Saguna, Saguṇa, Shaguna: 13 definitions



Saguna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Shagun.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saguṇa (सगुण) refers to “one who is possessed of attributes”, and represents an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.10. Accordingly as Viṣṇu said to Brahmā:—“[...] He is distinct from illusion. He is free from desires. He is the creator of illusion yet uninfluenced by illusion. He is an adept. He is possessed of attributes (saguṇa) yet independent (svatantra) of them. He is blissful in Himself. He is free from suspicions and alternatives”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Saguṇa (सगुण) refers to “(1) With material qualities (2) Possessing transcendental qualities”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Saguṇa, (adj.) (either sa3+guṇa1 1, as given under guṇa1; or sa°=saṃ° once, as in sakṛt, +guṇa1 2) either “with the string, ” or “in one”; Vin. I, 46 (saguṇaṃ karoti to put together, to fold up; C ekato katvā). This interpretation (as “put together”) is much to be preferred to the one given under guṇa1 1; saguṇaṃ katvā belongs to saṅghāṭiyo, and not to kāyabandhanaṃ, thus: “the upper robes are to be given, putting them into one (bundle). ” (Page 661)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saguṇa (सगुण).—a (S) That has attributes and perfections--the Deity: also that has qualities or properties--a thing in general. saguṇācē ādhārānēṃ nirguṇāsa pāvaṇēṃ To attain unto the apprehension and enjoyment of the unknown and universal Spirit and Essence through the contemplation and adoration of him as manifested with attributes and perfections in the works of creation; to attain, "through Nature, unto Nature's God."

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saguṇa (सगुण).—a That has attributes and per- fections-the Deity; also that has qualities or properties-a thing in general.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saguṇa (सगुण).—a.

1) Possessed of qualities or attributes.

2) Possessed of good qualities, virtuous.

3) Worldly.

4) Furnished with a string (as a bow).

5) Possessed of the qualities in rhetoric.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saguṇa (सगुण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Having or endowed with properties, qualities, &c. 2. Worldly. 3. Having a string, (as a bow.) E. sa with, guṇa a quality.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saguṇa (सगुण).—adj. endowed with qualities, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 202, 18.

Saguṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and guṇa (गुण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saguṇa (सगुण).—[adjective] furnished with a rope or string, having attributes, qualities, or virtues.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saguṇa (सगुण):—[=sa-guṇa] [from sa > sa-gajāroha] mf(ā)n. furnished with (or together with) a string or cord, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] furnished with [particular] attributes or properties, [???]

3) [v.s. ...] having qualities, qualified, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Vedāntasāra]

4) [v.s. ...] having good qualities or virtues, virtuous (-tva n.), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] worldly, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saguṇa (सगुण):—[sa-guṇa] (ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a. Having qualities.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Saguṇa (सगुण):—(2. sa + guṇa) adj. (f. ā)

1) mit einem Stricke versehen: pūrṇakumbha [Spr. (II) 2151.] mit einer Sehne versehen, sammt der Sehne: chittvā saguṇaṃ cāpam [Mahābhārata 8, 1031.] [KĀLACAKRA 1, 139.] —

2) mit seinen besondern Beigaben —, mit dem was dazu gehört versehen [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 12, 4, 18.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 6, 7, 23. Comm. 543, 2.] —

3) mit Qualitäten versehen [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 20. 9, 48.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 287. 329.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 32, 13. 36. 6, 9, 33. 7, 9, 48.] [Oxforder Handschriften 104], b, [?7. Vedānta lecture No. 7. Kauṣītakyupaniṣad Einl. S. 2.] —

4) mit Vorzügen versehen: Personen [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 55, 8.] [Spr. (II) 4114.] [?6661.Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 714.] sarva in Allem [Kathāsaritsāgara 34, 162.] kumbha [Spr. (II) 2151.] śabdārthau [Sāhityadarpana 2, 19. 4, 10.] Davon tva n. nom. abstr. 1.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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