Prithivi, aka: Pṛthivī, Prithivī, Prthivī, Prthivi; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Prithivi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pṛthivī can be transliterated into English as Prthivi or Prithivi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Prithivi in Shaivism glossaries]

Pṛthivī (पृथिवी):—Sixth of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Mahimā, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ) are associated with the (element) earth. Pṛthivī evidently refers to the earth. All these eight mātṛs are characterized as carrying a diamond in their hand. They are presided over by the Bhairava Jhaṇṭa and his consort named Aindryā. Mahimā is the seventh of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the earth.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Pṛthivī (पृथिवी, “earth”).—The world of the earth is located above the seven pātālas, according to Parākhyatantra 5.61.

The following seven continents (dvīpa) are situated in the earth:

  1. Jambū-dvīpa,
  2. Śāka-dvīpa,
  3. Kuśa-dvīpa,
  4. Krauñca-dvīpa,
  5. Śālma-dvīpa,
  6. Gomeda-dvīpa,
  7. Puṣkara-dvīpa.

They are collectively known as saptadvīpa. Each continent may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana

[Prithivi in Purana glossaries]

Prthivī (प्र्थिवी).—Adopted as daughter by the first king Pṛthu; mother of all creatures, of different janapadas, cities, castes, mountains, rivers, etc.;1 50 (100(1/2) crores, Matsya-purāṇa) crores of yojanas in extent; its bādhavistāra begins with yojanāgra which is one crore in every direction from Meru in the middle; three crores of yojanas in all the four directions; the inside circumference of the earth; the Paryāsa equal to the extent of the nakṣatra maṇḍala;2 comprising seven islands and being tributary to the sons of Svāyambhuva Manu.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 10. 1, 35; Vāyu-purāṇa 42. 78-81; 50. 2-4; 63. 3-4. 74. 30.
  • 2) Ib. 124. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 68-75.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 166. 6; 258. 11. Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 4-5.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pṛthivī (पृथिवी).—Various essences extracted from, by different classes of beings, following Pṛthu's example;1 also Dharā; first milked by Brahmā; in the Vaivasvata epoch, Prthu milked her.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 18. 13-27.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 1-4; 21. 12; 37. 3, 12-20; III. 3. 34; 5. 79; IV. 2. 11 and 18.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[Prithivi in Pancaratra glossaries]

Pṛthivī (पृथिवी) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Pṛthivīnṛsiṃha or Pṛthivīnarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Prithivi in Hinduism glossaries]

Pṛthivī (पृथिवी, “earth”) refers to one of the lokapañcaka (fivefold worlds), defined in the Taittirīya-āraṇyaka 7.7.1. The lokapañcaka, and other such fivefold divisions, are associated with the elemental aspect (adhibhūta) of the three-fold division of reality (adhibhūta, adhidaiva and adhyātma) which attempts to explain the phenomenal nature of the universe. Adhibhūta denotes all that belongs to the material or elemental creation.

The Taittirīya-āraṇyaka is associated with the Kṛṣṇa-yajurveda and dates from at least the 6th century BCE. It is composed of 10 chapters and discusses vedic rituals and sacrifices (such as the mahāyajña) but also includes the Taittirīya-upaniṣad and the Mahānārāyaṇa-upaniṣad.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āraṇyaka

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Prithivi in Jainism glossaries]

Pṛthivī (पृथिवी, “earth”) refers to one of the five types of immobile beings (sthāvara), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.13. The sthāvara is a type of empirical (saṃsārī) soul, or sentient (jīva). The state of empirical souls due to the rise of ‘stationery-body-making karma’/ sthāvara-nāmakarma, having only one type of sense organ namely body and which cannot move around freely are called with stationery bodies (sthāvara), eg., pṛthivī.

What is the meaning of earth (pṛthivī)? The crust of the earth having hardness as its own nature but no consciousness is called earth. What is meant by earth-bodied living beings? These are the living beings that have earth as their body. How many types of earth are there? There are four types of earth namely earth, earth-bodied, life in earth body and life tending towards an earth body.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Prithivi in Marathi glossaries]

pṛthivī (पृथिवी).—f S pṛthvī f (S) The earth. 2 Earth considered as one of the five elements. catussamudravalayāṅkitapṛthvī The sea-girt earth.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pṛthivī (पृथिवी).—f pṛthvī f The earth.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Prithivi in Sanskrit glossaries]

Pṛthivī (पृथिवी).—[cf. Uṇ.1.184]

1) The earth; (sometimes written pṛthivi also). पृथिव्यां त्रीणि रत्नानि जलमन्नं सुभाषितम् (pṛthivyāṃ trīṇi ratnāni jalamannaṃ subhāṣitam).

2) Ground, soil.

3) The earth considered as one of the nine substances or five primary elements.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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