Sumana, Sumanā, Sumanas, Sumanaḥ, Sumano, Su-manas, Su-mana: 43 definitions


Sumana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Sumanas (सुमनस्) is another name for Mahākarañja, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Millettia piscidia. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 7.69), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

2) Sumanā (सुमना) is a Sanskrit word referring to “jasmine”, a species of jasmine from the Oleaceae family of flowering plants. It is also known as Jātī and Mālatī, and in the Hindu language it is known as Camelī. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Jasminum grandiflorum but is commonly referred to in English as “Spanish jasmine” or “Royal jasmine” among others. It is an evergreen shrub with white pleasantly fragrant flowers and grows all over India up to 2500m elevation. It is also cultivated as ornamental plant.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Sumana (सुमन) refers to a “flower”, as mentioned in a list of eight synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Sumana] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Sumanas (सुमनस्) refers to “spanish jasmine” and is mentioned as one of the fruits used in the treatment of aggravated phlegm, according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Procedure to alleviate kapha (phlegm) after meals: The excess phlegm in the human body can lead to the weakening of digestive fire. Sleeping immediately after the meal will result in the aggravation of phlegm. The excess phlegm must be alleviated by employing fumes of the fragrant substances or consuming fruits [like sumanas (spanish jasmine), ...]. After a meal, one must walk a few steps. Practising this lightens the food mass and imparts comfort in the neck, knees and loins. [...]

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Sumanas (सुमनस्) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment of rat-poison such as those caused by the Siṃha-rats, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Accordingly, one of the treatments is mentioned as follows: “A drink made out of a measure of powdered roots of Śirīṣa and Sumana (sumanas-mūla) blended with cow’s milk. Gruel of powdered root of Palāśa and milk to be administered as a drink and ointment. A measure of Palaśa roots must be used for fumigation”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sumanas (सुमनस्).—A kirāta (forest tribe) king who flourished in Yudhiṣṭhira’s court. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 25).

2) Sumanas (सुमनस्).—A king in ancient India who worshipped Yama in his court. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 13).

3) Sumanas (सुमनस्).—A Kekaya princess who lived in Devaloka. She once held a discussion on spiritual topics with Śāṇḍilīdevī. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 123).

4) Sumanas (सुमनस्).—A son of Pūru in Dhruva’s lineage. Pūru had six mighty sons by his wife Atrī, viz. Aṅga, Sumanas, Svātī, Kratu, Aṅgiras and Gaya. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 13).

5) Sumanā (सुमना).—Wife of Somaśarman, a brahmin. (See under Somaśarman).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sumana (सुमन).—A son of Ulmuka and Puṣkariṇī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 17.

1b) A queen of Madhu and mother of Vīravrata.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 15.

1c) A mountain in Plakṣadvīpa. Here Vāraha Viṣṇu killed Hiraṇyākṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 11; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 7.

1d) A god of the Prasūta group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 70.

1e) A garden of the gods*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 101.

1f) A son of Maṇibhadra and Puṇyajanī; an Yakṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 122.

1g) A son of Āgneyī and Ūru.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 43.

1h) The name of Cakravāka in Mānasa; in previous birth a son of Kauśika.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 18.

1i) A mountain in Gomedaka.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 23. 3.

1j) Same as Āmbikeya of the Śākadvīpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 16.

1k) An Ekārṣeya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 200. 5.

1l) A gana attributed to Viśravas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 28.

1m) The son of Hasta and father of Tridhanvā.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 26.

1n) Mountain hill of the Śālmalīdvīpa.*

  • * 122. 94.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sumana (सुमन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.9, I.57, II.9.13) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sumana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (itihasa)

Sumana is the name of a Serpent (sarpa) mentioned in the thirty-fifth chapter (verses 4-17) of the Ādiparva of the Mahābhārata.—Accordingly, Sauti, on being implored by Śaunaka to name all the serpents in the course of the sarpa-sattra, tells him that it is humanly impossible to give a complete list because of their sheer multiplicity; but would name the prominent ones in accordance with their significance [e.g., Sumana].

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Sumanā (सुमना) is a Sanskrit name of one of the five cow-mothers, born from the churning of the milk ocean and descended on earth from Śiva’s world at the latter’s behest for the welfare of the people, according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Sumanas (सुमनस्) is the name of a Brāhman according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, “... Queen [Bandhumatī], I have not seen your husband anywhere, but I, who have to-day come to your house, am named, not without reason, the Brāhman Sumanas, so you will quickly have your wishes satisfied; thus my heart tells me”.

