Gupta, aka: Guptā; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Gupta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Gupta in Purana glossaries]

Gupta (गुप्त).—A caste appellation. In ancient India appellations to the names were put to distinguish one caste from another. So 'Śarmā' was added to a brahmin name, 'Varmā' to a Kṣatriya name 'Gupta' to a Vaiṣya name and 'Dāsa' to a Śūdra name. Such appellations were considered to be a mark of nobility in those olden days. (Chapter 153, Agni Purāṇa).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Gupta (गुप्त).—Appellation for Vaiśya.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 10. 9.

1b) A group of sixteen śaktis.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 16 and 23.

1c) Rulers of the territory from Gayā to Prayāga.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 63.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Gupta in Itihasa glossaries]

Guptā (गुप्ता) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.158.19, VIII.23.33, VIII.30.63, VIII.30.76, VIII.51.6, VIII.51.10) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Guptā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Gupta in Jainism glossaries]

Gupta dynasty according to Harivamsa Purana and Tiloyapannati.—Starting from the epoch of Mahavira nirvana (1189 BCE), Palaka ruled for 60 years, Vishaya kings for 150 years, Murundas for 40 years, Pushpamitra for 30 years, Vasumitra & Agnimitra for 60 years, Gandhavvaya or Rasabha kings for 100 years, Naravahana for 40 years, Bhattubanas for 242 years and Guptas for 231 years.

(Source): academia.edu: The epoch of the Mahavira-nirvana
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

[Gupta in India history glossaries]

The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire existing from the mid-to-late 3rd century CE to 590 CE. The ruling dynasty of the empire was founded by the king Sri Gupta; the most notable rulers of the dynasty were Chandragupta I, Samudragupta, and Chandragupta II. The 5th-century CE Sanskrit poet Kalidasa credits the Guptas with having conquered about twenty-one kingdoms, both in and outside India, including the kingdoms of Parasikas, the Hunas, the Kambojas, tribes located in the west and east Oxus valleys, the Kinnaras, Kiratas, and others.

According to the Puranas, the territory of the early Gupta kings included Prayaga, Saketa, and other areas in the Ganges basin. The Gupta records do not mention the dynasty's varna (social class). Some historians, such as A. S. Altekar, have theorized that they were of Vaishya origin. Some scholars, such as S. R. Goyal, theorize that the Guptas were Brahmanas, because they had matrimonial relations with Brahmanas.

(Source): Wikipedia: India History
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Gupta in Marathi glossaries]

gupta (गुप्त).—p (S) Hidden or concealed. 2 S Preserved or protected.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gupta (गुप्त).—p Hidden; preserved.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Gupta in Sanskrit glossaries]

Gupta (गुप्त).—p. p. [gup karmaṇi kta]

1) Protected, preserved, guarded; गुप्तं ददृशुरात्मानं सर्वाः स्वप्नेषु वामनैः (guptaṃ dadṛśurātmānaṃ sarvāḥ svapneṣu vāmanaiḥ) R.1.6.

2) Hidden, concealed, kept secret; Ms.2.16;7.76; 8.374.

3) Secret, private.

4) Invisible, withdrawn from sight.

5) Joined.

-ptaḥ 1 An appellation usually (though not necessarily) added to the name of a Vaiśya; as जन्द्रगुप्तः, समुद्रगुप्तः (jandraguptaḥ, samudraguptaḥ) &c. (Usually śarman or deva is added to the name of a Brāhmaṇa; gupta, bhūti or datta to that of a Vaiśya; and dāsa to that of a Śūdra; cf. śarmā devaśca viprasya varmā trātā ca bhūbhujaḥ | bhūtirdattaśca vaiśyasya dāsaḥ śūdrasya kārayet).

2) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

-ptam ind. Secretly, privately, apart.

-ptā One of the principal female characters in a poetical composition, a lady married to another (parakīyā) who conceals her lover's caresses and endearments past, present and future; वृत्तसुरतगोपना, वर्तिष्यमाणसुरतगोपना (vṛttasuratagopanā, vartiṣyamāṇasuratagopanā) and वर्तमानसुरतगोपना (vartamānasuratagopanā); see Rasamañjarī 24.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Guptadāna (गुप्तदान).—a secret gift or present. Derivable forms: guptadānam (गुप्तदानम्).Guptad...
Guptadhana
Guptadhana (गुप्तधन).—money kept secret. Derivable forms: guptadhanam (गुप्तधनम्).Guptadhana is...
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Guptasana
Guptāsana (गुप्तासन) is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter of...
Manogupta
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Guptavesha
Guptaveśa (गुप्तवेश).—a disguise. Derivable forms: guptaveśaḥ (गुप्तवेशः).Guptaveśa is a Sanskr...
Karagupta
Kārāgupta (कारागुप्त).—a prisoner. Derivable forms: kārāguptaḥ (कारागुप्तः).Kārāgupta is a Sans...
Svayamgupta
Svayaṃguptā (स्वयंगुप्ता).—Mucuna Pruritus (Mar. kuyalī). Svayaṃguptā is a Sanskrit compound co...
Gupta-polisa
gupta-pōlīsa (गुप्त-पोलीस).—m Detective police. One in that branch.
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Guptakathā (गुप्तकथा).—a secret or confidential communication, a secret. Guptakathā is a Sanskr...
Phalagupta
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