Shvasa, Śvāsa, Svasā, Svasa, Śvāsā, Svasha: 24 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shvasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śvāsa and Śvāsā can be transliterated into English as Svasa or Shvasa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śvāsā (श्वासा).—A daughter of Dakṣaprajāpati. Dharmadeva married her. Amla, the Vasu, was born as their son. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 66, Verse 17).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Svasā (स्वसा).—A daughter of Vṛkadevī.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 180.

1b) Gave birth to Yakṣas and Rākṣasas.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 25.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Śvāsa (श्वास).—lit. breath; the voiceless breath required for uttering some letters; the term is used in the Pratisakhya and Vyakarana books in the sense of breath which is prominently required in the utterance of the hard consonants, sibilants, visarga and the Jihvamuliya and Upadhmaniya letters; the term is used in connection with these letters also; the usual term in use is, of course, श्वासानुप्रदान (śvāsānupradāna), the term श्वास (śvāsa) showing the property of the breath, with which these letters are characterized.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Śvāsa (श्वास) refers to “dyspnea”, mentioned in verse 4.14-18 and 5.17, 22, 27 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] From the stoppage of cough (result) its increase, dyspnea [viz., śvāsa], anorexia, heart-disease, desiccation, and hiccup. In this case a still more cough-destroying application (is) to be made [...] Erysipelas, urticaria, leprosy itching of the eyes, jaundice, and fever as well as cough, dyspnea [viz., śvāsa], palpitation of the heart, freckles of the face, and swellings of the skin (result) from (suppressed) vomiting. A gargle, an inhalant, a fast, after one has eaten pungent (food)—its ejection, gymnastics, a bloodletting, and a purgative (are) commended in this case”.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Śvāsa (श्वास) refers to “asthma” (a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways). Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 37 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (33) dosage form in the management of Śvāsa. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Śvāsa (श्वास) or Śvāsaroga refers to “dyspnoea” according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Accordingly, the dietetic effect śvāsa-ghna (cures dyspnoea) is associated with the following conditions: Food utensils made of Pāṭalapatra (patra=leaves).

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Śvāsa (श्वास) refers to “dyspnoea” which is mentioned as a disease that can be treated with metallic drugs including ingredients such as Śuddhapārada (purified mercury), Śuddhagandhaka (purified sulphur), Nāgabhasma (calcified tin) and Taṅkaṇa (borax), as mentioned in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 3) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha (mentioning śvāsa) has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Śvāsa (श्वास) refers to “dyspnoea”, and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases (viz., Śvāsa).

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Śvāsa (श्वास) refers to “dyspnoea” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning śvāsa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shiksha (linguistics: phonetics, phonology etc.)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar (shiksha)

Śvāsa (श्वास, “unvoiced”) refers to a type of ābhyantara (“internal effort”) of articulation (uccāraṇa) according to Indian linguistic tradition (viz., śikṣā, ‘phonetics’, vyakaraṇa, ‘grammar’, nirukta, etymology’ and chandas, ‘prosody’.). Śvāsa (unvoiced) occurs, for instance, when pronouncing ka.

context information

Shiksha (शिक्षा, śikṣā) deals with Sanskrit linguistics and represents a branch of vedanga (vedic ancillary science). Shiksha deals with subjects such as phonetics, phonology, study of sound, letters of the Sanskrit alphabet and related topics. Much attention is also given to the study of recitation (patha) of Vedic verses.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Svāsa (स्वास) refers to a basic unit of time and equals 0.4 seconds, while 60 svāsas corresponds to 1 prāṇas, equalling 24 seconds. The Arcanāṅgavidhi of Pūrvakāmikāgama first details the time measurement used before explaining the pūjā schedule. The Āgama divides a day into eight major time periods, further divided into smaller units. The smallest and most basic unit of time is one svāsa. Sixty svāsa constitute one prāṇa. Sixty prāṇa constitute one ghaṭikā. Calculation is made from sunrise. Seven and a half ghaṭikā is equal to one yāma. A day consists of eight yāma, or sixty ghaṭikā.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Śvāsa (श्वास) or Śvāsaroga refers to “asthma” according to the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 4). Accordingly, “wind arising out of the stomach, and already much vitiated by phlegm and pitta, and sometimes obstructed in its upward movement by accumulated phlegm, comes to a stand-still, and is confined in the lungs. This wind vitiates those passages which carry food and fluids, and tries to move in wrong directions, giving rise to difficulty in breathing or asthma (shvasa)”.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Śvāsa (asthma) is a Sanskrit medical term used in Ayurveda.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Śvāsa (श्वास) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘catuṣpatha’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., śvāsa) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śvāsa (श्वास).—m (S) Breath or breathing. 2 Thick and hard respiration, panting, puffing, blowing; asthma or dyspnœa.

