Saya, aka: Sāya, Sāyā, Shaya, Śaya, Śāya; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Saya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śaya and Śāya can be transliterated into English as Saya or Shaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Sāya (साय).—A son of Prabhā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 13.

2) Sāyā (साया).—(Evening); born of Dhātrī and Kuhū*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 3; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 121.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Śaya.—(IE 3-4), derived from a Chinese word; paper. Note: śaya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Sāya, (cp. Sk. sāyaṃ, on which Aufrecht, Halāyudha p. 380, remarks: “this word seems to be the gerund of , and to have signified originally “having finished. ” A masc. sāya does not exist. ” Cp. Vedic °sāya) evening, only adverbially sāyaṃ, at night Vin. III, 147; J. II, 83; DhA. I, 234; usually opposed to pāto (pātaṃ) in the morning, early e.g. sāya-pātaṃ D. II, 188; Miln. 419; J. I, 432, 460; V, 462; sāyaṃ-pātaṃ Vin. II, 185; DhA. II, 66; sāyañ ca pāto ca Pv. I, 63; II, 937; PvA. 127; sāya-tatiyaka for the third time in the evening D. I, 167; A. II, 206; V, 263, 266, 268; M. I, 343; sāyamāsa supper J. I, 297; V, 461; DhA. I, 204. sāyaṃ as quâsi-nominative: sāyaṃ ahosi J. VI, 505; atisāyaṃ too late Th. 1, 231; J. II, 362; V, 94; sāyataraṃ later in the evening (compar.) J. VI, 366. (Page 705)

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Saya, =saka (?) one’s own J. VI, 414 (=saka-raṭṭha C.). (Page 697)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

saya (सय).—f (Or saī) Recollection, remembrance, memory of.

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saya (सय).—f (Esp. in poetry.) A female friend or companion, a confidante. Ex. sayē kaiṃ manōratha jagannātha puravī.

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sayā (सया).—m ( A) An individual of the sect of along. Muhammad's son-in-law. See sunī. sayā & sunī are words in common use for & the distinction betwixt these sects being forced upon the notice of the Hindus by the annual Muharram.

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sāya (साय).—m (śāka S) The teak-tree, Tectona grandis 2 Teak-wood.

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sāya (साय).—f (sāra S) Cream. Applied also to the rich and creamlike skimmings of sugarcane-juice under inspissation by boiling.

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sāyā (साया).—m (śāka S) The teak-tree, Tectona grandis. Pr. sāyā vṛkṣāñcā rāyā. 2 Teak-wood.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saya (सय).—f Recollection. A female friend, a confidante.

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sāya (साय).—m The teak-tree; teak wood. f Cream.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaya (शय).—a. (-yā, -yī f.) [शी-अच् (śī-ac)] Lying down, sleep ing (usually at the end of comp.); रात्रिजागरपरो दिवाशयः (rātrijāgaraparo divāśayaḥ) R.19.34; so उत्तानशय, पार्श्वशय, वृक्षेशय, विलेशय (uttānaśaya, pārśvaśaya, vṛkṣeśaya, vileśaya) &c.

-yaḥ 1 Sleep.

2) A bed, couch; मायाशये शयाना मे नाद्यापि पुन- रुत्थिताः (māyāśaye śayānā me nādyāpi puna- rutthitāḥ) Bhāg.1.13.41.

3) A hand; सुन्दरीभिः शयाम्भोज- संवाहितपदं पुनः (sundarībhiḥ śayāmbhoja- saṃvāhitapadaṃ punaḥ) Śiva B.2.91; तदूरुकाण्डे सविलासमर्पितः शयः शयानेन सहानयामुना (tadūrukāṇḍe savilāsamarpitaḥ śayaḥ śayānena sahānayāmunā) Rām. ch.2.49; also used as a measure of length.

4) A snake, especially the boa.

5) Abuse, imprecation, curse.

6) A stake.

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Śāya (शाय).—Lying, sleeping.

Derivable forms: śāyaḥ (शायः).

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Sāya (साय).—[so-ghañ]

1) End, close, termination.

2) Close of day, evening.

3) An arrow, a missile. (sāye 'in the evening, at the close of the day'.)

Derivable forms: sāyaḥ (सायः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaya (शय).—(or śayā), m.c. for (Sanskrit) śayyā, § 2.89, bed: śayāto, abl., LV 230.11 (verse; śayyāto would be unmetr.).

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Śayā (शया).—(abl. śayāto), m.c. for śayyā, see śaya; śayāni, loc., m.c. for śayane, on the bed: tubhya prekṣami śayāni suptikāṃ LV 236.3 (verse).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śaya (शय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā or yī-yaṃ) Asleep, sleeping. m.

(-yaḥ) 1. A hand. 2. A snake, (Boa constrictor.) 3. Sleep, sleeping. 4. A bed, a couch. 5. Abuse, imprecation. E. śī to sleep, aff. gha, ṭac or ac .

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Śayā (शया) or Śayyā.—f.

(-yā) 1. A bed, a couch, a sopha. 2. Tying in knots, stringing. E. śī to sleep, kyap aff., and ayaṅ substituted for the vowel.

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Sāya (साय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Evening, close of day. 2. An arrow. 3. End, termination. close in general. E. ṣo to end or destroy, &c., ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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