Rana, Raṇa: 12 definitions

Introduction

Rana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Raṇa (रण).—A Rākṣasa. He was killed by Vāyu deva in the war between Hiraṇyākṣa and the Devas. (Padma Purāṇa, Sṛṣṭi Khaṇḍa).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of rana in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Rāṇa.—(EI 16, 23), same as Rāṇaka; see Rāṇa-putra, rāṇa-kula. Note: rāṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

--- OR ---

Rāṇā.—(IE 8-2; EI 23, 30), derived from Rāṇaka; title of ruling chiefs; same as Rāṇa, Rāṇaka. Cf. Rannā. Note: rāṇā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of rana in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

raṇa : (nt.) war; battle; sin; fault.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Raṇa, (Vedic raṇa, both “enjoyment, ” and “battle. ” The Dhtp (115) only knows of ran as a sound-base saddatthā (=Sk. ran2 to tinkle)) fight, battle; only in Th. 2, 360 (raṇaṃ karitvā kāmānaṃ): see discussed below; also late at Mhvs 35, 69 (Subharājaṃ raṇe hantvā).—2. intoxication, desire, sin, fault. This meaning is the Buddhist development of Vedic raṇa= enjoyment. Various influences have played a part in determining the meaning & its explanation in the scholastic terms of the dogmatists and exegetics. It is often explained as pāpa or rāga. The Ṭīkā on DhsA. 50 (see Expos. 67) gives the foll. explanations (late & speculative): (a)=reṇu, dust or mist of lust etc.; (b) fight, war (against the Paths); (c) pain, anguish & distress.—The translation (Expos. 67) takes raṇa as “cause of grief, ” or “harm, ” hence araṇa “harmless” and saraṇa “harmful” (the latter translated as “concomitant with war” by Dhs. trsl. of Dhs. 1294; and asaraṇa as opp. “not concomitant”; doubtful). At S. I, 148 (rūpe raṇaṃ disvā) it is almost syn. with raja. Bdhgh. explains this passage (see K. S. 320) as “rūpamhi jāti-jarā-bhaṅga-saṅkhātaṃ dosaṃ, ” translation (K. S. 186): “discerning canker in visible objects material. ”

The term is not sufficiently cleared yet. At Th. 2, 358 we read “(kāmā) appassādā raṇakarā sukkapakkha-visosanā, ” and v. 360 reads “raṇaṃ karitvā kāmānaṃ. ” ThA. 244 explains v 358 by “rāg’ādi sambandhanato”; v. 360 by “kāmānaṃ raṇaṃ te ca mayā kātabbaṃ ariyamaggaṃ sampahāraṃ katvā. ” The first is evidently “grief, ” the second “fight, ” but the translation (Sisters 145) gives “stirring strife” for v. 358, and “fight with worldly lusts” for v. 360; whereas Kern, Toev. s. v. raṇakara gives “causing sinful desire” as trsl.

The word araṇa (see araṇa2) was regarded as neg. of raṇa in both meanings (1 & 2); thus either “freedom fr. passion” or “not fighting. ” The translation of DhsA. 50 (Expos. 67) takes it in a slightly diff. sense as “harmless” (i.e. having no grievous causes) — At M. III, 235 araṇa is a quâsi summing up of “adukkha an-upaghāta anupāyāsa etc., ” and saraṇa of their positives. Here a meaning like “harmfulness” & “harmlessness” seems to be fitting. Other passages of araṇa see under araṇa.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of rana in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

raṇa (रण).—m n (S) Battle. Ex. of comp. raṇakāmī, raṇagambhīra, raṇadhīṭa, raṇadhīra, raṇavīra, raṇaśūra, raṇasiṃha, raṇapriya Warlike, heroic, martial. raṇa ghumaṇēṃ or uṭhaṇēṃ To sound with a fearful din--a battle-field after a battle. (The din is ascribed to evil spirits.)

--- OR ---

rāṇa (राण).—n For this word and the numerous compounds with it and derivatives from it see rāna.

--- OR ---

rāṇā (राणा).—m ( H Poetry.) A king: also a chief or head. Ex. taṃva bōlē śiṣyāñcā rāṇā ||.

