Jainism; 4 Definition(s)
Jainism means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Buddhism)(Source): Buddhist Door: Glossary
General definition (in Jainism)
Jainism:—The word Jain is derived from the word jina (spiritual conqueror). Jina is a perfect human being who has attained pure soul state associated with the four primary qualities namely infinite perception-knowledge-energy and bliss. He is an ordinary human being at the time of birth but through his strenuous spiritual purification efforts, he attains this state. Followers of the path shown by Jina are called Jains.(Source): Jain eLibrary: 7th International Summer School for Jain Studies
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Jainism in Rājasthān.—Jainism was a popular and living religion and was followed by trading classes, wealthy sections of the society. Jainism had gained a firm footing here (in Rājasthān) since the early part of the 10th century A.D. It also seems that progress of Jainism in this part of the country was largely due to the efforts of celebrated Jaina monks of various orders. By having a mastery of the different Indian systems of philosophic thought, astronomy, astrology and poetics, undoubtedly their influence in the spread of Jaina doctrines throughout Rājasthān had been considerable.
Copious information is available regarding several schools of Jaina monks, the Khartara, Tapā, Anchala, Sander, Lukā, Kamal Kalash, Braliman and Sagara Gachchhas. Hundreds of such names can be cited to show that a large number of temples were constructed under their leadership.(Source): archive.org: Social Life In Medieval Rajasthan
Jainism during the reign of the Śilāhāra dynasty (r. 765-1215 A.D.).— Jainism also was flourishing in the dominion of the Śilāhāras. Soḍḍhala mentions some Jaina poets and authors who were honoured in the Lāṭa and Koṅkaṇ countries, but we have no references to any Jaina temples in the inscriptions of the Śilāhāras of both North and South Koṅkaṇ. Some records of the Kolhāpur Śilāhāras, however, mention grants made to Jaina temples.(Source): What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
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Search found 23 books and stories containing Jainism. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Chapter I.a - Historical background of Jainism < [Chapter I - Introduction]
Chapter I.g - A brief description of Prameyakamalamārtaṇḍa < [Chapter I - Introduction]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 1 - The Origin of Jainism < [Chapter VI - The Jaina Philosophy]
Part 2 - Two Sects of Jainism < [Chapter VI - The Jaina Philosophy]
Part 1 - A Review (of Kapila and Sāṃkhya) < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Parama Samhita (English translation) (by Krishnaswami Aiyangar)
The Bhāgavata religion coeval with Jainism and Buddhism < [Introduction]
Pāñcarātra, God-given and not of human origin < [Introduction]
The Pāñcarātra and Vaidika ritualistic teaching < [Introduction]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Preface to volume 1 < [Prefaces]
Appendix 1.4: The nine tattvas < [Appendices]
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Temples in Kovilangulam < [Chapter II - Temples of Kulottunga I’s Time]
Temples in Tirusattimuttam (Rajarajapuram) < [Chapter X - Temples of Rajadhjraja II’s Time]
Appendix: Nanadesis < [Chapter XVI - Temples of Rajendra III’s Time]
Shakti and Shakta (by John Woodroffe)