2) Sumanas (सुमनस्) is the name of an ancient king from Kāñcanapurī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 58. Accordingly, as Śaktiyaśas said to Naravāhanadatta: “... in old time there was a city named Kāñcanapurī, and in it there lived a great king named Sumanas. He was of extraordinary splendour, and, crossing difficult and inaccessible regions, he conquered the fortresses and fastnesses of his foes”.

3) Sumanas (सुमनस्) is the daughter of Jayadatta from Ratnākara, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 123. Accordingly, as Sumanas said: “... I am the daughter of a crest-jewel of Brāhmans, named Jayadatta, who lived in the city of Ratnākara. My name is Sumanas, and one night I was married to a certain handsome young Brāhman, who was a suitable match for me”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Sumanas, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Kavya from relevant books on Exotic India

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Sumanā (सुमना) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Sumanā has 14 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 4, 4, [SII or ISI or IIII] and [S] mātrās.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Chandas from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sumana. The fourth of the twenty four Buddhas. He was born in Mekhala, his father being the khattiya Sudatta and his mother Sirima. For nine thousand years he lived as a householder in three palaces - Canda, Sucanda and Vatamsa (BuA.125 calls them Narivaddhana, Somavaddhana and Iddhivaddhana) - his wife being Vatamsika and his son Anupama. He left the world on an elephant, practised austerities for ten months, and attained enlightenment under a naga tree, being given a meal of milk rice by Anupama, daughter of Anupama setthi of Anoma, and grass for his seat by the Ajivaka Anupama. His first sermon was preached in the Mekhala Park, and among his first disciples were his step brother Sarana and the purohitas son Bhavitatta. His Twin miracle was performed in Sunandavati. The Bodhisatta was a Naga king Atula. One of the Buddhas chief assemblies was on the occasion of his solving the questions of King Arindama on Nirodha.

Sarana and Bhavitatta were his chief monks and Sona and Upasena his chief nuns. Udena was his personal attendant. Varuna and Sarana were his chief lay supporters among men and Cala and Upacala among women. His body was ninety cubits in height, and he died at the age of ninety thousand in Angarama, where a thupa of four yojanas was erected over his ashes. Bu.v.1ff.; BuA.125f.; J.i.30,34,35, 40.

2. Sumana. Attendant of Padumuttara Buddha (J.i.37; Bu.xi.24). His eminence prompted Ananda (Sumana in that birth) to resolve to be an attendant of some future Buddha. ThagA.ii.122; see also Ap.i.195.

3. Sumana. Step brother of Padumuttara, Buddha. He obtained, as boon from the king, the privilege of waiting on the Buddha for three months. He built in the park of Sobhana a vihara. The park belonged to the householder Sobhana, and he built the vihara, on land for which he gave one hundred thousand. There he entertained the Buddha and his monks. Sunanda is identified with Ananda. ThagA.ii.122f.; AA.i.160f.; SA.ii.168f.

4. Sumana. A pupil of Anuruddha. He represented the monks from Paveyyaka at the Second Council. Vasabhagami was his colleague. See also Sumana (8). Mhv.iv.49, 58; Dpv.iv.48; v.24; Vin.ii.305, etc.

5. Sumana. A garland maker, given as an example of one whose acts bore fruit in this very life (Mil.115, 291, 350; cf. DhSA.426; PSA.498). He was Bimbisaras gardener, and provided the king daily with eight measures of jasmine flowers, for which he received eight pieces of money, One day, while on his way to the palace, he saw the Buddha, and threw two handfuls of flowers into the air, where they formed a canopy over the Buddhas head. Two handfuls thrown on the right, two on the left and two behind, all remained likewise in the air and accompanied the Buddha as he walked through the city, a distance of three leagues, that all might see the miracle.

-- or --

1. Sumana. An aggasavika of Anomadassi Buddha.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Sumanas (सुमनस्) refers to one of the four bodhivṛkṣadevatās “deity of the Bodhi-tree” according to the according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). In the Lalitavistara the bodhivṛkṣadevatās are four in number: Veṇu, Valgu, Sumanas and Ojāpati. In the same place, there is a detailed description of the bodhi tree.

