Shantika, aka: Santika, Santikā, Śāntika, Śāntikā; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shantika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śāntika and Śāntikā can be transliterated into English as Santika or Shantika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

[Shantika in Purana glossaries]

Śāntikā (शान्तिका) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Śāntikā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

(Source): Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1) Śāntika (शान्तिक).—The mantras of the Atharvavedins recited in a ritual connected with digging of tanks.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 58. 37.

2) Śāntikā (शान्तिका).—A mother goddess.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 28.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Shantika in Shaivism glossaries]

Śāntika (शान्तिक) or Śānti refers to “expelling evil” which is accomplished by performing mantrasādhana (preparatory procedures) beginning with japamālā using a rosary bead made of crystal or pearls, according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.42. Accordingly, “In the śāntika (expelling evil) or pauṣṭika (increasing welfare), for the actualizing mantra, one should use a crystal or peal rosary, strung with a white thread”.

(Source): Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Shantika in Pali glossaries]

santika : (adj.) near. (nt.), vicinity; presence. || santikā (prep.) from.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Santikā, (f.) (unclear in origin & meaning) a kind of game, “spellicans” (Rh. D.); (Kern: knibbelspel) D. I, 6; Vin. II, 10; III, 180; DA. I, 85. (Page 676)

— or —

Santika, (nt.) (sa2+antika) vicinity, presence; santikaṃ into the presence of, towards J. I, 91, 185; santikā from the presence of, from J. I, 43, 83, 189; santike in the presence of, before, with D. I, 79, 144; Dh. 32=Miln. 408; Sn. 379; Vin. I, 12; S. I, 33; J. V, 467; with Acc. S. IV, 74; with Abl. Mhvs 205; nibbānasantike Dh. 372; Instr. santikena=by, along with J. II, 301 (if not a mistake instead of santikaṃ or santike?).

—âvacara keeping or being near D. I, 206; II, 139; J. I, 67. (Page 676)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Shantika in Marathi glossaries]

śāntika (शांतिक).—n (S) śāntikarma n (S) Observances or ceremonies prescribed by the Shastras for the removal or prevention of calamities and troubles.

--- OR ---

śāntika (शांतिक).—a S That composes, quiets, appeases, calms, stills. 2 Propitiatory, conciliatory.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Shantika in Sanskrit glossaries]

Śāntika (शान्तिक).—a. (- f.) Expiatory, propitiatory.

-kam Observances or ceremonies calculated to remove calamities.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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