Nihsarana, Nissāraṇa, Nissaraṇa, Niḥsaraṇa, Niḥśaraṇa, Nis-sharana, Nihsharana: 22 definitions

Introduction:

Nihsarana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Niḥśaraṇa can be transliterated into English as Nihsarana or Nihsharana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Nihsarana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Niḥsaraṇa (निःसरण) refers to the “exit” (of all views).—(cf. Madhyamakakārikā, p. 247)—If something of non-emptiness existed, there would indeed be an emptiness (by virtue of the law of interdependence of opposites); but since there is nothing that is non-empty, how could emptiness exist? Śūnyatā thus does not exist: it is valid only as a method of argumentation and not as a philosophical principle:—“The Buddhas have said that śūnyatā is the exit (niḥsaraṇa) of all views, but those who believe in śūnyatā are incurable (asādhya).”

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Nihsarana in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Niḥsaraṇa (निःसरण) refers to a “way out”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The three worlds, which are made foolish by the action of the poison of lust, are fast asleep in this gaping mouth of Yama’s serpent which is marked by fangs of destruction. While this one whose disposition is pitiless is devouring everyone, certainly there is no way out (niḥsaraṇanāsmān niḥsaraṇaṃ) [var.—niḥśaraṇa—tasmān niḥśaraṇaṃ—‘unprotected from that’] from this for you, noble fellow, by any means [even] with some difficulty without knowledge of what is beyond the senses. [Thus ends the reflection on] helplessness”.

Synonyms: Nirgama.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nihsarana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nissaraṇa : (nt.) 1. going out; departure; 2. escape. || nissāraṇa (nt.), driving out.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nissāraṇa, (nt.) (fr. nissarati) going or driving out, expulsion Miln. 344 (osāraṇa-n. -paṭisāraṇa), 357. (Page 375)

— or —

Nissaraṇa, (nt.) (Sk. niḥsaraṇa, to nis+sarati, cp. BSk. nissaraṇa giving up (?) AvŚ II. 193) going out, departure; issue, outcome, result; giving up, leaving behind, being freed, escape (fr. saṃsāra), salvation Vin. I, 104; D. III, 240, 248 sq.; S. I, 128, 142; II, 5; III, 170 (catunnaṃ dhātūnaṃ); IV, 7 sq. (id.); V, 121 sq.; A. I, 258, 260; II, 10 (kāmānaṃ etc.); III, 245 sq.; IV, 76 (uttariṃ); V, 188; M. I, 87 (kāmānaṃ), 326 (uttariṃ); III, 25; It. 37, 61; Ps. II, 180, 244; Vbh. 247; Vism. 116; ThA. 233; DhsA. 164; Sdhp. 579. Cp. nissaṭa & nissaraṇīya.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nihsarana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

niḥsaraṇa (निःसरण).—n Better written nissaraṇa.

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niḥsāraṇa (निःसारण).—Better written nissāra &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Nissaraṇa (निस्सरण).—n S Going forth or from, departing, proceeding, issuing. 2 Dying.

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nissāraṇa (निस्सारण).—n S Driving from or out; expelling, removing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Nissaraṇa (निस्सरण).—n Going forth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nihsarana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niḥsaraṇa (निःसरण).—

1) Going out, exit.

2) An egress or outlet from a house, a gate.

3) Final departure, death.

4) A means, expedient, remedy.

5) Final beatitude.

Derivable forms: niḥsaraṇam (निःसरणम्).

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Niḥsāraṇa (निःसारण).—

1) Expelling, driving or turning out.

2) The outlet from a house, ingress or egress.

Derivable forms: niḥsāraṇam (निःसारणम्).

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Niḥśaraṇa (निःशरण).—a.

-niḥśaraṇa helpless, forlorn.

Niḥśaraṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nis and śaraṇa (शरण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Niḥśaraṇa (निःशरण).—see niḥsar°.

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Niḥsaraṇa (निःसरण).—(compare also a-niḥ°, niḥsṛti; often written niḥśar°; = Pali nissaraṇa), nt. (in Mahāvyutpatti 1201 m. in Kyoto ed., but nt. in Mironov), escape (from the world), salvation; in this sense only lex. in Sanskrit, where the word is however standardly used as (means of) riddance (from anything). It has this meaning also in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]; especially getting rid of evil or misfortune, as Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā 28b.5, Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.7.15 escape from religious punishment; or riddance from sins, Mahāvyutpatti 1597 ff.; Śikṣāsamuccaya 64.14; 191.7 āpattiṣu niḥśaraṇajñānam (Translation wrong); jara-niḥs° from old age Lalitavistara 174.18; more generally loka-niḥs° from the world Gaṇḍavyūha 191.25; bhavaniḥsaraṇe (so read with v.l. and citation Śikṣāsamuccaya 203.16 [ś for s] for Lefm. bhavani saraṇe, unmetrical(ly)) Lalitavistara 173.12, from existence. The last two mean virtually salvation, mokṣa, and show how hard it is to draw a clear line between the standard Sanskrit and the specialized Pali-[Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] meaning Substantially salvation is the meaning in Lalitavistara 346.2 asya…duḥkhaskandhasya niḥśara- ṇam, salvation from this (world which is a)…mass of misery; Mahāvastu i.73.6 so hi niḥsaraṇam (all mss. s, Senart ś) uttamaṃ prabhuḥ, he, the Lord, is the supreme salvation; i.180.5 niḥśaraṇajñaś ca (here all mss. ś, Senart em. sl; he also em. wrongly °jñasya); ii.418.8; Mahāvyutpatti 853 anantakal- pakoṭī-niḥsaraṇa-kuśalaḥ, skilled in (attaining) salvation after endless crores of kalpas (said of a Bodhisattva); Divyāvadāna 616.23; Śikṣāsamuccaya 236.7; Kāśyapa Parivarta 64.8; sa-niḥsaraṇam Bodhisattvabhūmi 219.4, 8, of dharma, containing (bringing) salvation; niḥsaraṇa- prajña (= Pali nissaraṇa-pañña; -prajña can be defended as [bahuvrīhi], having knowledge of salvation, but may also be a MIndicism, compare -prājña below) knowing salvation Mahāvyutpatti 1105 (of śrāvakas); Mahāvastu iii.201.6; niḥśaraṇa-prājña (so with 1 ms.; Tatpuruṣa), id., Mahāvastu iii.52.5; others, see a-niḥsaraṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niḥsaraṇa (निःसरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Death, dying. 2. A means or expedient. 3. Exit, a going forth or out. 4. Final beatitude. 5. The entrance into a house or town, &c. the gate, the gate-way. E. nir forth or out, sṛ, to go, bhāve lyuṭ aff.

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Niḥsāraṇa (निःसारण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Going forth or out. 2. The entrance of a house or town, &c. the passage, the road of ingress and egress. E. nir forth or out, and sṛ to go ṇiclyuṭ aff; see niḥsaraṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niḥsaraṇa (निःसरण).—i. e. nis-sṛ + ana, n. 1. Going forth or out, Mahābhārata 12, 10061; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 458. 2. A means against, Mahābhārata 12, 7799.

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Niḥsāraṇa (निःसारण).—i. e. nis-sṛ [Causal.], + ana, n. Turning out, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 7, 582.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niḥśaraṇa (निःशरण).—[adjective] defenceless.

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Niḥsaraṇa (निःसरण).—[neuter] going out, issue; means, expedient.

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Niḥsāraṇa (निःसारण).—[neuter] going or driving out.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niḥśaraṇa (निःशरण):—[=niḥ-śaraṇa] [from niḥ] mf(ā)n. defenceless, unprotected, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

2) Niḥsaraṇa (निःसरण):—[=niḥ-saraṇa] [from niḥ-sṛ] n. going forth or out, [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra]

3) [v.s. ...] issue, egress, gate, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] means, expedient, remedy to get rid of ([compound]), [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] departure, death final beatitude, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Niḥsāraṇa (निःसारण):—[=niḥ-sāraṇa] [from niḥ-sṛ] n. turning out, expelling, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

7) [v.s. ...] egress or road of egress, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niḥsaraṇa (निःसरण):—[niḥ-saraṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Death; means or expedient; exit; place of entrance; final beatitude.

2) Niḥsāraṇa (निःसारण):—[niḥ-sāraṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Going out; the entrance of a house or town.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Niḥsaraṇa (निःसरण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇissaraṇa, Ṇīsaraṇa, Ṇisaraṇa, Ṇīsāraṇa.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nissaraṇa (निस्सरण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇīharaṇa, Ṇīhāraṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nihsarana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nihsarana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Nissaraṇa (निस्सरण) [Also spelled nissaran]:—(nm) going out or forth; outflow; -[mārga] exit, outlet.

2) Nissāraṇa (निस्सारण) [Also spelled nissaran]:—(nm) extraction, causing to flow or go out.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nihsarana in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ṇissaraṇa (णिस्सरण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Niḥsaraṇa.

2) Ṇissaraṇa (णिस्सरण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Niḥśaraṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nihsarana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Niḥśaraṇa (ನಿಃಶರಣ):—[adjective] not protected; wanting protection.

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Niḥsaraṇa (ನಿಃಸರಣ):—[noun] an open porch, portico just in front of a house.

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nissaraṇa (ನಿಸ್ಸರಣ):—

1) [noun] the act of going out; departure; exist.

2) [noun] the outer portion of the main entrance of a building, esp. house.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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