Shveta, Śvetā, Sveta, Śveta: 22 definitions


Shveta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śvetā and Śveta can be transliterated into English as Sveta or Shveta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume II

The third fold or layer (of the skin) is called Śvetá, which measures in thickness, a twelve-twentieth of a Vrihi (rice grain).

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Śvetā (श्वेता) is another name for Aśvakṣurā, a medicinal plant identified with Clitoria ternatea (Asian pigeonwings, butterfly pea or bluebellvine) from the Fabaceae or “legume family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.87-89 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Śvetā and Aśvakṣurā, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Śvetā (श्वेता) is also mentioned as a synonym for Śvetabṛhatī, a medicinal plant identified with Solanum torvum Swartz (“turkey berry” or “prickly nightshade”) from the Solanaceae or “nightshades” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.28-29. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Śvetamahoṭikā and Śvetabṛhatī, there are a total of five Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

3) Śvetā (श्वेता) is also mentioned as a synonym for Śvetakaṇṭakārī, a medicinal plant related to Kaṇṭakārī, according to verse 4.33-36. Together with the names Śvetā and Śvetakaṇṭakārī, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Śveta (श्वेत), one of the fifty Rudras according to the Caryāpāda section of the Makuṭāgama (one of the 28 Saiva Siddhanta Agamas).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Śveta (श्वेत) is the name of a mountain-range situated to the north of Ilāvṛta, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.76. Ilāvṛta is a region (navakhaṇḍa) situated within Jambūdvīpa: one of the seven continents situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī). These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

According to the Parākhyatantra, “beyond that to the North like Nīla there is the mountain Śveta, wherethe great sage Śveta, though being devoured by Death, was protected by Śiva”.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Śvetā (श्वेता, “white”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ श्वेतायै नमः
oṃ śvetāyai namaḥ.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Sveta (स्वेत).—A son of King Virāṭa. He was killed in a ferocious battle with grandfather Bhīṣma. (Bhīṣma Parva in Mahābhārata)

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śveta (श्वेत).—A King in ancient India. By his moral and spiritual power he was able to restore his dead son to life. He did not eat meat. Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 150 mentions that he was one of the few Kings who deserve to be remembered with reverence at dawn and dusk. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 1, Verse 233; Śānti Parva, Chapter 153, Verse 68; Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 115, Verse 66).

2) Śveta (श्वेत).—A King. Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Dākṣiṇātya Pāṭha, Chapter 14 mentions that he was one of the prominent Kings in India.

3) Śveta (श्वेत).—A son of the Virāṭa King. Śveta was the son of King Virāṭa by his chief wife Surathā, who was a princess of Kosala. Śveta had attended Yudhiṣṭhira’s Rājasūya. This distinguished warrior was killed by Bhīṣma in Bhārata Yuddha. (Mahābhārata Dākṣiṇātya Pāṭha, Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 16; Sabhā Parva, Chapter 44, Verse 20; Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 48).

4) Śveta (श्वेत).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata, Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 64).

5) Śveta (श्वेत).—Son of the elder brother of King Sudeva. There is a story of how Śveta, who was a sinner, attained mokṣa (salvation) by a vision of sage Agastya. Towards the end of his life, Śveta attained Mokṣa by performing austere tapas. But since he failed to earn God’s grace by giving food to the hungry, even in Heaven, he was tormented by hunger and thirst. His hunger was so severe that he began eating his own flesh. At last as suggested by Brahmā he was born again on earth and after a visit to Agastya re-entered Heaven.

6) Śvetā (श्वेता).—A daughter of Dakṣa. Ten daughters were born to Dakṣa by his wife Krodhavaśā, including Śvetā. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇya Kāṇḍa, 14th Sarga).

7) Śveta (श्वेत).—A mountain in Uttarā Khaṇḍa. In Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 139, Verse 1, we find that the Pāṇḍavas crossed the Śveta mountain during their life in the forest.

8) Śveta (श्वेत).—A country situated on the northern side of the Nīla mountain. The region known as "Hiraṇyakam" is situated to the north of this country. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 6, Verse 37).

