Sagaradatta, Sāgaradatta, Sagara-datta: 7 definitions


Sagaradatta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Sagaradatta in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Sāgaradatta (सागरदत्त) is the name of a Gandharva king, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 106. Accordingly, “... Naravāhanadatta, perceiving that the inhabitants of the city carried lyres in their hands, said to his host: ‘Why have all these people, even down to the children, got lyres in their hands?’ Then Vīṇādatta gave him this answer: ‘Sāgaradatta, the King of the Gandharvas, who lives here, has a daughter named Gandharvadattā, who eclipses the nymphs of heaven”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Sāgaradatta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Sagaradatta in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Sāgaradatta (सागरदत्त) is the father of Pūrṇabhadra, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “After he had enjoyed pleasures unceasingly, the soul of Vajrajaṅgha fell from the exhaustion of his life-span, just as a snow-ball melts in the sun. In Jambūdvīpa, in the Videhas, in the city Kṣitipratiṣṭhita, he was born as the son, named Jīvānanda, of the physician Suvidhi. [...] At the same time in this city four other boys were born, like pieces of dharma joined to bodies. [...] Another was the son, named Pūrṇabhadra, of the trader Sāgaradatta and his wife Abhayavatī”.

2) Sāgaradatta (सागरदत्त) is the name of an ancient king from Padminīkhaṇḍa, according to chapter 5.4 [śāntinātha-caritra].—Accordingly, as Megharatha related:—“There is a city Padminīkhaṇḍa, like a multitude of lotuses of Śrī, the ornament of Airavatakṣetra in Jambūdvīpa. Sāgaradatta lived there, resembling the ocean in wealth, and he had an irreproachable wife, Vijayasenā. They had two sons, Dhana and Nandana, and they reached youth, gradually growing up. The two of them passed the time, wandering about in various sports, arrogant from their father’s wealth. [...]”.

3) Sāgaradatta (सागरदत्त) is the friend of Jinadharma from Padminīkhaṇḍa, according to chapter 6.7 [śrī-munisuvratanātha-caritra].—Accordingly, as Munisuvrata narrated:—“Once upon a time there was a merchant, a layman, Jinadharma by name, in the city Padminīkhaṇḍa. He had a friend, Sāgaradatta, the head of the whole city, who went with him every day to the shrines because of a tendency to right-belief. One day he heard from the sādhus, ‘Whoever has statues of the Arhats made, he will obtain dharma, which destroys worldly existence, in another birth.’ [...]”.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Sāgaradatta (सागरदत्त) is the name of a character featured in the Sāgaradattaśreṣṭhisaṃbandha by Śāntisūri (dealing with the lives of Jain teachers), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The merchant Sāgaradatta of this story does not seem to feature among well-known Jain characters, although a few narrative poems in Gujarati have been devoted to him. He illustrates the importance of spending money properly and the notion of gift (dāna) to a Jain monk. Once as Sāgaradatta was ready to eat, a Jain monk arrived. He gave him his food and stayed hungry.

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha

Sāgaradatta (सागरदत्त) is the name of a merchant from Campā, according to Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—There is a reference again to a sea-voyage undertaken by Sāgaradatta of Campā with his starting from a big sea port of south India named Mahāsamudra-nagarī Jayaśrī with its destination to Yavanadvīpa. Details about the taking off of the boat are similar to those already given. Sāgaradatta sold the goods in Yavanadvīpa and purchased from there gems and precious stones and took emerald, pearls, gold and silver as his pratibhāṃḍa of the value of seven crores. A special official of the ship is named as pañjara-puruṣa (106.6), the person who made observation from the high top of the mast. In the time of a storm the ropes and riggings were unfastened, the sails were rolled up, the goods on the ship were consigned to the hull, and the ship was brought to a standstill.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sagaradatta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāgaradatta (सागरदत्त).—[masculine] a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sāgaradatta (सागरदत्त):—[=sāgara-datta] [from sāgara] m. ‘Ocean-given’, Name of a king of the Gandharvas, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] of a Śakya, [Buddhist literature]

3) [v.s. ...] of a merchant, [Pañcatantra]

4) [v.s. ...] of various other men, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

[Sanskrit to German]

Sagaradatta in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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