Shanti, aka: Santi, Śāntī, Śānti; 16 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shanti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śāntī and Śānti can be transliterated into English as Santi or Shanti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

[Shanti in Purana glossaries]

Śānti (शान्ति):—Son of Nīla (son of Ajamīḍha and his wife Nalinī). He had a son named Suśānti. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.30-31)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Śānti (शान्ति).—Daughter of Dakṣa by his wife Prasūti. Prasūti delivered including Śānti twentyfour children. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part 1, Chapter 7).

2) Śānti (शान्ति).—A king born in the dynasty of Bharata, son of Duṣyanta. He was the son of Nīla, grandson of Ajamīḍha and father of Suśānti. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).

3) Śānti (शान्ति).—Name of the Indra of the fourth Manvantara (Ādi Parva, Chapter 196, Verse 29).

4) Śānti (शान्ति).—A maharṣi. Son of Aṅgiras, he was called Ātmeyu also. He had participated in the Yajña conducted by Uparicaravasu. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 336, Verse 8; Ādi Parva, Chapter 196, Verse 20; Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 85, Verse 130).

5) Śānti (शान्ति).—A maharṣi who was a disciple of the Ṛṣi called Bhūti, who did once go to participate in a yajña conducted by his brother Suvarccas, leaving matters connected with his āśrama with Śānti, who discharged his duties quite well in the absence of his master. One day when agni became very scarce in the āśrama he praised Agnideva, and noticing that the Deva was pleased Śānti requested him to bestow a son on the maharṣi. Accordingly a son was born to Bhūti, who later on became famous as 'Bhautyamanu.' Bhūti, who was pleased with the devout life of his disciple (Śānti) taught him Sāṅgaveda. (Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Śānti (शान्ति).—A daughter of Kardama, married to Atharvaṇa: Dadhyañca was her son. Yajña was popularised in the world by her.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 24. 24; IV. 1. 42.

1b) A son of Dakṣiṇā, and a Tuṣita god.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 7-8.

1c) A daughter of Dakṣa, and a wife of Dharma, gave birth to Sukha (Kṣema, Vāyu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 49 and 51; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 50, 61; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 25. 37; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 23, 30.

1d) A son of Nīla, and father of Suśānti.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 30-31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 57.

1e) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Kālindī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 14.

1f) (Kalpa) author of: a master of Atharva Samhitā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 7. 4; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 62.

1g) A river in Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 46.

1h) A son of Tāmasa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 49.

1i) The Indra of the gods—Sudhāmāna and Viruddhas;1 Indra of the tenth epoch of Manu.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 69.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 26.

1j) A kalā of Hari.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 95.

1k) A Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 71.

1l) To avert impending evils; abhayā to get rid of fear, saumyā to get rid of disease, vaiṣṇavī against famine and fear from insects and robbers, raudrī if beasts get sick and die, brāhmī when hetrodoxy prevails, raudrī for fear of other king's troubles, vāyavī for diseases of wind, etc., vāruṇī for famines and absence of rains, bhārgavī for fear of curse, etc., prājāpatyā for miscarriages in delivery, tvāṣṭrī for bad growth of vegetables, kaumārī for well being of children, āgneyī for fear of fire and disobedience, troubles from servants, etc., gāndharvi for horses, āṅgirasi for elephants, naiṛṛtī for fear of ghosts and spirits, yāmyā for bad dreams, kauberi for loss of wealth, pārthivī for loss of trees and lands. These are to be done at particular times of the day when certain nakṣatras like Hasta, Svāti are in the ascendant.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 228. 5-27.

1m) One of the four fruits of Prāṇāyāma, the ruin of all sins of the Pitrs and cognates.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 11. 6.

1n) (Pracetas): Agni.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 27.

1o) A R. from the lake Jayā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 121. 71; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 71.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Shanti in Shaivism glossaries]

Śānti (शान्ति):—Fourth of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Mahimā, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ) are associated with the (element) earth. The first five from (including Śānti) represent the five kalās. All these eight mātṛs are characterized as carrying a diamond in their hand. They are presided over by the Bhairava Jhaṇṭa and his consort named Aindryā. Mahimā is the seventh of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the earth.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Śānti (शान्ति) or Śāntika refers to “expelling evil” which is accomplished by performing mantrasādhana (preparatory procedures) beginning with japamālā using a rosary bead made of crystal or pearls, according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.42. Accordingly, “In the śāntika (expelling evil) or pauṣṭika (increasing welfare), for the actualizing mantra, one should use a crystal or peal rosary, strung with a white thread”.

(Source): Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[Shanti in Shaktism glossaries]

Śānti (शान्ति, “tranquillity, peace”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ शान्त्य नमः
oṃ śāntya namaḥ.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Śānti (शान्ति, “peace”):—One of the names attributed to Devī, as chanted by the Vedas in their hymns, who were at the time incarnated in their personified forms. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa chapter 5.51-68, called “the narrative of Hayagrīva”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Śānti (शान्ति) refers to one of the five Kalās mentioned in Śāradātilaka I.26. Kalā represents one of the six adhvans being purified during the Kriyāvatī-dīkṣā: an important Śākta ritual. Dīkṣā is one of the most important rituals of the Śāktas and so called because it imparts divine knowledge and destroys evil.

(Source): JSTOR: Tāntric Dīkṣā by Surya Kanta
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[Shanti in Pancaratra glossaries]

Śānti (शान्ति, “peace”):—One of the twenty-four emanations of Lakṣmī accompanying Nārāyaṇa. This particular manifestation couples with his counterpart form called Madhusūdana and together they form the sixth celestial couple. Lakṣmī represents a form of the Goddess (Devī) as the wife of Viṣṇu, while Nārāyaṇa represents the personification of his creative energy, according to the Pāñcarātra literature.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Shanti in Theravada glossaries]

M (Peace). Serenity, perfect tranquillity.

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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(Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

[Shanti in Tibetan Buddhism glossaries]

Śāntī (शान्ती):—One of the six ‘Queens of Yoga’ projecting the rites of enrichment—The reddish-yellow crocodile-headed (or rather, Makara-headed) Śāntī holding a vase occupies the southeast petal of this chakra. The vase contains the expression of the Watery Element at this level of basic desirous-saṃskāras. They represent the returning prāṇas of having obtained the objective of desire. These prāṇas have come from a small chakra governing the pleasurable function of the sex act, thus with the gain of physical desire.

Note that śāntī means ‘tranquillity’, referring here to the conversion of impulsive desire-ridden or sexual behaviour into tranquil, peace-abiding attributes. This is the objective of the disciple in dealing with all of these sexual impulses. Upon the higher way the vase is utilised to contain these transformed, controlled saṃskāras, preventing them from escaping and causing havoc for the yogin’s austerities (tapas).
 

(Source): Google Books: An Esoteric Exposition of the Bardo Thodol Part A
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Shanti in Jainism glossaries]

Śānti (शान्ति):—The sixteenth Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known as Śāntinātha. His colour is gold (kāñcana), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 40 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 73 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is an Antelope or deer.

Śānti’s father is Viśvasena and his mother is Acirā according to Śvetāmbara or Airā according to Digambara. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Shanti in Pali glossaries]

santi : (f.) peace; calmness; tranquillity.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Santi, (f.) (fr. śam, cp. Sk. °śānti) tranquillity, peace Sn. 204; D. II, 157; A. II, 24; Dh. 202.

—kamma act of appeasing (the gods), pacification D. I, 12; DA. I, 97. —pada “the place of tranquillity”; tranquil state, i.e. Nibbāna A. II, 18; VvA. 219. —vāda an advocate of mental calm Sn. 845 (°vada in verse); Nd1 203. (Page 676)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Shanti in Sanskrit glossaries]

Śānti (शान्ति).—f. [śam-ktin]

1) Pacification, allayment, alleviation, removal; अध्वरविघातशान्तये (adhvaravighātaśāntaye) R.11.1,62.

2) Calmness, tranquillity, quiet, ease, rest, repose; स्मर संस्मृत्य न शान्तिरस्ति मे (smara saṃsmṛtya na śāntirasti me) Ku.4.17; शान्तिः कुतस्तस्य भुजङ्गशत्रोः (śāntiḥ kutastasya bhujaṅgaśatroḥ) Māl.6.1; यत् किंचिद् वस्तु संप्राप्य स्वल्पं वा यदि वा वहु । या तुष्टि- र्जायते चित्ते सा शान्तिः कथ्यते बुधैः (yat kiṃcid vastu saṃprāpya svalpaṃ vā yadi vā vahu | yā tuṣṭi- rjāyate citte sā śāntiḥ kathyate budhaiḥ) || Padma P.

3) Cessation of hostility; सर्पस्य शान्तिः कुटिलस्य मैत्री विधातृसृष्टौ न हि दृष्टपूर्वा (sarpasya śāntiḥ kuṭilasya maitrī vidhātṛsṛṣṭau na hi dṛṣṭapūrvā) Bv.1.125.

4) Cessation, stop.

5) Absence of passion, quietism, complete indifference to all worldly enjoyments; तदुपहितकुटुम्बः शांन्तिमार्गोत्सुकोऽभूत् (tadupahitakuṭumbaḥ śāṃntimārgotsuko'bhūt) R.7.71.

6) Consolation, solace.

7) Settlement of differences, reconciliation.

8) Satisfaction of hunger.

9) An expiatory rite, a propitiatory rite for averting evil; शान्तयश्चापि वर्धन्तां यथाकल्पं यथाविधि (śāntayaścāpi vardhantāṃ yathākalpaṃ yathāvidhi) Rām.1.8.16.

1) Good fortune, felicity, auspiciousness.

11) Exculpation or absolution from blame.

12) Preservation.

13) Name of Durgā.

14) Destruction, end, death.

Derivable forms: śāntiḥ (शान्तिः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Santi Sutta
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Shantyuda
Śāntyuda (शान्त्युद).—soothing or propitiatory water; अहमपि वैतानिकं शान्त्युदकमस्यै गौतमीहस्ते...
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