Gupta, Guptā: 17 definitions
Gupta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Gupta (गुप्त).—A caste appellation. In ancient India appellations to the names were put to distinguish one caste from another. So 'Śarmā' was added to a brahmin name, 'Varmā' to a Kṣatriya name 'Gupta' to a Vaiṣya name and 'Dāsa' to a Śūdra name. Such appellations were considered to be a mark of nobility in those olden days. (Chapter 153, Agni Purāṇa).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Gupta (गुप्त).—Appellation for Vaiśya.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 10. 9.
1b) A group of sixteen śaktis.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 16 and 23.
1c) Rulers of the territory from Gayā to Prayāga.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 63.
Guptā (गुप्ता) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.158.19, VIII.23.33, VIII.30.63, VIII.30.76, VIII.51.6, VIII.51.10) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Guptā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Guptā (गुप्ता) is another name for Kapikacchu, a medicinal plant identified with Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean or cowhage or cowitch) from the Fabaceae or “bean family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.50-53 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Guptā and Kapikacchu, there are a total of twenty-six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Gupta Dynasty (3rd century CE).—The iconography that originated in Mathura (1st-2nd century AD) continued in the fourth century and developed and attained maturity in the golden age of the Guptas (4th-5th centuries). The Gupta period lasted till the 7th century in the North and this period was called the classical period of Indian sculpture and fresco painting. It was about this time that bronze images really came into existence in South India, although the art of metal casting had been known for a long time and a few images had been made previously. It is to be noted that the Indian art reached its zenith in the post-Gupta period.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography
Guptā (गुप्ता) is the Śakti of Civikuṇḍalī, and together forms one of the eight Yakṣa and Śakti pairs occupying the double lotus in the sādhana of Jambhala (yab-yum form), as described in the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—Accordingly, when represented in Yab-Yum, he sits on the moon under which there is a double lotus of eight petals. [...] The eight petals of the lotus seat are occupied by the eight Yakṣas [viz., Civikuṇḍalī], who are identical in all respects with the principal figure. Each Yakṣa is accompanied by a Śakti [viz., Guptā] with whom he remains in Yab-Yum in the same way as Jambhala remains with Vasudhārā [...]. The Yakṣiṇīs are identical in form with Vasudhārā, who is yellow in complexion, carries the ears of corn and shows the Varada-mudrā in her two hands.]
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: academia.edu: The epoch of the Mahavira-nirvana
Gupta dynasty according to Harivamsa Purana and Tiloyapannati.—Starting from the epoch of Mahavira nirvana (1189 BCE), Palaka ruled for 60 years, Vishaya kings for 150 years, Murundas for 40 years, Pushpamitra for 30 years, Vasumitra & Agnimitra for 60 years, Gandhavvaya or Rasabha kings for 100 years, Naravahana for 40 years, Bhattubanas for 242 years and Guptas for 231 years.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Wikipedia: India History
The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire existing from the mid-to-late 3rd century CE to 590 CE. The ruling dynasty of the empire was founded by the king Sri Gupta; the most notable rulers of the dynasty were Chandragupta I, Samudragupta, and Chandragupta II. The 5th-century CE Sanskrit poet Kalidasa credits the Guptas with having conquered about twenty-one kingdoms, both in and outside India, including the kingdoms of Parasikas, the Hunas, the Kambojas, tribes located in the west and east Oxus valleys, the Kinnaras, Kiratas, and others.
According to the Puranas, the territory of the early Gupta kings included Prayaga, Saketa, and other areas in the Ganges basin. The Gupta records do not mention the dynasty's varna (social class). Some historians, such as A. S. Altekar, have theorized that they were of Vaishya origin. Some scholars, such as S. R. Goyal, theorize that the Guptas were Brahmanas, because they had matrimonial relations with Brahmanas.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Gupta.—cf. gupta-akṣarāṇi (LP), same as gupta-patḷaka, a deed of permanent lease. See Tamil guttagai = Sanskrit guptakā. Note: gupta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gupta (गुप्त).—p (S) Hidden or concealed. 2 S Preserved or protected.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
gupta (गुप्त).—p Hidden; preserved.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Gupta (गुप्त).—p. p. [gup karmaṇi kta]
1) Protected, preserved, guarded; गुप्तं ददृशुरात्मानं सर्वाः स्वप्नेषु वामनैः (guptaṃ dadṛśurātmānaṃ sarvāḥ svapneṣu vāmanaiḥ) R.1.6.
2) Hidden, concealed, kept secret; Ms.2.16;7.76; 8.374.
3) Secret, private.
4) Invisible, withdrawn from sight.
-ptaḥ 1 An appellation usually (though not necessarily) added to the name of a Vaiśya; as जन्द्रगुप्तः, समुद्रगुप्तः (jandraguptaḥ, samudraguptaḥ) &c. (Usually śarman or deva is added to the name of a Brāhmaṇa; gupta, bhūti or datta to that of a Vaiśya; and dāsa to that of a Śūdra; cf. śarmā devaśca viprasya varmā trātā ca bhūbhujaḥ | bhūtirdattaśca vaiśyasya dāsaḥ śūdrasya kārayet).
2) An epithet of Viṣṇu.