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Śveta (श्वेत) refers to one of the seven nether worlds (lower regions) according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa. The Nīlamata mentions the threefold division of the universe indicated by the expressions like Tribhuvana, Trailokya etc. Evidently, the earth is the middle part, above and below which, are the heavens and the nether worlds (eg., Śveta). But as a matter of fact, the division seems to be twofold only, for the earth itself is regarded as the lowest of the seven upper regions.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śveta (श्वेत).—(Varṣaparvata) a mountain range to the north of Ilāvṛta, and a boundary limit of Hiraṇmaya; residence of Daityas and Dānavas; centres round the Kumuda hill of Śālmalidvīpam; for Asuras.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 8; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 1. 69; II. 15. 22 and 28; 17. 35; 20. 52; III. 7. 194; Matsya-purāṇa 113. 23, 84; 144. 57; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 85; 42. 68; 45. 2; 46. 35. 49. 39; 50. 50.

1b) A chief Nāga of Pātāla;1 with the sun in Āvaṇi and Puraṭṭāśi.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 31.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 11.

1c) A son of Vapuṣmat after whom came the Śvetadeśa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 32-3; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 28; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 23, 29.

1d) A son of Devajanī and a Yakṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 128.

1e) A son of Bṛhati.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 256; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 247.

1f) A son of Vipracitta the dānava in the Tārakāmaya war.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 173. 19; 177. 7.

1g) The form of a great seer which Śiva assumes at the end of the four Yugas of the Kalpa; (Vārāha) in the Chagala hillock of the Himālayas;1 the avatār of the 23rd dvāpara in the Kalañjara hill.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 115.
  • 2) Ib. 23. 203-4.

1h) One of the four Vedic disciples of Śveta, an avatār of the Lord Śiva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 117.

1i) A son of Maṇivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 159.

1j) A ṛtvik at Brahmā's sacrifice.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 36.

1k) A division of Jambūdvipa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 21. 2. 11.

1l) A region of Śālmalidvīpa adjoining the Kumuda hill;1 the kingdom of Hiraṇvān.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 44.
  • 2) Ib. II. 14. 50; 15. 34; 19. 44.

1m) A Parāśara clan; a dynasty of kings.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 95; 74. 268; Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 89; 73. 62.

1n) The sages who sprang out of the side of Kumāra (Deveśa) in the 29th Kalpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 22. 15.

1o) A Janapada of the Ketumālā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 11; 99. 455.

2a) Śvetā (श्वेता).—A daughter of Krodhavaśā (Krodhā, Vāyu-purāṇa) and wife of Pulaha; mother of Vānaras;1 mother of four Diggajas.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 172, 180-203; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 205.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 214.

2b) A daughter of Bṛhati.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 256; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 247.

3) Sveta (स्वेत).—A varṣa round the Kumuda hill in Śālmalidvīpam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 39.
Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (mahābhārata)

Śveta (श्वेत) is a son of King Virāṭa with his wife Surathā. On the first day of the battle of the Mahābhārata Śveta enters the battlefield. He faces first Śalya and then Bhīṣma. Śveta starts fighting with Śalya. When the Kaurava party notices that Śalya is almost in the jaws of death, Duryodhana advances with Bhīṣma, the great old man well versed in archery. The inscription might be mentioning the name of Bhīṣma, who, on entering the battlefield, before setting out to fight, offers his homage to Kṛṣṇa first. Śalya escapes from the war field. Bhīṣma comes to the spot. Then he advances in a chariot towards Śveta. But on seeing Śveta descending from the chariot Bhīṣma too gets down from his chariot. Then both the opponents are fighting on foot. “Śveta took up a sword and cut off Bhīṣma’s bow” (Mahābhārata, part III, VI, Bhīṣmaparva, adhyāya 48, 103).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Śveta (श्वेत).—Nīla, Śveta and Śṛṅgavān are three varṣaparvatas to the north of Jambūdvīpa and they divide the three continents namely Ramyaka, Hiraṇmaya and Uttarakurudeśa respectively.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śveta (श्वेत, “white”) refers to one of the four primary colors, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is also known by the name Sitā. According to the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation), there are four main colors (varṇa) from which various derivative and minor colors (upavarṇa) are derived. Colors are used in aṅgaracanā (painting the limbs), which forms a section of nepathya (costumes and make-up).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “Soma (the Moon), Bṛhaspati. Śakra (Indra) Varuṇa and the stars (tāraka, tārakagaṇa), the ocean (samudra), the Himalayas, and Gaṅgā (the Ganges) are to be made white in colour (śveta)”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Śveta (श्वेत) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Śveta (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a bull. A viṇā is held with both hands.

