Angana, Aṅgaṇa, Aṅganā, Amgana: 22 definitions

Introduction:

Angana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Aṅganā (अङ्गना) is a synonym for Priyaṅgu, which is a Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant (Callicarpa macrophylla). It is a technical term used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century). It is also mentioned as a synonym in the Bhāvaprakāśa-nighaṇṭu (medicinal thesareus) authored by Bhāvamiśra 16th century, in which it is listed as Aṅganāpriyā.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Aṅgana (अङ्गन) refers to the “(sacrificial) yard”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.35. Accordingly, as Viṣṇu said to Dakṣa:—“[...] here, Vīrabhadra, the chief of Rudra’s attendants, who suppresses all his enemies and who is born of the fire of Rudra’s anger has now come to the sacrificial yard [viz., aṅgana]. There is no doubt in this that he has come for destroying us. There is nothing impossible for him to do, whatever it may be really”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Aṅganā (अङ्गना).—Wife of Vāmana, the elephant.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 339.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

1) Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण) [or aṅkaṇa] refers to “enclosure, courtyard §§ 5.5,6,16.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

2) Aṅgana (अङ्गन) refers to “see aṅkaṇa.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Aṅganā (अङ्गना) refers to “women ”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Gemini (Mithuna), chaste women [i.e., pravara-aṅganā], princes, powerful petty chiefs, learned men, people living on the banks of the Yamunā and the rulers of Bahlikā and Matsya with their subjects will suffer miseries. If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Cancer (Karka) the Ābhīras, the Śabaras, the Pallavas, the Mallas, the Matsyas, the Kurus, the Śakas, the Pāñcālas and the Vikalās will be afflicted with miseries and food grains will be destroyed”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

aṅgaṇa : (nt.) 1. an open space; a court yard; 2. impurity of mind.

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aṅganā : (f.) woman.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Aṅgaṇa, 2 (prob. to anj, thus a variant of añjana, q. v.); a speck or freckle (on the face) A.V, 92, 94 sq. (+ raja). Usually in neg. anaṅgana (adj.) free from fleck or blemish, clear, (of the mind) (opp. sângana Sn.279); D.I, 76; M.I, 24 sq.; 100 (+ raja); A.II, 211; Sn.517 (+ vigata‹-› raja = aṅgaṇānan abhāvā malānañ ca vigamā . . . SnA 427), 622 = Dh.125 (= nikkilesa DhA.III, 34); Dh.236, 351; Pug.60; Nett 87. (Page 6)

2) Aṅgaṇa, 1 (nt.) (cp. Sk. aṅgaṇa & °na; to aṅga?) an open space, a clearing, Vin.II, 218; J.I, 109 (= manussānan sañcaraṇa-ṭṭhāne anāvaṭe bhūmibhāge C.); II, 243, 290, 357; Dāvs.I, 27. — cetiy° an open space before a Chaitya Miln.366, DA.I, 191, 197; VvA.254. rāj° the empty space before the king’s palace, the royal square J.I, 124, 152; II, 2; DhA.II, 45.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṅgaṇa (अंगण).—n (S or aṅgana) A houseyard. Pr. ghara sōḍalēṃ aṃ0 pārakhēṃ or paradēśī. Applied also to the cleared and dungsmeared level in front of the doorway. 2 fig. An area, a plain, an arena, a field: as yuddhāṅgaṇa, raṇāṅgaṇa, raṅgāṅgaṇa, mallāṅgaṇa.

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aṅgana (अंगन).—n S A house-yard, &c. See the pop. form aṅgaṇa.

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aṅganā (अंगना).—f (S) A woman. 2 One's wife, the wife of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aṅgaṇa (अंगण).—n A house-yard. A plain, an arona or a field (used in compounds raṇāṅgaṇa &c.)

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āṅgaṇa (आंगण) [-ṇēṃ, -णें].—n A yard or court.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण).—= अङ्गनम् (aṅganam) q. v.

Derivable forms: aṅgaṇam (अङ्गणम्).

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Aṅgana (अङ्गन) or Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण).—[aṅgyate gṛhānniḥsṛtya gamyate atra; aṅg-lyuṭ, vā ṇatvam Tv.]