-ptam ind. Secretly, privately, apart.
-ptā One of the principal female characters in a poetical composition, a lady married to another (parakīyā) who conceals her lover's caresses and endearments past, present and future; वृत्तसुरतगोपना, वर्तिष्यमाणसुरतगोपना (vṛttasuratagopanā, vartiṣyamāṇasuratagopanā) and वर्तमानसुरतगोपना (vartamānasuratagopanā); see Rasamañjarī 24.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Gupta (गुप्त).—name of a perfumer: Divyāvadāna 348.23; 351.5 ff.; 385.6; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.4.2. On gupta see also s.v. gupti.
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Guptā (गुप्ता).—name of a yakṣiṇī: Sādhanamālā 561.2; 562.4.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ptaḥ-ptā-ptaṃ) 1. Preserved, protected. 2. Hidden, concealed, secret. 3. Joined, combined. 4. Invisible, wlthdrawn from sight. n. adv
(-ptaṃ) Privately, secretly. m.
(-ptaḥ) An appellation forming especially the second member of the name of a Vaisya or man of the third class. f.
(-ptā) 1. Cowach. 2. A woman who hides from her lover’s endearments. E. gup to defend, &c. affix ū.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gupta (गुप्त).—[adjective] kept, preserved, guarded, hidden, secret; [neuter] [adverb] privately, secretly, [locative] at a secret place; [masculine] [Name] of [several] kings, [especially] —°.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Gupta (गुप्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—grammarian. Quoted in the Kṣīrataraṅgiṇī and the Mādhavīyadhātuvṛtti.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Gupta (गुप्त):—[from gup] mfn. protected, guarded, preserved, [Atharva-veda] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] hidden, concealed, kept secret, secret, [Bhartṛhari; Pañcatantra; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc. (with daṇḍa, a secret fine, fine secretly imposed or exacted, [Hitopadeśa]; cf. gūḍha-d)
3) [v.s. ...] = saṃgata (? joined, combined), [Horace H. Wilson]
4) [from gup] m. ([Pāṇini 6-1, 205; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) Name of several men belonging to the Vaiśya caste ([Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra i, 17]; cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India] p.358), especially of the founder of the renowned Gupta dynasty in which the names of the sovereigns generally end in gupta (cf. candra-, samudra-, skanda-; gupta is also often found ifc. in names of the Vaiśya class)
5) Guptā (गुप्ता):—[from gupta > gup] f. a married woman who withdraws from her lover’s endearments, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] Mucuna pruritus, [Suśruta iv, 26, 33; vi, 46, 21] (pta)
7) [v.s. ...] Name of a woman, [Pāṇini 4-1, 121 [Scholiast or Commentator]] (gopā, [Kāśikā-vṛtti])
8) [v.s. ...] of a Śākya princess, [Buddhist literature]
9) Gupta (गुप्त):—[from gup] m. (also) the era named after the Gupta dynasty (beginning, [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]D. 319; hence the Gupta year 165 corresponds to, [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]D. 484-85; in later times the years are called valabhī-saṃvat from the rulers of Valabhi, and the era is spoken of as the Gupta-Valabhi era).
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+21): Gupta-pattaka, Gupta-polisa, Guptabindu, Guptacara, Guptachara, Guptadana, Guptadhana, Guptadikshatantra, Guptaduta, Guptagandhi, Guptagangamahatmya, Guptagati, Guptaghala, Guptagriha, Guptaka, Guptakama, Guptakatha, Guptakshetramahatmya, Guptam, Guptamani.
Ends with (+159): Abhayakaragupta, Abhayankaragupta, Abhigupta, Abhinavagupta, Abhisamgupta, Adhigupta, Adhogupta, Agupta, Amaragupta, Amragupta, Anantagupta, Anekagupta, Anigupta, Anugravarnakshemagupta, Anugupta, Arigupta, Ashvagupta, Atigupta, Atmagupta, Atridevagupta.
Full-text (+898): Manogupta, Svayamgupta, Karagupta, Svagupta, Atmagupta, Vishnugupta, Samudragupta, Balagupta, Guptagati, Guptagriha, Ashvagupta, Erandapalla, Guptacara, Sugupta, Vanagupta, Devaraja, Ganda, Shandaka, Partha, Bhaskara.
Search found 51 books and stories containing Gupta, Guptā; (plurals include: Guptas, Guptās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Parama Samhita (English translation) (by Krishnaswami Aiyangar)
The Mahābhārata in the Tamil country in the Sangam age < [Introduction]
Settlement in Early Historic Ganga Plain (by Chirantani Das)
Part 7 - Nalanda’s Rise of a Multi-functional Nodal Centre < [Chapter III - Nālandā: Evidence for rise and progress of the settlement]
Part 5 - Position of Sārnāth in relation to Vārāṇasī < [Chapter VIII - Vārāṇasī–Sārnāth: Inter-Settlement Relations]
Part 16 - Vārāṇasī from proto historic to historic context < [Chapter VI - Vārāṇasī: Emergence of the Urban Centre and Seat of Administration]
Lalitopakhyana (Lalita Mahatmya) (by G.V. Tagare)
The Indian Buddhist Iconography (by Benoytosh Bhattachacharyya)