The illustrations (of, for example Śveta) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Śveta (श्वेत) is depicted as a sculpture on the sixth pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Lokeśvara.—According to the Liṅgapurāṇa (vol. 1, chap. 30), Śveta was one of the best ascetics. He was engaged in performing the pūjā, cult of Śiva, reading the Rudrādhyāya etc. to please Śiva. In his right hand Śveta is holding a round thing when Yama has put his noose on his neck. Probably, it is the Liṅga he is holding to perform the pūjā. The Liṅgapurāṇa mentions that an effigy of a Liṅga is given to the disciple by the preceptor at the time of the initiation and the disciple should worship that Liṅga in a Śiva temple. In our opinion this idea is visible here. Śveta is worshipping the Liṅga which was given to him at the time of his initiation. Śiva with four arms is emanating from the main Liṅga.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sveta (स्‍वेत): A son of King Virata who fell in battle to Bhishma's arrow.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śvēta (श्वेत).—a (S) White. śvētakṛṣṇa hōṇēṃ (To become white and black.) To die.

--- OR ---

śvēta (श्वेत).—m (Corr. from sētu S) A bridge.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śveta (श्वेत).—a. (-śvetā or -śvetī f.) [श्वित्-अच् घञ् वा (śvit-ac ghañ vā)] White; ततः श्वेतैर्हयैर्युक्ते महति स्यन्दने स्थितौ (tataḥ śvetairhayairyukte mahati syandane sthitau) Bg.1.14.

-taḥ 1 The white colour.

2) A conch-shell.

3) A cowrie.

4) The planet Venus.

5) Śukra, the regent of the planet; न शेकुः पाण्डवा द्रष्टुं श्वेतं ग्रहमिवोदितम् (na śekuḥ pāṇḍavā draṣṭuṃ śvetaṃ grahamivoditam) Mb.6.82.12.

6) A white cloud.

7) Cumin seed.

8) Name of a range of mountains; शृङ्गैः श्वेतमिव स्थितम् (śṛṅgaiḥ śvetamiva sthitam) Bhāg.1.39.45. (according to some com. kailāsa); see कुलाचल (kulācala) or कुलपर्वत (kulaparvata).

9) Name of a division of the world.

1) A white goat; वायव्यं श्वेतमालभेत (vāyavyaṃ śvetamālabheta) | cf. तस्मात् प्रत्यक्षोऽपि श्वेतशब्दश्छागमेव परिच्छिन्द्यान्नान्यं पशुम् इति (tasmāt pratyakṣo'pi śvetaśabdaśchāgameva paricchindyānnānyaṃ paśum iti) ŚB. on MS.1.2.68.

11) A white horse.

12) A silver coin.

13) A comet; श्वेतो ग्रहस्तिर्यगिवापतन् खे (śveto grahastiryagivāpatan khe) Mb. 5.37.43.

-tam 1 Silver.

2) The white of the eye.

3) Butter-milk and water mixed half and half.

--- OR ---

Śvetā (श्वेता).—

1) A cowrie.

2) Hog-weed.

3) White Dūrvā grass.

4) A crystal.

5) Candied sugar.

6) Bamboomanna.

7) Name of various plants.

8) Name of one of the tongues of fire.

9) Alum.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śveta (श्वेत).—n. of a Pratyekabuddha: Mmk 64.13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śveta (श्वेत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā or nī-taṃ) White. m.

(-taḥ) 1. White, (the colour.) 2. The planet Venus, or its regent Sukra. 3. The sixth range of mountains, dividing the known continent, the white mountains separating the Varshas of Hiranmaya and Romanaka. 4. One of the minor Dwipas or divisions of the world; in fable the White Island, identified geographically by Wilford, with Britain. 5. A white cloud. 6. Cummin-seed. 7. A conch. mf.

(-taḥ-tā) A small white shell used as a coin, a Cowrie. n.

(-taṃ) Silver. f.

(-tā) 1. A grass, (Andropogon aciculatum.) 2. A plant, Kasht'ha-Patala. 3. A flower, (Clitoria ternatea.) 4. Hogweed. 5. Bent grass with white blossoms. 6. Bamboo-manna. 7. Crystal. 8. Clayed or candied sugar. 9. A cowrie. E. śvit to be white, aff. ac or ghañ .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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