Angana, Aṅgaṇa, Aṅganā, Amgana: 27 definitions


Angana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Aṅganā (अङ्गना) is a synonym for Priyaṅgu, which is a Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant (Callicarpa macrophylla). It is a technical term used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century). It is also mentioned as a synonym in the Bhāvaprakāśa-nighaṇṭu (medicinal thesareus) authored by Bhāvamiśra 16th century, in which it is listed as Aṅganāpriyā.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Aṅgana (अङ्गन) refers to the “(sacrificial) yard”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.35. Accordingly, as Viṣṇu said to Dakṣa:—“[...] here, Vīrabhadra, the chief of Rudra’s attendants, who suppresses all his enemies and who is born of the fire of Rudra’s anger has now come to the sacrificial yard [viz., aṅgana]. There is no doubt in this that he has come for destroying us. There is nothing impossible for him to do, whatever it may be really”.

2) Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण) refers to the “courtyards (of a city)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.31 (“Description of Śiva’s magic”).—Accordingly, as the Seven Sages said amongst each other (when arriving at Himavatpura city): “This city seems to be better than Alakā, heaven, Bhogavatī and even Amarāvatī. The houses are beautiful and well-built. The courtyards (aṅgaṇa) are well laid out and paved with different kinds of crystals and jewels of variegated colours. Slabs of solar and lunar stones are found in every house. Different kinds of celestial trees are also growing here. [...]”.

3) Aṅganā (अङ्गना) refers to “women ”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.5 (“The Tripuras are fascinated).—Accordingly, as Sanatkumāra narrated to Vyāsa: “O sage, addressing the lord of the Asuras and the citizens thus, the sage with his disciples spoiled the Vedic rites in a determined manner. [...] The women of the three cities (tripura-aṅganā) who were hitherto devotedly attached to their husbands were deluded and misguided and they abandoned their noble inclinations to serve their husbands. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Aṅganā (अङ्गना).—Wife of Vāmana, the elephant.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 339.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

1) Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण) [or aṅkaṇa] refers to “enclosure, courtyard §§ 5.5,6,16.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

2) Aṅgana (अङ्गन) refers to “see aṅkaṇa.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Aṅganā (अङ्गना) refers to “women ”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Gemini (Mithuna), chaste women [i.e., pravara-aṅganā], princes, powerful petty chiefs, learned men, people living on the banks of the Yamunā and the rulers of Bahlikā and Matsya with their subjects will suffer miseries. If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Cancer (Karka) the Ābhīras, the Śabaras, the Pallavas, the Mallas, the Matsyas, the Kurus, the Śakas, the Pāñcālas and the Vikalās will be afflicted with miseries and food grains will be destroyed”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Aṅganā (अङ्गना) refers to “she who is a member (of a good family)”, according to the Lalitāsahasranāma.—Lalitā’s thousand names are eulogized in the Lalitāsahasranāma, describing the goddess’s spiritual beauty on the analogy of physical, sensuous beauty. [...] Like Kubjikā, Lalitā is a Kaula goddess and several names celebrate her connection with Kula and reflect the subtle balance between the sexuality and chastity of the goddess. As a ‘kula-aṅganā’ (92), she is a ‘woman of good family’ which means that she is devoted to her consort (pativratā), Parameśiva. It also means that she is his partner in the Kaula rite of union they celebrate perpetually. She is established in the Kula (kulāntasthā) (93).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण) refers to a “courtyard”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225).—Accordingly, “[Then through the main entrance (of Caṇḍikā), the temple yard:] Her courtyard was adorned (vibhūṣita-aṅgaṇa) with thickets of red aśoka trees, the spaces between the branches of which were made gapless by flocks of perching red cockerels, [trees] which appeared to reveal unseasonal clusters of blooms in their fear”

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Aṅganā (अङ्गना) refers to a “woman”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “In the Mandala, an obscured Himalaya, abiding seated in lotus posture, [..] a universal vajra, half moon and sun on the head, destroying darkness, bright, destroying great fear, lord of the seat of the flaming vajra and bell, the semen of two divinities granted, secret non-dual knowledge, clasping a woman (aṅganā-āliṅgana) in a natural state of emptiness, [...] a helper for crossing over together, the dreadful wilderness of saṃsāra, routing Māra, Śrī Vajrasattva, homage”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Aṅganā (अङ्गना) refers to “women”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Travelling living beings, fettered very tightly by numerous chains such as women (aṅganāaṅganādimahāpāśaiḥ), etc., fall into a deep pit of darkness called life”.

Synonyms: Strī, Yoṣit, Kalatra, Vallabha, Rāma.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Angana in India is the name of a plant defined with Solanum melongena in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Solanum incanum auct. non L. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· FBI (1883)
· Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India (1969)
· Feddes Repertorium (1990)
· Cytologia (1991)
· Linnean Society of London (1837)
· Cytologia (1997)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Angana, for example health benefits, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, side effects, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

aṅgaṇa : (nt.) 1. an open space; a court yard; 2. impurity of mind.

