Mahi, aka: Mahī; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mahi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

1a) Mahī (मही).—A river in Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 62; Matsya-purāṇa 163. 64; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 43.

1b) Mādhavī, (Vasundharā);1 rescued by the Lord in Vārāha disguise from Pātāla; earth addressed the Lord in words of praise of his greatness;2 addressed by Sananda and other sages; the earth was rescued with mountains; and was divided into seven islands and created the four; bhū and other worlds;3 see Bhūmī.4

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 4. 7, 25-28.
  • 2) Ib. I. 4. 12-24.
  • 3) Ib. I. 4. 27-44.
  • 4) Ib. V. 1. 57.

1c) With Vikeśī: a sthāna of Rudra;1 his son was Lohitānga.2

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 8. 7.
  • 2) Ib. I. 8. 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Mahī (मही) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—The river Mahī which is springs in Mālavā region and fall into the gulf of Combay.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Mahī (मही) is the name of a meter belonging to the Anuṣṭubh class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of eight syllables sixth and eighth long, is mahī”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Mahī (मही).—1. Base of a triangle. 2. Earth. Note: Mahī is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Mahi (महि) or Mahī refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Mahi], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Mahi. One of the five great rivers of India, all of which have a common origin (Vin.ii.237; A.iv.101; v. 22; S.ii.135; v. 38; Mil. 20, 104; Vsm.10, etc.). Anguttarapa was to the north of the Mahi (SNA.ii.437ff). It is also called Mahamahi.

2. Mahi. A Lankagiri, an officer of Parakkamabahu I., stationed at Assamandala tittha. Cv.lxxii.27.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Mahī (मही) is the name of a river situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Mahī, one of the five great rivers mentioned in Pāli literature. The river Mahī is a tributary of the Gaṇḍaka.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

mahi : (aor. of mahati) honoured; revered. || mahī (f.) the earth; name of a river.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Mahī, (f.) (f. of mah, base of mahant, Vedic mahī) the earth (lit. Great One) Mhvs 5, 266; Sdhp. 424, 472; Loc. mahiyā Miln. 128; mahiyaṃ DhsA. 62.—Note. As mahī is only found in very late P. literature, it must have been re-introduced from Sk. sources, and is note a direct correspondent of Vedic mahī.

—tala the ground (of the earth) Mhvs 5, 54. —dhara mountain Miln. 343; Mhvs 14, 3; 28, 22 (v. l. mahin°). —pa king (of the earth) Mhvs 14, 22. —pati king Mhvs 5, 48; 33, 32. —pāla king Mhvs 4, 38; 5, 265. —ruha tree (“growing out of the earth”) Mhvs 14, 18, 18, 19. (Page 527)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

mahī (मही).—f (S) The earth. 2 The river Mahi or Mhye.

--- OR ---

māhī (माही).—m f (māgha S) The month commonly called māgha, January-February.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahī (मही).—f The earth.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahi (महि).—m., n. Greatness; सर्वात्मना महि गृणामि यथामनीषम् (sarvātmanā mahi gṛṇāmi yathāmanīṣam) Bhāg.7.9.12. -m. Intellect. -f. = मही (mahī) The earth. -ind. Greatly, very much.

--- OR ---

Mahī (मही).—1 Earth; as in महीपाल, महीमृत् (mahīpāla, mahīmṛt) &c.; मही रम्या शय्या (mahī ramyā śayyā) Bh.3.79.

2) Ground, soil; चेरतुः संयुगमहीं सासारौ जलदाविव (ceratuḥ saṃyugamahīṃ sāsārau jaladāviva) Rām.6.17.34.

3) Landed property or estate, land.

4) A country, kingdom.

5) Name of a river falling into the gulf of Cambay.

6) (In geom.) The base of any plane figure.

7) A large army (Ved).

8) A cow; ŚB. on MS.1.3.49.

9) Earth (as a substance, stones, bricks &c); Ms.7.7.

1) Space.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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