2) Sumanā (सुमना) from Śrāvastī is one of the three courtesans (veśya) mentioned in a story in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13. Accordingly, three brothers heard speak of three courtesans (e.g., Sumanā). Hearing everyone praise the incomparable beauty of these three women, the three brothers thought of them day and night and could not get them out of their minds. In dreams, they possessed them. Once awakened, they said to themselves: “These women did not come to us and we did not go to these women; nevertheless, pleasure was produced. Because of them we woke up. Are all dharmas like that?”

3) Sumanas (सुमनस्) (also called Sumana or Karṇasumana) is the name of a Buddhist Bhikṣu according to chapter XLV.—Accordingly, “the Bhikṣu Karṇasumana, in a previous lifetime, saw the stūpa of the Buddha Vipaśyin and gave it the sumanā flower that he was wearing behind his ear. As a result of this, for eighty-one kalpas he enjoyed happiness among gods and men and, in his last lifetime, he had behind his ear a sumanā flower the perfume of which filled the whole house; this is why he was called Karṇasumana. Then, disgusted with the world, he went forth from home and obtained the Bodhi of the Arhats”.

Notes: when he was but seven years of age, Sumana was ordained by Aniruddha (commentary on Dhammapda). He may be identified, perhaps, with the Sumana who represented the monks from Pāvā at the second Council at Vaiśālī (cf. Vinaya; Dīpavaṃsa; Mahāvaṃsa).

Source: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Sumanas (सुमनस्) [?] is the name of a Nāgarāja appointed as one of the Divine protector deities of Magadha, according to chapter 17 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—In the Candragarbhasūtra, the Bhagavat invites all classes of Gods and Deities to protect the Law [dharma?] and the faithful in their respective kingdoms of Jambudvīpa [e.g., the Nāgarāja Sumanas in Magadha], resembling the time of the past Buddhas.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Sumanā (सुमना) refers to one of the female Śrāvakas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Sumanā).

2) Sumanas (सुमनस्) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) also mentioned as attending the teachings.

Source: 84000: Sampuṭodbhava Tantra (Emergence from Sampuṭa)

Sumanas (सुमनस्) refers to one of the primary thirty-two energy-channels in the body, according to the Sampuṭodbhavatantra chapter 1.—Accordingly, “[Vajragarbha asked, ‘What subtle energy channels are in the body?’]—The Blessed One said, ‘There are one hundred and twenty of them, corresponding to the divisions within the four cakras. The chief ones, those with bodhicitta as their innate nature, are thirty-two in number. They are: [i.e., Sumanas] [...]’.”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Sumanas (सुमनस्) refers to a species of Graiveyaka gods, who are in turn a subclass of the Kalpātīta gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. It is also known by the name Somanasa. The Kalpātīta (those born beyond heavens) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods).

The Graiveyakas (e.g., the Sumanas) do not bind karmans, are 1-sensed class of beings and have an immovable body, warm splendour, cold lustre, animal state of existence, ānupūrvī and āyus.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Sumanas (सुमनस्) is the name of Sanatkumāra’s vimāna (celestial car), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism. Accordingly, “[...] Sanatkumāra, surrounded by gods living in the twelve lacs of palaces, came in the car Sumanas”.

2) Sumanas (सुमनस्) is the name of an ancient Muni, according to chapter 5.3 [śāntinātha-caritra].—Accordingly, as king Vajrāyudha said to the Vidyādhara Pavanavega:—“[...] Datta, tormented by the fire of separation from her, wandered like a crazy man in every direction in the garden, thinking of Prabhaṅkarā. As he was wandering there, he saw the best of Munis, Sumanas, the sight of whom is a collyrium of nectar for the eye. At that time the omniscience of Muni Sumanas appeared, day for the destruction of the darkness of ignorance, from the destruction of the ghātikarmas. The gods celebrated the omniscience-festival and Datta worshipped the muni’s lotus-feet. [...]”.

