Sharada, Śāradā, Śārada, Śaradā, Sāradā, Sārada, Sarada, Sara-da: 20 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sharada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śāradā and Śārada and Śaradā can be transliterated into English as Sarada or Sharada, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śārada (शारद) is a Sanskrit word for a variety of rice (ṣaṣṭika) which is said to have a superior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The literal translation of the word is “produced/growing in autumn”. The plant Śārada is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Śārada is said to be cold, unctuous, non-heavy, promoting the stability of and alleviates the three doṣas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Śarada (शरद) refers to the “autumn season” in the traditional Indian calendar, and consists of the months Aśvin and Kārtika, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The physician (bhiṣaj) should pay attention to the seasonal (ṛtu) factor in the use of medicinal drugs. Accordingly, “the bulbous roots in winter season, other roots in cold season and flowers during spring season are supposed to contain better properties. The new leaves or shoots in summer and the drugs, which grow in mud, like Lotus etc., should be used in autumn season (śarada)”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śāradā (शारदा).—A name of Yogamāyā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 12.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Sharada in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

1) Śārada (शारद) in Sanskrit refers to 1) “autumnal”, or 2) “able”, “clever”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 9.14.—Narahari and Nārāyaṇa explain the word as nipuṇa. The latter explains it also as śāra + da = hiṃsāprada (“malevolent”). The word means also “diffident” or “shy”, and this meaning is implied in Naiṣadhacarita verse 1.20 (see notes).

2) Saraḍa (सरड) is Prakrit for Saraṭa, which refers to a “lizard”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 18.148; 16.52.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Śarada (शरद) refers to the “autumn” season and represents the months Bhādrapadā to Kārtika (mid September to mid November) and is one of the six “seasons” (ṛtu).—According to the Vedic calendar, there are six different seasons, which correspond to the twelve months of the year.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. The name of Sariputta in the time of Anomadassi Buddha. DhA.i.89; but see Ap.i.21, where he is called Suruci.

2. An ascetic who, with his large following, was converted by Padumuttara Buddha. BuA.160.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sāradā.—name of the alphabet which developed out of late Brāhmī and was prevalent in the Kashmir region. Note: sāradā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Sharada in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sarada : (m.) the autumn; a year. || sārada (adj.), autumnal.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sārada, (adj.) (Vedic śārada, fr. śarad autumn (of Babyl. origin? cp. Assyr. šabātu corn month)) autumnal, of the latest harvest, this year’s, fresh A. III, 404=D. III, 354 (bījāni fresh seeds); A. I, 135, 181 (badara-paṇḍu); S. III, 54; V, 380; Miln. 255; Dh. 149 (but at this passage explained as “scattered by the autumn winds” DhA. III, 112).—asārada stale, old D. II, 353; S. V, 379. Fig. sārada unripe, not experienced, immature (see sārajja shyness), opp. visārada (der. vesārajja) experienced, wise, selfconfident; vīta-sārada id. (e.g. A. II, 24; It. 123). - Note: At K. S. III, 46 (=S. III, 54) s. is wrongly taken as sāra+da, i.e. “giving sāra”; but seeds do not give sāra: they contain sāra (cp. sāravant). The C explanation as sār-ādāyin is nearer the truth, but of course not literal; °da is not ā+°da, Moreover, the fig. meaning cannot be reconciled with this explanation. (Page 706)

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Sarada, (Vedic śarad (f.) traces of the cons. decl. only in Acc. pl. sarado sataṃ “100 autumns” J. II, 16) autumn, the season following on the rains Sn. 687; Vv 352. °-samaya the autumn season D. II, 183; M. I, 115; A. IV, 102; V, 22; It. 20; S. I, 65; III, 141, 155; V, 44; VvA. 134, 161. (Page 698)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śārada (शारद) [or शारदीय नवरात्र, śāradīya navarātra].—n (S) A festival in the light half of ashwin from the first to the ninth.

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sarada (सरद).—f ē ( P) Properly, a frontier or a border-country, but, popularly, a direction, quarter, side, region. Ex. yandā dakṣiṇēcē saradēsa parjanya paḍalā nāhīṃ mhaṇūna tī sa0 buḍālī. Also the border or boundary (of a field, hill, estate &c.) 2 A line or row (as of houses, hills, trees).

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sarada (सरद).—a (śarada S through P) Cold, chill, damp, raw;--as a climate, weather, air, place. 2 Cooling, refrigerant;--as a medicine or an article of food. sa0 hōṇēṃ or manānta sa0 hōṇēṃ To conceive or to bear offence at; to be cold towards.

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saradā (सरदा) [or धा, dhā].—f (Vulgar for śraddhā) Worship or adoration. 2 Liking, fondness for, desire after.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śārada (शारद) [or śāradīya navarātra, or शारदीय नवरात्र].—n A festival in āśvina śuddha from the first to the tenth.

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sarada (सरद).—f A frontier. A line. a Cold.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaradā (शरदा).—

1) Autumn.

2) A year.

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Śārada (शारद).—a. [śaradi bhavam aṇ]

1) Belonging to autumn, autumnal; (the f. is śāradī in this sense); विमलशारद- चन्दिरचन्द्रिका (vimalaśārada- candiracandrikā) Bv.1.113; R.1.9; Ms.6.11; मेघः शारद एव काशधवलः पानीयरिक्तोदरः (meghaḥ śārada eva kāśadhavalaḥ pānīyariktodaraḥ) Subhāṣ.

2) Annual.

3) New, recent; P.VI.2.9.

4) Young, fresh.

5) Modest, shy, bashful.

