Sumana, aka: Sumanā; 6 Definition(s)
Śaivism (Śaiva philosophy)
Sumanā (सुमना) is a Sanskrit name of one of the five cow-mothers, born from the churning of the milk ocean and descended on earth from Śiva’s world at the latter’s behest for the welfare of the people, according to the ŚivadharmottarapurāṇaSource: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
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Śaiva (शैव, shaiva) or Śaivism (shaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Śiva as the supreme being. Closeley related to Śāktism, Śaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
1a) Sumana (सुमन).—A son of Ulmuka and Puṣkariṇī.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 17.
1b) A queen of Madhu and mother of Vīravrata.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 15.
1c) A mountain in Plakṣadvīpa. Here Vāraha Viṣṇu killed Hiraṇyākṣa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 11; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 7.
1d) A god of the Prasūta group.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 70.
1e) A garden of the gods*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 101.
1f) A son of Maṇibhadra and Puṇyajanī; an Yakṣa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 122.
1g) A son of Āgneyī and Ūru.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 43.
1h) The name of Cakravāka in Mānasa; in previous birth a son of Kauśika.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 18.
1i) A mountain in Gomedaka.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 23. 3.
1j) Same as Āmbikeya of the Śākadvīpa.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 16.
1k) An Ekārṣeya.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 200. 5.
1l) A gana attributed to Viśravas.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 28.
1m) The son of Hasta and father of Tridhanvā.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 26.
1n) Mountain hill of the Śālmalīdvīpa.*
- * 122. 94.
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Āyurveda (science of life)
Sumanā (सुमना) is a Sanskrit word referring to “jasmine”, a species of jasmine from the Oleaceae family of flowering plants. It is also known as Jātī and Mālatī, and in the Hindu language it is known as Camelī. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Jasminum grandiflorum but is commonly referred to in English as “Spanish jasmine” or “Royal jasmine” among others. It is an evergreen shrub with white pleasantly fragrant flowers and grows all over India up to 2500m elevation. It is also cultivated as ornamental plant.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Hindu science dealing with subjects such as health, medicine, anatomy, etc. and has been in use throughout India since ancient times.
Sumanā, the great-flowered jasmine J. I, 62; IV, 455; DhA. IV, 12. In composition sumana°.
—dāma a wreath of jasmine J. IV, 455. —paṭṭa cloth with jasmine pattern J. I, 62. —puppha j. flower Miln. 291; VvA. 147. —makula a j. bud DhA. III, 371. —mālā garland of j. VvA. 142. (Page 720)
sumana : (adj.) glad. || sumanā (f.), jasmine; a glad woman.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
General definition (in Buddhism)
1. Sumana. The fourth of the twenty four Buddhas. He was born in Mekhala, his father being the khattiya Sudatta and his mother Sirima. For nine thousand years he lived as a householder in three palaces - Canda, Sucanda and Vatamsa (BuA.125 calls them Narivaddhana, Somavaddhana and Iddhivaddhana) - his wife being Vatamsika and his son Anupama. He left the world on an elephant, practised austerities for ten months, and attained enlightenment under a naga tree, being given a meal of milk rice by Anupama, daughter of Anupama setthi of Anoma, and grass for his seat by the Ajivaka Anupama. His first sermon was preached in the Mekhala Park, and among his first disciples were his step brother Sarana and the purohitas son Bhavitatta. His Twin miracle was performed in Sunandavati. The Bodhisatta was a Naga king Atula. One of the Buddhas chief assemblies was on the occasion of his solving the questions of King Arindama on Nirodha.
Sarana and Bhavitatta were his chief monks and Sona and Upasena his chief nuns. Udena was his personal attendant. Varuna and Sarana were his chief lay supporters among men and Cala and Upacala among women. His body was ninety cubits in height, and he died at the age of ninety thousand in Angarama, where a thupa of four yojanas was erected over his ashes. Bu.v.1ff.; BuA.125f.; J.i.30,34,35, 40.
2. Sumana. Attendant of Padumuttara Buddha (J.i.37; Bu.xi.24). His eminence prompted Ananda (Sumana in that birth) to resolve to be an attendant of some future Buddha. ThagA.ii.122; see also Ap.i.195.
3. Sumana. Step brother of Padumuttara, Buddha. He obtained, as boon from the king, the privilege of waiting on the Buddha for three months. He built in the park of Sobhana a vihara. The park belonged to the householder Sobhana, and he built the vihara, on land for which he gave one hundred thousand. There he entertained the Buddha and his monks. Sunanda is identified with Ananda. ThagA.ii.122f.; AA.i.160f.; SA.ii.168f.
4. Sumana. A pupil of Anuruddha. He represented the monks from Paveyyaka at the Second Council. Vasabhagami was his colleague. See also Sumana (8). Mhv.iv.49, 58; Dpv.iv.48; v.24; Vin.ii.305, etc.
5. Sumana. A garland maker, given as an example of one whose acts bore fruit in this very life (Mil.115, 291, 350; cf. DhSA.426; PSA.498). He was Bimbisaras gardener, and provided the king daily with eight measures of jasmine flowers, for which he received eight pieces of money, One day, while on his way to the palace, he saw the Buddha, and threw two handfuls of flowers into the air, where they formed a canopy over the Buddhas head. Two handfuls thrown on the right, two on the left and two behind, all remained likewise in the air and accompanied the Buddha as he walked through the city, a distance of three leagues, that all might see the miracle.
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1. Sumana. An aggasavika of Anomadassi Buddha.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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