Shankukarna, aka: Śaṅkukarṇa, Shanku-karna; 10 Definition(s)


Shankukarna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaṅkukarṇa can be transliterated into English as Sankukarna or Shankukarna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Shankukarna in Pancaratra glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण):—One of the eight guardians of Vaikuṇṭha, according to the Pāñcarātra literature. These eight guardians are part of the celestial entourage of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Shankukarna in Natyashastra glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Śaṅkukarṇa) various roles suitable to them.

2) Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण) is the name of a God of the drums (puṣkara) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “Vajrekṣaṇa, Śaṅkukarṇa and Mahāgrāmaṇī are said to be gods of murajas (drums)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Shankukarna in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण) is the name of a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva), mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 4.2.53. In this chapter, Śiva (Giriśa) summons his attendants (gaṇas) and ask them to venture towards the city Vārāṇasī (Kāśī) in order to find out what the yoginīs, the sun-god, Vidhi (Brahmā) were doing there.

While the gaṇas such as Śaṅkukarṇa were staying at Kāśī, they were desirous but unable of finding a weakness in king Divodaśa who was ruling there. Kāśī is described as a fascinating place beyond the range of Giriśa’s vision, and as a place where yoginīs become ayoginīs, after having come in contact with it. Kāśī is described as having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

The Skandapurāṇa narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is the largest Mahāpurāṇa composed of over 81,000 metrical verses, with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purāṇa

1) Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण).—One of the eight principal ministers of Mahiṣāsura, an asura chieftain from the city Mahiṣa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 93. All of these ministers were learned, valiant and just.

2) Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण).—One of the twelve rākṣasas facing the twelve ādityas in the battle of the gods (devas) between the demons (asuras), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 94. This battle was initiated by Mahiṣāsura in order to win over the hand of Vaiṣṇavī, the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण).—A muni, who lived at the sacred Kapardīśvara tīrtha in Vārāṇasī. There lived a brahmin in the temple there performing tapas. One day a lean and bony ghost, hungry and panting came to the brahmin. To the brahmin’s question the ghost replied thus; "In my previous life I was a rich brahmin. I looked after my family well, but did not worship Devas, guests or cows. Nor did I do any pious deed. But, one day I happened to worship Lord Viśvanātha and touch his idol. Within a short period after that I died. You will please tell me the means, if any, for me to attain heaven."

Śaṅkukarṇa answered the ghost as follows:—"There lives no man on earth, who is more fortunate than your good self, who could touch and prostrate before Lord Viśvanātha. That good fortune has led you to me. You bathe in this holy tīrtha and you will lose your ghosthood. The ghost, accordingly dived in the water and immediately rose up to heaven. (Padma Purāṇa, Ādi Khaṇḍa, Chapter 34).

2) Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण).—A nāga born in the Dhṛtarāṣṭra dynasty. It was burnt to death at the serpent yajña conducted by Janamejaya. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 57, Verse 15).

3) Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण).—An attendant of Śiva. He lives in the court of Kubera. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 10, Verse 34).

4) Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण).—One of the two attendants presented by Pārvatī to Subrahmaṇya, the other being Puṣpadanta. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 51).

5) Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 56).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण).—The Asura in Tatvalam (Atalam, Vāyu-purāṇa.);1 one of Danu's sons.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 16; III. 6. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 16.
  • 2) Ib. 68. 4.

1b) (Vighneśvara); informed Maheśvara of the medicinal tank of waters created by Maya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 66; Matsya-purāṇa 136. 48, 51.

1c) Created by Dakṣa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 52.

1d) A place sacred to Śiva.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 181. 27.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.14, I.57, IX.44.47, IX.44.52, IX.44.96) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śaṅkukarṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Shankukarna in Shaivism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Śaṅkukarṇa) is named Mahātejas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

2) Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण) is the name of a daitya chief, presiding over Ābhāsa, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Ābhāsa refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Shankukarna in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण).—a. spike-eared; महावृक्षगलस्कन्धः शङ्कुकर्णो बिभीषणः (mahāvṛkṣagalaskandhaḥ śaṅkukarṇo bibhīṣaṇaḥ) Mb.1.152.4.

-rṇaḥ an ass.

Śaṅkukarṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śaṅku and karṇa (कर्ण).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaṅkukarṇa (शङ्कुकर्ण).—m.

(-rṇaḥ) An ass. E. śaṅku a javelin, and karṇa the ear.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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