Lokeshvara, Lokeśvara: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Lokeshvara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Lokeśvara can be transliterated into English as Lokesvara or Lokeshvara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Lokeśvara (लोकेश्वर) or Lokeśvararasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, Rajayakshma: phthisis). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., lokeśvara-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Lokeśvara (लोकेश्वर) is the name of a Bodhisattva mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Lokeśvara).

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Lokeśvara (लोकेश्वर) is the name of a deity to be contemplated upon by a practicioner purifying his correspondences (viśuddhi), according to the 12th-century Abhisamayamañjarī. Lokeśvara is alternatively known by the name Rāgavajra because he destroyes all clinging (sarvāsaṅga). The contemplation is prescribed as a preliminary ritual for a yogin wishing to establish, or reestablish the union with a deity.

Lokeśvara is associated with the face and the color red. He is to be visualised as holding an attribute in his right hand and a bell in his left. The deities of the sense organs and fields are the esoteric equivalents of the deities associated with the skandhas.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Lokeśvara (लोकेश्वर) is one of the eight temples located in a space to the north of the village Paṭṭadakal, arrayed in a rectangle of about 180 x 140 m on the western bank of the river.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal

Lokeśvara (Virūpākṣa) is the name of a temple at Paṭṭadakal in the Karnāṭa-drāviḍa style.—This is a large complex enclosed by a compound (TP04_VP_01). The main monument exhibits striking qualities such as a well-balanced distribution of built structures, harmony of forms, variety of architectural and decorative motifs, strict obedience to a principle of symmetry, which suggest a perfect unity of conception by a master architect and realization in one period.

The architectural program starts from the Liṅga, a symbol of Sadāśiva to whose service every element in the complex is dedicated. The main structure sheltering the Liṅga is called prāsāda or vimāna. It is a cubic mass of stone masonry capped by a square high tower, also entirely of stone. It encloses an inner cella open only on the east side, called garbhagṛha “womb residence”. The term vimāna is used for the tower specifically or for both base and tower. It comprises four levels, topped by a lotus-shaped small dome (śikhara) and a finial (stūpī). All obey all sides’ symmetry on the vertical axis of the Liṅga.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (L) next»] — Lokeshvara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Lokeśvara (लोकेश्वर).—name of a Bodhisattva: Sādhanamālā 20.11, 23.3, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lokeśvara (लोकेश्वर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Brahma. 2. A king. 3. A Jaina deified sage. E. loka the world, and īśvara sovereign.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lokeśvara (लोकेश्वर).—[masculine] lord or ruler of the world.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lokeśvara (लोकेश्वर):—[from loka > lok] m. the lord of the world, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Buddha (also ra-rāja), [Horace H. Wilson; Buddhist literature]

3) [v.s. ...] of Avalokiteśvara, [Inscriptions]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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