Abhigamana: 13 definitions


Abhigamana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Abhigamana (अभिगमन) refers to “cleansing the temple of the deity” and represents one of the five limbs of Arcana (“deity worship”), according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—Abhigamana refers to cleansing the temple of the deity, anointing the deity with colours and sandalwood paste (candana), and at night removing the garlands, flowers and so forth that have been offered to the deity.

Generally, there are five limbs of Arcana [viz., abhigamana]. This is also known as pañcāṅga-viṣṇu-yajña (fivefold sacrifice performed for the pleasure of Śrī Viṣṇu). [...] These five limbs of Arcana (pañcāṅga-arcana) are not temporary and mundane but eternal, supremely pure limbs of bhakti that help one attain the lotus feet of Śrī Bhagavān.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

1) Abhigamana (अभिगमन) refers to one of the five methods of worship (pañcaprakāra), as discussed in the tenth chapter [fourth book] of the Jñānāmṛtasārasaṃhita: a Pāñcarātra text representing a sectarian glorification of Kṛṣṇa and Rādha (i.e., the cult of Radha-Krishna) dated among the latest of the Saṃhitā-type works.—Description of the chapter [pañcaprakāra-arcāvidhi]: Śiva (=Mahādeva) says, having got the various articles of worship ready the Lord is to be requested to accept them (1-19). Then he speaks of the five forms of worship: abhigamana, upādāna, yoga, svādhyāya and ijyā—in each case giving a brief explanation (20-24)—and praises them as resulting in the highest sāyujya-type of mukti (25).

Abhigamana (अभिगमन) as one of the “five division of the day” (Kāla) is also mentioned in the following:
The Nāradīyasaṃhitā [Cf. the chapter 30: kālādhyāya];
The Padmasaṃhitā [Cf. Caryāpāda chapter 13: pañcakālavidhi];
The Pārameśvarasaṃhitā [Cf. Kriyākāṇḍa chapter 9: dvādaśakāla-arcanādi-kālavibhāga-nirṇaya].

2) Abhigamana (अभिगमन) refers to one of the “eight steps of worship” (aṣṭāṅgapūjā), as discussed in 9 (Kriyākāṇḍa) of the Pārameśvarasaṃhitā: an important Pāñcarātra text of 8700 verses followed closely by the Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangam—dealing with priestly concerns such as their daily routines, occasional liturgies and expiatory services.—Description of the chapter [dvādaśakāla-arcanādi-kālavibhāga-nirṇaya]:—[...] What is known as bhagavadyāga is comprised of eight steps [aṣṭāṅgapūjā]: Abhigamana, Bhoga (adoration with flowers etc.), Pūjā (offer of honey etc.), Anna (offer of food), Dāna or Sampradāna (gifts), Agnisantarpaṇa (offer in fire), Pitṛyāga (propitiation of ancestors), Prāṇāgnihotra (gratification of one’s own life-breaths, i.e. taking food) (180-185). This kind of worship cycle may be done as an alternative to what has already been outlined. [...]

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhigamana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhigamana (अभिगमन).—(a)

1) Approaching, going or coming to visit, arrival; तवार्हतो नाभिगमने तृप्तम् (tavārhato nābhigamane tṛptam) R.5.11,17.72; ज्येष्ठाभिगमनात्पूर्वं तेनाप्यनभिनन्दिता (jyeṣṭhābhigamanātpūrvaṃ tenāpyanabhinanditā) 12.35, K.158; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3. (b) Finding out; enjoying; कृत्वा तासामभिगममपाम् (kṛtvā tāsāmabhigamamapām) Meghadūta 51. (sevanam Malli.).

2) Sexual intercourse (with a man or woman); परदाराभिगमनम् (paradārābhigamanam) K.17; प्रसह्य दास्यभिगमे (prasahya dāsyabhigame) Y.2. 291; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1; वरं क्लैब्यं पुंसां न च परकलत्राभिगमनम् (varaṃ klaibyaṃ puṃsāṃ na ca parakalatrābhigamanam) H.1.116; नीच° (nīca°) Y.3.297,2.294.

Derivable forms: abhigamanam (अभिगमनम्).

See also (synonyms): abhigama.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhigamana (अभिगमन).—n.

(-naṃ) Approaching, going near to. E. abhi, and gamana going.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhigamana (अभिगमन).—[abhi-gam + ana], n. 1. Approaching. 2. Mounting, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 20, 154. 3. Sexual intercourse, [Pañcatantra] [prologue.] [distich] 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhigamana (अभिगमन):—[=abhi-gamana] [from abhi-gam] n. = abhi-gama

2) [v.s. ...] the act of cleansing and smearing with cow-dung the way leading to the image of the deity (one of the five parts of the upāsana with the Rāmānujas), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhigamana (अभिगमन):—[tatpurusha compound] n.

(-nam) 1) Coming near, approaching; e. g. Nyāya S.: ayasoyaskāntābhigamanavattadupasarpaṇam.— In the worship of the Vaiṣṇavas the word implies ‘adoration of the divinity, by cleansing the temples, images &c.’.

2) Sexual intercourse; e. g. Vivādach.: āryastryabhigamane liṅgoddhāraḥ; or Dāyabh.: putrārthaṃ prāthamikābhigamana eva śāstrārthaḥ . dvitīyādyabhigamanaṃ tu dṛṣṭaprayojanakamātrārtham; or Hitop. (ed. Seramp.): varaṃ garbhaśrāvo varamapi ca naivābhigamanaṃ varaṃ jātaḥ preto varamapi ca kanyāvajanitā . varaṃ bandhyā bhāryā varamapi ca garbheṣu vasatirna vāvidvānrūpadraviṇagaṇayukto pi tanayaḥ; comp. gamana and upagamana. E. gam with abhi, kṛt aff. lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhigamana (अभिगमन):—[abhi-gamana] (naṃ) 1. n. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abhigamana (अभिगमन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Abhigacchaṇayā, Abhigamaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhigamana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhigamana in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Abhigamaṇa (अभिगमण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Abhigamana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhigamana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abhigamana (ಅಭಿಗಮನ):—

1) [noun] a going or flowing towards.

2) [noun] a going out to receive a guest coming in.

3) [noun] the act of sexual intercourse; coition.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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