Gara, Gāra: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Gara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science, 31(4), 1996: Mūṣāvijñāna

Gāra (गार) or Gāramūṣā refers to an “lake-earth crucible” and is a type of mūṣā (crucible) used for smelting metals.—Gāra-mūṣā and Vara-mūṣā (superior crucible) were made of different proportions of burnt coal, chaff, black earth and the earth obtained from lakes. These crucibles could stand fire for increasing time periods. Also see the Rasarantasamuccaya 10.15, 10.13.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gara (गर).—m Pulp, pith, kernel, marrow, crumb. 2 f Itch in the throat and breast of a horse. v bhara. 3 The scurf or sordes of the coat of a horse: also of the head or skin of man. 4 m n S Poison.

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garā (गरा).—a (gurū S) That ripens late, late: opp. to rath--certain grains.

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garā (गरा).—m A lump of the pulp of the Jack. 2 Granulous wheat-flour, rolong.

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gāra (गार).—f A flint. 2 A hailstone. 3 A term for gems and jewels, in enumerating the things which run away with money; viz. ṭāra, nāra, gāra, sāra. See under ṭāra. 4 A hole or pit. 5 fig. The belly.

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gāra (गार).—a Cold, very cold--water &c. Used also as an enhancing adjunct with thaṇḍa, as thaṇḍagāra Intensely cold. 2 Used enhancingly with hiravā, as hiravā gāra Dark green. gāra gāra thaṇḍa, gāra gāra karavanda or -karavata, gāra karavanda, gāra gāra ṭhaṇaka Intensely cold--water, air. gāra basaṇēṃ To sit coolly and composedly (as after having done some wild or wrong deed). gāra hōṇēṃ To be appeased, quieted, satisfied (as on accomplishment of an object).

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gārā (गारा).—m A dilute mixture (of earth, lime, or cowdung, with water); to be used as mortar or plaster. 2 fig. Any thick mess of solid and liquid food.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gara (गर).—m Pulp, kernel, marrow. Itch in the throat and breast of a horse. v bhara. m n Poison.

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garā (गरा).—m A lump of the pulp of the Jack. Rolong.

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gāra (गार).—f A flint. A hailstone. A pit. Fig. The belly. a Cold. gāra hōṇēṃ Be satisfied, appeased. thaṇḍagāra Intensely cold. hiravā gāra Dark green.

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gārā (गारा).—m A dilute mixture (of earth, cow- dung, &c. with water) to be used as mortar or plaster. Fig. Any thick mess of solid and liquid food.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gara (गर).—a. (- f.) [गीर्यते गॄ-कर्मादौ अच् (gīryate gṝ-karmādau ac)] Swallowing.

-raḥ 1 Any drink or fluid, beverage.

2) Sickness, disease.

3) Swallowing (garā also in this sense).

4) A factitious poison.

-raḥ, -ram 1 Poison.

2) An antidote.

-ram 1 Sprinkling, wetting.

2) The fifth of the eleven Karaṇas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gara (गर).—mn.

(-raḥ-raṃ) 1. Poison. 2. An antidote. m.

(-raḥ) Sickness, disease. n.

(-raṃ) 1. Sprinkling, wetting. 2. The fifth of the eleven Karanas. f.

(-rā) Swallowing. (-rī) A species of grass, (Andropogon serratus); also garāgarī. E. gar to hurt, and ac affix, or gṛ to wet or sprinkle, or again gṝ to swallow, affix ap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gara (गर).—i. e. 2. gṛ10 + a, m. 1. A fluid (ved.). 2. m. and n. Poison, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 110, 24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gara (गर).—[adjective] devouring (—°); [masculine] drink, fluid, poison (also [neuter]); a man’s name. [feminine] devouring, swallowing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gara (गर):—mfn. (√2. gṝ) ‘swallowing’ ([gana] pacādi) See aja-

2) m. ([gana] uñchādi, [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 3-3, 29 and 57]) any drink, beverage, fluid, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xi, 5, 8, 6]

3) a noxious or poisonous beverage, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa xix; Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) a factitious poison (‘an antidote’ [Horace H. Wilson]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) a kind of disease (perhaps one attended with difficulty of swallowing?; ‘disease in general’ [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Suśruta i, iv; vi, 39, 208]

6) Name of a man, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa ix, 2, 16]

7) Garā (गरा):—[from gara] f. swallowing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] f(ā, ī). Andropogon serratus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Gara (गर):—n. a poisonous beverage (‘a kind of poison’ [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Mahābhārata i, 5582; Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii]

10) the fifth of the eleven Karaṇas (in [astronomy]), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

11) sprinkling, wetting (? karaṇa), [Horace H. Wilson]

12) Gāra (गार):—n. Name of a Sāman (composed by Gara), [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa ix, 2, 16] (cf. madra-g.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gara (गर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Sickness. m. n. Poison; antidote. f. () Swallowing. Kind of grass. n. Sprinkling.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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