Shantideva, Śāntideva, Śāntidevā: 6 definitions

Introduction

Shantideva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śāntideva and Śāntidevā can be transliterated into English as Santideva or Shantideva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shantideva in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śāntidevā (शान्तिदेवा).—(ŚĀNTIDEVĪ). Daughter of King Devaka. She was married by Vasudeva. (Vāyu Purāṇa, Chapter 96, Verse 130).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śāntidevā (शान्तिदेवा).—A daughter of Devaka, and a queen of Vasudeva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 23 and 50; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 131 and 62; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 130; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 18.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shantideva in Hinduism glossary
Source: World Philosophy: Hinduism

Śāntideva (8th century CE) is among the most revered thinkers for Tibetan Buddhists, and one of the most important Buddhist ethicists. His works attempt to found a good Buddhist life on metaphysical questions of free will, emptiness and self, based on the Madhyamaka metaphysics of Nāgārjuna.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayana

Śāntideva or Bhusuku is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized in Vajrayāna (tantric buddhism). His title is “the idle monk”. He lived somewhere between the 8th and the 12th century AD.

These mahāsiddhas (eg., Śāntideva) are defined according to the Abhayadatta Sri (possibly Abhayākaragupta) tradition. Its textual origin traces to the 11th century caturāsiti-siddha-pravṛtti, or “the lives of the eighty-four siddhas”, of which only Tibetan translations remains. Śāntideva (and other Mahāsiddhas) are the ancient propounders of the textual tradition of tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Śāntideva (शान्तिदेव) is an example of a name based on some sect mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Various names indicated Buddhist or Jain sects. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Śāntideva) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shantideva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śāntideva (शान्तिदेव):—[=śānti-deva] [from śānti > śānta] m. Name of a man, [Buddhist literature]

2) [v.s. ...] f(ā, ī). (ā [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa], or ī [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]) Name of a daughter of Devaka (and one of Vasu-deva’s wives).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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