Angada, aka: Aṅgada; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Angada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Aṅgada (अङ्गद) refers to an “arm-band” and is classified as an ornament (ābharaṇa) for wearing above the elbow (kūrpara) to be worn by males, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is classified as bandhanīya, or “ornaments that are to be tied up” and it is to be worn above the keyūra. Such ornaments for males should be used in cases of gods and kings.

Aṅgada (अङ्गद) also refers to an “arm-band” ornament (ābharaṇa) for the upper-arm (bāhumūla, ‘arm-pit’) to be worn by females. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., aṅgada) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Angada in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Aṅgada (अङ्गद)—One of the Heavenly ornaments according to the Vāyu Purāṇa. It was used as an ornament by the people of the Kuru land, by Śiva and by the Rākṣasas.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

1) Aṅgada (अङ्गद).—A son of Bāli. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā-Kaśyapa-Indra-Bāli-Aṅgada. Birth. Aṅgada was the son of Bāli (the son of Indra) born of his wife Tārā. (Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 82, Stanza 28).

a) Aṅgada was a member of the group of monkeys sent by Sugrīva to find out Sītā. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇyakāṇḍa).

b) He was the foremost among the group of monkeys who entered Madhuvana and ate the berries in the garden, on their return after the search for Sītā.

c) Aṅgada was sent to the court of Rāvaṇa as a messenger by Śrī Rāma. (Rāmāyaṇa, Yuddhakāṇḍa).

d) In the battle between Rāma and Rāvaṇa Aṅgada combated with Indrajit. (Rāmāyaṇa, Yuddhakāṇḍa).

e) After his combat with Indrajit, Aṅgada and his followers led an attack on the army of Rāvaṇa. (Rāmāyaṇa, Yuddhakāṇḍa).

f) After the battle, Śrī Rāma anointed Aṅgada as the heir-apparent to the Kingdom of Kiṣkindhā. The necklace which Bāli had given on his death to Sugrīva, was returned to Aṅgada. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).

g) Śrī Rāma returned to Ayodhyā after his forest life and celebrated a horse sacrifice. The sacrificial horse was caught and detained by King Suratha. Coming to know of this Śatrughna sent Aṅgada to deal with Suratha, who said that the horse was detained with the intention of meeting with Śrī Rāma personally. Aṅgada returned and told Śatrughna what Suratha had said to him. (Padma Purāṇa, Pātāla Khaṇḍa). (See full article at Story of Aṅgada from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Aṅgada (अङ्गद).—There was a prince called Aṅgada among the mighty men-of-arms on the side of the Kauravas. He got into action on the battle-field on the twelfth day of the battle. (Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 25, Stanza 38).

3) Aṅgada (अङ्गद).—Śrutakīrti the wedded wife of Śatrughna, brother of Śrī Rāma, had two sons called Aṅgada and Chandraketu. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).

4) Aṅgada (अङ्गद).—In the Bhāgavata we see another Aṅgada who was the son of Gada, the brother of Kṛṣṇa by his wife, Bṛhatī.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Aṅgada (अङ्गद).—A son of Lakṣmaṇa.1 Capital Kārayana in the Aṅgada kingdom.2 (Kārapatha).

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 11. 12; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 104.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 188; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 187-8.

1b) A son of Vāli: married the eldest daughter of Mainda; father of Dhruva.1 Present at Rāma's abhiṣeka.2 Helped Rāma in his expedition to Laṅkā.3 Bore the sword when Bharata carried the pādukā of Rāma.4

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 219-20.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 100.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 19-20.
  • 4) Ib. IX. 10. 44.

1c) A kingdom with its capital Kārayana.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 189.

1d) A son of Bṛhatī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 256; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 247.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Aṅgada (अङ्गद) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.58) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aṅgada) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Angada (अंगद): One of the monkey host; Son of Valī

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Aṅgada (अङ्गद) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Aṅgada] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Angada in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

aṅgada : (nt.; adj.) bracelet for arm.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Aṅgada, (cp. Sk. aṅgada; prob. aṅga + da that which is given to the limbs) a bracelet J.V, 9, 410 (citt°, adj. with manifold bracelets). (Page 7)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

aṅgada (अंगद).—n S A bracelet worn on the upper arm.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṅgada (अङ्गद).—[aṅgaṃ dāyati śodhayati bhūṣayati, aṅgaṃ dyati vā, dai or do-ka.] An ornament, bracelet &c. worn on the upper arm, an armlet; तप्तचामीकराङ्गदः (taptacāmīkarāṅgadaḥ) V.1.15. संघट्टयन्नङ्ग- दमङ्गदेन (saṃghaṭṭayannaṅga- damaṅgadena) R.6.73.

