Shurparaka, aka: Surparaka, Sūrpāraka, Śūrpāraka; 10 Definition(s)
Shurparaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śūrpāraka can be transliterated into English as Surparaka or Shurparaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)
Sūrpāraka is about twenty-six miles north of Bombay. In the Maharashtra province, near Bombay, is a district known as Thānā and a place known as Sopārā. Sūrpāraka is mentioned in the Mahābhārata (Śānti-parva, 41.66-67).Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Katha (narrative stories)
Śūrpāraka (शूर्पारक).—One of the various countries and cities mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—Śūrpāraka is identified with Sopārā (Nālā Sopārā) in the district of Thāṇā (of the Koṅkaṇa kingdom), 37 miles north of Bombay and 4 miles north-west of Bassein. It was a great Tīrtha in ancient times. Dr. Bhagvanlal Indraji got it excavated and he discovered an inscription of Aśoka. Soḍḍhala says, “Vatsarāja, the king of Lāṭa, ccaning from Śūrpāraka-nagara altered and sat in the temple in the vicinity of the road. He saw there a eulogy on the wall.”Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Sūrpāraka (सूर्पारक) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—According to Rājaśekhara, it is the region of south India. This is also identified with Śopārā in the district of Thānā, thirty seven miles north of Bombay (presently Mumbai) and four miles north-west of Bassein.Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Śūrpāraka (शूर्पारक).—Another name for Kerala. In Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Chapter 99, we read that Paraśurāma threw a "Śūrpa" winnowing basket from Gokarṇa southwards and the ocean up to the spot where the Śūrpa fell, became dry land. Since the land was formed by throwing the Śūrpa, it came to be called "Śūrpāraka". References to Śūrpāraka in the Mahābhārata, are given below:—
(i) In the course of his triumph of the southern lands, Sahadeva conquered "Śūrpāraka". (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 31, Verse 65).
(ii) There is a sacred bath here, known as "Śūrpāraka tīrtha". By bathing here, one would obtain golden rāśis. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 85, Verse 43).
(iii) In Śūrpāraka Kṣetra, there is a sacrificial platform originally used by Jamadagni. Close by, there are two holy places called "Pāṣāṇa tīrtha" and "Candra tīrtha". (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 88, Verse 12).
(iv) Yudhiṣṭhira once happened to visit this sacred place. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 118, Verse 8).
(v) Śūrpāraka is the land formed by the withdrawal of the ocean. It is also called "Aparāntabhūmi". (Śānti Parva, Chapter 49, Verse 66).
(vi) Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 25, Verse 50 states that by bathing in the water of Śūrpāraka Kṣetra and observing a fast for a fortnight, one would be born as a prince in the next birth.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Śūrpāraka (शूर्पारक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.28.43, III.86.9) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śūrpāraka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Śūrpāraka also refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.28.43, III.83.40).Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
India history and geogprahy
Sūrpāraka (सूर्पारक) is the name of a country included within Dakṣiṇapatha which was situated ahead of Māhiṣmatī according to Rājaśekhara (fl. 10th century) in his Kāvyamīmāṃsā (chapter 17). Dakṣiṇāpatha is a place-name ending is patha mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.Source: Wisdom Library: India History
Śūrpāraka (शूर्पारक).—It is certain that the great ports of the western coast: Śūrpāraka (Souppara, Sopara), Bharakaccha (Greek Barygaza, modern Broach) were connected with the Golden Chersonesos.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (history)