-- or --

aṅganā : (f.) woman.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Aṅgaṇa, 2 (prob. to anj, thus a variant of añjana, q. v.); a speck or freckle (on the face) A.V, 92, 94 sq. (+ raja). Usually in neg. anaṅgana (adj.) free from fleck or blemish, clear, (of the mind) (opp. sângana Sn.279); D.I, 76; M.I, 24 sq.; 100 (+ raja); A.II, 211; Sn.517 (+ vigata‹-› raja = aṅgaṇānan abhāvā malānañ ca vigamā . . . SnA 427), 622 = Dh.125 (= nikkilesa DhA.III, 34); Dh.236, 351; Pug.60; Nett 87. (Page 6)

2) Aṅgaṇa, 1 (nt.) (cp. Sk. aṅgaṇa & °na; to aṅga?) an open space, a clearing, Vin.II, 218; J.I, 109 (= manussānan sañcaraṇa-ṭṭhāne anāvaṭe bhūmibhāge C.); II, 243, 290, 357; Dāvs.I, 27. — cetiy° an open space before a Chaitya Miln.366, DA.I, 191, 197; VvA.254. rāj° the empty space before the king’s palace, the royal square J.I, 124, 152; II, 2; DhA.II, 45.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṅgaṇa (अंगण).—n (S or aṅgana) A houseyard. Pr. ghara sōḍalēṃ aṃ0 pārakhēṃ or paradēśī. Applied also to the cleared and dungsmeared level in front of the doorway. 2 fig. An area, a plain, an arena, a field: as yuddhāṅgaṇa, raṇāṅgaṇa, raṅgāṅgaṇa, mallāṅgaṇa.

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aṅgana (अंगन).—n S A house-yard, &c. See the pop. form aṅgaṇa.

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aṅganā (अंगना).—f (S) A woman. 2 One's wife, the wife of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aṅgaṇa (अंगण).—n A house-yard. A plain, an arona or a field (used in compounds raṇāṅgaṇa &c.)

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āṅgaṇa (आंगण) [-ṇēṃ, -णें].—n A yard or court.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण).—= अङ्गनम् (aṅganam) q. v.

Derivable forms: aṅgaṇam (अङ्गणम्).

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Aṅgana (अङ्गन) or Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण).—[aṅgyate gṛhānniḥsṛtya gamyate atra; aṅg-lyuṭ, vā ṇatvam Tv.]

1) A place to walk in, a courtyard, an area, yard, court; गृह° (gṛha°); गगन° (gagana°) the wide firmament; °भुवः केसरवृक्षस्य (bhuvaḥ kesaravṛkṣasya) v. l. बालबकुलस्य (bālabakulasya) Māl.

1) situated or being in the courtyard.

2) [karaṇe lyuṭ] A conveyance.

3) [bhāve lyuṭ] Going, walking &c.

Derivable forms: aṅganam (अङ्गनम्), aṅgaṇam (अङ्गणम्).

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Aṅganā (अङ्गना).—[praśastam aṅgaṃ yasyāḥ sā; aṅgāt kalyāṇe naḥ P.V. 2.1.]

1) A woman or female in general; नृप°, गज°, हरिण° (nṛpa°, gaja°, hariṇa°) &c.

2) A woman with wellrounded limbs, a beautiful woman.

3) (Astr.) Virgo. कन्याराशिः (kanyārāśiḥ)

4) The female elephant of the north.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण).—. nt. = Pali id.), spot, blemish, depravity, evil: Mahāvyutpatti 2157 °ṇam. Common in compounds anaṅgaṇa, nir-a°, sāṅgaṇa, qq.v., which are often spelled with °na in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit].

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण).—n.

(-ṇaḥ) A court. or yard. See aṅgana.

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Aṅgana (अङ्गन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A court or, yard. 2. Going, moving. f.

(-nā) 1. A woman, a female. 2. The sign Virgo. 3. The female elephant of the north. E. abhi to go, and ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण).—for aṅgana (q. cf.), n. A court, a yard. [Devīmāhātmya, (ed. Poley.)] 5, 50.

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Aṅgana (अङ्गन).—[aṅg + ana], n. 1. A passage. 2. A court.

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Aṅganā (अङ्गना).— (cf. aṅga), f. 1. A beautiful woman. 2. A woman in general. 3. The female of any animal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण).—[neuter] court.

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Aṅgana (अङ्गन).—[neuter] = aṅgaṇa.

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Aṅganā (अङ्गना).—[feminine] woman, female.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṅgana (अङ्गन):—[from aṅg] a n. walking, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] ‘place to walk in’, yard

3) [v.s. ...] See sub voce

4) Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण):—a n. See aṅgana.

5) Aṅgana (अङ्गन):—b n. (√aṅg q.v.), the act of walking, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) place to walk in, yard, court, area

7) Aṅganā (अङ्गना):—[from aṅgana] f. ‘a woman with well-rounded limbs’, any woman or female

8) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) Virgo

9) [v.s. ...] the female elephant of the north.

10) Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण):—[from aṅgana] b n. a yard, court, area.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण):—n.

(-ṇam) A court, or yard. See aṅgana.

--- OR ---

Aṅgana (अङ्गन):—I. n.

(-nam) 1) Going, moving.

2) A court. E. aṅg, kṛt aff. lyuṭ. Ii. f.

(-nā) 1) A beautiful woman.

2) The sign Virgo.

3) A woman, a female.

4) The female elephant of the north. (See aṅgadā.) E. aṅga, taddh. aff. na, fem. aff. ṭāp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. A court or yard.

2) Aṅgana (अङ्गन):—(naṃ) 1. n. A court; going.

3) Aṅganā (अङ्गना):—(nā) 1. f. A woman; virgo; female elephant of the north.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aṅgaṇa (अङ्गण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṃgaṇa, Aṃgaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Angana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Aṃgaṇa (अंगण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Aṅgaṇa.

2) Aṃgaṇā (अंगणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Aṅganā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṃgaṇa (ಅಂಗಣ):—

1) [noun] a place, enclosed or not, adjacent to a building; a yard.

2) [noun] a court or open space enclosed by a building.

3) [noun] (usu.) a vast area, where battles take place or which is used for playing games (as in ಸಮರಾಂಗಣ, ಕ್ರೀಡಾಂಗಣ, [samaramgana, kridamgana,] etc.).

4) [noun] a vast area in gen.

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Aṃgana (ಅಂಗನ):—

1) [noun] the act of walking.

2) [noun] an enclosed court or yard adjoining a house.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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