Shringara, aka: Śṛṅgāra; 6 Definition(s)


Shringara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śṛṅgāra can be transliterated into English as Srngara or Shringara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Śṛṅgāra (शृङ्गार) refers to the “erotic” sentiment (rasa). It is one of the eight rasas mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 6.15. The color associated with the śṛṅgāra is light green (śyāma), and the presiding deity of of the erotic (śṛṅgāra) sentiment is Viṣṇu.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “The Erotic (śṛṅgāra) Sentiment proceeds from the Durable Psychological State of love (rati), and it has as its basis (lit. soul) a bright attire; for whatever in this world is white, pure, bright and beautiful is appreciated in terms of the Durable Psychological State of love.”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śṛṅgāra (शृङ्गार).—A type of glance (or facial expression): śṛṅgāra (love): born of great joy, in the toils of love—raising the eyebrows and looking out of the corners of the eyes. Usage: mutual glances of those who are fast bound by amorous desires.

(Source): The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Śṛṅgāra (शृङ्गार).—The union of man and woman which finds them sexually united is known as an “erotic affair” (śṛṅgāra). This benefits the two, and brings them happiness. In this world people always desire happiness of which women are indeed the source. These women are of various nature.

(Source): Natya Shastra

Śṛṅgāra (शृङ्गार).—In Sanskrit literary theory, śṛṅgāra is described as existing in two modes, vipralambha-śṛṅgāra (aestheticized love-in-separation) and saṃbhoga-śṛṅgāra (aestheticized love-in-union). Godā sings extensively in both modes in her Nācciyār Tirumoli.

(Source): Pearls at Random Strung: Godā Stuti (natya-shastra)
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Discover the meaning of shringara or srngara in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

śṛṅgāra (शृंगार).—m (S) Dress and decoration; bedecked state. 2 Love, the amorous passion or sentiment as a subject of poetical description or dramatic representation. Ex. of comp. śṛṅgārakrīḍā or -līlā, śṛṅgārarasa, śṛṅgārasukha, śṛṅgāravinōda, śṛṅgāra- śāstra, śṛṅgāragṛha, śṛṅgārapriya, śṛṅgārabhāva, śṛṅgārasaṃ- bhāṣaṇa, śṛṅgāramatsara. 3 Exhibition (on the part of the female) of love by fond caresses, blandishments, and tendernesses; using wanton or soft gestures or airs. 4 The commerce of the sexes.

--- OR ---

śriṅgāra (श्रिंगार).—&c. Careless corruption, even by the educated, of śṛṅgāra.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śṛṅgāra (शृंगार).—m Dress and decoration. Love, the amorous sentiment as a subject of poetical description. Exhibition of love (on the part of the female) by blandishments &c.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 26 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śṛṅgārarasa (शृङ्गाररस) refers to the “erotic sentiment” used in dramatic perfor...
Vipralambhaśṛṅgāra (विप्रलम्भशृङ्गार) is depicted as a sculpture on the tenth pillar of the sou...
1) Rasa (रस, “taste”) or rasāyatana refers to one of the “twelve sense spheres” (āyatana) as de...
Śama (शम, “tranquility”) refers to an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the l...
vīra (वीर).—m A hero. The heroic passion. f Strength.
raudra (रौद्र).—m Rage. a Terrible. Wrathful.
bhayānaka (भयानक).—a Frightful, terrible.
catura (चतुर).—a Shrewd, sagacious, intelligent, ingenious, clever.--- OR --- cātura (चातुर).—a...
Hāsya (हास्य, “ridiculous”) refers to “sense of the absurd” and represents a subclass of the in...
havā (हवा).—f Air; weather; climate. havā khāṇēṃ Take the air.--- OR --- hāva (हाव).—m Blandish...
carī (चरी).—f A small ditch, trench, gutter, or channel.--- OR --- cārī (चारी).—f The inclined ...
Utkṣipta (उत्क्षिप्त) refers to a specific ‘movement of the head’ (śiras), according to the ...
1) Catuṣpada (चतुष्पद) refers to “four-footed”, and represents classification of things that ca...
Singara (or, Siṅgāra) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according t...
In the history of the Indian grammatical tradition, Bhartṛhari (about fifth century C.E.) is...

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