Śūrpāraka (शूर्पारक) or Sopāraka.—The famous city of Śūrpāraka is called Sopāraka in two Karle and one Nanaghat inscriptions, Sopāraga in two Kanheri inscriptions, and Śorpāraga in Nasik cave inscription of Uṣavadāta. On the evidence of Sopara Rock edict, the antiquity of Śūrpāraka can be traced to the third century B.C. Śūrpāraka is identical with Sopara, in the Thana district, about forty miles north-west of Bassein and thirty-seven miles north of Bombay.Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions
Surpāraka is the name of an ancient locality corresponding to Sopārā near Bassein, as mentioned in the “copper-plate charter from Khārepāṭaṇ in the Ratnāgiri District” (1095 A.D.).—The command contained in it is addressed to, amongst others, the people of the town of Hañjamana. And the object of it was to release certain tolls on carts coming into Sthānaka, Nāgapura (very possibly the modern Nāgaon, about six miles south-east of Alībāg), Surpāraka (Sopārā near Bassein), Cemūli (Chaul in the Kolāba District), and other sea-ports in the Koṅkaṇ fourteen-hundred. The record describes Anantadeva as “casting into the ocean of the edge” of his sword these fierce heaps of sin who, at a time of misfortune due to the hostility of relatives, obtained power and devastated the land of the Koṅkaṇ, harassing gods and Brāhmans.Source: archive.org: Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency
Śūrpāraka (शूर्पारक) or Śūrpārakaṣaṭṣaṣṭi is the name of a province (viṣaya) mentioned in the “Ṭhāṇā plates of Mummuṇirāja”. Śūrpāraka-ṣaṭṣaṣṭi-viṣaya comprised the territory round Śurpāraka, modern Sopārā in the Bassein-tālukā.
These copper plates (mentioning Śūrpāraka) were discovered in 1956 while digging the ground between the Church and the District Office at Ṭhāṇā, the chief town of the Ṭhāṇā District in Mahārāṣṭra. Its object is to record the grant, by the Śilāhāra Mummuṇirāja, of some villages and lands to learned Brāhmaṇas on the occasion of the lunar eclipse on the fifteenth tithi of the bright fortnight of Phālguna in the Śaka year 970, the cyclic year being Sarvadhārin.Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
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Śūrpārakaṣaṭṣaṣṭi (शूर्पारकषट्षष्टि) or simply Śūrpāraka is the name of a province (viṣaya...
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Aparānta (अपरान्त).—m. (= Pali aparanta; sometimes contrasted with pūrvānta, q.v.), the future:...
Dakṣiṇāpatha (दक्षिणापथ).—n. (-thaṃ) 1. The south. 2. Southern road or course. 3. Deccan. E. da...
Sthānaka (स्थानक) refers to one of the nine maṇḍala (postures of the feet) which represents one...
Suppāraka (सुप्पारक) is the name of a locality situated in Aparāntaka (western district) of anc...
Nāgapura is the name of an ancient locality possibly corresponding to the modern Nāgaon, as men...
At Sopārā (ancient Śūrpāraka) a Buddhist Stūpa was opened in 1882. It yielded important relics ...
Aparāntaka (अपरान्तक).—f. °ikā, adj. of the western border, or of the country called Aparānta; ...
Aśokatīrtha (अशोकतीर्थ).—A holy place near the temple of Śūrpāraka. (Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, C...
Vakkhali (वक्खलि) is the name of a Ṛṣi from Śūrpāraka, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāpraj...
Hañjamaṇa or Hañjamana.—(EI 25, 32), regarded by some as ‘a Parsee colony’, same as Persian anj...
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Search found 13 books and stories containing Shurparaka, Surparaka, Sūrpāraka or Śūrpāraka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 1 - Teaching the Rādhasutta at mount Makula < [Chapter X - The Qualities of the Bodhisattvas]
Appendix 2 - The journey of the Buddha to southern India and Koṭikarṇa < [Chapter XV - The Arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions]
Appendix 2 - The legend of Dharmaruci < [Chapter XIII - The Buddha-fields]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 58 - Rāma reclaims land from the sea < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 13 - Enumeration of holy spots (tīrtha) for Śrāddha < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section LXXXVIII < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
Section CXVIII < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
Section LXXXV < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
The Mahavamsa (by Wilhelm Geiger)