Shankuka, Saṅkuka, Sankuka, Śaṅkukā, Samkuka: 7 definitions



Shankuka means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaṅkukā can be transliterated into English as Sankuka or Shankuka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Śaṅkuka (शङ्कुक) refers to one of the sixteen classes of Vidyādharas derived from their respective Vidyās (in this case, from Śaṅkukā-vidyā), according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.


“[...] After making [the two rows of Vidyādhara-cities], many villages and suburbs, they established communities [viz., the Śaṅkukas] according to the suitability of place. [...] Dharaṇendra instructed them about the law as follows: ‘If any insolent persons show disrespect or do injury to the Jinas, or the Jinas’ shrines, or to those who will attain mokṣa in this birth, or to any ascetics engaged in pratimā, the Vidyās [viz., Śaṅkukās] will abandon them at once, just as wealth abandons lazy people. Whoever kills a man with his wife, or enjoys women against their will, the Vidyās will abandon him at once’.”

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shankuka in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Saṅkuka, (fr. saṅku) a stake VvA. 338. Cp. khāṇuka. (Page 663)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Śaṅkuka (शङ्कुक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Bhuvanābhyudaya. Verses by him are given Śp. p. 90. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva] He wrote a work on Alaṃkāra, which is quoted in Kāvyaprakāśa p. 42.

2) Śaṅkuka (शङ्कुक):—son of Mayūra, poet. Śp. p. 90.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaṅkuka (शङ्कुक):—[from śaṅku] m. a small peg or nail, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a poet (author of the Bhuvanābhyudaya, son of Mayūra), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

3) [v.s. ...] of a writer on rhetoric, [Catalogue(s)]

4) Śāṅkuka (शाङ्कुक):—[from śāṅkavya] m. Name of a poet, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śaṅkukā (शङ्कुका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃkukā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shankuka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Saṃkuka (संकुक) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śaṅkaka.

2) Saṃkukā (संकुका) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Śaṅkukā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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