Angada, Aṅgada: 16 definitions
Angada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Aṅgada (अङ्गद) refers to an “arm-band” and is classified as an ornament (ābharaṇa) for wearing above the elbow (kūrpara) to be worn by males, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is classified as bandhanīya, or “ornaments that are to be tied up” and it is to be worn above the keyūra. Such ornaments for males should be used in cases of gods and kings.
Aṅgada (अङ्गद) also refers to an “arm-band” ornament (ābharaṇa) for the upper-arm (bāhumūla, ‘arm-pit’) to be worn by females. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).
Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., aṅgada) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
Aṅgada (अङ्गद)—One of the Heavenly ornaments according to the Vāyu Purāṇa. It was used as an ornament by the people of the Kuru land, by Śiva and by the Rākṣasas.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Aṅgada (अङ्गद).—A son of Bāli. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā-Kaśyapa-Indra-Bāli-Aṅgada. Birth. Aṅgada was the son of Bāli (the son of Indra) born of his wife Tārā. (Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 82, Stanza 28).
a) Aṅgada was a member of the group of monkeys sent by Sugrīva to find out Sītā. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇyakāṇḍa).
b) He was the foremost among the group of monkeys who entered Madhuvana and ate the berries in the garden, on their return after the search for Sītā.
c) Aṅgada was sent to the court of Rāvaṇa as a messenger by Śrī Rāma. (Rāmāyaṇa, Yuddhakāṇḍa).
d) In the battle between Rāma and Rāvaṇa Aṅgada combated with Indrajit. (Rāmāyaṇa, Yuddhakāṇḍa).
e) After his combat with Indrajit, Aṅgada and his followers led an attack on the army of Rāvaṇa. (Rāmāyaṇa, Yuddhakāṇḍa).
f) After the battle, Śrī Rāma anointed Aṅgada as the heir-apparent to the Kingdom of Kiṣkindhā. The necklace which Bāli had given on his death to Sugrīva, was returned to Aṅgada. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).
g) Śrī Rāma returned to Ayodhyā after his forest life and celebrated a horse sacrifice. The sacrificial horse was caught and detained by King Suratha. Coming to know of this Śatrughna sent Aṅgada to deal with Suratha, who said that the horse was detained with the intention of meeting with Śrī Rāma personally. Aṅgada returned and told Śatrughna what Suratha had said to him. (Padma Purāṇa, Pātāla Khaṇḍa). (See full article at Story of Aṅgada from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Aṅgada (अङ्गद).—There was a prince called Aṅgada among the mighty men-of-arms on the side of the Kauravas. He got into action on the battle-field on the twelfth day of the battle. (Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 25, Stanza 38).
3) Aṅgada (अङ्गद).—Śrutakīrti the wedded wife of Śatrughna, brother of Śrī Rāma, had two sons called Aṅgada and Chandraketu. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).
4) Aṅgada (अङ्गद).—In the Bhāgavata we see another Aṅgada who was the son of Gada, the brother of Kṛṣṇa by his wife, Bṛhatī.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 11. 12; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 104.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 188; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 187-8.
1b) A son of Vāli: married the eldest daughter of Mainda; father of Dhruva.1 Present at Rāma's abhiṣeka.2 Helped Rāma in his expedition to Laṅkā.3 Bore the sword when Bharata carried the pādukā of Rāma.4
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 219-20.
- 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 100.
- 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 19-20.
- 4) Ib. IX. 10. 44.
1c) A kingdom with its capital Kārayana.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 189.
1d) A son of Bṛhatī.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 256; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 247.
Aṅgada (अङ्गद) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.58) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aṅgada) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Angada (अंगद): One of the monkey host; Son of Valī
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Aṅgada (अङ्गद) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Aṅgada] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: What is India: Inscriptions of the Vākāṭakas
Aṅgada (अङ्गद) refers to “jewelled armlets”, which was worn by kings during the reign of the Vākāṭakas (mid-3rd century CE).—Ajaṇṭā paintings give us a clear idea of the costume and jewellery worn by men and women in Vidarbha in the age of the Vākāṭakas. [...] Men and women were very fond of jewellery in the Vākāṭaka age. Merchants, middle class people and servants generally appear without jewellery on their person, but kings, princes, high officers, queens and wives of rich people as also their maids are represented with a variety of ornaments. [...] Kings used to wear a high jewelled diadem. They also put on jewelled ear-ornaments (kuṇḍalas) and necklaces of pearls or gems. Their arms were adorned with jewelled armlets (aṅgadas), with strings of pearls hanging from them. In his description of the svayaṃvara of Indumatī, Kālidāsa describes how one of the princes who attended it had to extricate his necklace while had got entangled in his armelt.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
aṅgada : (nt.; adj.) bracelet for arm.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Aṅgada, (cp. Sk. aṅgada; prob. aṅga + da that which is given to the limbs) a bracelet J.V, 9, 410 (citt°, adj. with manifold bracelets). (Page 7)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
aṅgada (अंगद).—n S A bracelet worn on the upper arm.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Aṅgada (अङ्गद).—[aṅgaṃ dāyati śodhayati bhūṣayati, aṅgaṃ dyati vā, dai or do-ka.] An ornament, bracelet &c. worn on the upper arm, an armlet; तप्तचामीकराङ्गदः (taptacāmīkarāṅgadaḥ) V.1.15. संघट्टयन्नङ्ग- दमङ्गदेन (saṃghaṭṭayannaṅga- damaṅgadena) R.6.73.
-dā 1 The female elephant of the south (?).
2) A woman who offers her person for use (aṅgaṃ dadāti arpayati).
-daḥ 1 Name of a son of Vāli, monkey-king of Kiṣkindhā. cf. अङ्गदो वालिनन्दने, नपुंसि बाहुवलये (aṅgado vālinandane, napuṃsi bāhuvalaye)... ()| Nm. [He was born of Tārā, Vālī's wife, and is supposed to have been an incarnation of Bṛhaspati to aid the cause of Rāma (and hence noted for his eloquence). When, after the abduction of Sītā by Rāvaṇa, Rāma sent monkeys in all quarters to search for her, Aṅgada was made chief of a monkeytroop proceeding to the south. For one month he got no information, and, when consequently he determined to cast off his life, he was told by Sampāti that Sītā could be found in Laṅkā. He sent Māruti to the island and, on the latter's return with definite information, they joined Rāma at Kiṣkindhā. Afterwards when the whole host of Rāma went to Laṇkā Aṅgada was despatched to Rāvaṇa as a messenger of peace to give him a chance of saving himself in time. But Rāvaṇa scornfully rejected his advice and met his doom. After Sugrīva Aṇgada became king of Kiṣkindhā. In common parlance a man is said to act the part of Aṅgada when he endeavours to mediate between two contending parties, but without any success.]
2) Name of a son of Lakṣmaṇa by Urmilā (aṅgadaṃ candraketuṃ ca lakṣmaṇo'pyātmasaṃbhavau | śāsanādraghunāthasya cakre kārā- patheśvarau || R.15.9), his capital being called Aṇgadīyā
3) Name of a warrior on the side of Duryodhana.
Derivable forms: aṅgadam (अङ्गदम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-daḥ) 1. The name of a celebrated monkey, one of the heroes of the Ramayana, the son of Bali. n.
(-daṃ) A bracelet worn upon the upper arm. f.
(-dā) The female elephant of the south E. aṅga the body, and de to nourish, or dai to cleanse, aff. ḍaSource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aṅgada (अङ्गद).—[masculine] a man’s name; [neuter] bracelet, poss. din.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with (+19): Adasangada, Anangada, Bangada, Bhangada, Candrangada, Chandrangada, Chitrangada, Citrangada, Dhangada, Dharmangada, Gadhangada, Hemangada, Jangada, Jhangada, Kalangada, Kanakangada, Karatabangada, Khatvangada, Lahangada, Langada.
Full-text (+19): Angadaniryuha, Angadin, Angadaniti, Mainda, Parangada, Karayana, Karapatha, Kanakangada, Hemangada, Rukmangada, Tareya, Rucirangada, Prajangha, Gadhangada, Padangada, Citrangada, Candraketu, Minala, Angadashishtai, Shodashakala.
Search found 21 books and stories containing Angada, Aṅgada, Anga-da, Aṅga-da, Aṅgadā, Aṅga-dā; (plurals include: Angadas, Aṅgadas, das, Aṅgadās, dās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 50 - Aṅgada Delivers Śatrughna’s Message to Suratha < [Section 5 - Pātāla-Khaṇḍa (Section on the Nether World)]
Chapter 216 - The Greatness of Badarikāśrama < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 51 - Hanūmat Frees Puṣkala from Campaka < [Section 5 - Pātāla-Khaṇḍa (Section on the Nether World)]
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CCLXXXVI < [Draupadi-harana Parva]
Section CCLXXXII < [Draupadi-harana Parva]
Section LV < [Bhagavat-Gita Parva]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.4.254 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha: The Spiritual Kingdom]
Verse 2.7.26 < [Chapter 7 - Jagad-ānanda: The Bliss of the Worlds]
Verse 2.4.67 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha: The Spiritual Kingdom]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 7: Defeat and death of Rāvaṇa < [Chapter VII - The killing of Rāvaṇa]
Part 1: Expedition to Laṅkā < [Chapter VII - The killing of Rāvaṇa]
Introduction to volume 4 < [Introductions]
The Gautami Mahatmya (by G. P. Bhatt)