Sumati, aka: Sumatī, Su-mati; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sumati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Sumati in Natyashastra glossaries]

Sumatī (सुमती, “devotional”) refers to one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Sumatī is one of the sixteen words of elā and has a presiding deity named medinī (the earth) defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”), which is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

[Sumati in Purana glossaries]

1) Sumati (सुमति):—Son of Nṛga (son of Vaivasvata Manu). He had a son named Bhūtajyoti. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2)

2) Sumati (सुमति):—One of the two wifes of Sagara (son of Bāhuka). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.8.8)

3) Sumati (सुमति):—One of the three sons of Rantināva (son of Ṛteyu). He had a son named Rebhi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.20.6-7)

4) Sumati (सुमति):—Son of Supārśva (son of Dṛḍhanemi). He had a son called Sannatimān. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.28-29)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Sumati (सुमति).—The son of Bharata, who was the son of Ṛṣabha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Ṛṣabha was the son of Nābhi, whose ancestral lineage can be traced to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. Sumati inherited the kingdom Bhārata (which lies south of Hemādri) from Bharata when he retired to the forest. Sumati had a son named Tejas.

2) Sumati (सुमति).—One of the eight principal ministers of Mahiṣāsura, an asura chieftain from the city Mahiṣa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 93. All of these ministers were learned, valiant and just.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Sumati (सुमति).—A Rākṣasa who lives in Varuṇa’s court worshipping him. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 13).

2) Sumati (सुमति).—A great maharṣi who was one of the munis who visited Bhīṣma on his bed of arrows. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 26, Verse 4).

3) Sumati (सुमति).—A sister of Garuḍa and wife of King Sagara. (See under Sagara).

4) Sumati (सुमति).—A king, son of Kākutstha of solar dynasty. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bālakāṇḍa, Canto 47, Verse 7).

5) Sumati (सुमति).—A King, grandson of Ṛṣabha and son of Bharata. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part II, Chapter 1). He was a righteous ruler. After ruling the country well for long and performing many yajñas his father Bharata crowned Sumati king and practising meditation in Sālagrāma temple he gave up his life. (See under Bharata III).

6) Sumati (सुमति).—A king, son of Dyumatsena and father of Subala. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Sumati (सुमति).—A son of Bharata, whom he succeeded. Elevated as a deity by Pākhaṇḍas as he followed the path of Ṛṣabha. His queen was Vṛddhasenā and son Devatājit. Father of Devadyumna through Āsuri;1 father of Tejas(a).2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 7. 3; 15. 1-3; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 53.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 62; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 33, 36.

1b) A son of Nṛga and father of Bhūtajyotis.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 17.

1c) A son of Somadatta and father of Janamejaya; was invited for the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 36; X. 74. 8.

1d) A son of Rantibhāra, and father of Raibhya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 20. 6 & 7.

1e) The son of Supārśva, and father of Sannatimān.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 28; Matsya-purāṇa 49. 74; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 188; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 49.

1f) A son of Dyumatsena (Dhṛḍasena) and father of Subala.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 48.

1g) A Carakādhvaryu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 33. 12; 35-63.

1h) (Atreya)—the wise sage.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 63.

1i) A son of Uttama Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 40.

1j) One of the twenty Amitābha gods.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 53; IV. 1. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 16.

1k) A god of Ābhūtaraya group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 55.

1l) A son of Haryaśva and Dṛṣadvatī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 75.

1m) A daughter of Ariṣṭanemi (of Kaśyapa, vāyu-purāṇa.) and sister of Suparṇa (Garuḍa, Vāyu-purāṇa);1 queen of Sagara s.v., and mother of 60000 sons born by the grace of Aurva and known as Sāgaras: out of long gourd; each of them entrusted to a nurse; became developed in nine months and in course of time attained youth.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 159.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 8. 9 and 11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 49. 59; 51 28 and 39: 52. Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 159-164; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 1-4.

1n) A Bṛhadratha; for 33 years.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 119; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 305.

1o) A son of Sāvarṇi Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 33; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 22.

1p) An Asura in the Sabhā of Hiraṇyakaśipu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 161. 79.

1q) A pupil of Sūta, Romaharṣaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 55; 62. 46 and 48; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 17.

1r) A son of Janamejaya; with him ends the Vaiśāla line.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 58-9.

1s) A son of Antināra.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 4.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[Sumati in Chandas glossaries]

Sumatī (सुमती) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Sumatī corresponds to Bhramarī (according to Barata). Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Katha (narrative stories)

[Sumati in Katha glossaries]

1) Sumati (सुमति) is the name of a minister (mantrin) of king Ugrabhaṭa from Rāḍhā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 74. Accordingly, as a Brāhman said to Bhīmabhaṭa: “... your mother the queen Manoramā, and the chaplain Yajuḥsvāmin, and Sumati, the minister of your father, send you the following advice at this juncture;...”.

2) Sumati (सुमति) is the minister (mantrin) of Mahendrāditya, a world-conquering king (jagajjayin) from Avanti, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 120. Accordingly, as sage Kaṇva narrated to Naravāhanadatta: “... and that king [Mahendrāditya] had a great minister named Sumati, and a warder named Vajrāyudha, in whose family the office was hereditary. With these the king remained ruling his realm, propitiating Śiva, and ever bearing various vows in order to obtain a son”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Sumati, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Sumati in Hinduism glossaries]

Sumatī (सुमती): Wife of Sagara.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Sumati in Jainism glossaries]

1) Sumati (सुमति):—The fifth Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known as Sumatinātha. His colour is gold (kāñcana), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 300 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 549 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is a Goos.

Sumati’s father is Megha according to Śvetāmbara but Meghaprabha according to Digambara and his mother is Maṅgalā. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

2) Sumati (सुमति) is the name of a kulakara (law-giver) according to the Jambūdvīpaprajñapti (a Śvetāmbara text).

Sumati is also listed as the wife of Vimalavāhana (another kulakara) according to Digambara sources, while Śvetāmbara names his wife as Sumati.

The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service. These law-givers and their wifes (eg., Sumati) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Sumati in Pali glossaries]

sumati : (m.) a wise man.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Sumati in Sanskrit glossaries]

Sumati (सुमति).—a. very wise.

-tiḥ f.)

Sumati is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and mati (मति).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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