Manasara, aka: Mānasāra, Mana-sara; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Manasara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Manasara in Shaivism glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mānasāra (मानसार).—The rituals elaborated in the Mānasāra follow the prescriptions of the Śaiva Āgamic texts. Even though the rituals performed here are exoteric in nature and hence orthodox, there is, nevertheless, also an esoteric and magical component to them that engages and sublimates elements in their occuit substantiality. This common esoteric component especially renders the term Āgamic as more or less synonymous to Tantric and distinguishes them both from Vedic with respect to ritual content.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra (shaivism)
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Mānasāra (मानसार).—The Mānasāra is a treatise on vāstuśastra, “science or theory of architecture”. Vāstu, architecture, according to the text, encompasses the threefold categories of buildings, conveyances and bedsteads (furniture). It is a voluminous text (approximately 10,000 verses in seventy chapters), the contents of which include principles of architectural composition and systems of proportional measurement, technical instructions on the building procedure such as selection and examination of site, orientation, collection of materials and so on, as well as prescriptions for rituals associated with construction. It also contains classifications of buildings, iconographic details of images of various deities, and systems of proportional measurement to be employed in their making.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra

Mānasāra (मानसार) is the name of a Sanskrit word partly dealing with the “science of architecture” (vāstuvidyā).—The two principal south Indian texts, Mayamata (1000 CE) of Mayamuni and Mānasāra (1300 CE), share a common understanding of the architectural plan and design of the southern (Drāviḍa) vintage but while the former has a practical outlook, the latter develops the theory of the science.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Architecture (1): Early and Classical Architecture
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Manasara in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mānasāra (मानसार).—The term mānasāra is a compound of the nominal stems māna and sāra (when used independently in a sentence, the nouns are mānam and sāram, both neuter in gender). The nominal stem māna derives from √, “to measure” (and in Vedic Sanskrit, “to make, create, build”, as well). The neuter noun mānam means “the act of measuring”, “measurement (an actual dimension)”, as well as “instrument of measurement (a measuring tool or a unit system)”.

The common interpretation of the compound mānasāra is as a ṣaṣṭī tatpuruṣa samāsa, “syntactic compound” of the sixth (genitive) case. In this instance, it is glossed as mānasya sāram, and the translation would read either “the essence of measurement”, or “the essence of the act of measuring”. However, another interpretation of the same compound, against which there is as such no grammatical impediment, is possible—as a karmadhāraya samāsa, specifically of the “appositional” or “equational” kind, in which the two nouns are apposed or equated ta each other. In this case, manasara is glossed as mānam sāram, and translated as “measure-essence”, in other words, “the essence that is measure”. The sense of abstraction is already present in both the translations of the first interpretation of the compound.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra (hinduism)

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Manasara in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mānasāra (मानसार).—a high degree of pride.

Derivable forms: mānasāraḥ (मानसारः), mānasāram (मानसारम्).

Mānasāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms māna and sāra (सार).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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