3) Sumanas (सुमनस्) is the wife of Vidyādhara King Hiraṇyābha, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.2 [Rāvaṇa’s expedition of conquest].—Accordingly, “[...] At Mahendra’s instructions the ministers had accurate pictures made on canvas of each one and brought them and showed them to him. Among these one day the minister showed Mahendra the portrait of Vidyutprabha, the son of the Vidyādhara-lord, Hiraṇyābha, and his wife, Sumanas, and the handsome portrait of Pavanañjaya, the son of Prahlāda. The king said to the minister, ‘These two are handsome and well-born. Which one of them is the husband for the girl?’ [...]”;

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: A Study of dipavamsa

Sumana is the name of a pre-Buddhist deity in Ceylon.—The god Sumana of Sumantakuta (Adam’s Peak) is a pre-Buddhist mountain deity in Ceylon. It is described by the early analysts that he was originally a Yakkha and happened to be worshipped before the Buddha’s first visit to Ceylon, since it is stated that he had received some of the Buddha’s pure blue-black locks on that occasion which he enclosed in the thupa of sapphire at Mahiyangana. Sumana was the chief of Devas, that is Sakra. Walpola Rahula opines that, ‘even after conversion to Buddhism the Sinhalese desired to continue to venerate their friendly deities. But being Buddhists, they did not like to worship a non-Buddhist deity. They therefore converted these deities to Buddhism and elevated them to a higher plane’56.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Sumana in India is the name of a plant defined with Aganosma caryophyllata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Echites caryophyllatus Blume, nom. illeg. (among others).

2) Sumana is also identified with Aganosma dichotoma It has the synonym Echites dichotomus Roth.

3) Sumana is also identified with Jasminum grandiflorum It has the synonym Jasminum officinale var. grandiflorum (L.) Stokes (etc.).

4) Sumana is also identified with Jasminum officinale It has the synonym Jasminum officinale var. tibeticum C.Y. Wu (etc.).

5) Sumana is also identified with Rosa damascena It has the synonym Rosa x damascena Mill. (etc.).

6) Sumana is also identified with Triticum aestivum It has the synonym Zeia vulgaris var. aestiva (L.) Lunell (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum, ed. 2 (1762)
· Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden (1976)
· Florula Ludoviciana, or, a flora of the state of … (1817)
· A General History of the Dichlamydeous Plants (1837)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Taxon (2000)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sumana, for example side effects, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sumana : (adj.) glad. || sumanā (f.), jasmine; a glad woman.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sumanā, the great-flowered jasmine J. I, 62; IV, 455; DhA. IV, 12. In composition sumana°.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sumana (सुमन).—m S Wheat. 2 A god, any immortal.

--- OR ---

sumana (सुमन).—n S A flower. sumanakalikā f A flower-bud. Ex. bhramara guntalē sumanakaḷikē ||.

--- OR ---

sumana (सुमन).—n (Poetically and popularly.) A pure or virtuous mind.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sumana (सुमन).—n A flower. A pure mind. m Wheat. A god.

--- OR ---

sumanā (सुमना).—a Of a right and sound mind.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sumana (सुमन).—a. very charming, lovely, beautiful. (-naḥ) 1 wheat.

2) the thorn-apple.

- the great-flowered jasmine.

Sumana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and mana (मन).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sumanas (सुमनस्).—a.

1) good-minded, of a good disposition, benevolent; शान्तसंकल्पः सुमना यथा स्याद्वीतमन्युर्गौतमो माभिमृत्यो (śāntasaṃkalpaḥ sumanā yathā syādvītamanyurgautamo mābhimṛtyo) Kaṭh.1.1.

2) well-pleased, satisfied; (hence -sumanībhū = to be at ease; jite nṛpārau samanībhavanti śadbāyamānānyaśanairaśaṅkam Bhaṭṭikāvya 2.54.). (-m.)


Sumanas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and manas (मनस्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sumana (सुमन).—(s) (1) name of a future Buddha: Gaṇḍavyūha 441.25; (2) name of a śuddhāvāsakāyika god: Mahāvastu ii.257.8, 18 (in both mss. Sumata); 258.6, 19 (in all four n. sg. -o or -aś); [Page601-b+ 71] (3) name of one of the four devatās of the bodhivṛkṣa: °naḥ, n. sg., Lalitavistara 278.10; (4) name of a rich householder's son who was given by his father as attendant to Aniruddha and initiated by him: Avadāna-śataka ii.68.6 ff.; (5) (perhaps = Pali Sumana 8 in Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names)) name of a Buddhist elder: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.180.1 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sumana (सुमन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Handsome, beautiful. m.

(-naḥ) 1. Wheat. 2. The thorn-apple, (Datura metel.) f.

(-nā) Great-flowered jasmine. E. su good, man to think, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sumanas (सुमनस्).—m.

(-nāḥ) 1. A god, an immortal. 2. A Pand'it, a learned man or teacher. 3. A student of the Vedas, and supplementary sciences. 4. A plant, (Cæsalpinia Bonducella.) 5. Wheat. 6. The Nimba-tree. mn.

