Shantideva, aka: Śāntideva, Śāntidevā; 5 Definition(s)


Shantideva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śāntideva and Śāntidevā can be transliterated into English as Santideva or Shantideva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Shantideva in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śāntidevā (शान्तिदेवा).—(ŚĀNTIDEVĪ). Daughter of King Devaka. She was married by Vasudeva. (Vāyu Purāṇa, Chapter 96, Verse 130).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Śāntidevā (शान्तिदेवा).—A daughter of Devaka, and a queen of Vasudeva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 23 and 50; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 131 and 62; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 130; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 18.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Shantideva in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śāntideva (8th century CE) is among the most revered thinkers for Tibetan Buddhists, and one of the most important Buddhist ethicists. His works attempt to found a good Buddhist life on metaphysical questions of free will, emptiness and self, based on the Madhyamaka metaphysics of Nāgārjuna.

Source: World Philosophy: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Śāntideva or Bhusuku is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized in Vajrayāna (tantric buddhism). His title is “the idle monk”. He lived somewhere between the 8th and the 12th century AD.

These mahāsiddhas (eg., Śāntideva) are defined according to the Abhayadatta Sri (possibly Abhayākaragupta) tradition. Its textual origin traces to the 11th century caturāsiti-siddha-pravṛtti, or “the lives of the eighty-four siddhas”, of which only Tibetan translations remains. Śāntideva (and other Mahāsiddhas) are the ancient propounders of the textual tradition of tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayana
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Śāntideva (शान्तिदेव) is an example of a name based on some sect mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Various names indicated Buddhist or Jain sects. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Śāntideva) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 13 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

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1) Jayadeva (जयदेव).—A Sanskrit poet who lived in the 13th century A.D. He is the author of the...
Śrama (श्रम).—Son of Āpa, one of the Aṣṭavasus. Āpa had four sons named Vairuṇḍa Śrama, Śānta a...
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1a) Janastambha (जनस्तम्भ).—The son of Śāntidevā and Vasudeva.** Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71...
Pratiśruta (प्रतिश्रुत).—A son of Śāntidevā and Vasudeva.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 50.
Supushpachandra, a bodhisattva who purportedly ignored a commanded by King Shuradatta to abs...
Bhusuku or Śāntideva is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recogn...
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Bodhisattvaprātimokṣa (बोधिसत्त्वप्रातिमोक्ष).—n. of a work: Śikṣ 11.11 etc., common; in 36.15 ...
Triskandha (त्रिस्कन्ध) refers to “threefold practice” according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāp...
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