6) Diffident, not bold.

7) Able, clever; शिखीब शारदः (śikhība śāradaḥ) N.9.14.

-daḥ 1 A year.

2) An autumnal sickness.

3) Autumnal sunshine.

4) A kind of kidneybean.

5) The Bakula tree.

-dī 1 The full-moon day in the month of Āśvina (or Kārtika).

2) Alstonia Scholaris (Mar. sātavīṇa).

-dam 1 Corn, grain.

2) The white lotus.

-dā 1 A kind of Vīṇā or lute.

2) Name of Durgā.

3) Of Sarasvatī; (śaratkāle pūrā yasmānnavamyāṃ bodhitā suraiḥ | śāradā sā samākhyātā pīṭhe loke ca nāmataḥ ||; likhati yadi gṛhītvā (lekhanīṃ) शारदा सार्वकालम् (śāradā sārvakālam) Śiva mahimna 32. °अम्बा (ambā) (śāradāmbā) the goddess Sarasvatī.

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Sāradā (सारदा).—

1) Name of Sarasvatī.

2) of Durgā.

Sāradā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sāra and (दा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śaraḍa (शरड).—a high number: Gaṇḍavyūha 106.12; = saraḍa, q.v.

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Saraḍa (सरड).—m. (= prec.; cited Mahāvyutpatti 7898 as sarala, nt., = Tibetan brjod yas; in Gaṇḍavyūha 106.12, m. or nt., -śaraḍasya, gen.), a high number: Gaṇḍavyūha 133.23 (this seems probably the orig. form).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaradā (शरदा).—f.

(-dā) 1. A year. 2. The sultry season. E. See the last.

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Śārada (शारद).—mfn.

(-daḥ-dī-daṃ) 1. Modest, diffident. 2. New. 3. Produced in the sultry season. 4. Autumnal. m.

(-daḥ) 1. A year. 2. Grain or rice ripening in the sultry season. 3. A sort of kidney-bean, yellow Mung. 4. Autumnal sickness. 5. Sunshine, (in autumn.) f.

(-dā) 1. A name of Saraswati. 2. A title of DurGa. 3. A musical instrument, a sort of lute or guitar. f. (-dī) 1. A plant, (Jussieua, repens.) 2. A tree, (Echites scholaris.) 3. Day of full-moon in the month of Kartika, (October-November.) n.

(-daṃ) 1. The white lotus. 2. Corn, grain. E. śarad the autumn, aṇ aff.

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Sāradā (सारदा).—f.

(-dā) 1. A name of Saraswati. 2. A name of Durga. E. sāra essence, (of wisdom and eloquence,) to give, aṅ and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārada (शारद).—i. e. śarad + a, I. adj., f. . 1. Autumnal, [Nala] 13, 44; [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 91, 15. 2. Produced or growing in the autumn, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 11. 3. New. Ii. m. 1. Grain or rice ripening in the autumn. 2. A sort of kidney bean. 3. Autumnal sickness. 4. Autumnal sunshine. 5. A year. Iii. f. . 1. Sarasvatī, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 38, 7. 2. A title of Durgā. 3. A sort of guitar. Iv. f. , The day of full moon in the month Kārttika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārada (शारद).—[feminine] śāradī or śāradī autumnal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Śāradā (शारदा) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—an abridgment of the tāntric Śāradātilaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śarada (शरद):—[from śarad] mfn. (ifc.) = śarad, autumn, [Pāṇini 5-4, 107]

2) Śaradā (शरदा):—[from śarada > śarad] f. autumn, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a year, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a woman, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

5) Śārada (शारद):—mf(ī, or śāradī)n. ([from] śarad) produced or growing in autumn, autumnal, mature, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

6) ([probably]) that which offers a shelter in autumn (against the overflowings of rivers; applied to puras or ‘castles’; others ‘rich in years’, ‘old’), [Ṛg-veda i, 131, 4; 174, 2; vi, 20, 10]

7) new, recent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (perhaps, [Bhartṛhari i, 47] in salilaṃ śāradam; cf. also rajju-śārada and dṛṣac-chārada)

8) modest, shy, diffident, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) m. a year, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) a cloud, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Name of various plants (a yellow kind of Phaseolus Mungo; Mimusops Elengi etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) autumnal sickness, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) autumnal sunshine, [ib.]

14) Name of a teacher of Yoga ([varia lectio] śābara), [Catalogue(s)]

15) Śāradā (शारदा):—[from śārada] a f. See below

16) Śārada (शारद):—n. corn, grain, fruit (as ripening in autumn), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

17) the white lotus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) Śāradā (शारदा):—[from śārada] b f. a kind of Vinā or lute, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] Name of two plants (= brāhmī and sārivā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sarasvatī, [Śukasaptati]

21) [v.s. ...] of Durgā, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

22) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Devaratha, [Catalogue(s)]

23) [v.s. ...] = śāradā-tilaka, [ib.]

24) Saraḍa (सरड):—[from saragh] m. the crawling of a serpent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) [v.s. ...] a tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

26) Sāradā (सारदा):—[=sāra-dā] [from sāra] f. = śāradā (q.v.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaradā (शरदा):—(dā) 1. f. Idem.

2) Śārada (शारद):—[(daḥ-dī-daṃ) m.] A year; grain ripening in autumn; kidney bean; autumnal sickness or sunshine. 1. f.

2) () Durgā, Saraswatī; guitar. f.

2) () Jussieua repens; full moon in Kārtik. a. Modest, new, autumnal.

3) Sāradā (सारदा):—[sāra-dā] (dā) 1. f. Saraswatī; Durgā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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