-dā 1 The female elephant of the south (?).

2) A woman who offers her person for use (aṅgaṃ dadāti arpayati).

-daḥ 1 Name of a son of Vāli, monkey-king of Kiṣkindhā. cf. अङ्गदो वालिनन्दने, नपुंसि बाहुवलये (aṅgado vālinandane, napuṃsi bāhuvalaye)... ()| Nm. [He was born of Tārā, Vālī's wife, and is supposed to have been an incarnation of Bṛhaspati to aid the cause of Rāma (and hence noted for his eloquence). When, after the abduction of Sītā by Rāvaṇa, Rāma sent monkeys in all quarters to search for her, Aṅgada was made chief of a monkeytroop proceeding to the south. For one month he got no information, and, when consequently he determined to cast off his life, he was told by Sampāti that Sītā could be found in Laṅkā. He sent Māruti to the island and, on the latter's return with definite information, they joined Rāma at Kiṣkindhā. Afterwards when the whole host of Rāma went to Laṇkā Aṅgada was despatched to Rāvaṇa as a messenger of peace to give him a chance of saving himself in time. But Rāvaṇa scornfully rejected his advice and met his doom. After Sugrīva Aṇgada became king of Kiṣkindhā. In common parlance a man is said to act the part of Aṅgada when he endeavours to mediate between two contending parties, but without any success.]

2) Name of a son of Lakṣmaṇa by Urmilā (aṅgadaṃ candraketuṃ ca lakṣmaṇo'pyātmasaṃbhavau | śāsanādraghunāthasya cakre kārā- patheśvarau || R.15.9), his capital being called Aṇgadīyā

3) Name of a warrior on the side of Duryodhana.

Derivable forms: aṅgadam (अङ्गदम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṅgada (अङ्गद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. The name of a celebrated monkey, one of the heroes of the Ramayana, the son of Bali. n.

(-daṃ) A bracelet worn upon the upper arm. f.

(-dā) The female elephant of the south E. aṅga the body, and de to nourish, or dai to cleanse, aff. ḍa

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 40 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Citrangada
1) Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद).—(CITRĀṄGA). See under Citrāṅga I.2) Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद).—A son ...
Rukmangada
1) Rukmāṅgada (रुक्माङ्गद).—A son of Śalya the King of Madra. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Ā...
Parangada
Parāṅgada (पराङ्गद).—m. (-daḥ) A name of Siva. E. para another, (Durga,) aṅga form and da who g...
Kanakangada
Kanakāṅgada (कनकाङ्गद).—See under KANAKADHVAJA.
Hemangada
Hemāṅgada (हेमाङ्गद).—a gold bracelet. Derivable forms: hemāṅgadam (हेमाङ्गदम्).Hemāṅgada is a ...
Angadaniryuha
Aṅgadaniryūha (अङ्गदनिर्यूह).—the crestlike forepart of the Aṅgada ornament.Derivable forms: aṅ...
Angada-siddhaya
Aṅgaḍa-siddhāya.—(CITD), Telugu-Sanskrit; fixed revenue from shops. Note: aṅgaḍa-siddhāya is de...
Gadhangada
Gāḍhāṅgada (गाढाङ्गद).—a. having closely fitting armlets; R.16.6. Gāḍhāṅgada is a Sanskrit comp...
Rucirangada
Rucirāṅgada (रुचिराङ्गद).—Name of Viṣṇu.Derivable forms: rucirāṅgadaḥ (रुचिराङ्गदः).Rucirāṅgada...
Padangada
Pādāṅgada (पादाङ्गद).—an ornament for the foot, an anklet. Derivable forms: pādāṅgadam (पादाङ्ग...
Tara
Tāra (तार, “pupils”) refers to one of the twelve “subsidiary limbs” (upāṅga), which represents ...
Lakshmana
Lakṣmaṇā (लक्ष्मणा) is another name for Śvetakaṇṭakārī, a medicinal plant related to Kaṇṭakārī,...
Vamana
Vāmana (वामन) or Vāmanāvatāra refers to one the “ten incarnations of Lord Viṣṇu”, as defined ac...
Dhruva
Dhruvā (ध्रुवा) is another name for Śāliparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Desmodium gang...
Kumbha
Kumbha (“pot”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy c...

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