Gupta, Guptā: 16 definitions

Introduction

Gupta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Gupta (गुप्त).—A caste appellation. In ancient India appellations to the names were put to distinguish one caste from another. So 'Śarmā' was added to a brahmin name, 'Varmā' to a Kṣatriya name 'Gupta' to a Vaiṣya name and 'Dāsa' to a Śūdra name. Such appellations were considered to be a mark of nobility in those olden days. (Chapter 153, Agni Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Gupta (गुप्त).—Appellation for Vaiśya.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 10. 9.

1b) A group of sixteen śaktis.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 16 and 23.

1c) Rulers of the territory from Gayā to Prayāga.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 63.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Guptā (गुप्ता) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.158.19, VIII.23.33, VIII.30.63, VIII.30.76, VIII.51.6, VIII.51.10) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Guptā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Guptā (गुप्ता) is another name for Kapikacchu, a medicinal plant identified with Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean or cowhage or cowitch) from the Fabaceae or “bean family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.50-53 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Guptā and Kapikacchu, there are a total of twenty-six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Gupta Dynasty (3rd century CE).—The iconography that originated in Mathura (1st-2nd century AD) continued in the fourth century and developed and attained maturity in the golden age of the Guptas (4th-5th centuries). The Gupta period lasted till the 7th century in the North and this period was called the classical period of Indian sculpture and fresco painting. It was about this time that bronze images really came into existence in South India, although the art of metal casting had been known for a long time and a few images had been made previously. It is to be noted that the Indian art reached its zenith in the post-Gupta period.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: academia.edu: The epoch of the Mahavira-nirvana

Gupta dynasty according to Harivamsa Purana and Tiloyapannati.—Starting from the epoch of Mahavira nirvana (1189 BCE), Palaka ruled for 60 years, Vishaya kings for 150 years, Murundas for 40 years, Pushpamitra for 30 years, Vasumitra & Agnimitra for 60 years, Gandhavvaya or Rasabha kings for 100 years, Naravahana for 40 years, Bhattubanas for 242 years and Guptas for 231 years.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Wikipedia: India History

The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire existing from the mid-to-late 3rd century CE to 590 CE. The ruling dynasty of the empire was founded by the king Sri Gupta; the most notable rulers of the dynasty were Chandragupta I, Samudragupta, and Chandragupta II. The 5th-century CE Sanskrit poet Kalidasa credits the Guptas with having conquered about twenty-one kingdoms, both in and outside India, including the kingdoms of Parasikas, the Hunas, the Kambojas, tribes located in the west and east Oxus valleys, the Kinnaras, Kiratas, and others.

According to the Puranas, the territory of the early Gupta kings included Prayaga, Saketa, and other areas in the Ganges basin. The Gupta records do not mention the dynasty's varna (social class). Some historians, such as A. S. Altekar, have theorized that they were of Vaishya origin. Some scholars, such as S. R. Goyal, theorize that the Guptas were Brahmanas, because they had matrimonial relations with Brahmanas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gupta.—cf. gupta-akṣarāṇi (LP), same as gupta-patḷaka, a deed of permanent lease. See Tamil guttagai = Sanskrit guptakā. Note: gupta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gupta (गुप्त).—p (S) Hidden or concealed. 2 S Preserved or protected.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gupta (गुप्त).—p Hidden; preserved.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gupta (गुप्त).—p. p. [gup karmaṇi kta]

1) Protected, preserved, guarded; गुप्तं ददृशुरात्मानं सर्वाः स्वप्नेषु वामनैः (guptaṃ dadṛśurātmānaṃ sarvāḥ svapneṣu vāmanaiḥ) R.1.6.

2) Hidden, concealed, kept secret; Ms.2.16;7.76; 8.374.

3) Secret, private.

4) Invisible, withdrawn from sight.

5) Joined.

-ptaḥ 1 An appellation usually (though not necessarily) added to the name of a Vaiśya; as जन्द्रगुप्तः, समुद्रगुप्तः (jandraguptaḥ, samudraguptaḥ) &c. (Usually śarman or deva is added to the name of a Brāhmaṇa; gupta, bhūti or datta to that of a Vaiśya; and dāsa to that of a Śūdra; cf. śarmā devaśca viprasya varmā trātā ca bhūbhujaḥ | bhūtirdattaśca vaiśyasya dāsaḥ śūdrasya kārayet).

2) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

-ptam ind. Secretly, privately, apart.

-ptā One of the principal female characters in a poetical composition, a lady married to another (parakīyā) who conceals her lover's caresses and endearments past, present and future; वृत्तसुरतगोपना, वर्तिष्यमाणसुरतगोपना (vṛttasuratagopanā, vartiṣyamāṇasuratagopanā) and वर्तमानसुरतगोपना (vartamānasuratagopanā); see Rasamañjarī 24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gupta (गुप्त).—name of a perfumer: Divyāvadāna 348.23; 351.5 ff.; 385.6; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.4.2. On gupta see also s.v. gupti.

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Guptā (गुप्ता).—name of a yakṣiṇī: Sādhanamālā 561.2; 562.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gupta (गुप्त).—mfn.

(-ptaḥ-ptā-ptaṃ) 1. Preserved, protected. 2. Hidden, concealed, secret. 3. Joined, combined. 4. Invisible, wlthdrawn from sight. n. adv

(-ptaṃ) Privately, secretly. m.

(-ptaḥ) An appellation forming especially the second member of the name of a Vaisya or man of the third class. f.

(-ptā) 1. Cowach. 2. A woman who hides from her lover’s endearments. E. gup to defend, &c. affix ū.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Gupta (गुप्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—grammarian. Quoted in the Kṣīrataraṅgiṇī and the Mādhavīyadhātuvṛtti.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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