Shvashura, Śvaśura, Svashura, Svaśura, Shvasura: 13 definitions


Shvashura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śvaśura and Svaśura can be transliterated into English as Svasura or Shvashura or Svashura, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Śvaśura (श्वशुर, “father-in-law”).—One of the Eleven Hands denoting Relationships.—(Instructions:) Following the last hand, the right hand is shown as Śikhara.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shvashura in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śvaśura (श्वशुर) refers to “father-in-law”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.33 (“The appeasement of Himavat”).—Accordingly, the Seven Sages said to Himavat (Himācala): “O lord of the mountains, may our words, the cause of everything auspicious, be heard. Give Pārvatī to Śiva. Become the father-in-law (śvaśura) of the world-destroyer. For the destruction of Tāraka, formerly Brahmā requested Śiva who is the lord of all and who does not beg of any one, to strive for this alliance. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Shvashura in Hinduism glossary
Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śvaśura (श्वशुर) from the Rigveda onwards denotes the ‘father-in-law’ of the wife; not till the Sūtra period does it include the ‘father-in-law’ of the husband. The daughter-in-law (Snuṣā), in the normal case when the father-in-law was the head of the family to which her husband belonged in fact as well as in age, was bound to pay him all respect. When the old man had ceased to exercise control, she became mistress (samrājñī) over him and his wife. In the plural the word denotes the ‘parents-in-law’.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shvashura in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śvaśura (श्वशुर).—m S A father-in-law, the father of one's wife or husband. Ex. dēvī mhaṇē śvaśuragṛhīṃ yēūna || rahivāsa kēlā asē ||.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shvashura in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śvaśura (श्वशुर).—[śu-āśu aśrute āśu-aś urac pṛṣo° Uṇādi-sūtra 1.44]

1) A father-in-law, wife'a or husband's father; राजर्त्विक्- स्नातकगुरून् प्रियश्वशुरमातुलान् । अर्हयन्मधुपर्केण परिसंवत्सरात् पुनः (rājartvik- snātakagurūn priyaśvaśuramātulān | arhayanmadhuparkeṇa parisaṃvatsarāt punaḥ) || Manusmṛti 3.119.

2) A respectable man.

-rau (dual) The father-in-law and mother-in-law.

Derivable forms: śvaśuraḥ (श्वशुरः).

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Svaśura (स्वशुर).—A father-in-law; cf. श्वशुर (śvaśura).

Derivable forms: svaśuraḥ (स्वशुरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvaśura (श्वशुर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A father-in-law, a wife’s or husband’s father. 2. A venerable man, one to be treated as a father-in-law. m. Du. (-rī) A father and mother-in-law. E. śu a particle, implying respect, to pervade, Unadi aff. urac; also with kan added śvaśuraka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvaśura (श्वशुर).— (for original sva- śura; ś for s by the assimifating influence of the following ś), I. m. 1. A father-in-law, a wife’s or husband’s father, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 53, 5. 2. du. A father and mother-in-law. Ii. f. śvaśrū, A mother-in-law, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 3, 20; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 245.

— Cf. [Latin] socer, socrus; [Gothic.] svaihra; [Anglo-Saxon.] sweger, sweor;

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvaśura (श्वशुर).—[masculine] father-in-law; [dual] father and mother-in-law.

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Śvāśura (श्वाशुर).—[feminine] ī belonging to the father-in-law.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvaśura (श्वशुर):—m. ([probably] for [originally] svaśura; cf. below) a father-in-law, husband’s or wife’s father (in the oldest language commonly the former, in the Sūtras the latter, in Class. lang° both meanings; also applied to a maternal uncle and to any venerable person), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [dual number] (cf. [Pāṇini 1-2, 72]) a father and mother-in-law, [Yājñavalkya; Kathāsaritsāgara] (also [plural] e.g. [Ṛg-veda x, 95, 12; Atharva-veda xiv, 2, 27 etc.])

3) cf. [Greek] ἑκυρός; [Latin] socer; [Lithuanian] szészuras; [Slavonic or Slavonian] svekrŭ; [Gothic] swaihra; [Anglo-Saxon] sweór; [German] swëher, Schwäher.

4) Śvāśura (श्वाशुर):—mf(ī)n. relating or belonging to a father-in-law, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) m. [plural] = śvāśurer yūnaś chāttrāḥ, [Patañjali]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvaśura (श्वशुर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A father-in-law; a venerable man.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śvasura (श्वसुर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sasura, Sāsura.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shvashura in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shvashura in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śvaśura (ಶ್ವಶುರ):—[noun] the father of one’s wife or husband; father-in-law.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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