--- OR ---

rāna (रान).—n (araṇya S) A wood or forest; but esp. a wild assemblage of low trees, bushes, and underwood; a wilderness. 2 A wild, a waste, a desert; an uncultivated and uninhabited tract. 3 A weed; a noxious or useless plant, or a quantity of such. Ex. bhājīcē vāphyānta kōṭhēṃ kōṭhēṃ rāna rujalēṃ āhē tēṃ upaṭūna ṭāka. 4 A thicket, a grove, a coppice; a plantation generally of trees. Ex. bandarakināṛyāsa sārēṃ nāraḷīcēṃ rāna. 5 (Lightly or freely.) A country, quarter, part. Ex. māravāḍa dēśa mhaṇajē uṇṭācēṃ rāna; tyā rānacē manuṣyāṃsa hēṃ rāna mānata nāhīṃ. 6 rāna bears the general sense of Region or tract, and is made specific by a designating noun prefixed; as ḍōṅgararāna, khaḍakarāna, dhōṇḍērāna or gōṭē- rāna, banajararāna, gavatarāna, māḷarāna Hilly country, rocky country, stony country, bushy or scrubby tract, grass-tract, tract of elevated plateau, downs or dunes. Also kāḷēṃ rāna, pāṇḍharēṃ rāna, cikkaṇarāna &c. Region of black earth, of white earth, of loamy earth &c. navēṃ rāna Land just reclaimed from the desert or waste. rāna kāḍhaṇēṃ To bring wilderness-ground under cultivation. 2 To raise game by beating the bushes and hallooing. 3 To explore a desert or wild place. rāna khavaḷaṇēṃ To be stirred up or aroused (as against one)--the wilderness or the wild beasts. rāna khavaḷaṇēṃ g. of s. To be vehemently excited (by anger, by hunger, by cupidity, lust &c.) rāna ghēṇēṃ To take to the fields and wilds;--used of cattle. 2 fig. To adopt a dissolute course; to run wild. 3 See rānānta śiraṇēṃ. rāna badalaṇēṃ, rāna sōḍaṇēṃ, rāna pārakhēṃ hōṇēṃ To change one's mind or purpose; to alter one's view of a subject; to leave one's former ground. rāna bhāraṇēṃ (To lay the whole region under a spell or charm.) To bribe extensively. rāna hākaṇēṃ To beat the bushes and make a shouting (in order to raise the game). rānānta or āḍarānānta paḍaṇēṃ To become lonely or desolate. rānānta śiraṇēṃ To leave the straight path (as in conversation) and wander into absurdities; to digress, to ramble. rikāmyā rānīṃ In the empty desert; i. e. in some unproductive place or business or sphere; idly, vainly, unprofitably, to no purpose--speaking or acting. Ex. ātāṃ ēthēṃ kāma nāhīṃ kāja nāhīṃ rikāmyā rānīṃ kaśālā basāvēṃ -rahāvēṃ -phirāvēṃ &c. Note. rāna enters freely into composition with the names of birds, beasts, and plants in the sense of Wild or undomesticated, uncultivated &c., as rānaḍukara A wild hog; rānamāñjara A wild cat; rānakēḷa A wild Plantain; rānauḍīda, rānatūra, rānapaḍavaḷa, rānamaṭakī, rānamasūra, rāna- māṭha, rānamūga &c. Of such compounds the most useful follow in order; but for others which the learner will hear he must remember and apply the general intimation here given.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

raṇa (रण).—m n Battle.

--- OR ---

rāṇā (राणा).—m A king, a chief. rāṇī f A queen.

--- OR ---

rāna (रान).—n A wood; a waste. A weed. A grove. In comp. with the names of birds, beasts, &c. in the sense of Wild, as rānaḍḍakara A wild hog. rāna khavaḷaṇēṃ To be stirred up, to be violently excited. rānānta paḍaṇēṃ Become lonely or desolate. rikāmyā rānīṃ In some un- productive place or business. rānānta śiraṇēṃ Digress, ramble.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of rana in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Raṇa (रण).—&c. See under निगॄ (nigṝ).

Derivable forms: raṇam (रणम्).

See also (synonyms): nigara.

--- OR ---

Raṇa (रण).—[raṇ-ap]

1) War, combat, fight; रणः प्रववृते तत्र भीमः प्लवगरक्षसाम् (raṇaḥ pravavṛte tatra bhīmaḥ plavagarakṣasām) R.12.72; वचोजीवितयोरासीद्बहि- र्निःसरणे रणः (vacojīvitayorāsīdbahi- rniḥsaraṇe raṇaḥ) Subhāṣ.

2) A battle-field.

-ṇaḥ 1 Sound, noise.

2) The quill or bow of a lute.

3) Motion, going.

4) Delight, joy (Ved.).

Derivable forms: raṇaḥ (रणः), raṇam (रणम्).

--- OR ---

Rāṇa (राण).—

1) A leaf.

2) A peacock's tail.

Derivable forms: rāṇam (राणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Raṇa (रण).—(1) m. (rarely nt.; = Pali id.), passion, sin, depravity, = kleśa, and regularly rendered in the same way (ñon moṅs pa) in Tibetan; chiefly in [bahuvrīhi], sa-raṇa, and especially the common a-raṇa; see next; compare Renou, JA 1939.369 n. 1: Mahāvyutpatti 7528; jita-raṇaḥ Divyāvadāna 396.24; raṇa- chedo Śikṣāsamuccaya 199.12; a so raṇaṃ Śikṣāsamuccaya 263.11, see s.v. raṇati; (2, in [Boehtlingk] only Lex., but cited from lit. in Schmidt, Nach- träge, sound: brāhmasvarādhika-raṇo Divyāvadāna 401.3—4, [bahuvrīhi]; said of the Buddha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raṇa (रण).—mn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇaṃ) War, battle. m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. Sound, noise. 2. The quill or bow of a lute, &c. 3. Going, moving. E. raṇ to sound, aff. ap .

--- OR ---

Rāṇa (राण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. A leaf. 2. A peacock’s tail. E. raṇ to sound, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raṇa (रण).—[raṇ + a], I. m. 1. Noise. 2. The quill or bow of a lute. Ii. m. and n. War, battle, [Pañcatantra] 218, 16. Doubled, raṇa-raṇa, 1. m. A musquito. 2. n. Anxiety.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raṇa (रण).—[masculine] joy, delight; (also [neuter]) battle, fight about (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raṇa (रण):—[from ran] 1. raṇa m. delight, pleasure, gladness, joy, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] n. battle (as an object of delight), war, combat, fight, conflict, [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

3) [from raṇ] 2. raṇa m. (for 1. See p. 863, col. 3) sound, noise, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the quill or bow of a lute (= koṇa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [from raṇ] 3. raṇa m. going, motion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Rāṇa (राण):—m. n. (√2. raṇ) murmuring, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) n. a leaf, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) a peacock’s tail, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. rāja-rāṇaka)

9) Rāṇā (राणा):—[from rāṇa] a f. ([probably]) Name of a goddess.

10) b m. (corruption of rājan q.v.) a king.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of rana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: