Shantika, aka: Santika, Santikā, Śāntika, Śāntikā; 11 Definition(s)
Shantika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śāntika and Śāntikā can be transliterated into English as Santika or Shantika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Śāntikā (शान्तिका) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Śāntikā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”
The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa
1) Śāntika (शान्तिक).—The mantras of the Atharvavedins recited in a ritual connected with digging of tanks.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 58. 37.
2) Śāntikā (शान्तिका).—A mother goddess.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 28.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Śāntika (शान्तिक) or Śānti refers to “expelling evil” which is accomplished by performing mantrasādhana (preparatory procedures) beginning with japamālā using a rosary bead made of crystal or pearls, according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.42. Accordingly, “In the śāntika (expelling evil) or pauṣṭika (increasing welfare), for the actualizing mantra, one should use a crystal or peal rosary, strung with a white thread”.Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra
Śāntika (शान्तिक) refers to a classification of pūjā (ritualistic worship) according to the Kāmikāgama.—The Āgamas have several different classifications of nityapūjā (daily worship), based on the number of offerings, frequency, time duration and so on. The nomenclature also varies between Āgamas. The essence however is similar. Śāntika is mentioned in the Kāmikāgama (v. 4.376), Dīptāgama (26.1) and Makuṭāgama (3.32) as “that which ends with bali”. Śāntika is also mentioned in the Kāraṇāgama (30.405) as “that which ends with utsava”. Śāntika is also mentioned in the Suprabhedāgama (7.1) as “the pūjā that includes bali and nṛtta”.Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Languages of India and abroad
santika : (adj.) near. (nt.), vicinity; presence. || santikā (prep.) from.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Santikā, (f.) (unclear in origin & meaning) a kind of game, “spellicans” (Rh. D.); (Kern: knibbelspel) D. I, 6; Vin. II, 10; III, 180; DA. I, 85. (Page 676)
— or —
Santika, (nt.) (sa2+antika) vicinity, presence; santikaṃ into the presence of, towards J. I, 91, 185; santikā from the presence of, from J. I, 43, 83, 189; santike in the presence of, before, with D. I, 79, 144; Dh. 32=Miln. 408; Sn. 379; Vin. I, 12; S. I, 33; J. V, 467; with Acc. S. IV, 74; with Abl. Mhvs 205; nibbānasantike Dh. 372; Instr. santikena=by, along with J. II, 301 (if not a mistake instead of santikaṃ or santike?).
—âvacara keeping or being near D. I, 206; II, 139; J. I, 67. (Page 676)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
śāntika (शांतिक).—n (S) śāntikarma n (S) Observances or ceremonies prescribed by the Shastras for the removal or prevention of calamities and troubles.
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śāntika (शांतिक).—a S That composes, quiets, appeases, calms, stills. 2 Propitiatory, conciliatory.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Śāntika (शान्तिक).—a. (-kī f.) Expiatory, propitiatory.
-kam Observances or ceremonies calculated to remove calamities.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Santika (सन्तिक).—adj. (= Pali id., stem in comp.; compare next; MIndic for sāntika, q.v.; sa-, q.v., plus Sanskrit antika, as adj. Gr. Lex.), near: evaṃrūpāḥ sattvāḥ nirvāṇa-°kā bha- vanti Mv ii.287.14; santikāvacara (= Pali id.), living near [Page556-a+ 71] (with gen.): bhagavato upasthāyakaṃ (acc. sg.) bhaga- vataḥ °raṃ bhagavato saṃmukhaṃ Mv iii.49.13. The form sāntika, tho very likely a secondary Sanskritization of this, seems to support the above theory of its origin; it is not connected with santa(ka) as has been held by some (e.g. Senart, see next).
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Sāntika (सान्तिक).—in adv. forms °ke and °kāt (= Pali santike, °kā; see santika, °ke, of which this may well be a secondary Sanskritization; but it reveals the true origin of the MIndic form), in or from the presence (of, gen.): buddhasya °ke Karmav 161.2, 4; °ke, °kāt, acc. to Kern, Preface ix, Kashgar recension of SP for Nepalese antike, °kāt; so sāntikātu, v.l. of Kashgar recension 119.3; for other such cases see santike.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) 1. Propitiatory, expiatory. 2. Producing ease or quiet, &c. 3. Relating to quiet, &c. n.
(-kaṃ) Ceremonies for the removal of calamities. E. śānti, and ṭhak aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 8 books and stories containing Shantika, Santika, Santikā, Śāntika or Śāntikā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 27 - The rite (vidhi) of installation of Lakes etc. < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms (by William Edward Soothill)
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
(9) Ninth Pāramī: The Perfection of Loving-kindness (mettā-pāramī) < [Chapter 6 - On Pāramitā]