Prasanna Kumar Acharya)
Part 7 - Age of compilation < [Preface]
Part 6 - Relation with other works < [Preface]
Part 2 - Preparation of the plates < [Preface]
Vastu-shastra (1): Canons of Architecture (by D. N. Shukla)
(vii.a) Śilparatna (Introduction) < [Chapter 5 - Study of Hindu Science of Architecture]
(iv) Other Ācāryas (chief preceptors) of Vastuśāstra < [Chapter 4 - An outline History of Hindu Architecture]
(vi) Mayamata [Mayamatam] (Summary) < [Chapter 5 - Study of Hindu Science of Architecture]
The Matsya Purana (critical study) (by Kushal Kalita)
Part 1a - Note on Architecture (vāstu) < [Chapter 7 - Art and Architecture in the Matsyapurāṇa]
Part 3 - Art in the Matsyapurāṇa < [Chapter 7 - Art and Architecture in the Matsyapurāṇa]
Part 1c - Architecture (vāstu) in the Matsyapurāṇa < [Chapter 7 - Art and Architecture in the Matsyapurāṇa]
Vastu-shastra (2): Town Planning (by D. N. Shukla)
Towns or Cities in ancient Indian town-planning < [Chapter 2 - Villages, Towns and Forts in General]
Chapter 4 - Road Planning in Ancient India
Forts (Durga) in ancient Indian town-planning < [Chapter 2 - Villages, Towns and Forts in General]
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
The Manasara < [Chapter XIII - Prasada: Component Parts]
Torana < [Chapter XIII - Prasada: Component Parts]
Sikhara < [Chapter XIII - Prasada: Component Parts]
Pallava period (Social and Cultural History) (by S. Krishnamurthy)
Waist-band (Kati-sutra) < [Chapter 4 - Material Culture of the People]
Vaikakshaka or Chhannavira < [Chapter 4 - Material Culture of the People]