Thirteen difficulties: 1 definition


Thirteen difficulties means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Thirteen difficulties in Jainism glossary
Source: Tessitori Collection I

Thirteen Difficulties refers to a group of “hindrances to proper religious practice”, according to the “Teraha kāṭhīyā-svādhyāya” by Jinaharṣa (dealing with the Ethics section of Jain Canonical literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The exposition of the ‘thirteen difficulties’ against which one should fight as they are hindrances to proper religious practice is a widespread topic in Jain literature in Gujarati. They are either listed in brief compositions or described with several verses for each of the components.—See ch. Krause 1999, p. 277 for the list as found in a Ratnasañcaya-granth stanza 118.

The list of thirteen difficulties are:

  1. laziness (ālasa),
  2. delusion (moha),
  3. despise (avajñā),
  4. conceit (thambha here, or māna),
  5. anger (krodha),
  6. carelessness (pramāda),
  7. greediness (lobha here, or kiviṇāya),
  8. fear (bhaya),
  9. sorrow (soga),
  10. ignorance (ajñāna),
  11. distraction of mind (viṣe, vakkheva, vyākṣepa),
  12. amusement (kautuhala or variants),
  13. sexual enjoyments or sensual pleasures (ramaṇa).
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of thirteen difficulties in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: