Wisdom Library Logo

Shringara, aka: Śṛṅgāra; 4 Definition(s)


Shringara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śṛṅgāra can be transliterated into English as Srngara or Shringara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Śṛṅgāra (शृङ्गार) refers to the “erotic” sentiment (rasa). It is one of the eight rasas mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 6.15. The color associated with the śṛṅgāra is light green (śyāma), and the presiding deity of of the erotic (śṛṅgāra) sentiment is Viṣṇu.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “The Erotic (śṛṅgāra) Sentiment proceeds from the Durable Psychological State of love (rati), and it has as its basis (lit. soul) a bright attire; for whatever in this world is white, pure, bright and beautiful is appreciated in terms of the Durable Psychological State of love.”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śṛṅgāra (शृङ्गार).—A type of glance (or facial expression): śṛṅgāra (love): born of great joy, in the toils of love—raising the eyebrows and looking out of the corners of the eyes. Usage: mutual glances of those who are fast bound by amorous desires.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Śṛṅgāra (शृङ्गार).—The union of man and woman which finds them sexually united is known as an “erotic affair” (śṛṅgāra). This benefits the two, and brings them happiness. In this world people always desire happiness of which women are indeed the source. These women are of various nature.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Śṛṅgāra (शृङ्गार).—In Sanskrit literary theory, śṛṅgāra is described as existing in two modes, vipralambha-śṛṅgāra (aestheticized love-in-separation) and saṃbhoga-śṛṅgāra (aestheticized love-in-union). Godā sings extensively in both modes in her Nācciyār Tirumoli.

Source: Pearls at Random Strung: Godā Stuti (natya-shastra)Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Relevant definitions

Search found 20 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śṛṅgārarasa (शृङ्गाररस) refers to the “erotic sentiment” used in dramatic perfor...
Vipralambhaśṛṅgāra (विप्रलम्भशृङ्गार) is depicted as a sculpture on the tenth pillar of the sou...
Rasa (रस, “taste”) is one of the seventeen guṇas (‘qualities’), acco...
Sama (सम, “even”) refers to one of the ten good qualities (guṇa) of a song (gīta), according to...
Vīrā (वीरा).—A type of glance (dṛṣṭi) expressing sentiment (rasa);—The Glance which is bright, ...
Bhayānakā (भयानका).—A type of glance (dṛṣṭi) expressing sentiment (rasa);—The Gl...
Raudra (रौद्र) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā...
1) Catura (चतुर, “clever”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyebr...
In the history of the Indian grammatical tradition, Bhartṛhari (about fifth century C.E.) is...
1) Cārī (चारी) refers to a “dance step”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 1...
Hāsya (हास्य).—What is meant by ‘jest / laughter’ (hāsya)? Ridiculing right faith and the true ...
Hāva (हाव, “emotion ”) should be known as arising from the mind (citta) and manifesting itself ...
Utkṣipta (उत्क्षिप्त) refers to a specific ‘movement of the head’ (śiras), accor...
1) Avahitthā (अवहित्था, “dissimulation”) is the concealment of appearance. It is...
Parivartita (परिवर्तित) refers to one of the four classes of hastakaraṇas, or “movemen...

Relevant text

Search found books containing Shringara or Śṛṅgāra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:

- Was this explanation helpufll? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.