Gara, Gāra: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Gara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Gaar.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science, 31(4), 1996: Mūṣāvijñāna

Gāra (गार) or Gāramūṣā refers to an “lake-earth crucible” and is a type of mūṣā (crucible) used for smelting metals.—Gāra-mūṣā and Vara-mūṣā (superior crucible) were made of different proportions of burnt coal, chaff, black earth and the earth obtained from lakes. These crucibles could stand fire for increasing time periods. Also see the Rasarantasamuccaya 10.15, 10.13.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Gara in the Telugu language is the name of a plant identified with Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile from the Zygophyllaceae (Caltrop) family having the following synonyms: Ximenia aegyptiaca. For the possible medicinal usage of gara, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Gara in the Angami language is the name of a plant identified with Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. from the Apiaceae (Carrot) family having the following synonyms: Centella hirtella, Hydrocotyle asiatica, Hydrocotyle reniformis.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Gara (गर) refers to “poison”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[This self] whose intention is confounded by the poison (gara) of manifestly false knowledge, desire and so forth falls into an existence that is difficult to endure, inflamed by the fire of endless suffering”.

Synonyms: Viṣa.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gara (गर).—m Pulp, pith, kernel, marrow, crumb. 2 f Itch in the throat and breast of a horse. v bhara. 3 The scurf or sordes of the coat of a horse: also of the head or skin of man. 4 m n S Poison.

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garā (गरा).—a (gurū S) That ripens late, late: opp. to rath--certain grains.

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garā (गरा).—m A lump of the pulp of the Jack. 2 Granulous wheat-flour, rolong.

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gāra (गार).—f A flint. 2 A hailstone. 3 A term for gems and jewels, in enumerating the things which run away with money; viz. ṭāra, nāra, gāra, sāra. See under ṭāra. 4 A hole or pit. 5 fig. The belly.

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gāra (गार).—a Cold, very cold--water &c. Used also as an enhancing adjunct with thaṇḍa, as thaṇḍagāra Intensely cold. 2 Used enhancingly with hiravā, as hiravā gāra Dark green. gāra gāra thaṇḍa, gāra gāra karavanda or -karavata, gāra karavanda, gāra gāra ṭhaṇaka Intensely cold--water, air. gāra basaṇēṃ To sit coolly and composedly (as after having done some wild or wrong deed). gāra hōṇēṃ To be appeased, quieted, satisfied (as on accomplishment of an object).

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gārā (गारा).—m A dilute mixture (of earth, lime, or cowdung, with water); to be used as mortar or plaster. 2 fig. Any thick mess of solid and liquid food.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gara (गर).—m Pulp, kernel, marrow. Itch in the throat and breast of a horse. v bhara. m n Poison.

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garā (गरा).—m A lump of the pulp of the Jack. Rolong.

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gāra (गार).—f A flint. A hailstone. A pit. Fig. The belly. a Cold. gāra hōṇēṃ Be satisfied, appeased. thaṇḍagāra Intensely cold. hiravā gāra Dark green.

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gārā (गारा).—m A dilute mixture (of earth, cow- dung, &c. with water) to be used as mortar or plaster. Fig. Any thick mess of solid and liquid food.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gara (गर).—a. (- f.) [गीर्यते गॄ-कर्मादौ अच् (gīryate gṝ-karmādau ac)] Swallowing.

-raḥ 1 Any drink or fluid, beverage.

2) Sickness, disease.

3) Swallowing (garā also in this sense).

4) A factitious poison.

-raḥ, -ram 1 Poison.

2) An antidote.

-ram 1 Sprinkling, wetting.

2) The fifth of the eleven Karaṇas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gara (गर).—mn.

(-raḥ-raṃ) 1. Poison. 2. An antidote. m.

(-raḥ) Sickness, disease. n.

(-raṃ) 1. Sprinkling, wetting. 2. The fifth of the eleven Karanas. f.

(-rā) Swallowing. (-rī) A species of grass, (Andropogon serratus); also garāgarī. E. gar to hurt, and ac affix, or gṛ to wet or sprinkle, or again gṝ to swallow, affix ap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gara (गर).—i. e. 2. gṛ10 + a, m. 1. A fluid (ved.). 2. m. and n. Poison, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 110, 24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gara (गर).—[adjective] devouring (—°); [masculine] drink, fluid, poison (also [neuter]); a man’s name. [feminine] devouring, swallowing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gara (गर):—mfn. (√2. gṝ) ‘swallowing’ ([gana] pacādi) See aja-

2) m. ([gana] uñchādi, [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 3-3, 29 and 57]) any drink, beverage, fluid, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xi, 5, 8, 6]

3) a noxious or poisonous beverage, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa xix; Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) a factitious poison (‘an antidote’ [Horace H. Wilson]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) a kind of disease (perhaps one attended with difficulty of swallowing?; ‘disease in general’ [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Suśruta i, iv; vi, 39, 208]

6) Name of a man, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa ix, 2, 16]

7) Garā (गरा):—[from gara] f. swallowing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] f(ā, ī). Andropogon serratus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Gara (गर):—n. a poisonous beverage (‘a kind of poison’ [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Mahābhārata i, 5582; Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii]

10) the fifth of the eleven Karaṇas (in [astronomy]), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

11) sprinkling, wetting (? karaṇa), [Horace H. Wilson]

12) Gāra (गार):—n. Name of a Sāman (composed by Gara), [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa ix, 2, 16] (cf. madra-g.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gara (गर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Sickness. m. n. Poison; antidote. f. () Swallowing. Kind of grass. n. Sprinkling.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gara (गर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Gāra (गार) [Also spelled gaar]:—(nm) ditch, pit; cave.

2) Gārā (गारा):—(nm) mud, mortar.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Gara (गर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kara.

2) Gara (गर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Gara.

3) Gāra (गार) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kāra.

4) Gāra (गार) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Grāvan.

5) Gāra (गार) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Agāra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gara (ಗರ):—[noun] any score shown by dice in games of chance, when rolled.

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Gara (ಗರ):—

1) [noun] 'a large, opaque, non-luminous mass, usu. with its own moons, that revolves about a star; esp., any of the sun''s nine major planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto; a planet.'2) [noun] (astrol.) any of the nine planets (the sun, moon, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Rāhu and Kētu) which are supposed to influence and control the life of all human beings.

3) [noun] an evil spirit that is believed to possess human beings; ಗರಂಗಳ ಬಲ್ಲಹ [garamgala ballaha] garaṃgaḷa ballaha the prominent one among the nine planets; the sun; ಗರಂಗಳಾಣ್ಮ [garamgalanma] garaṃgaḷāṇma the sun (as the leader of planets); ಗರಮುಟ್ಟು [garamuttu] gara muṭṭu (an evil spirit) to affect adversely; to harm; ಗರಮುಟ್ಟೆ [garamutte] gara muṭṭe gowing to touch the sky (or a planet); ಗರವಕೊಳ್ [garavakol] garavakoḷ to be possessed by an evil spirit.

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Gara (ಗರ):—[noun] a building for human beings to live in; a house.

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Gara (ಗರ):—

1) [noun] the act of drinking.

2) [noun] that which can be drunk; any beverage, water, etc.

3) [noun] a substance causing illness or death when eaten, drunk or absorbed even in relatively small quantities; poison.

4) [noun] (astrol.) the fifth of the eleven divisions of the day.

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Gara (ಗರ):—[noun] a machine or device used for lifting water from a well.

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Gara (ಗರ):—[noun] an indeclinable used to express joy, gladness, appreciation, wonder, sarcasm, grief, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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