Sahasra, Sāhasra: 9 definitions

Introduction

Sahasra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Sāhasra (साहस्र).—The term ‘sāhasra’ literally means “that which has a thousand”. Sāhasra is the same as sahasra the affix ‘aṇ’ having the reflexive-force. Or sāhasra may be explained as that which consists of a sahasra or thousand; the ‘aṇ’ affix having the force of the possessive.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Sahasra (सहस्र) or Sahasrāgama refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The Śaivāgamas are divided into four groups viz. Śaiva, Pāśupata, Soma and Lākula. Śaiva is further divided in to Dakṣiṇa, Vāma and Siddhānta (eg., sahasra).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Sahasra (सहस्र, “thousand”) is the fourth of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.

Among these decimal positions (eg., sahasra, “thousand”), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ssahasra (स्सहस्र).—[samānaṃ hasati has-ra Tv.]

1) A thousand.

2) A large number.

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Sāhasra (साहस्र).—a. (-srī f.) [सहस्र-अण् (sahasra-aṇ)]

1) Relating to a thousand.

2) Consisting of a thousand.

3) Bought with a thousand.

4) Paid per thousand (as interest &c.).

5) A thousand-fold.

6) Exceedingly numerous.

-sraḥ An army or detachment consisting of a thousand men.

-sram An aggregate of a thousand; किरीटसाहस्रमणिप्रवेक- प्रद्योतिदोद्दामफणासहस्रम् (kirīṭasāhasramaṇipraveka- pradyotidoddāmaphaṇāsahasram) Bhāg.3.8.6; (also sāhasrakam in this sense).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sāhasra (साहस्र).—(in Sanskrit as general adj.; compare Pali sahassa, adj., epithet of a lokadhātu and of Brahmā as its ruler, sahasso …Brahmā sahassīlokadhātuṃ pharitvā Majjhimanikāya (Pali) iii.101.4—5), adj. with lokadhātu, or (Mahāvastu) subst., sc. lokadhātu, con- sisting of 1000 (worlds); = sāhasra-cūḍika, q.v.: śakro [Page594-b+ 71] (or, brahmā)…sāhasragatāna madhye Mahāvastu iii.119.12 (here by em.); 122.19; 123.2, Indra (Brahmā) in the midst of inhabitants of (a universe of) 1000 worlds; °sra-lokadhā- tuṃ Daśabhūmikasūtra 72.25; °sro lokadhātuḥ Gaṇḍavyūha 75.2; °sre °dhātau Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 26.8; contrasting with dvisāhasra and trisāhasra- mahāsāhasra. In Pali no form with ā in the first syllable is recorded. (Childers cites sāhassiko without reference, with definition suggesting no application to lokadhātu.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahasra (सहस्र).—n.

(-sraṃ) A thousand. E. samānaṃ hasati has-ra .

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Sāhasra (साहस्र).—mfn.

(-sraḥ-srī-sraṃ) 1. Bought with a thousand. 2. Paid per thousand, as interest, duty, &c. 3. Relating or belonging to a thousand. m.

(-sraḥ) An army or detachment, a thousand strong. n.

(-sraṃ) The aggregate of a thousand. E. sahasra a thousand, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahasra (सहस्र).—numeral, n. A thousand, [Pañcatantra] 130, 16.

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Sāhasra (साहस्र).—i. e. sahasra + a, I. adj. 1. Relating or belonging to a thousand. 2. Bought with a thousand. 3. Paid per thousand, as interest, duty. 4. A thousandfold, a thousand times better, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 85. Ii. m. An army or detachment, a thousand strong. Iii. n. An aggregate of many thousands.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahasra (सहस्र).—[neuter] ([masculine]) a thousand (used also for any very large number).

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Sāhasra (साहस्र).—[feminine] ī & ā amounting to or consisting of a thousand; [neuter] a thousand.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sahasra (सहस्र):—[=sa-hasra] [from sa > sahaṃsa-pāta] a See below.

2) b n. (rarely) m. (perhaps [from] 7, sa hasra = [Greek] χίλιοι for χεσλοι; cf. [Persian] hazār) a thousand (with the counted object in the same case sg. or [plural] e.g. sahasreṇa bāhunā, ‘with a thousand arms’ [Harivaṃśa]; sahasraṃ bhiṣajaḥ, ‘a thousand drugs’ [Ṛg-veda]; or in the [genitive case] e.g. dve sahasre suvarṇasya, ‘two th° pieces of gold’ [Rājataraṅgiṇī]; catvāri sahasrāṇi varṣāṇām, ‘four th° years’ [Manu-smṛti]; sometimes in [compound], either [in the beginning of a compound] e.g. yuga-sahasram, ‘a th° ages’ [Manu-smṛti], or ifc. e.g. sahasrāśvena, ‘with a th° horses’; sahasram may also be used as an ind. e.g. sahasram ṛṣibhiḥ, ‘with a th° Ṛṣis’ [Ṛg-veda]; with other numerals it is used thus, ekādhikaṃ sahasram, or eka-sahasram, ‘a th° one’, 1001; dvyadhikaṃ s, ‘a th° two’, 1002; ekādaśādhikam ssahasram or ekādaśaṃ s or ekādaśa-s, ‘a th° eleven’ or ‘a th° having eleven’, 1011; viṃśaty-adhikaṃ s or vimaṃ s, ‘a th° twenty’, 1020; dve sahasre or dvi-sahacram, ‘two th°’; trīṇi sahasrāṇi or tri-sahasram, ‘three th°’ etc.), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) a thousand cows or gifts (= sahasraṃ gavyam etc., used to express wealth; sahasraṃ śatāśvam, ‘a th° cows and a hundred horses’ [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] (in later language often = ‘1000 Paṇas’, e.g. [Manu-smṛti viii, 120; 336 etc.])

4) any very large number (in, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iii, 1] among the bahu-nāmāni; cf. sahasra-kiraṇa etc. below)

5) mf(ī)n. a thousandth or the thousandth (= sahasra-tama which is the better form; cf. [Pāṇini 5-2, 57]).

6) Sāhasra (साहस्र):—mf(ī, or ā)n. ([from] sahasra) relating or belonging to a thousand, consisting of or bought with or paid for a th°, thousand fold, exceedingly numerous, infinite, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

7) m. an army or detachment consisting of a th° men, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) ([plural]) Name of four Ekāhas at which a th° (cows) are given as a fee, [???]

9) n. (ifc. f(ā). ) an aggregate of a th° or of many th°, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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