1) A place to walk in, a courtyard, an area, yard, court; गृह° (gṛha°); गगन° (gagana°) the wide firmament; °भुवः केसरवृक्षस्य (bhuvaḥ kesaravṛkṣasya) v. l. बालबकुलस्य (bālabakulasya) Māl.

1) situated or being in the courtyard.

2) [karaṇe lyuṭ] A conveyance.

3) [bhāve lyuṭ] Going, walking &c.

Derivable forms: aṅganam (अङ्गनम्), aṅgaṇam (अङ्गणम्).

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Aṅganā (अङ्गना).—[praśastam aṅgaṃ yasyāḥ sā; aṅgāt kalyāṇe naḥ P.V. 2.1.]

1) A woman or female in general; नृप°, गज°, हरिण° (nṛpa°, gaja°, hariṇa°) &c.

2) A woman with wellrounded limbs, a beautiful woman.

3) (Astr.) Virgo. कन्याराशिः (kanyārāśiḥ)

4) The female elephant of the north.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण).—. nt. = Pali id.), spot, blemish, depravity, evil: Mahāvyutpatti 2157 °ṇam. Common in compounds anaṅgaṇa, nir-a°, sāṅgaṇa, qq.v., which are often spelled with °na in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit].

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण).—n.

(-ṇaḥ) A court. or yard. See aṅgana.

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Aṅgana (अङ्गन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A court or, yard. 2. Going, moving. f.

(-nā) 1. A woman, a female. 2. The sign Virgo. 3. The female elephant of the north. E. abhi to go, and ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण).—for aṅgana (q. cf.), n. A court, a yard. [Devīmāhātmya, (ed. Poley.)] 5, 50.

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Aṅgana (अङ्गन).—[aṅg + ana], n. 1. A passage. 2. A court.

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Aṅganā (अङ्गना).— (cf. aṅga), f. 1. A beautiful woman. 2. A woman in general. 3. The female of any animal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण).—[neuter] court.

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Aṅgana (अङ्गन).—[neuter] = aṅgaṇa.

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Aṅganā (अङ्गना).—[feminine] woman, female.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṅgana (अङ्गन):—[from aṅg] a n. walking, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] ‘place to walk in’, yard

3) [v.s. ...] See sub voce

4) Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण):—a n. See aṅgana.

5) Aṅgana (अङ्गन):—b n. (√aṅg q.v.), the act of walking, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) place to walk in, yard, court, area

7) Aṅganā (अङ्गना):—[from aṅgana] f. ‘a woman with well-rounded limbs’, any woman or female

8) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) Virgo

9) [v.s. ...] the female elephant of the north.

10) Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण):—[from aṅgana] b n. a yard, court, area.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण):—n.

(-ṇam) A court, or yard. See aṅgana.

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Aṅgana (अङ्गन):—I. n.

(-nam) 1) Going, moving.

2) A court. E. aṅg, kṛt aff. lyuṭ. Ii. f.

(-nā) 1) A beautiful woman.

2) The sign Virgo.

3) A woman, a female.

4) The female elephant of the north. (See aṅgadā.) E. aṅga, taddh. aff. na, fem. aff. ṭāp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. A court or yard.

2) Aṅgana (अङ्गन):—(naṃ) 1. n. A court; going.

3) Aṅganā (अङ्गना):—(nā) 1. f. A woman; virgo; female elephant of the north.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṃgaṇa, Aṃgaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Angana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Aṃgaṇa (अंगण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Aṅgaṇa.

2) Aṃgaṇā (अंगणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Aṅganā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṃgaṇa (ಅಂಗಣ):—

1) [noun] a place, enclosed or not, adjacent to a building; a yard.

2) [noun] a court or open space enclosed by a building.

3) [noun] (usu.) a vast area, where battles take place or which is used for playing games (as in ಸಮರಾಂಗಣ, ಕ್ರೀಡಾಂಗಣ, [samaramgana, kridamgana,] etc.).

4) [noun] a vast area in gen.

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Aṃgana (ಅಂಗನ):—

1) [noun] the act of walking.

2) [noun] an enclosed court or yard adjoining a house.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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