--- OR ---

svasā (स्वसा).—f S A sister.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svasā (स्वसा).—f A sister.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śvāsa (श्वास).—[śvas-ghañ]

1) Breathing, breath, respiration, heaving; अद्यापि स्तनवेपथुं जनयति श्वासः प्रमाणाधिकः (adyāpi stanavepathuṃ janayati śvāsaḥ pramāṇādhikaḥ) Ś.1.3; Ku.2.42.

2) A sigh, panting; नैव बाष्पविमोक्षेण न वा श्वासकृते न च (naiva bāṣpavimokṣeṇa na vā śvāsakṛte na ca) Mb.12.153.77.

3) Air, wind.

4) Asthma.

5) Aspiration (in the pronunciation of consonants).

6) Inspiration.

Derivable forms: śvāsaḥ (श्वासः).

--- OR ---

Svasā (स्वसा).—f. [sū as-ṛn; Uṇ.2.97]

1) A sister; तस्य शक्तिं रणे कार्ष्णिर्मृत्योर्घोरां स्वसामिव (tasya śaktiṃ raṇe kārṣṇirmṛtyorghorāṃ svasāmiva) Mb.6.116.3; स्वसारमादाय विदर्भनाथः पुरप्रवेशाभिमुखो बभूव (svasāramādāya vidarbhanāthaḥ purapraveśābhimukho babhūva) R.7.1.29.

2) A finger (Ved.).

See also (synonyms): svasṛ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śvasā (श्वसा).—n. sg., mother-in-law: Mahāvyutpatti 3894 = Tibetan sgyug mo. Evidently for Sanskrit śvaśrū with ending modified by that of svasā (svasṛ), sister; MIndic forms of the two words resemble each other more closely, compare Prakrit sussū with susā, sister. Mironov reads svasā in Mahāvyutpatti; but the meaning is certainly mother-in-law, as shown not only by Tibetan but by the position of the word, after śvaśura.

--- OR ---

Śvāsa (श्वास).—name of a nāga, previous birth of Dhṛtarāṣṭra (mahārājan): Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.260.18 ff.

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Svaśa (स्वश).—[, as name of a people living about Taxila: Svaśa-rājyaṃ Divyāvadāna 372.11; surely graphic corruption for Sanskrit Khaśa, or Khaṣa, q.v., with Burnouf, Introd. 362 n. 2 and [Boehtlingk and Roth].]

--- OR ---

Svasā (स्वसा).—(Sanskrit svasṛ; ā-stem, = AMg. sasā; not noted in Pali), sister: Lalitavistara 341.19 (verse); Mahāvastu ii.189.13 (prose); see § 13.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvāsa (श्वास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. Breath, breathing. 2. Air, wind. 3. Sighing, a sigh. E. śvas to breathe, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvāsa (श्वास).—i. e. 1. śvas + a, m. 1. Breathing, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 173. 2. Breath, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 183. 3. Air, wind. 4. Sighing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvāsa (श्वास).—[masculine] hissing, snorting; breath, [especially] breathing in; aspiration ([grammar]); sighing, sigh.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvāsa (श्वास):—[from śvas] m. hissing, snorting, panting, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] respiration, breath (also as a measure of time = prāṇa, asu), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] breathing or aspiration (in the pronunciation of consonants), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya, [Introduction]]

4) [v.s. ...] inspiration, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

5) [v.s. ...] sighing, a sigh, [Śakuntalā; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] affection of the breath, hard breathing, asthma (of which there are five kinds, viz. kṣudra, tamaka, chinna, mahat, and ūrdhva), [Suśruta]

7) Śvāsā (श्वासा):—[from śvāsa > śvas] f. Name of the mother of Śvasana (the god of wind), [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] Convolvulus Turpethum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Svaśa (स्वश):—m. [plural] Name of a people ([probably] [wrong reading] for khaśa), [Buddhist literature]

10) Svasā (स्वसा):—[from svasṛ] f. (m.[case]) = svasṛ, [Mahābhārata]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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