(-nāḥ-naḥ) or fem., but then always plur., even in the singular acceptation.

(-saḥ) A flower in general. f. sing.

(-nāḥ) Great-flowered jasmine. Adj. 1. Good-minded. 2. Well-pleased. E. su well, excellent, man to think, asi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sumanas (सुमनस्).—I. adj. satisfied, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 54, 20. Ii. m. 1. a god. 2. a learned man. 3. a student of the Vedas. 4. wheat. 5. the name of two plants. Ii. m. n. and f. (the last only pl.), a flower, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 182. Iii. f. , great flowered jasmine.

Sumanas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and manas (मनस्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sumanas (सुमनस्).—[adjective] well-disposed, kind; cheerful. glad; [feminine] (only [plural]) & [neuter] flower.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sumana (सुमन):—[=su-mana] [from su > su-ma] mfn. ([probably] for -manas) very charming, beautiful, handsome, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. wheat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] the thorn-apple, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a mythical being, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] of one of the 4 Bodhi-vṛkṣa-devatās, [Lalita-vistara]

6) [v.s. ...] of a serpent-demon, [Buddhist literature]

7) Sumanā (सुमना):—[=su-manā] [from su-mana > su > su-ma] f. Name of various plants ([according to] to [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ‘great flowering jasmine, Rosa Glandulifera, or Chrysanthemum Indicum’), [Suśruta; Mṛcchakaṭikā]

8) [v.s. ...] a spotted cow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a Kaikeyī, [Mahābhārata]

10) [v.s. ...] of a wife of Dama, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sumanaḥ (सुमनः):—[=su-manaḥ] [from su > su-ma] (for -manas) in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sumanas (सुमनस्):—[=su-manas] [from su > su-ma] mfn. good-minded, well-disposed, benevolent, gracious, favourable, pleasant, agreeable, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Kaṭha-upaniṣad]

2) [v.s. ...] well pleased, satisfied, cheerful, easy, comfortable, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] wise, intelligent, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a god, [Śiśupāla-vadha; Śārṅgadhara-paddhati] (cf. -manokasa below)

5) [v.s. ...] a good or wise man, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of various plants ([according to] to [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ‘wheat, a kind of Karañja, Azadirachta Indica, Guilandina Bonduc’), [Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a Dānava, [Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Uru and Āgneyī, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Ulmuka, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] of a son of Hary-aśva, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] of various other men, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

12) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) Name of a [particular] class of gods under the 12th Manu, [Purāṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] f. ([plural] or in [compound]) flowers, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] great-flowering jasmine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of Madhu and mother of Vīra-vrata, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

16) [v.s. ...] of various other women, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

17) [v.s. ...] n. a flower, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sumano (सुमनो):—[=su-mano] [from su > su-ma] (for -manas) in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sumana (सुमन):—[su-mana] (naḥ-nā-naṃ) m. Wheat; thornapple. 1. f. Great-flowered jasmine. a. Beautiful.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sumanas (सुमनस्):—(nāḥ) 5. m. A god; pandit; wheat; nimb tree. m. n. and fem. plu. A flower.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sumanas (सुमनस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sumaṇa, Sumaṇasa, Sumaṇasā, Sumaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sumana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sumana (सुमन) [Also spelled suman]:—(nm) a flower; (a) favourably disposed; happy; ~[ska] happy, pleased.

context information


Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Sumaṇa (सुमण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Sumanas.

Sumaṇa has the following synonyms: Sumaṇasa.

2) Sumaṇā (सुमणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Sumanas.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sumana (ಸುಮನ):—

1) [noun] = ಸುಮತ- [sumata-] 1.

2) [noun] beauty; charm; loveliness.

3) [noun] a man whose mind has a good inclination or tendency; a harmless, benevolent, sympathetic man.

4) [noun] a deity; a god.

5) [noun] the blossom of a plant; a flower.

6) [noun] a learned man; a scholar.

7) [noun] a man who is delighted or has the tendency to be joyous.

8) [noun] (myth.) name of a hell.

9) [noun] the grain of the grass Triticum dicoccum; wheat.

10) [noun] much money or property; great amount of worldly possessions; riches; wealth.

11) [noun] air or wind.

--- OR ---

Sumāna (ಸುಮಾನ):—[noun] = ಸುಮ್ಮಾನ [summana].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of sumana in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: