Cakshusha, Cākṣuṣa, Cakṣuṣa: 20 definitions


Cakshusha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Cākṣuṣa and Cakṣuṣa can be transliterated into English as Caksusa or Cakshusha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chakshusha.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Cakshusha in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Cākṣuṣa (चाक्षुष):—Son of Khanitra (son of Pramati). He had a son named Viviṃśati. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Cakṣuṣa (चक्षुष).—A son of Ripu and Bṛhati; his son was the great Manu born to his wife Vāruṇī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 102.

1b) A son of Bali's slave girl through Dīrghatamas;1 attained Brahmanhood with his brother Kakṣivat.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 71; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 70.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 94.

1c) A son of Khanitra, and father of Vīṃśa.*

  • * V. IV. 1. 25.

2a) Cākṣuṣa (चाक्षुष).—The sixth Manu (s.v.) and son of Cakṣuṣa. Pūrū and others were his sons. In his epoch Mantradruma (Manojava, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) was Indra. Haviṣmat and others were sages. Hari manifested himself as Ajita.1 There was a deluge in this Manvantara.2 After him came Vaivasvata.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 5. 7-9; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 105; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 37; 62. 3; 101. 33.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 15; IV. 30. 49; VI. 6. 15; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 6, 26-9.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 3. 66, 107, 202; 37. 19 and 46; III. 2. 1; 60. 1; IV. 1. 26 and 50.

2b) The son of Khanitra, and father of Vīviṃśati.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 24.

2c) A son of Anu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 10.

2d) A son of Viśveśa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 48.

2e) The king of Cākṣuṣe antara, son of Pracetasa and grandson of Prācīnabarhis; he will give birth to Dakṣa from Mārṣā, the daughter of Śākhins.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 60-61, 74-5.

2f) The son of Bṛhati and Ripu; wife Vāruni (Puṣkarini) and father of Cākṣuṣa Manu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 88-9; 100. 26; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 2. 3.

2g) One of the five Devagaṇas of the epoch of the 14th Manu (Bhautya);1 seven among them are distinguished.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 34; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 106-7; Vāyu-purāṇa 111. 100; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 43.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 112.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

1) Cakṣuṣa (चक्षुष) is the son of Bṛhatī and Ripu: one of the five sons of Chāyā and Sṛṣṭi, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Dhruva had four sons—Sṛṣṭi, Dhanya, Harya and Śaṃbhu; they all were Vaiṣṇavas. Chāyā gave birth to five sons of Sṛṣṭi; they were Ripu, Ripuṃjaya, Vipra, Vṛṣala and Vṛkatejas. Bṛhatī the wife of Ripu gave birth to Cakṣuṣa. Puṣkariṇī gave birth to Cākṣuṣa Manu, the son of Cakṣuṣa.

2) Cakṣuṣa (चक्षुष) or Cākṣuṣamanvantara refers to the one of the fourteen Manvantaras.—Accordingly, “In cākṣuṣamanvantara, Manojava was the Indra, Bhāva and others who were the progeny of Āyu were said to be the deities. The seven sages were Sudhāmā, Virajā, Haviṣmān, Uttama, Budha, Atri and Sahiṣṇu.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Cakshusha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Cakṣuṣa (चक्षुष) refers to “eyes”, as mentioned in verse 5.37-39 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] [ghee is] recommended for wit, memory, intellect, digestion, strength, longevity, sperm, eyes [viz., cakṣuṣa], [...]: ghee [viz., ghṛta] (is) possessed of a thousand powers (and), by its (many) ways of application, productive of a thousand effects”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Cakshusha in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Cakṣuṣa (चक्षुष) refers to a “visual organ”, according to the Āgamaḍambara, 68 (Cf. Nyāyamañjarī, vol. I, 501).—Accordingly, The Saiddhāntika arguing with a Cārvāka who denies the validity of the inference of Īśvara points out that then the Cārvāka should equally dismiss the inference of the indriyas. The Cārvāka replies: “Let [us admit that] the [sense organs] too are not inferred; why should it be a problem for us?”; the Saiddhāntika asks in turn: “But [then] how can you see a visual form without any visual organ (cakṣuṣa)?”

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Cakshusha in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Cākṣuṣa (चाक्षुष) refers to the “apparent” or “feigned” (confidence) (of a hawk), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the training of hawks]: “[The black-eyed class] can be tamed by much ‘watching’. It eats flesh and drinks water. If it bites the falconer’s hand, stones are to be presented to it. Their feigned or apparent (cākṣuṣa) confidence can easily be acquired [viśrambhaścākṣuṣaścāsya kṣiprameva prajāyate], but to gain their real confidence is difficult, therefore great care should be taken in their training”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Cakshusha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cākṣuṣa (चाक्षुष).—a S Belonging to the eye or the sight, ocular, optical, visual. 2 Visible or seen. 3 Used as s n or cākṣuṣajñāna n Ocular evidence; eyesightknowledge.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cākṣuṣa (चाक्षुष).—a Visible. Belonging to the eye.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Cakshusha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cākṣuṣa (चाक्षुष).—a. (-ṣī f.) [चक्षुषा गृह्यते, चक्षुस्-अण् (cakṣuṣā gṛhyate, cakṣus-aṇ)]

1) Depending on, or produced from, sight.

2) Belonging to the eye, visual, optical; M.1.4.

3) Visible, to be seen;

-ṣaḥ Name of the sixth Manu; चाक्षुषश्च महातेजा विवस्वत्सुत एव च (cākṣuṣaśca mahātejā vivasvatsuta eva ca) Manusmṛti 1.62; रूपं स जगृहे मात्स्यं चाक्षुषोदधिसंप्लवे (rūpaṃ sa jagṛhe mātsyaṃ cākṣuṣodadhisaṃplave) Bhāgavata 1.3.15.

-ṣam Knowledge dependent on vision.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cākṣuṣa (चाक्षुष).—mfn.

(-ṣaḥ-ṣī-ṣaṃ) Visible, perceptible, seen. m.

(-ṣaḥ) The sixth Manu. E. cakṣuṣa the eye, aṇ aff. cakṣuṣā gṛhyate .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cakṣuṣa (चक्षुष).—[-cakṣuṣa], i. e. cakṣus + a, A substitute for cakṣus, when latter part of a comp. adj., e. g. sa-, adj. Seeing, Mahābhārata 1, 6818.

--- OR ---

Cākṣuṣa (चाक्षुष).—i. e. cakṣus + a, I. adj., f. ṣī. 1. Peculiar to the eye, e. g. ṣī vidyā, The magic faculty of seeing every object, Mahābhārata 1, 6478. 2. Perceptible by the eye, [Suśruta] 1, 153, 5. 3. Referring to Manu Cākṣuṣa, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 30, 49. Ii. m. The name of the sixth Manu, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 62.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cākṣuṣa (चाक्षुष).—[feminine] ī pertaining to the eye or sight, visible; [masculine] patron, of the sixth Manu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Cākṣuṣa (चाक्षुष) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted by Cāritravardhana and Hemādri on Raghuvaṃśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cakṣuṣa (चक्षुष):—[from cakṣ] mfn. ifc. ‘the eye’ See sa-

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Ripu ([varia lectio] cākṣ), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa i, 13, 2.]

3) Cākṣuṣa (चाक्षुष):—mf(ī)n. ([from] cakṣus) consisting in sight, depending on or produced from sight, proper or belonging or relating to the sight, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xiii, 56; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Mālavikāgnimitra i, 4]

4) (a- [negative]), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha x, 112]

5) (with vidyā, a magical science) conferring the power of seeing anything, [Mahābhārata i, 6478]

6) perceptible by the eye, [Kauṣītaki-upaniṣad; Suśruta; Pāṇini 4-2, 92; Kāśikā-vṛtti]

7) (a- [negative]), [Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana i, 61]

8) relating to Manu Cākṣuṣa, [Harivaṃśa 279; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, 30, 49]

9) m. [patronymic] [Atharva-veda xvi, 7, 7]

10) Name of Agni (author of several Sāmans)

11) of an author, [Raghuvaṃśa v, 50; Mallinātha]

12) of the 6th Manu (with 5 others descending from Manu Svāyambhuva, [Manu-smṛti i, 62]; son of Viśvakarman by Ākṛti, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 6, 15]; son of Cakṣus[, viii, 5, 17]), [Mahābhārata xiii, 1315; Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

13) Name of a son of Ripu by Bṛhatī (father of a Manu), [Harivaṃśa 69]

14) of a son of Kakṣeyu (or Anu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa iv, 18, 1]) and brother of Sabhā-nara, [Harivaṃśa 1669]

15) of a son of Khanitra, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 2, 24]

16) m. [plural] a class of deities in the 14th Manv-antara, [viii, 13, 35]

17) n. = -jñāna, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cākṣuṣa (चाक्षुष):—[(ṣaḥ-ṣā-ṣaṃ) a.] Visible.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Cākṣuṣa (चाक्षुष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Cakkhusa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cakshusha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Cakshusha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Cākṣuṣa (चाक्षुष) [Also spelled chakshush]:—(a) visual, pertaining to the eye.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Cakshusha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cākṣuṣa (ಚಾಕ್ಷುಷ):—

1) [adjective] of or pertaining to seeing or sight; visual.

2) [adjective] visible a) that can be seen; perceptible by the eye; b) that can be perceived or observed; apparent.

--- OR ---

Cākṣuṣa (ಚಾಕ್ಷುಷ):—

1) [noun] that which can be seen or is perceptible by the eye.

2) [noun] (myth.) one of the fourteen men of par excellence, believed to have instituted religious and moral codes for the human race.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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