Sharada, aka: Śārada, Sārada, Sarada, Śāradā, Śaradā, Sāradā, Sara-da; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sharada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śārada and Śāradā and Śaradā can be transliterated into English as Sarada or Sharada, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Śārada (शारद) is a Sanskrit word for a variety of rice (ṣaṣṭika) which is said to have a superior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The literal translation of the word is “produced/growing in autumn”. The plant Śārada is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Śārada is said to be cold, unctuous, non-heavy, promoting the stability of and alleviates the three doṣas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śarada (शरद) refers to the “autumn season” in the traditional Indian calendar, and consists of the months Aśvin and Kārtika, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The physician (bhiṣaj) should pay attention to the seasonal (ṛtu) factor in the use of medicinal drugs. Accordingly, “the bulbous roots in winter season, other roots in cold season and flowers during spring season are supposed to contain better properties. The new leaves or shoots in summer and the drugs, which grow in mud, like Lotus etc., should be used in autumn season (śarada)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sharada in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śāradā (शारदा).—A name of Yogamāyā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 12.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. The name of Sariputta in the time of Anomadassi Buddha. DhA.i.89; but see Ap.i.21, where he is called Suruci.

2. An ascetic who, with his large following, was converted by Padumuttara Buddha. BuA.160.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Sāradā.—name of the alphabet which developed out of late Brāhmī and was prevalent in the Kashmir region. Note: sāradā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Sharada in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sarada : (m.) the autumn; a year. || sārada (adj.), autumnal.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sārada, (adj.) (Vedic śārada, fr. śarad autumn (of Babyl. origin? cp. Assyr. šabātu corn month)) autumnal, of the latest harvest, this year’s, fresh A. III, 404=D. III, 354 (bījāni fresh seeds); A. I, 135, 181 (badara-paṇḍu); S. III, 54; V, 380; Miln. 255; Dh. 149 (but at this passage expld as “scattered by the autumn winds” DhA. III, 112).—asārada stale, old D. II, 353; S. V, 379. Fig. sārada unripe, not experienced, immature (see sārajja shyness), opp. visārada (der. vesārajja) experienced, wise, selfconfident; vīta-sārada id. (e.g. A. II, 24; It. 123). - Note: At K. S. III, 46 (=S. III, 54) s. is wrongly taken as sāra+da, i.e. “giving sāra”; but seeds do not give sāra: they contain sāra (cp. sāravant). The C expln as sār-ādāyin is nearer the truth, but of course not literal; °da is not ā+°da, Moreover, the fig. meaning cannot be reconciled with this expln. (Page 706)

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Sarada, (Vedic śarad (f.) traces of the cons. decl. only in Acc. pl. sarado sataṃ “100 autumns” J. II, 16) autumn, the season following on the rains Sn. 687; Vv 352. °-samaya the autumn season D. II, 183; M. I, 115; A. IV, 102; V, 22; It. 20; S. I, 65; III, 141, 155; V, 44; VvA. 134, 161. (Page 698)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Sharada in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

śārada (शारद) [or शारदीय नवरात्र, śāradīya navarātra].—n (S) A festival in the light half of ashwin from the first to the ninth.

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sarada (सरद).—f ē ( P) Properly, a frontier or a border-country, but, popularly, a direction, quarter, side, region. Ex. yandā dakṣiṇēcē saradēsa parjanya paḍalā nāhīṃ mhaṇūna tī sa0 buḍālī. Also the border or boundary (of a field, hill, estate &c.) 2 A line or row (as of houses, hills, trees).

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sarada (सरद).—a (śarada S through P) Cold, chill, damp, raw;--as a climate, weather, air, place. 2 Cooling, refrigerant;--as a medicine or an article of food. sa0 hōṇēṃ or manānta sa0 hōṇēṃ To conceive or to bear offence at; to be cold towards.

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saradā (सरदा) [or धा, dhā].—f (Vulgar for śraddhā) Worship or adoration. 2 Liking, fondness for, desire after.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śārada (शारद) [or śāradīya navarātra, or शारदीय नवरात्र].—n A festival in āśvina śuddha from the first to the tenth.

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sarada (सरद).—f A frontier. A line. a Cold.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaradā (शरदा).—

1) Autumn.

2) A year.

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Śārada (शारद).—a. [śaradi bhavam aṇ]

1) Belonging to autumn, autumnal; (the f. is śāradī in this sense); विमलशारद- चन्दिरचन्द्रिका (vimalaśārada- candiracandrikā) Bv.1.113; R.1.9; Ms.6.11; मेघः शारद एव काशधवलः पानीयरिक्तोदरः (meghaḥ śārada eva kāśadhavalaḥ pānīyariktodaraḥ) Subhāṣ.

2) Annual.

3) New, recent; P.VI.2.9.

4) Young, fresh.

5) Modest, shy, bashful.

6) Diffident, not bold.

7) Able, clever; शिखीब शारदः (śikhība śāradaḥ) N.9.14.

-daḥ 1 A year.

2) An autumnal sickness.

3) Autumnal sunshine.

4) A kind of kidneybean.

5) The Bakula tree.

-dī 1 The full-moon day in the month of Āśvina (or Kārtika).

2) Alstonia Scholaris (Mar. sātavīṇa).

-dam 1 Corn, grain.

2) The white lotus.

-dā 1 A kind of Vīṇā or lute.

2) Name of Durgā.

3) Of Sarasvatī; (śaratkāle pūrā yasmānnavamyāṃ bodhitā suraiḥ | śāradā sā samākhyātā pīṭhe loke ca nāmataḥ ||; likhati yadi gṛhītvā (lekhanīṃ) शारदा सार्वकालम् (śāradā sārvakālam) Śiva mahimna 32. °अम्बा (ambā) (śāradāmbā) the goddess Sarasvatī.

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Sāradā (सारदा).—

1) Name of Sarasvatī.

2) of Durgā.

Sāradā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sāra and (दा).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaraḍa (शरड).—a high number: Gv 106.12; = saraḍa, q.v.

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Saraḍa (सरड).—m. (= prec.; cited Mvy 7898 as sarala, nt., = Tibetan brjod yas; in Gv 106.12, m. or nt., -śaraḍasya, gen.), a high number: Gv 133.23 (this seems probably the orig. form).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Varada
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Kāmada (कामद).—mfn. (-daḥ-dā-daṃ) Giving what is wished, granting one’s desires. f. (-dā) A fab...
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Jalada
Jalada (जलद).—mfn. (-daḥ-dā-daṃ) Giving or shedding water. m. (-daḥ) 1. A cloud. 2. A fragrant ...
Kada
Kaḍa (कड).—mfn. (-ḍaḥ-ḍā-ḍaṃ) Ignorant, stupid. E. kaḍ to be perplexed, ac aff.--- OR --- Kada ...
Darada
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